History and origin: originating in Switzerland, in the rich farming area of Bern. One of four similarly coloured Swiss mountain dogs. Often referred to as the Berner, it was likely developed by crosses with molosser mastiff types and other guard dogs of the time period when Roman Soldiers invaded Switzerland over 2000 years ago. The breed was first brought to America in 1926 and was admitted to the American Kennel Club in 1937.
General Appearance: large and substantial, powerfully built, slightly longer than tall. Thick, moderately long, double coat. Heavy bone, deep chest. Long bushy tail, triangular shaped drop ears frame the head. Eyes are dark and expression is intelligent and gentle. Always black, rust, and white. Size: Males 25-27 ½ inches Weight: 80-115 pounds Females 23- 26 inches Weight: 70-95 pounds
Coat and Colour: This breed is tri-coloured meaning they must present with three different colours in the coat. The coat is thick and the markings must be precise. The coat over back, head and tail is jet black with a slight sheen. Rust coloured markings appear over both eyes, on both cheeks, on all four legs and under the tail. White on all four feet and tip of tail. Blaze on the head which forms a band around muzzle and white on the chest will resemble an inverted Swiss cross. This breed will require regular brushing to prevent matting and they do shed.
Feeding: Will do well on any high quality kibble. This breed best fed twice daily.
Training and Obedience: Early puppy training is recommended. Originally used as a hard working farm dog, Berners can adequately respond to various types of training. Weight pulling, carting, drafting, cattle droving, guarding farm yards are all part of his ancestry. They are agile competent working dogs.
Activity: This breed requires daily exercise by walking or hiking or ply in the back yard and can participate in agility, rally, herding, obedience, and tracking trials. Loves the outdoors and can withstand frigid weather and snowy conditions.
Temperament: calm and affectionate. Loving and devoted to family, good with children and other dogs. Good natured with a kind, easy going demeanor.