History and Origin: originating in Mexico and dates back more than 3000 years. Considered a national treasure in Mexico. Name is derived from the Aztec god Xolotl -the god of lightning and death and the Aztec word for dog-itzcuintli Also referred to as the Mexican Hairless dog. Archeological sites indicate that the dogs were often sacrificed and buried with their owner to assist them in their journey to the afterworld. Recognized by AKC in 2011. Name pronounced: show-low-eats-queent-lee
General Appearance: streamlined and elegant, muscular, strong and very athletic. Non coated variety is most recognizable but may also be coated and both can be found in the same litter. Breed has three recognized sizes: toy, miniature, and standard. Body is longer than tall and legs are long. Well sprung ribs, level back line, almond shaped eyes may be yellow to brown in colour . Ears large and erect. Size: toy 10-14 inches, miniature 14-18 inches standard 18-23 inches.
Coat and Colour: Can be completely hairless or have a natural tuft of coarse hair on the head and neck, feet and tail. Skin feels smooth, supple and warm. Not wrinkled except on forehead when dog is alert. In coated type, short hair (fur) covers the entire body. Brush regularly. Colours are black, grey, red, liver, bronze and tan. Wide variety of colours are probable. Solid dark colour is most common. Hairless type does not require any excessive lotions or additions to keep skin healthy and will require warmth protection in harsher cold weather.
Training and Obedience: very intelligent and can excel in various levels of training and performance sports. Fast cat, sprinter or lure coursing, agility, rally and regular obedience would all be excellent forms of training for the xolo.
Activity: This breed requires long daily walks or a good run in a fenced back yard. Big ‘NO’ to dog parks. Able to jump high fences. Always alert and attentive.
Temperament: devoted companion, calm and adaptable house dog, great watch dog, loves family and children. Aloof with stangers. Considered a primitive breed, requiring extensive socialization.