Origin and Purpose: The breed originated in Newfoundland from dogs indigenous to the island, and the big black bear dogs introduced by the Vikings in 1001 A.D. By the time colonization was permitted in 1610, the distinct physical characteristics and mental attributes had been established in the breed for all time. The large size, heavy coat and webbed feet permit him to withstand the rigours of the extreme climate and sea while serving both as lifeguard and draught animal.
General Appearance: Massive, deep bodied, well muscled and coordinated, projecting dignity in stance and head carriage. The Newfoundland is free moving with a slight roll perceptible. Substantial webbing of the toes is always present.
Height: The average height for adult dogs is 28 inches at the shoulder, for adult bitches, 26 inches.
Weight: The average weight for adult dogs is 150 lb. for adult bitches, 120 lb.
Coat: The Newfoundland has a water resistant double coat. The outer coat is moderately long and straight with no curl. A slight wave is permissible.
Colour: The traditional colour is black. White markings on chest, toes and/or tip of tail are permissible. The Landseer Newfoundland is white with black markings, and is of historical significance to the breed.
Temperament: The Newfoundland’s expression is soft and reflects the character of the breed – benevolent, intelligent, dignified but capable of fun. He is known for his sterling gentleness and serenity.
Activity: The Newfoundland enjoys walks with the family, hiking and swimming. They can often be found pulling kids in carts at fairs. Puppies enjoy chasing a ball or toy during play periods but should never be pushed beyond their limits.
Diet: Any good quality kibble. Newfoundland puppies grow at approximately ten pounds per month.
Crate Training: Absolutely essential during puppy stage and continue for short periods for the dog’s life. With consistency, easily house broken. Adjust crate size as puppy grows.
Training & Obedience: Very easy to train and Puppy Classes are highly recommended. Can also be successful in Obedience, Draft Work and Water Rescue.