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American Eskimo Dog

History and Origin: The American Eskimo Dog’s country of origin is Germany, having been bred as a multipurpose working dog on the farm.  The “Eskie” as it has been nicknamed is one of a number of spitz breeds.  Spitz are intelligent, thinking dogs with a strong natural desire to please.

General Appearance: The American Eskimo dog is a loving companion dog that presents a picture of strength and agility, alertness, and beauty:  a small to medium-size Nordic type dog: always white or white with biscuit cream:  compactly built and well balanced, with good substance and an alert smooth gait. The face is Nordic type with erect triangular shaped ears and distinctive black point (lips, nose and eye rims). Size: there are three separate size divisions of the Americam Eskimo Dog:   Toy 9-12 in    Miniature 12-15 in    Standard 15-19 in

Coat, Colour and Care: white double coat consists of a short, dense undercoat with a longer guard hair growing through it forming the outer coat which is straight with no curl or wave.  The coat is thicker and longer around the neck and chest forming a lion-like ruff which is more noticeable on males than females. The rump and hind legs down to the hocks are also covered with thicker, longer hair forming the characteristic breeches.  The richly plumed tail is carried loosely on the back.  Coat is weather resistant: undercoat is generally shed twice per year.

Feeding: Eskies do well on a variety of diets.  A good quality balanced diet of raw or kibble preferred. It is advisable to check with your breeder prior to introducing a new feeding plan to your puppy.   Access to clean, fresh water is a must at all times.

Training and Obedience: Eskies are easy to train, love to work and enjoy being with their human pack members.  They develop a close bond with humans in general and enjoy working closely with them.  They are a very versatile breed that given training can excel in obedience, rally, agility, scent detection, herding, tracking, service, and therapy work, while also being a great companion dog. 

Activity: The American Eskimo is a moderately active breed and they do need exercise which can consist of leash walks, outdoor play or by getting their exercise from any number of sport dog activities.

Temperament: The Eskie is intelligent, alert, and friendly, though slightly conservative.  It is never overly shy or aggressive.  At home, the Eskie is a great watchdog, sounding a warning bark announcing the arrival of any stranger.  It is protective of its home, although does not threaten to bite or attack people. It learns new tasks quickly and is very eager to please

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Am CH Can GCH Skyehigh’s Video Game ‘ATARI’

April 1st, 2024 by

Canada’s Top Dog 2023

Breeder/Owner Lindy Barrow  Co-Owner Celso Mallo

In May of 2019, Skyehigh Kennel whelped a litter of six.  From an early age it became evident that this was going to be an exciting litter. Five of the puppies went to show homes. The dam of the litter was a beautiful bitch, Skyehigh’s High Class and sire was a dog that was here from New Zealand, he being Whitebriar Just Google it.  All of the puppies were given names relating to computers.  I kept a male (Atari) and a bitc

Atari was shown as a puppy by my associate, Celso Mollo and also by myself.  From his first show, we knew we had something special.  He was a Westie of correct conformation and he had that special attitude to be a great show dog.  Due to Covid, we were unable to show him much as a puppy.

From 2021, Atari was exhibited by professional handler David Gignac and they were an incredible team. In 2022, Atari was Canada’s #2 dog of all breeds with an impressive 68 Best in Shows and 36 RBIS. 2023 saw Atari take #1 All Breed position, and he was able to hold that position for the entire year.  He added another 37 BIS and 35 RBIS.  Over the 3 years, David piloted Atari to a total of 112 BIS and 74 RBS.   Late in 2023, I showed Atari one weekend and added another RBIS and then on the last show day of the year, at the Elora Gorge Kennel club show Celso Mollo, Atari’s co-ower, and Atari were awarded BIS # 113. 

Atari loves the sport of showing.  He has never let us down and always gives his best.  There were too many great wins to say there was a favorite, as every win was special. 

At the shows,  people saw a very strong, animated Westie.  At home he is a soft snuggler who loves to sit on chairs where he can see out a window. And he loves a belly rub.  I do believe he misses the shows, and he will be returning to the ring later this year before retiring.  As his breeder, this little white dog has made me incredibly proud. 

German Pinscher

History and Origin: A German breed with unknown beginnings. Often kept as stable dogs, carriage dogs and ratters.  Originally there were two coat types, rough and smooth that split off and eventually the rough haired became the Standard schnauzer. In 1885 five varieties of Pinchers existed, which included the rough and smooth Miniature Pincher, the Affenpinscher and German Pinscher.  After the great wars, breed was nearly lost. Werner Jung is credited with saving the breed by taking a breeding female from East Germany.  Recognized by AKC in 2003.

General Appearance: medium sized, sleek, cropped or uncropped ears, docked or undocked tail, long legs, square body, muscular, strong head with blunt muzzle, nose black or shades of brown depending on coat colour , eyes dark, medium sized, oval, full dentition with scissors bite, topline not totally straight but very gently curving to rump area, arched elegant neck with tight skin at throat.  Height: 17-20 inches     weight: 25-45 pounds. This is NOT  a miniature Doberman

Coat and Colour: solid: brown in various shades to stag red. Bi-coloured: Black with tan markings that should be a rich and dark.  Coat requires little maintenance. Bathe when needed.  Brush weekly.  Keep nails short and clean ears regularly.

Feeding: easily maintained on a quality kibble or raw,  fed twice daily.  

Training and Obedience: a smart breed that learns quickly. Will excel in many types of performance sports including obedience, rally, agility, dock diving, sprinter, barn hunt, just to name a few.

Activity: An active upbeat breed that will prefer daily walks or runs in a fenced area. The breed needs to be kept busy physically and mentally.  A hard no to dog parks.  May be a good breed for joggers, hikers, and cyclists but must be on leash. Love to play and are generally an energetic breed but will calm when required.    

Temperament: A loyal companion dog that excels as a gentle house pet.  Love being with their family and will cuddle on the couch when invited. A medium sized dog that is capable and smart, loving, reliable and devoted. Watchful and alert, good guardian.  

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


History and origin: The Pekingese is an ancient breed, bred only by Chinese royalty for centuries behind palace walls. In fact, if a person was found outside of the palace walls with one, they would face certain death by stoning. In 1890 the palace was raided by British soldiers who took five Pekingese with them that were left behind by fleeing royalty. These dogs were brought to England and one was presented to Queen Victoria, These five dogs are the foundation of all present day Pekingese.  Recognized by AKC in 1906

General Appearance: small compact dog not over 14 pounds. Surprisingly heavy to pick up. Pear shaped with short bowed front legs around a low slung chest. A unique rolling gait. A free and easy roll because of this shape.  Body is narrower at rear, back is short and level, tail curves over the back. Heavy bone. The head is wide and shallow, referred to as shaped like business envelope, not square.  Top skull is flat, ears frame face with long feathering. Eyes are large, round, dark, lustrous.Pigment is black. Undershot bite with tight lips over teeth.  

Coat and Colour: Coat is long and straight with course outer coat and thick under coat. Coat can be any colour. Sheds coat once yearly. Weekly baths and regular brushing will keep the coat healthy. Only pads of feet are trimmed

Feeding: A good quality kibble with canned food or home cooked toppers will keep them fit. Puppies are fed 2-3 times daily using puppy kibble with canned puppy food.

Training and Obedience: Pekingese are highly intelligent and very trainable. Due to their short legs, heavy coat and flat face, they do not require excessive exercise,  particularly during hot summer months. They do however enjoy going for walks and are very easy to train to do simple obedience as long as they think it was their idea!!

Temperament: Pekingese are brave little dogs, fearless and ready to take on any situation with confidence. They are lovely little companion dogs, loyal and happy to be with their people but because of their independent and courageous nature they tend not to be as needy as other toy breeds.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Flat Coated Retriever

History and Origin: One of the earliest recognizable retrieving Breeds c.1800, but not the oldest of the retriever breeds (The Curly-Coated Retriever holds that honour).  Few records exist of the early development of any retrievers. It is usually the St. John’s Dog (from Newfoundland) that is considered to be the originator from which the various retrievers were developed. The St. John’s Dog was crossed with a Curly Water Spaniel to produce the Curly-Coated Retriever (taller and heavier than the Flat-Coat).  Several years later the St. John’s dog was bred to black Setters producing retrievers called the Wavy-Coated Retriever that possessed a heavy wavy coat. (circa 1850)  Later the name was changed to the Flat-Coated Retriever.  The first Flat-Coated Retriever standard was published in 1885.  They were first classified as a separate Retriever breed at Crufts Dog Show (England) in 1905. Recognzed by the AKC in1915.

General Appearance: A strong and substantial dog showing elegance and refinement.  “Power without lumber and raciness without weediness”. Distinctive features are the silhouette (moving as well as standing) level topline, deep long rib cage creating the impression of a a blunt triangle.  Long clean substantial head, black or brown nose, depending on body colour ,strong bone,  almond shaped eyes, bite scissors to level, ears dropped and carried close to head,  long tail. An elegant breed. Size: males 23-24 inches  Females 22-23 inches    weight 60-70 pounds

Coat and Colour: Coat black or brown ( liver) Coat is of moderate length and lies flat although some waviness is permissible. Dogs in full coat have thickly feathered ears, chest, back of forelegs, thighs and underside of tail.  Feathering is NOT excessively long. Tidying of whiskers, ears, feet and tip of tail is the only grooming necessary.  Yellow pups occur occasionally in some lines but are not preferred and should not be registered or bred.

Feeding: A high quality balanced diet fed twice daily.

Training and Obedience: eager and willing in performance sports, which include obedience, field work, scent detection, rally, dock diving, agility and more. 

Temperament: The flat-coat has a confident, happy and outgoing attitude (characterized by a wagging tail). They are known as the “Peter Pan” of the dog world. An amazing versatile field dog and great family companion.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Shiba Inu

History and Origin: an ancient Japanese breed developed as a hunting dog to hunt by both sight and scent in the mountain regions of Japan. Capable of flushing game from the dense undergrowth. The breed is also a good watch/alert dog and a good companion. The name literally translated means brushwood dog. The Shiba Inu was recognized by the AKC in 1992. 

General Appearance: a small to medium sized dog , agile and alert,  strong and muscular,  compact with level firm back and  long  tail that is curled over the back.  Short fur is water/weather repellant.  The face has a decided fox like expression with triangular shaped eyes with black rims. Ears are small, prick and slant forward over back skull.  Nose is black. Bite is scissor. Moderate bone.  Cat like feet. Size: Males: 14-17 in   Females: 14-16in  Weight: about 18-22 lbs  

Coat and Colour: double coated with harsh and straight outer coat and undercoat that is soft and dense. Tail hair is longer and forms a curled bristle over the back. Only colours are red, sesame, and black and tan. ‘Urajiro’ refers to the creamy white ventral colour found on face legs abdomen etc on all three recognized colours. Easy care coat that only requires regular brushing to maintain. Dirt and debris tends to fall off. Does not mat and requires no trimming. Will shed copious amounts twice yearly. Bathing and combing will get rid of dead hair.

Feeding: a high quality balanced diet fed twice daily. Can be picky and might be prone to food allergies.

Training and Obedience: training requires patience and calmness. Fastidiously clean and easily housebroken.  The breed can excel in several performance areas including agility, barn hunt, coursing, fly ball, obedience, rally, scent detection, therapy, and tracking.

Activity: They are never to be off leash, High prey drive. Walks on lead, or running in a secure fenced area is recommended. They are able to scale walls and fences. Do dig and they are escape artists.  Be prepared for the Shiba scream if things aren’t to their liking. Doing their nails can be a challenge.

Temperament: Loyal, intelligent, loving companions but can be reactive to new or strange surroundings. May not get along easily with other dogs. Must be treated fairly with discipline, never babied. They are a hunting dog with an independent nature. This is breed is NOT recommended for a first time inexperienced owner.   

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Yorkshire Terrier

History and origin: originating in Britain in Yorkshire. Thought to be crosses with various terrier types brought to England by Scottish workers in the textile factories. Bred in mid 19th century to be successful ratters in the coal mines and textile mills. The various crosses produced dogs that were a great hodge podge of type and size. The style we know today was introduced, and size was set due to a notable dog named Huddersfield  Ben . Recognized by AKC in 1885.

General Appearance: a very small breed with long coat, parted down the back from head to tail, compact and vigorous,  body is square with level back,  prick v shaped ears, eyes are dark sparkling and oval,  head is small,  nose is black,  teeth are level or scissor bite,  and tail is docked or undocked.  Size: not more than 7 pounds and about 7-8 inches tall. The Yorkie is considered to be a toy terrier.  

Coat and colour: coat is glossy silky and fine. On a mature coated specimen it hangs perfectly straight and to the floor. Head hair is long and muzzle hair is moderately long. Body coat is a bright steel blue, never light silver nor black. Head hair is tan to golden tan as are the legs. Pet/companion dogs may be kept trimmed for ease of care but will still require regular brushing. This breed has hair not fur, so is considered to be hypoallergenic.

Feeding:  Puppies are fed 3x daily until six months then two meals daily. Generally good eaters. Dry kibble works well with a wet type added. Some owners and breeders may wish to free feed as Yorkies like to graze and pick at their food.

Training and Obedience: Although small, the breed can be quite successful in performance sports. Intelligent but also stubborn and difficult to train.  They can excel in agility, rally, and obedience as well as barn hunt and earth dog tests

Activity: can be high energy or conversely be happy lying around quietly in their beds. They are alert and watchful and are barkers, often referred to as ‘yappy’. If they are watching out the window and it moves, it is worthy of being barked at. As a tiny breed they do not require excessive exercise but will enjoy a romp in a fenced back yard or an on leash walk with their owner.  

Temperament:  fun and sweet but also feisty and tenacious. A good pet with family and children. Generally long lived.  A little dog that thinks they are big and tough. A true terrier mentality but considered a toy dog by the Kennel Clubs.  

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen

History and Origin: 0riginating in France, in the Vendée region. Among the group of hounds that track by scent. With an over 400 year old ancient lineage, the GBGV was established as a distinct breed in the late 19th century. They hunt in packs and are capable of hunting wild boar and roe deer as well as tracking hare and rabbit. The GBGV is one of the four Vendéen hounds, each bred for hunting different sized game. The tallest is the Grand Griffon Vendéen used for hunting moose, the Briquet Griffon Vendéen used for hunting deer, the next smaller size being the GBGV and the smallest is the Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen. The Grand was recognized by AKC in 2018 and is currently on the CKC miscellaneous list.

General Appearance: The GBGV is a rustic appearing medium sized dog, slightly longer than tall with straight legs, deep chest, and a rather messy tousled appearance. They are expressive, with a strong head adorned with heavy eyebrows, moustache and beard. Eyes are large, dark, and oval.  Expression is always friendly and alert. Big open nostrils, black or brown.  Long ears set low on head that form into a corkscrew.  Teeth meet in a scissor bite, level acceptable. Tail long and carried like a sabre. Size:15 ½ -18 inches  about 45-50  lbs.  

Coat and Colour: coat is harsh and straight with undercoat, must never be soft or silky. Abundant eyebrows, moustache and beard. Colors are: tri colour: ( white, black, tan) , Bi colour: (white with any other colour such as black, gray, orange, lemon, sable or grizzled) or  black and tan. Needs daily brushing to be maintained properly. A good slicker brush is a must.

Feeding: easy to maintain on a quality high end kibble fed twice daily.

Training and Obedience: generally easy to train, but also can be stubborn.  Good breed for hunters. The breed can excel in barn hunt, tracking trials, scent detection, agility, rally, obedience and hunting trials. They use their voice freely when hunting. The GBGV is an active sturdy hunting dog with high prey drive. Can do well in obedience as they have a fairly reliable recall for a hound !

Activity: the GBGV requires daily runs or long walks on leash. Off lead running only in a secure fenced area. A strong, energetic, and fun loving breed but probably not for a sedentary lifestyle. The GBGV  can be quite vocal, even in everyday life. 

Temperament: Sweet stable companion, noble, devoted and loyal. This happy hound also has another side that is silly, goofy, and with a clownish demeanor.  The Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen  is happy to couch cuddle but also needs energy outlet and mental stimulation.  A great family pet and an accomplished  hunting dog.      

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

English Cocker Spaniel

History and origin: developed in England and early crosses might have used Welsh and English Springers. Spaniels were a group of hunting dogs 500 years ago. In 19th century, divisions were made based on size and spaniel types were separated by weight. The English cocker was bred to hunt woodcock thusly the name. Capable of flushing quarry in dense undergrowth and strong enough to retrieve birds and small game.  

General Appearance: the smallest gun dog, sturdy, compact and cobby, substantially built, an active, enthusiastic hunting dog.  Head and muzzle equal lengths.  Long ears, set low. Eyes soft, dark brown, oval or almond shaped. May be hazel in lighter coat colours.  Expression is very important. Nose has wide open nostrils for scenting ability. Black or liver depending on coat colour.  Teeth scissor bite. Size: males 16-17 inches 29-34 lbs  Females 15-16 inches 26-32 lbs

Coat and Colour:Particolours are white with black, liver or shades of red or orange. Colour patches may be solid, ticked, or roaned. White with black mixed hairs is blue roan. May also be solid black, liver, red or gold or black and tan or liver and tan. Silky flat hair with undercoat, medium length, furnishings on legs. Coat will require regular brushing.

Feeding: a hearty eater on either a balanced high end kibble or raw diet.

Training and Obedience: the English Cocker lives to please and is easily trained in a variety of canine sports including obedience, agility, rally, scent detection and field tests. Intelligent and happy worker. Excels as a hunting dog. Quiet breed. Does not bark while hunting.      

Activity: An active merry little dog, always keen and alert, ready for action. Walks on leash or chasing a ball in a secure fenced area will keep him fit. Tail never stops. Not a fence jumper or compulsive digger.  

Temperament: ideal breed that loves children, reacts well around other dogs and is generally a soft and sweet addition to a reasonably active family. Loyal and loving companion. Loveable and charming little dog.    

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Kerry Blue Terrier

History and Origin: originated in Ireland, in County Kerry. Also called the Irish Blue Terrier. First noted in the rural mountains and appeared in writings in the 1800’s.  Suggested crossings with Wheaten and Bedlington terriers as well as Portuguese Water Dogs, Irish wolfhounds and Irish terriers may have produced the Kerry and certainly there are similarities to these breeds. Bred to control vermin of all sorts, including badgers, foxes, otters and even wolves.  Used in Ireland as a general purpose farm dog, ratter, herding dog and guard dog.

General Appearance: one of the largest terriers, sturdy, powerful athletic and muscular.  Long head, small dark eyes with keen expression, ears small, v-shaped, and carried forward, strong jaws with teeth meeting in level  or scissors bite, big black open nostrils, strong straight legs,  short level back, tail straight and carried gaily and erect. Size: 33-40 pounds     males 18-19 ½ inches   females 17 ½  -19 inches

Coat and Colour: puppies are born black but the colour gradually changes to a grey blue or slate colour in the mature dog. Black may remain on legs, beard and eyebrows. Unlike most terriers that have a harsh wiry coat, the Kerry coat is short soft dense and wavy and can be scissored to shape. Regular brushing is required. Coat is non shedding.

Feeding:  Feed twice daily with a good quality kibble for optimal health.

Training and Obedience: Intelligent.  Excels in many performance sports such as barn hunt, agility, obedience, herding trials, rally etc

Activity: daily exercise in a fenced yard or walks on leash. Active breed for jogger or cyclist. High prey drive.  Not always fond of other dogs.

 Temperament : devoted, playful,  and loyal to his family including children. Equally loves playtime and quiet time in the home.            

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Russell Terrier

History and Origin: originating in England. A swift and sturdy hunting dog for the sportof fox hunting in the early 19th century. Rev. John Russell (1795-1883) established two comparable breeds of fox hunting dogs, the one being low legged and flexible enough to be able to go down a hole to flush the fox but not kill it. The other terrier type was taller, leggier, also fast and strong enough to run with the horses, and determined enough to dig its quarry from the ground. (Parson Russell Terrier) Eventually the two types became separate breeds. Recognized by AKC in 2012, and still on the CKC miscellaneous list in 2014.   

General Appearance: a mostly white, (51%) small dog, sturdy and agile. Short  straight legs, rectangular appearance. Tail may be docked or natural. Eyes dark, almond shaped, ears small, nose black, lips black, teeth large with level or scissors bite.  Back level and ribs oval shaped and compressible when spanned.(important)   Size: 10-12 inches.

Coat and colour: white with markings of red/tan, black and tricolor.  There will be sufficient undercoat and a harsher outer coat which should be weatherproof, since this is a hunting terrier and able to hunt in many types of weather conditions. Coat types are smooth, rough or broken.  

Feeding: a quality kibble suitable for active dogs

Training and Obedience: this breed will excel in barn hunt, fast cat agility, rally, and obedience. Walks always on lead. Smart and eager.

Activity: alert, lively, active, inquisitive and playful.  Very sturdy little breed. A free spirit, always game for fun. Sweet and loving.     

Temperament: charming character, loving and loyal.Good with children and other pets and is happy in the home and  family unit.         

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


History and Origin: originating in Mexico and dates back more than 3000 years. Considered a national treasure in Mexico. Name is derived from the Aztec god Xolotl -the god of lightning and death and the Aztec word for dog-itzcuintli Also referred to as the Mexican Hairless dog. Archeological sites indicate that the dogs were often sacrificed and buried with their owner to assist them in their journey to the afterworld. Recognized by AKC in 2011. Name pronounced: show-low-eats-queent-lee

General Appearance: streamlined and elegant, muscular, strong and very athletic. Non coated variety is most recognizable but may also be coated and both can be found in the same litter.  Breed has three recognized sizes: toy, miniature, and standard.  Body is longer than tall and legs are long. Well sprung ribs, level back line, almond shaped eyes may be yellow to brown in colour . Ears large and erect. Size: toy 10-14 inches, miniature 14-18 inches standard 18-23 inches.

Coat and Colour: Can be completely hairless or have a natural tuft of coarse hair on the head and neck, feet and tail. Skin feels smooth, supple and warm. Not wrinkled except on forehead when dog is alert. In coated type, short hair (fur) covers the entire body. Brush regularly. Colours are black, grey, red, liver, bronze and tan. Wide variety of colours are probable. Solid dark colour is most common.  Hairless type does not require any excessive lotions or additions to keep skin healthy and will require warmth protection in harsher cold weather.   

Training and Obedience: very intelligent and  can excel in various levels of  training and performance sports. Fast cat, sprinter or lure coursing, agility, rally and regular obedience would all be excellent forms of training for the xolo.

Activity: This breed requires long daily walks or a good run in a fenced back yard. Big ‘NO’ to dog parks. Able to jump high fences. Always alert and attentive.

Temperament: devoted companion, calm and adaptable house dog, great watch dog, loves family and children. Aloof with stangers. Considered a primitive breed, requiring extensive socialization.  

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Miniature American Shepherd

History and origin: developed in California in late 1960’s with the breeding of small, unregistered dogs that were thought to be Australian Shepherds. The goal was maintenance of small size, active character, and intelligence. Known as Miniature Australian Shepherds and especially popular with equestrians traveling to horse shows, as their intelligence, loyalty, and smaller size made them an excellent travelling companion. In the early 1990’s several breeders imported them from the USA to Canada. Recognized by AKC in 2015 and currently on the CKC Miscellaneous /Listed breed list and awaiting full status soon.   

General Appearance: Slightly longer than tall, moderate bone, tail docked or natural bobtail. May have full tail. Eyes almond shaped. Teeth meet in a scissor bite. Ears dropped or rosed. Back is level. A small herding breed, that is agile and energetic.  Size: males 14-18 inches  Females 13-17 inches.       

Coat and Colour: Hair is of medium texture, and length, straight to wavy, weather resistant. Short and smooth on the head and fronts of the leg, .moderately feathered on backs of legs and rear area.  Mane and frill heavier  in males  than females . May be solid coloured or merle ( a blotchy or somewhat spotted appearance to the coat)  with or without white and/or tan (copper) markings.  Recognized colours are black, blue merle, red and red merle, but other colours such as yellow or sable may occur. The breed does seasonally shed.

Feeding:  Will do well on any high quality kibble or Raw. This breed best fed twice daily. 

Training and Obedience: Early puppy training is recommended. Highly intelligent breed and easy to train. The breed can excel in most performance sports such as agility, rally, herding, obedience, etc.

Activity: This breed requires daily exercise by walking or hiking or playing in the back yard. Because of their stamina, a good breed for joggers or cyclists.   

Temperament: Primarily a working dog of strong herding and guardian instincts. An exceptional companion, he is versatile and easily trained. May be reserved with strangers but should not be shy.  He is a resilient and persistent worker. Devoted and loyal family dog. Sweet natured and kindly  attitude.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Glen of Imaal Terrier

History and Origin: During the years (1500-1600 ) and including the reign of  Elizabeth the First, mercenary soldiers were used to quell a rebellion in Ireland in the County Wicklow region. After the war, the soldiers settled in this region and bred their hounds to local terrier types eventually creating the Glen of Imall terrier. A true Irish breed and it remains little changed from its origin to now. The breed was successful at ridding the area of fox, rats, otters and badgers as well as being a good farm dog for herding and as a reliable companion.  Recognized by AKC in 2004 and by CKC in 2016

General Appearance: strong and sturdy, thick and robust with little fanciness, rather a plain and scruffy looking canine. Large head with rose or semi prick ears, eyes brown and round, bite is scissor or level, body longer than tall with ratio of 5:3, legs are short and feet turned out in front. Back line rises slightly towards rear quarters. Tail may be docked or natural. Short,  rather disheveled looking,  coat. Size: 13-14 inches tall   Weight: about 35 lbs.

Coat and Colour: Coat is harsh with soft undercoat Colors are Wheaten: (blonde or cream to red)   Blue: may be brindled  (stripped) Regular brushing is all that is required so that dog is always looking neat and to prevent matting around neck and ears. Low shedding.  Show dogs are hand stripped.

Feeding:  a quality kibble fed twice daily. Good eaters and easy keepers.

Training and Obedience intelligent and trainable but also stubborn.  Will chase quarry. High prey drive. Not recommended with other small pets such as cats rabbits, guinea pigs etc. Performance events include barn hunt, earth dog tests, trick dog, scent trials, sprinter, obedience, rally and agility.

Activity: a tough and sturdy breed that will enjoy walks on lead or exercise in a  fenced area. Agile. Will dig and go to ground in search of vermin.( mice,moles etc)   

Temperament: a bold and quite fearless breed, feisty, but also very family oriented, devoted, loyal and sweet natured. Good with children but supervised.  Relatively calm and docile. Will guard bark, but not determined barkers. 

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Dogue de Bordeaux

History and Origin: An ancient breed originating in France as early as the14th century. Likely shares ancestry with the Bullmastiff, Bulldog, Tibetan and Neapolitan Mastiff as well as several other mastiff types. Often referred to as the French Mastiff. The DDB is of molosser type, that is those breeds of dogs that are massive and powerful, with large blocky heads. Considered a guard dog . Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2008.

General Appearance: Large breed, bulky, strong, sturdy and well muscled. Long tail. Drop ears. Short coat. Eyes are oval. Skull is broad and muzzle is short. The teeth meet in an undershot bite. Built rather close to the ground and is somewhat longer in body than his height at shoulders. Size: males 23 ½ -27 inches 110+ lbs Females 23-26 inches 99+ lbs. This breed does drool!!

Coat and Colour: coat is short fine and soft. Colour is mahogany to fawn to light fawn (Isabella) Richness of colour is very desirable. White is permitted only on chest throat and toes. Facial mask may be black brown or red. Skin is somewhat loose without excessive bodily wrinkling. Skull is wrinkled, more so when alert. Regular brushing and bathing will keep the continuous shedding to a minimum.

Feeding: A quality kibble softened with warm water and fed twice daily is all that is required for good maintenance.

Training and Obedience: Requires firm but fair early socialization and basic obedience training. Can be stubborn but will respond well with patience. DDB can compete in obedience trials, tracking and scent trials, carting, weight pulling and coursing. Breed easily identified in ‘Turner and Hooch’ movie.
Activity: tends to be laid back and rather likes to be inactive but still should have exercise either running in a fenced yard or going for walks.

Temperament: loyal and loving, great home companion, sweet nature with respectful children and other pets. Calm and quiet in the house and happiest within the family unit. Watchful protector and will guard bark if sensing any danger.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Yakutian Laika

History and Origin: An ancient breed native to the northeast area of Russia. Used primarily as sled dogs, hunting dogs, reindeer herders, and companions. They may have been used as long ago as 8000 years, but first references to the breed are dated at 1633. The breed was highly prized by the Yakut people who used them for transport, hauling game to camp, sledding and more, a truly indispensible canine.  They were treated more as family members and not just as a domestic animal. As the need for sledding dogs for transportation and hauling diminished so too did the breed numbers. But fanciers rallied to the need to save this breed and it was recognized by the Russian Federation in 2004, a breed standard was adopted by FCI in 2019 and the CKC granted miscellaneous /listed status in July, 2022.

General Appearance: A spitz type breed, with curled tail over back, and prick or semi prick ears. Strong and quite powerful, level back slightly sloping, rather long legged, and carrying a thick double coat. Eyes are brown or blue or both and almond shaped.    Size: Males 22-23 inches and 55-65 pounds Females 20 -22 inches and 45-55 pounds.

Coat and Colour: coat is thick and double with a downy undercoat, affording great protection in the arctic climateof his homeland. The breed will shed (or blow) each season and when living in warmer climates the coat will not grow as dense.. The coat is glossy straight and course. Many coat colours and patterns of combinations with white markings are recognized. Patches of colour are common. White is the only solid colour allowable.   A mane on the neck is especially pronounced in males.  Feathering is evident on the backs of front and hind legs. The tail is also fringe feathered.  The coat tends to release dirt easily and only needs regular brushing for maintenance.

Feeding:  the breed is notoriously picky regarding food. This is a remaining trait from their survival days in the severe Siberian climate that allowed them to be thrifty and efficient with food allowance. Young dogs will remain quite lean and don’t mature until well after two years when they will begin to add bodily mass. Finding a food preference for them can often be quite a task. 

Training and Obedience:A very biddable breed, they learn quickly and are eager to please their owners. They are intelligent and eager students at whatever they are being taught. They require training that is fair and gentle, as harsher methods tend to distress their kind nature. The breed is capable of excelling in many different performance sports beyond sledding and snow games. They can be very accomplished in other areas such as rally, obedience, herding and dock diving.

Activity: The breed is active, bold and curious and requires plenty of daily exercise in a fenced safe area as  they still have plenty of prey drive ( they were hunters in Russia)  They love to run and their common gaits are the trot and gallop. Dog parks are not recommended.  With all breeds,  they must be leashed when in public areas.  

Temperament: This breed is happiest with a close association to family and they require consistent human contact. They are gentle and affectionate and excellent with children. They may be aloof and reserved with strangers. They are very social and accepting of other dogs but always the first meeting should be controlled and cautious. When they perceive a threat from another dog or predator they will become aggressive. They do best in a family situation and excel as part of a family unit.  

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Canada’s Top dog 2022

June 12th, 2023 by


Can GChEx AmGChB Rivermist Broxden Magnuttic FDJ CGN ATD JT AGN AGNJ   Owners: Craig & Diane Storey Handler: Emily Burdon

What an amazing journey with a remarkable Brittany. Initially, Diane and I wanted  a medium sized, active, intelligent, affectionate dog to join our home,  from a breeder that focused on function as much as form. Our criteria narrowed us down to the Brittany Spaniel. Arthur is everything we were looking for and was bred by Rivermist Brittanys and Allyson Godfroid. Ultimately this became our introduction to the world of dog shows and it has been a pleasure watching Arthur become a   record setting ambassador for his breed.

We were humbled to be some judges’ first and some judges’ last awarded BIS in 2022. Equally, Arthur is our perfect family dog that is always willing and happy to take part in whatever adventures we think of. I believe it is this Brittany trait that makes him as special as he is and the once in a lifetime dog we all dream of having. 

We are very proud of all the accolades and all the ‘firsts’ for his breed that Arthur has been able to achieve. Arthur has become not only a top winning Brittany in Canada but also in the USA and also a top winning sporting Group dog in Canada. We have many good memories and accomplishments to cherish- both in the conformation ring and in the performance arena.

Thank you to a village of  people that helped Arthur on his journey- Allyson for encouraging and helping us along the way- Emily for perfect presentation and giving Arthur a home away from home –CJ’s skilled hands with puppies and teaching a newbie the ropes – Graeme Burdon, Ashley Martins and Monica Park for presenting Arthur when Emily and CJ could not- The many fans cheering us on-our judges for their recognition and their kind words of praise and encouragement to a new comer –Finally the Kennel Clubs for putting in many hours so we can enjoy our dog sports.

Cairn Terrier

History and origin: a breed from  Scotland and known as far back as the 1600’s and at that time living primarily in the western Highlands on the Isle of Skye. The Scottish landscape is dotted with mounds of stones called cairns, which marked land perimeter, boundaries and graves. The Cairn Terrier went to ground, dug out and killed the vermin living under the rocks.  Being so courageous and hardy, the Cairn was also used to hunt foxes, otters and badgers, thus being a useful dog for farmers and landowners. Probably related to the Skye Terrier, West Highland White Terrier and Scottish Terrier, as all three were developed at about the same time and separated into distinct breeds. In the movie ‘The Wizard of Oz’ Toto was a Cairn Terrier. The Cairn Terrier was recognized by the AKC in 1913.

General Appearance: Small short legged terrier with rather unkempt appearance. Somewhat shaggy  coat, ears small pointed and erect, nose black,  eyes dark, tail short and carried upright. Level back, body not too long or too short. Head covered with hair and bushy eyebrows offer a rather fox like appearance to the face. Keen, sparkling expression. Size: 11-12 inches Weight: 14 -16 pounds.

Coat and Colour : Double coated, weather resistant, with profuse harsh outer coat and downy undercoat. Tail coated but not wavy or plumed. Coat may have a slight wave. Colours are cream, wheaten, red,   grey or nearly black and any of these colours with brindling.  Coat is relatively easy care but will require regular brushing.  Considered hypoallergenic.

Feeding: quality kibble fed once or twice a day.

Training and Obedience:  Being a terrier, may be stubborn and independent but is intelligent and will respond to discipline and fair training methods. Cairns excel at earth dog tests, barn hunt, agility, rally, obedience and fly ball. Good therapy dog.

Activity: always game and busy. Needs daily walks on a leash or runs in a fenced area.  Will chase small creatures and senses voles and moles in your yard so will dig.  They do bark.

Temperament: a happy joyous little breed, full of life, active and fun loving. Comforting lap dog.  Loyal and sweet tempered.  Good with children, seniors and other pets. An excellent family companion.        

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Bedlington Terrier

History and Origin: Pedigrees can be traced back to the 1700’s. Probably related to the Dandie Dinmont, Whippet and Otterhound. Developed in the mining town of Bedlington Northumberland , in England.  In this area, there were many different terrier types and all were referred to as Rothbury terriers. In order to develop an efficient rodent killer, a hunter and also a devoted companion, these terriers were crossed to get the best of all worlds in one breed. The Bedlington was accepted by AKC in 1889.  

General Appearance: Small, graceful, lithe and very flexible breed. One of the longer legged terriers, with a unique bodily outline.  The back should be roached (curved upward in an arc) and the loin markedly arched. The bodily underline is  tucked up. Slightly longer body than tall.  Ears are drop, hanging close to cheek, eyes are almond shaped. . Depending on coat colour, large nose may be black or brown, and eyes may also be different shades. Tail is long. This breed often referred to as being lamb like in appearance. Size:  Males 16 ½ inches at shoulder.  Females 15 ½ inches at shoulder.  Weight: 17-23 pound.

Coat and Colour: Coat is dense, a mixture of hard and soft hair and rather linty feeling. Never wiry. Crisp with tendency to curl and standing out from skin. Colours are Blue, sandy and liver with or without tan markings.  Profuse topknot from top of head to nose. Ears may have a small silky tassel at the tip. This breed will require regular brushing to avoid mats. Breed often has seasonal allergies which may affect the coat.  Non shedding. No doggy odour.   

Feeding: A good quality kibble or raw fed once or twice daily.

Training: This breed can do extremely well in a variety of dog sports. Can be somewhat stubborn . As a sensitive breed, training is to be fair without harsh methods. Obedience, agility, rally, barn hunt, earth dog tests, sprinter and coursing are all performance areas where the Bedlington Terrier can excel.

Activity: loves to run and has a great deal of endurance. Very energetic. Good breed for cyclists, joggers and hikers. Does like to dig. Not a compulsive barker.

Temperament:  Sweet and gentle. Affectionate. Good with kids.  Intelligent.  Excellent family companion. After a good walk or run will settle nicely at home.  

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


History and origin: An ancient breed originating in China, and dating back to the Han Dynasty. Valued as a companion to the Buddhist monks in the monasteries of Tibet and as cherished companions to Chinese emperors. Chinese breeders deliberately bred them to have facial wrinkles, even in a preferred pattern. In time, the breed moved from China to Japan, Russia, Europe and eventually England. Wherever it lived, it was revered as the consummate companion and was spoiled and protected. Through the years many notables from scholars, artists and royalty, have owned the little Pug, making it one of the most extraordinary family pets and true to its origins as a consummate and reliable friend. Accepted by AKC in 1885.

General Appearance: Blocky, stout, compact, square body. Well muscled. Short level back.  Tightly curled tail over the hip.  Short muzzle and blunt short massive head. Preferred button ear lies close to skull.  Eyes are round, dark, somewhat prominent, and lustrous. Coat is short.  ( Multum in Parvo) latin phrase meaning much in little. Weight: 14-18 pounds. 

Coat and Colour: only acceptable colours are fawn and black.  In the fawn colour the mask, facial markings, diamond shape on head, ears, and trace line (a dark line extending from the head down neck and back to tail) should be as black as possible. The coat is short, soft and glossy. An easy care coat but should be brushed regularly. Wrinkles on face require frequent care. Pugs shed continuously. 

Feeding: A quality kibble fed twice daily should be adequate. Pugs are typically excellent eaters and so care must be taken to keep them in a good healthy weight.

Training and obedience: The pug is intelligent, adaptable and enjoys learning new things. Training needs to be consistent and fair and treat rewards work well. This breed can excel in many dog sports including obedience, rally and agility. 

Activity: Daily walks are essential. However, the Pug does not need to walk miles or run marathons. Hot weather exercise should be limited.

Temperament: Playful, fun loving, gregarious, trust worthy and devoted.  Great lap dog and family companion. Loves children and other pets. Perfectly suited to apartment living. A delightful breed, the Pug is even tempered and affectionate.     

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


History and Origin: Good ratting dogs were essential in Europe after the Bubonic plague killed millions of people. In Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, champion ratters were the predecessor of the Schipperke which was bred in Belgium and descended from the now extinct Leauvenaar, also the forerunner of the Belgian Shepherd.( Groenendael) The herding types were larger and the breed was bred down in size so that it could be owned by the peasant population. Used initially as a farm dog to herd sheep and cattle, it eventually found its way onto boats and barges where rats were numerous and the breed excelled at reducing the rat numbers. The word Schipperke in Flemish means ‘Little Captain’. In its early history, the tail was removed from a scavenging dog and the trend continued.

General Appearance: Small, square, compact dog, tail docked or natural. Back is level but heavy furnishings around neck give appearance of shoulders being higher than rump. Prick ears, foxy face. Size: 12-18 pounds

Coat and Colour: Double coated. Outer coat is rather harsh and shiny and under coat is dense and thick, more so around the neck.  Body coat is short, but decidedly thicker and longer around neck and over shoulders which makes the ruff stand up giving the sloping body appearance. Coat is longer between front legs and on rear. Always black. Coat is easy care with a regular brushing. They do shed.

Feeding: any good quality kibble fed once or twice daily.

Training and Obedience: The schipperke requires early teaching to maintain boundaries. Naturally curious and alert so may be challenging to establish training focus.  Independent and enthusiastic and will do well in many dog sports including obedience, rally, agility, barn hunt and scent detection provided he is trained patiently and persistently. Equally comfortable in apartment or large home. 

Activity: The schipperke is a busy little dog, always on the move and always ready to play.  Agile and sturdy.  He will require daily walks and always on leash. He has plenty of energy to engage with kids and other pets. The Breed is a natural watchdog and may have a tendency to compulsive barking.

Temperament:  A joyous playful breed that is loyal and loving. Affectionate and good with kids and other pets. May be wary of strangers. Great family companion.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Lhasa Apso

History and Origin: an ancient breed developed in Tibet probably from crosses with Tibetan terriers and other herding type breeds of that era and region. Cherished in the Tibetan monasteries as companions and guardians. The Himalayan mountains are rugged and inhospitable and the Lhasa needed to be strong, hardy, and heavily coated for protection from extreme weather. Regarded as good luck charms, the dogs were always gifted to special persons that the Lamas admired.  Lhasa is the capital city of Tibet. Breed recognized by AKC in 1935.

General Appearance: small rectangular breed, long heavy coat over body, legs, feet, and head. Long tail carried well over back and draping to either side. Drop ears, black nose, almond shaped eyes. Exotic and elegant appearance. Size: Height 10-11 inches Weight 12-18 pounds

Coat and Colour: Double coated, the coat is long thick and luxurious. Considered a drop coat, in an adult it reaches to the floor. Ears are heavily furnished and long hair on head covers the eyes. Coat is heavy, dense, straight and is parted head to tail. All colors from black to white and mixtures of colours are acceptable. If maintained in full coat, this breed will require fastidious and frequent bushing and bathing. However, a family pet may be trimmed for easier and regular grooming.

Feeding: a quality kibble fed dry twice a day will be adequate.

Training and Obedience: should be socialized early to avoid unwanted behaviours. Can be rather stubborn, but with correct and fair training will be able to excel in several dog sports including obedience, rally, and agility. Overly strict and repetitive training will cause them to be bored Training periods should be short enjoyable and rewarding for the dog. Can do well as therapy dogs.

Activity: a lively hardy and energetic breed, the Lhasa will require a daily walk or a game of fetch in the house on bad weather days.  A fenced secure area for play and running is beneficial too. The breed does not require long hours of activity.

Temperament: A highly intelligent breed, intensely loyal to his family, loves to be a lap dog. A natural guardian due to his heritage and will bark if sensing danger. Happy, loving and rather comical.   May be aloof or wary of strangers.     

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Berger Picard

History and Origin: May also be referred to as the Picardy Shepherd. Quite possibly the oldest of all the herding breeds. Origin dates back to the 9th century. Developed in France in the Picardy region which was a huge farming area. Used extensively by farmers and sheep ranchers to herd sheep and cattle. Genetic studies definitely link them to the German Shepherd Dog and Bergamasco. Breed numbers fell drastically during the two great wars due to battles in the Somme area. Fanciers rescued the few that could be found and saved the breed from extinction. The book and movie ‘Because of Winn-Dixie’ brought stardom to the Berger breed but it is still considered to be rare.  Recognized by CKC in 1992 and by AKC in 2015.

General Appearance: a medium large breed, rectangular in body shape, large prick ears, large black nose, long tail that has a ‘J’ crook at the end. Rough tousled coat, eyebrows, beard and moustache. A rustic appearance that is fully adapted to country living as his history dictates. Strong and solid, not a refined dog. Working dog suited for long days as a guardian and herder. Size: Males 23 ½ – 25 ½ inches Females 21 ½ -23inches weight 50-70 lbs (head study courtesy of Faye Unrau  photography)

Coat and Colour: Double coated.  Top coat is wiry and shaggy, rough and brittle feeling, 2-3 inches in length. Neither flat nor curly but may be wavy. Dense under coat. Eye brows, beard, moustache and ruff around neck are distinctive to the breed and referred to as ‘griffonage’. Colours are:  Fawn, fawn charbonné (fawn with charcoal), fawn or grey brindles. The coat is always in its natural state, not orderly, trimmed, or sculpted.  Rugged looking.  Impressive appearance.

Feeding: Should do well on a good quality kibble fed twice daily.

Training and Obedience: early socialization and puppy training is important. Sensitive and intelligent, Picards can excel in many canine events including agility, rally, obedience, herding, flyball, tracking, barn hunt and search and rescue.

Activity: An active breed that is athletic and sturdy. Will require at least a long daily walk on leash or a run in a secure fenced area. A good breed for active owners who enjoy hiking, jogging, cycling and competitive dog sports.

Temperament: loyal loving and devoted family dog. Courageous, lively and confident.  Reserved with strangers. Keen and playful. Good natured. Kindly.  

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


History and origin: the national dog of Cuba and only breed native to Cuba.  Developed from crosses with Bichon types, Poodles, Maltese and possibly Lowchen.  Christopher Columbus planted the Spanish flag on Cuba in 1492. Trading began and settlers arrived bringing little dogs from Tenerife, that were Bichon in type. The dogs were loved by the Spanish aristocracy and they developed unhindered. Colonial Cuba prospered until the Cuban revolution. A few dogs were transported to America. It is thought that most Havanese today are likely related to these few. Breed notably owned by Ernest Hemingway and Charles Dickens. Accepted by AKC in 1996.

General Appearance:  Sturdy, well balanced, small, drop-eared dog, rectangular in outline, neither fragile nor coarse, long abundant, soft and wavy hair. Eyes dark and almond shaped. Plumed tail carried over the back. Topline straight with a slight arch over the loin, presenting a gentle gradual rise of the back towards the rear. In trotting motion,the Havanese has a lively, and elastic gait. Size: height ideally is 9 -10.6 inches.   

Coat and Colour: developed in the tropics, the abundant, silken double coat is fine, soft and lightweight throughout, including on head, with a subtle airiness, less substantial at the touch than appearance suggests. Undercoat light and may not be very developed. The topcoat, very long (about 4-8 inches) does not hang to the ground, allowing light under the dog when standing on a solid surface…. Hair is ideally wavy. Pigment (nose lips etc) is always black except for brown dogs. A large variety of colours, markings, and patterns are acceptable. Must be brushed regularly to avoid matting. Hair on head and moustache may be banded for easy maintenance.    

Feeding: quality kibble fed dry once or twice daily.

Training and obedience: easily trained in many competitive areas.  Intelligent. Does well in many dog sports including obedience, rally and agility. A natural as a therapy dog and willing performer of circus tricks.

Activity: loves to run and be active. He will enjoy chasing a toy in the back yard. Equally comfortable in large home or apartment. A fun loving breed, always eager to play and go for walks.     

Temperament:  Exceptionally bright and attentive. A casual and carefree breed, Natural and unaffected in appearance. Affectionate, happy natured, amiable, a charmer, playful and even a bit of a clown. An eager, lively, devoted family companion, typically good with children and other dogs.         

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Tibetan Spaniel

History and origin: An ancient breed native to Tibet and may be over 2000 years old.  Bred for centuries by the Buddhist monks and lived in the monasteries. They were highly regarded as companions, were excellent bed warmers in this rather inhospitable climate, and served as guardians, alerting by barking. The dogs were gifted back and forth to other Buddhist countries and likely have the Japanese Chin, Lhasa Apso and Pekingese as ancestors. Often called ‘little lion dogs’ (lions were sacred to the Buddhist monks) and so the golden coat hues were preferred by the monks. Not a spaniel at all as we think of hunting and gun dogs but a French term for spaniel from the Middle Ages, Epagnuel, translated which means companion or comfort dog. Recognized by AKC in 1983.

General Appearance: small breed, short legs, moderate bone, rectangular in bodily shape, long tail carried over back,  drop ears, eyes dark brown medium size, oval shaped,  rather short neck, level back, black nose, feet are hare shaped(longer toes) Size: height 10 inches weight 9-15 pounds.  

Coat and Colour: double coated, silky body coat of moderate length lies flat, Smooth on face and fronts of legs. Tail is generously coated and plumes over back.  Ears and backs of legs well feathered. Toes are feathered with hair extending beyond toes. Does shed but does not matt. Coat is not trimmed. Regular brushing encouraged. Common colours are red, gold, cream, black/tan, black, sable, parti       

Feeding: Quality kibble fed dry, once or twice daily  

Training and Obedience: an intelligent adaptive little breed but stubborn and independent. Not a good choice for the dog sport enthusiast.  Need companionship so do not thrive well as a kennel dog.  Can do well in nose sports training.     

Activity: very active for their size.  Walks must be on leash or plenty of exercise in a fenced yard for running and playing. They will climb on furniture to be able to watch out the window as their heritage suggests in the monasteries. Equally at home in a large house or apartment. Long lived and hardy.  Healthy breed.

Temperament: Affectionately known as Tibbies, they are sensitive, sweet and charming. They do very well in a family unit and are good with other dogs and children. Alert, spirited, energetic, but also a calm cuddler.  Excellent family pet.         

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


History and Origin: this breed is thought to have originated in Poland and Germany along the Baltic Sea in an area called Pomerania. Descended from the much larger German Spitz, a large working breed from the arctic. Other ancestors may have been the Norwegian Elkhound, Schipperke, Samoyed and American Eskimo dog. The spitzen group of dogs comprised several sizes. The Pom is the smallest. Early Pomeranians were large at roughly 30 -50 pounds.  Because of the spitz influence, the small prick ears and dense profuse coat has always remained. Queen Victoria bred poms and in the 1800’s is credited with the increasing English popularity and eventual downsizing of the breed to a well-suited toy size. Revered by such famous individuals as Mozart, Chopin and Michelangelo. Accepted  by AKC in 1888.

General Appearance:  Small, sturdy, compact, square in bodily profile. Well muscled.  Fox like expression, prick ears, dark almond shaped eyes. Body is heavily coated. Long tail. Weight 3-7 pounds. Moderate bone and cat-like feet.    

Coat and Colour: The coat of the Pomeranian is thick and double coated. Under coat soft and dense, top coat harsher textured. Thick ruff over shoulders and chest and frames the head. Tail is straight harsh and fans over back to form a plume. Head and leg coat shorter with feathering on back of front legs and longer hair on back legs forming a ‘skirt’. All colours are appropriate in this breed including several patterns such as brindle, piebald and tan points.  Most common colours today are orange, red, black and black and tan. Should be brushed regularly.

Feeding: a mature dog will eat ½ cup food daily… a quality small breed kibble fed dry for teeth and gum health…..vegetables like carrots can be given as a snack and Poms will happily munch away. Good chewing exercise too.

Training and Obedience: can perform well in obedience, agility, rally if trained positively and fairly.    

Activity: energetic and busy but also a good lap dog. Can enjoy easy daily walks or a short run in the yard, does not require hours of activity. Tend to respond to activity level of owner and is not demanding of exercise. May bark excessively.

Temperament: Gregarious, outgoing, joyful, lively and spirited little dog.  Always fun loving, good with other dogs and children. A wonderful family pet.           

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Wire Fox Terrier

History and Origin: developed in England and was the epitome of British foxhunts in the 1700’s. Probably were developed by crosses with white English terriers, bull terriers, beagles and now extinct black and tan working terrier of that early era.This breed  had to be small enough to ‘go to ground’ to chase the fox from its den so that riders on horseback could give chase. Docked tail so that the dog could be pulled from the burrow. The wire and smooth coated fox terrier were bred together until the early1900’s when two separate standards were developed but essentially they are quite identical except for coat type.

General Appearance: Sturdy, rough coated breed, tough, active, energetic and agile. Smaller of the terrier breeds but no less feisty and with a determined and quite enthusiastic outlook on life. The coat is harsh and wiry looking.  Tail is docked, and held upright when dog is in motion. Back is short, head is long and lean, ear flaps hang close to cheeks, and eyes are small and dark. Expression is keen, and intelligent. Size: Males 17- 19 pounds, Females 15-17 pounds   Height  15 ½ inches. Termed in the official breed standard,  ‘a well made hunter’.

Coat and Colour: double coated, harsh and wiry, crinkly or slightly wavy but never curly. Termed a broken coat. Hairs are twisted and so dense that skin cannot be seen. Coat is hardest on the back. Hair on legs is thick. Hair on jaws makes head look longer. Short crisp eyebrows. Coat predominately white with patches of tan or black. For show dogs, the coat is hand stripped. House pets may be clippered.  Regular brushing will keep the coat tidy and remove dirt and any debris. Minimal shedding. Possibly non allergenic.   

Feeding: a quality kibble is recommended either once or twice daily

Training and Obedience: an intelligent breed, it will thrive on training and keeping busy. Use patience, fairness and firmness. Can compete in earth dog tests, barn hunt, obedience, agility, rally and fast cat.

Activity: Loves family outings.  Walks must always be on leash. If he sees small animals such as rabbits, squirrels, birds etc he will give chase. He is a born hunter. Must have a fenced yard. Vigorous, spirited and full of life.  No to dog parks!!!!

Temperament: Happy, playful, inquisitive, eager and fun loving. Superb pet.     

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Bouvier des Flandres

History and Origin: Very old herding breed originating in Belgium by the monks of the Ter Duinen monastery. They were developed using crosses with Irish Wolfhounds, Scottish Deerhounds and farm dogs from the local region. The vast farming area required a dog capable of performing many tasks. The Bouvier was used as a cattle drover, sheep herder, draft dog, carting dog, guardian of the farm and protector of the family. Ear cropping and tail docking were to prevent injuries and also working dogs were not taxed.   Both Great wars nearly caused the loss of the breed. Many died in the front lines as military workers. Today the breed still excels in police and military work. Recognized by the AKC in 1931.

General Appearance: large and imposing breed with shaggy coat. Powerful. Muscular. Heavy boned. Burly, with large chest, barrel ribs. Ears cropped or uncropped. Tail docked.  Square in outline. Back is strong and level. Rugged looking. Large head, full beard and moustache. Size: Males 24 ½ – 27 ½   Females 23 ½ -26 ½   70-100 pounds.

Coat and Colour: Double coated. Very thick. Top coat is rough, harsh and wiry, rather messy looking. Undercoat is soft and dense.Excellent protection from the elements. Coat should be 2 ½ inches in length. Leg coat a bit shorter but still harsh feeling. Colours  are fawn, grey, grey brindle and black. Requires regular brushing.

Feeding: Quality kibble fed twice daily.

Training and Obedience: start early obedience training. Must know owner is in charge. May not be a breed for first time owners. A somewhat independent breed due to his historical use as the ultimate farm dog, herding dog, and control of predators near his flock, doing all this while working alone. Intelligent breed, easily trained in obedience, herding, scent discrimination, tracking, rally, agility, carting, as a therapy dog, guide dog for the blind, police and protection work. Excels in so many dog sports. The Bouvier is truly a versatile breed.

Activity: Needs plenty of daily exercise. Good breed for joggers, hikers, cyclists and swimmers. Daily run in a secure fenced area is encouraged.    

Temperament: can be strong willed, affectionate with family and children. Steady calm, agreeable nature. Good family pet. A natural guard dog and protector.         

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


History and origin: an ancient French breed dating as far back as the 8th century.  It is closely related to the smooth coated Beauceron as well as the Pyrenean Shepherd. It originated in the Brie region of north central France where it was a herding and livestock guardian. Sometimes called the Chien de Brie and later the Berger de Brie, it was first shown in Paris in 1863. The two great wars quite reduced numbers if the dog was deemed useful to go to the front lines. While in France, President Thomas Jefferson became enamored of the breed and exported several to the US. The breed was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1928.  

General Appearance: A large robust dog with long, thick coat over entire body.  Head is long. Body is rectangular in profile. Muscular with strong substantial bone, and straight backline. Rugged and athletic. Supple and agile in motion.  Ears may be natural or cropped.  Tail is long and forms a crook at the end. Eyes large and black or very dark in colour. Must have double dew claws on hind feet.  Size: Males 23-27 inches Females  23-25 ½ inches.   55-100 pounds.

Coat and Colour:  double coated, undercoat is fine, hair is long, rather coarse textured and slightly wavy over entire body and head. Hair on head naturally parts, hair over shoulders is 6 inches or more in length. Full beard and eyebrows.  Tail is well covered with hair; colours are black, shades of grey and tawny. The Briard coat will require frequent deep brushings to the skin. If groomed regularly, they do not shed. Long eyebrows should not cover eyes. Hair on head can be banded for maintenance. May be considered non allergenic.

Feeding: good quality kibble fed twice or even three times daily.   

Training and Obedience: socialize early and regularly on a daily basis.  Can be trained easily for many dog sports, including obedience, herding trials, agility, rally. Important to have a good rapport with breeder. Visit to see adult dogs, puppy parents and other relatives. Forming a respectful bond with breeder is essential.

Activity: Good breed for joggers, cyclists and hikers. Energetic and spirited with their owners. Enjoy a run in a secure area daily. Always ready for fun and action.   

Temperament: Loyal and loving to family. Naturally guardy. Good house pet.               

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Old English Sheepdog

History and Origin:  developed in the south west counties of England and used as a drover’s dog in the 17th century to drive cattle and sheep to market.  Origin is not entirely certain but probable ancestors are the Russian Owtchar, and the Bearded Collie. Taxation laws in the 18th century required working dogs to have docked tails. Thusly the breed was often referred to as the Bob-Tailed sheep dog or the Shepherds dog. The breed was promoted in its early American days by affluent families such as the Morgans, Vanderbilts and Guggenheims. The OES was recognized by AKC in 1888.

General Appearance:  A shaggy, profusely coated breed, large, agile, muscular and compact. Squarely built. Very large square skull, covered with long hair, drop ears lie flat to head, eyes are blue or dark brown or one of each and nose is always black. Stands lower at the shoulders, with rump area elevated. Legs large boned. Tail docked very short or may be undocked.   Size:  Males 22 inches or more 70-90 pounds    Females 21 inches or more 60-80 pounds. In motion they amble or pace somewhat like a bear. Their gallop is free and elastic. Their loud bark is referred to as ‘pot-casse’, the sound of a cracked bell.  

Coat and Colour: body profusely double coated, hard textured, not soft, does not lie flat, undercoat is thick and downy, head, legs, neck, and rear areas also covered with thick hair. Daily maintenance allows the head hair and mustache to be banded.  Colours are grey, grizzle, blue or blue merle with white markings. When in full coat this breed must be brushed thoroughly to the skin regularly to prevent matting.  OES can be trimmed down for easier grooming.  Sheds minimally.    

Feeding: a good quality kibble fed twice daily, water from a water hole bowl.

Training and Obedience: Start basic obedience training early to form good manners.  Puppies can be rowdy, play rough.  Will do well in obedience, rally, agility, herding trials and as therapy dogs.  Have a strong herding instinct.

Activity: Requires regular exercise. Daily walks or a run in a fenced area. Love to hike, and go jogging. Very athletic. But are also sedate house dogs. 

Temperament; Intelligent expression, sweet and playful, docile, courageous, good with children and other dogs, not quarrelsome, lovely family dog and protector.  

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Lagotto Romagnolo

History and origin: an ancient sporting dog originating in Italy in the marshland area of the Delta del Po. Name means water dog. Originally used as gun dogs and water retrievers and later as truffle hunters. Breed has a long history from centuries ago when Italian traders travelled with cross bred dogs of Lagotto type. These dogs were strong, robust, and excellent hunters and boat dogs. Foreign blood from these cross breeds might have tainted the Lagotto type but the human truffle hunters of the time period (early 1900’s) set about to save the breed which suffered near extinction in the mid 1970’s.  The breed is now successful as a pure breed all over Europe. It was accepted by FCI ( Federation Cynologique Internationale) in 2005. Recognized by AKC (American Kennel Club) in 2015. Crufts BIS winner in 2023.

General Appearance: of small to medium size, body and head covered with curly hair.  Profuse beard, moustache and eyebrows. Squarely built with long tail. Drop ears and round hazel to brown eyes. Bone is strong but not heavy and neck is muscular. Back and Loin muscular and head is massive. Size:  Males 16 ½ -19 ½ inches 28-35 pounds    Females 15 ½ -18 ½ inches   24-31 pounds

Coat and Colour:  unique double coat that is curly, thick and wooly textured like human hair.  Body is covered in ring shaped curls but not frizzy.  Coat is longer on head. Colours are solid off white with orange or brown patches, solid brown, brown or orange roan, sable. Trimmed to no more than 1 ½ inches. Must be combed regularly otherwise the coat will felt.(mat)  Very little shedding and may be hypo allergenic. 

Feeding:  A good quality kibble fed twice daily.

Training and obedience: an intelligent dog. Trains easily and adapts quickly. Good in obedience, rally, agility, dock diving, tracking and various forms of nose work, therapy and medical detection dog. The only purebred truffle hunter.

Activity: active breed needs daily exercise, walking, jogging or cycling with owner, but settles nicely in the home.  Loves water. Avid swimmer.

Temperament: sweet and loyal to family. Happy breed. Good with other dogs and children. Great house pet. Affectionate and loving. Sensitive and good natured.          

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Giant Schnauzer

History and Origin: The breed originated in Swabia in the southern part of Bavaria, Germany. They were originally called the Müchener. The breed was probably developed by crosses with Standard Schnauzers, Bouviers, black Great Danes, German shepherds and Dobermans. Their early use was as an all purpose farm dog able to drive cattle to market, pull carts and as a guardian for home and property

General Appearance: Large, strong, powerful, robust dog, nearly squarely built.  Thick wiry coat is weather resistant. Ears are cropped or uncropped. Tail docked 3-4 inches. Longish full beard and eyebrows. Very substantial dog with commanding appearance when alert. Size: males 25 ½ to 27 ½ 60-85 pounds   Females: 23 ½ to 25 ½  55-75 pounds. This breed is impressive in stature and guarding ability.

Coat and Colour: Double coated with harsh wiry outer coat and softer undercoat for protection from the elements. Hair on legs is somewhat softer and longer. Only allowable colours are solid jet black and salt and pepper (banded hairs produce the grey colour which can be light grey to steel grey with grey undercoat) Beard is thick and full and eyebrows must never be so long as to  obscure the eyes and vision. Coat care for the show dog would require hand stripping to maintain harshness. Family pets may be clippered for ease of grooming. Regular brushing is recommended. Do not shed excessively.

Feeding: choose a high quality food. Feed twice daily.

Training and obedience: An intelligent dog that responds easily to fair and consistent methods of training. This breed can excel in many dog sports including obedience, carting, agility, herding, search and rescue, tracking, Schutzhund,  (German word for protection training) as a police and security dog and the breed was used extensively as a military dog in both great wars.

Activity: a high energy dog that requires good daily exercise either on a walk or running safely in a fenced area or field.  Dog Parks are absolutely not an option. A good breed for a jogging enthusiast and they like to hike and swim.

Temperament: bold and courageous, dependable and loyal to their family. They can be territorial and may be aggressive with strange dogs. A first time owner needs to understand the breed completely and be diligent with early training.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


History and origin: Presumably this breed originated in Germany in the early 1800’s and was developed by Herr Heinrich Essig. He wanted to create a breed that was similar to the Leonberg town crest and coat of arms which bears the image of a lion. Probably developed by crosses with St Bernards, Newfoundlands and Pyrenean Mountain dogs.(Great Pyrenees)  However, other accounts have the breed possibly known as far back as the 1500’s, when the breed was used as an all purpose farm dog. The breed nearly became extinct during both great wars because it was utilized to pull ammunition carts. Eight dogs survived WW2 and today’s Leos can be traced to those few dogs. Recognized by the AKC in 2010.

General Appearance: A very large breed, strong and powerful, heavy bone, broad back,  longer than tall, very thick coat, long bushy tail. Drop ears that frame the head. This breed has a kindly expression and majestic appearance.  Size: Males 28 ½ – 31 ½ inches 110-170 pounds    Females 25 ½ -29 ½  90-140 pounds  weight is proportionate to height.    

Coat and Colour: This breed is double coated with a somewhat courser top coat that lies straight or may be slightly wavy, and thick abundant under coat. Coat is water and weather resistant and medium to long in length.  Colours are red, golden red, sandy or tawny coloured and always a black mask on head. Outer coat may be black tipped. Mature males will carry a thick mane around neck and chest. Feathering on backs of legs and rear area.  This breed will require regular brushing. They shed continuously and will ‘blow’ coat once or twice a year.

Feeding: a quality kibble, raw diet or homemade diet that consists of protein, carbs and vegetables will suffice.  Always follow breeder’s instructions.

Training and Obedience: Good in performance sports. Socialize puppies early.  Can compete in obedience, agility, dock diving and weight pulling. Excellent in carting, therapy  and water rescue. Perfect breed for farm and country living.

Activity: Need a daily long walk or running in a secure fenced area. Good breed for joggers and hikers. Love to swim. Not suited for apartment living. Needs space. 

Temperament: Sweet and calm nature. Not excitable. Good with children and other animals. Patient, loving and loyal to family members. Truly a gentle giant.                       

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Bernese Mountain Dog

History and origin: originating in Switzerland, in the rich farming area of Bern.  One of four similarly coloured Swiss mountain dogs. Often referred to as the  Berner, it  was  likely developed by crosses with molosser mastiff types and other guard dogs of the time period when Roman Soldiers invaded Switzerland over 2000 years ago. The breed was first brought to America in 1926 and was admitted to the American Kennel Club in 1937.

General Appearance: large and substantial, powerfully built, slightly longer than tall.  Thick, moderately long, double coat. Heavy bone, deep chest.  Long bushy tail, triangular shaped drop ears frame the head. Eyes are dark and expression is intelligent and gentle. Always black, rust, and white. Size: Males 25-27 ½ inches Weight: 80-115 pounds  Females 23- 26  inches Weight: 70-95 pounds

Coat and Colour: This breed is tri-coloured meaning they must present with three different colours in the coat. The coat is thick and the markings must be precise. The coat over back, head and tail is jet black with a slight sheen. Rust coloured markings appear over both eyes, on both cheeks, on all four legs and under the tail. White on all four feet and tip of tail.  Blaze on the head which forms a band around muzzle and white on the chest will resemble an inverted Swiss cross. This breed will require regular brushing to prevent matting and they do shed.  

Feeding:  Will do well on any high quality kibble. This breed best fed twice daily. 

Training and Obedience: Early puppy training is recommended. Originally used as a hard working farm dog, Berners can adequately respond to various types of training. Weight pulling, carting, drafting, cattle droving, guarding farm yards are all part of his ancestry. They are agile competent working dogs.

Activity: This breed requires daily exercise by walking or hiking or ply in the back yard and can participate in agility, rally, herding, obedience, and tracking trials. Loves the outdoors and can withstand frigid weather and snowy conditions.

Temperament: calm and affectionate. Loving and devoted to family, good with children and other dogs. Good natured with a kind, easy going demeanor.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Wire Haired Pointing Griffon

History and Origin: Originating in the Netherlands in the late 19th century. A Dutch breeder, Edward Korthals, is credited with being the creator, doing several crosses to other sporting dogs to produce the ‘supreme gun dog’. The breed is also known as the Korthals Griffon. Mr. Korthals continued his breeding pursuits into Germany and France in an effort to produce an all purpose dog that could point and retrieve in harsh unforgiving elements. The parent breed club is in France. The breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1887. 

General Appearance: A shaggy coated, sporting breed, medium size, sturdy, tail docked, heavy beard, moustache and full eyebrows. Amber or brown eyes. Nose always brown. Ears hang down and frame the head. Size: males 22-24 inches Weight:  50-70 pounds Females: 20-22 inches weight: 35-50 pounds  

Coat and Colour: Double coated, medium length, wiry, coarse, and harsh feeling. Undercoat is soft and downy,  lack of is a DQ.  Hair on face, legs, and tail is short and dense. Coat has adapted for protection and should never be trimmed, sheared, cut or otherwise altered other than some minor stripping to tidy. It does need to be brushed regularly. Colours are typically grey with brown or chestnut.

Feeding: Nutritional needs are fairly simple. A premium brand of dog food fed once or twice a day with the addition of a probiotic is all that is necessary.

Training and Obedience: A very versatile breed capable of excelling in agility, obedience, dock diving, field trials, tracking, scent detection and as show dogs. Skilled at hunting upland birds, as well as waterfowl and large game. They can hunt in any terrain from fields to open water. A walking hunters gun dog as they work close .Biddable and easy to train. Intelligent. Always wanting to please.

Activity: a high energy breed, that thrives on an active lifestyle. Love to run in the bush and hike or jog but equally capable of being quiet when in the home.

Temperament: Soft and sweet, love their people, good with children and other dogs. Gentle and trust worthy. An excellent family companion.     

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


History and Origin: History is vague as to the origin of the breed. Early ancestors might have been pointers and spotted great danes but nothing is for certain. An ancient breed, history has placed them as beginning in Asia, Europe, British Isles and North Africa and found along the Adriatic coast in Dalmatia but probably didn’t develop there. So their origin continues to remain a canine mystery.  In the 1700’s, the British noblemen were particularly enamored of this handsome spotted dog and used them as an addition to their stables and equine ownership. They became known as the ‘coach or carriage dog’ as they were relaxed with horses, fit and functional, and easily trotted alongside the carriage to fend off threats and warn of the dangerous highwaymen of that era. Dalmatians were also a critical part of early firefighters, known as ‘firehouse dogs’, trotting ahead of the horse drawn fire truck to clear the way of dogs and pedestrians. Through the ages the breed has been used as herders, ratters, guard and draft dogs but his most enduring legacy is as a coach dog. The Budweiser Clydesdales symbolize the Dalmatian riding on the coach behind their magnificent team.

General Appearance: A muscular sturdy sleek dog with a crisp white short smooth coat covered with spots. Dogs are slightly longer in body than height. The breed is capable of great endurance and the ability to trot great distances. Size:  Males height 22-24 inches Females height 21-23 inches   Feet are tight and compact, eyes are dark, brown or amber, ears frame the head, hanging down, tail is long,  back is level. Very  unique being the only truly spotted purebred dog.

Coat and Colour: single coated, pure white with black spots or pure white with liver spots. Spots are to be dime size to two dollar coin size. Spots may overlap but never form a distinct patch. Black spotted, nose and eye rims will be black:  liver spotted, nose and eye rims will be liver coloured. Spots on ears, legs, face, and tail are smaller. Solid coloured ears not desirable. Puppies are born white and spots appear as they grow. Routine coat care is easy with bathing when necessary and regular brushing.  Nails kept short. They do shed continuously.  

Feeding: A high quality kibble, or raw, is suitable for this active breed, fed twice daily.    

Training and Obedience: Intelligent and biddable. Truly an all purpose breed.  Being athletic, Dalmatians excel in sports like fast cat, agility, tracking, lure coursing, dock diving, rally, road trials, barn hunt and scent work.  

Activity: Dalmatians are active energetic dogs and require exercise. A daily walk or playing fetch in a fenced yard is encouraged. Because of his natural trotting ability, the breed is a good jogging or cycling partner. Even though active, they are capable of settling quietly when needed.

Temperament: Somewhat reserved with strangers, but a happy joyful breed, good as a family pet and typically not dog aggressive. Recommend supervision with dogs and small children. Will guard bark but otherwise not a vocal breed.  The are loyal and loving within the family unit.    

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Shih Tzu

History and Origin: originating in China during the Tang Dynasty. Little dogs were brought to the Chinese court. Another theory is that the breed came from Tibet to the Chinese court and the Imperial Dog Book described these small dogs as lion dogs which is the meaning of Shih Tzu. Most likely developed from crosses with Pekingese and Lhasa Apso. Royal family favoured these lovely little dogs and selected animals were bred for the emperor. Almost becoming extinct during the communist revolution a few were found and imported to England and the breed continued in Europe. Admitted to AKC in 1969.

General appearance: dense long flowing coat. Longer than tall.  Rectangular, solid, sturdy, body.  Long tail curved over the back. Head carried well up, skull is broad and rounded with short muzzle, round dark eyes, and black nose. Large ears hang down and are heavily covered with hair. Mouth (teeth) is an undershot bite. (Lower teeth protruding further than upper) Facial expression is soft, sweet, and charming, never stern, dull, or harsh. .    Size:  Height 9-10 ½ inches   Weight: 9-16 pounds.

Coat and Colour:The coat is long, flowing, thick and quite plush and lavish to the touch. Double coated with soft under coat. Top coat has slightly more texture and lies flat. Considered a drop coated breed as long hair falls down like a drape. All colours are acceptable. If the shih tzu is maintained in natural hair length, he will require daily brushing and frequent bathing and hair conditioning to keep the coat looking beautiful.  Long hair on the head may be tied up with bands and the same with the moustache to protect it while playing and eating. This would be considered a dog in show coat.  If not wishing the long coat care, this breed may be trimmed into a suitable short clip, often referred to as a cut down trim.  It is cut short over the body and legs, ears and facial hair is trimmed and hair removed from in front of the eyes. This cute, perky,  and neat trim  is much easier to manage and less problem when walking the Shih Tzu on rainy  or snowy days. 

Feeding: Generally good eaters, and easy keepers, a good quality kibble fed once or twice daily is all that is required.

Training and Obedience: As a lively and happy little breed they can be trained in various dog sports like rally, obedience and agility. However, they are not good swimmers and do not like extreme heat so care would need to be taken outdoors on hot humid summer days when exercise should be limited.

Temperament: Happy, outgoing, exuberant, and lovable, this is a perfect breed for seniors and apartment dwellers. They are excellent with dogs and children and are great therapy dogs. They are happiest when within the family unit and enjoy cuddling on the couch.  A delightful breed full of fun, great energy, a joyful interest in life, and a never ending source of enjoyment.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier

History and Origin: This breed is from Ireland having been developed there and related probably to the Irish Terrier and the Kerry Blue Terrier.  They were considered the poor man’s dog as only the wealthy could have tall dogs such as Wolfhounds and sporting dogs. Wheaten tails were docked to avoid taxes.  The wheaten was used in Ireland for over 200 years as a capable farm dog, able to guard livestock, kill vermin, herd farm animals and was even used successfully as a bird dog.  The breed was accepted by the Irish Kennel club in 1937 and by the AKC in 1973.

General Appearance: Rather shaggy single coated medium sized dog with a bushy thick beard and eyebrows that fall forward to cover much of the face and protect the dark eyes. Somewhat wavy abundant coat covers the entire body and legs and is low shedding.  Drop ears, large black nose, black foot pads. Size Males 18 ½ inches ideal — females 17 ½ inches ideal      weight males 35-45 pounds– females 30-35 pounds

Coat and Colour: Coat abundant over entire body, soft silky texture with a gentle wave that flows when the dog is running. Minimal shedding. Always a shade of wheaten or golden in colour. No other colour is acceptable except for blue grey shading on muzzle and ears. Puppies are born dark coloured and lighten with age. Coat never wiry or harsh feeling. This breed will require regular brushing in order to prevent mats and to keep the dog looking tidy.

Feeding: Choose a quality kibble with good nutrional value for this energetic breed. Typically good eaters. Soft mushy foods could be avoided in order to keep beard clean and dry. Special water bowls called water holes will help to prevent wet soggy beards when drinking.   

Training and Obedience: The wheaten is an energetic breed and can be trained in many dog sports, although as a true terrier he may have a willful stubborn streak which can test a trainers’ patience and special techniques may need to be employed to keep him focused. A very versatile breed, they can excel in a number of performance areas including obedience, agility, rally, dock diving, fast cat, barn hunt, herding and as therapy dogs.  They will cuddle gladly with seniors and the soft fur is magic to the touch of aging fingers.

Activity: This breed is playful, lively, vigorous and fun loving. They are a great family pet, good with children and not quite as aggressively reactive around other dogs as some of the feistier terriers. Their energy level is generally high however they are able to settle and relax at home with family when all is quiet. They love to go for walks but always on leash, likes water, can swim, are not compulsive diggers or jumpers. Tolerate cats.

Temperament: a very happy and joyful breed, generally outgoing and comfortable with people. He has a spirited personality and is game for whatever comes his way. A confident show dog or family pet, this breed has it all and can do it all with consistent fair training and praise.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Australian Terrier

History and Origin:A truly Australian breed originating there and developed from crosses with other terriers brought to Australia by the British in the early 19th century. Breeds used in the development were the Cairn Terrier, Scottish Terrier, Dandie Dinmont Terrier, Manchester Terrier, Irish Terrier and others. .  The only true terrier developed outside of the British Isles. With these crosses a typical type of dog emerged and a standard was set for the breed in 1896 and it was admitted into the AKC registry in 1960. The breed was used as a vermin, small animal, and snake hunter as well as a watch dog and sheep herder in the far reaches of Australia.

General Appearance : A small terrier with body longer than height. The body coat is short with longer hair around the neck, forming a ruff and apron on chest.  Very sturdy, medium bone, keen expression with dark eyes, prick ears, long neck, and tail may be docked or undocked. The head is long strong and has a top knot of soft hair.  Size: about 10-11 inches tall. Weight: about 14- 20 pounds

Coat and Colour: Body coat is harsh and about 2 ½ inches long and under coat is soft.  Longer hair forms the ruff around neck and the apron on chest area.  Hair is shorter on legs (furnishings) and feet and ears are kept trimmed short. Topknot only on top of skull is fine and soft.  Colours are 1.) Blue (dark blue, steel gray or silver with rich tan markings. 2.) Clear solid Red. 3.) Clear sandy. Show dogs are hand stripped every 1-2 weeks. to maintain texture and colour and adequate layers. Pets many be clippered by a groomer every few months. A thorough brushing is all that is required for routine care.

Feeding: Generally good eaters with a good quality kibble for fitness and health.

Training and Obedience: Australian Terriers are quite trainable. They do well in all companion and performance events but may require a bit of imagination when it comes to training. Make it fun and the breed will do well.

Activity:  Should never run loose. The instinct to hunt is so strong that he will not stop when called when on the chase of a small animal or cat. Excellent jumpers, and natural watchdogs. High energy level and do not do well left outside or confined in a run alone. They like to dig.

Temperament: Very social and love to be with their family. Good with children and seniors. Like many terriers, they may be aggressive with other dogs.   

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Pharaoh Hound

History: From the island of Malta, although the breed originated in ancient Egypt perhaps 5000 years ago.  Phoenician traders, sailing throughout the Mediterranean, likely introduced the breed to Malta and it was used there to hunt rabbits. The Pharaoh hound is a strong athletic dog with graceful lines and an obvious ability, by his very appearance, to be fast and agile.

General Appearance: Lean and sleek, medium sized dog with a noble alert expression. The back is straight, legs and tail are long, head is lean and large ears are carried upright. Everything about this breed suggests speed and stamina.

Coat and Colour: Always a tan to reddish tan/ chestnut colour. Coat is short, glossy and tight with no bushiness. Nose is always flesh coloured.  Of particular interest is the breeds’ ability to ‘blush’, a rose colour noticeable on the nose and ears when overly exited or happy. Coat care is periodic brushing and bath when necessary.  

Size: males 22-25 inches….females 21-24 inches    Weight: 45-55 lbs.

Feeding: They should be fed a good quality kibble, twice daily.

Training and Obedience: They will adapt to training easily but must be handled softly without harsh words or abusive techniques. As a sensitive breed, care must be taken to correct gently but firmly. They will do well in any performance event where they are allowed to run such as lure coursing, fast cat etc. Because they were bred to hunt, they might also excel at barn hunt trials.

Activity:  This breed loves to run and they are exceedingly fast when in full gallop. They are very capable jumpers and therefore would have little trouble clearing a six foot fence. They were also bred to be hunters and so they can sight or scent a quarry. They have instinctive prey drive and will not stop if they decide to give chase. They will tolerate cats if raised with them, but should never be left alone with a cat unsupervised. They must not run loose but should only be exercised within the confines of a fenced area. They do not like cold weather!!

Temperament: A sweet and happy breed, and enjoys the family unit along with the small children within that unit and is a good pet and delightful house dog.    

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Canada’s Top Dog 2020

November 29th, 2021 by

BO and COLIN and KIM

I think we can all agree that 2020 was a difficult and frustrating year for those of us involved in the sport of dogs. We had deep concerns for many friends and acquaintances afflicted with the covid virus and we mourned the loss of so many others. But the vaccine came and with it the hope that perhaps w could put this pandemic behind us and continue our lives with some sense of normalcy. Shows continued to be cancelled due to an inability to follow public health guidelines in various regions. But some were able to rise above and our sport started to flourish again, certainly with a degree of trepidation but also with a rising sense of exhilaration and excitement. Onto this scene emerged a most glorious Siberian Husky bred by Kim Leblanc of Snowmist fame and born at her kennel in northern Ontario. ‘For the Love of Purebred Dogs’ is proud to present Multi CH Snowmist’s Bodacious. Bo was one of 8 puppies in his litter and debuted in the ring at the 2014 Canadian National winning sweeps from the 3-6 month class. He finished his Canadian Ch as a puppy, moved on to the US in 2015 winning another specialty sweeps and shortly thereafter finished his US title.  In 2017 he flew with Kim to Leipzig, Germany and swept an entry of 100 Siberians to earn the title of German Winner. He was also part of the Snowmist Breeders Group that won BIS that same day. Kim came home and Bo remained in Europe and earned titles in Lithuania, Germany, Poland, and Portugal. In April 2018 Bo completed his European tour with BIS in Germany, having been awarded Best of Breed and Group1 under breeder judge Guido Schafer. He then returned home to Ontario.  

Bo is a beautiful black and white Siberian with the most fabulous temperament. He traveled easily and fearlessly in Canada and across Europe, rising to each occasion with the zest and steadiness of a true working northern breed. In early 2020 Colin and Bo teamed up and it was immediate mutual respect, with an instant connection between the two of them that is so important for the show ring success of dog and handler. Bo soared around the ring and had that thrilling ability to make you believe he could do it all day long. Certainly that is the mark of a great sled dog, combining correct structure with an indomitable attitude and topped off with a weather resistant coat and beautiful face. Such was Bo and he delighted onlookers whenever he entered the ring. At the first show of the year, Wildwood KC in 2020 , Bo placed in the group and the following day was awarded RBIS, thus beginning his career towards top dog status. And while the road to that pinnacle was a rocky one due to covid, Bo accepted the challenge with grace and dignity. In a year of uncertainty, Bo represented stability and beauty in our ever changing world. Well done Bo!!!!!

A new year: facing the same enemy.

April 25th, 2021 by

We had all hoped that 2021 would be a new beginning, leaving behind the endless cancellation of shows and advancing to a brighter future with a normal show and performance schedule and the chance to once again enjoy our friends and our sport. But alas it was not to be. The virus has taken a strong hold on our community, our provinces, and our country. We have watched in horror as the numbers soar, and we feel the helplessness of knowing our closest friends are affected and suffering in hospital. Our prayers are many and our hope is dwindling. We are only just beginning to see the needed vaccines being distributed, but the masses across the country are still waiting for their turn at what is hoped will save us as a nation from this unseen enemy. In the meantime, as we wait for vaccines, we continue to be locked down, shelter at home, wash hands thoroughly and often, and wear our masks everywhere. It is our only defense against a deadly and insidious illness. In an effort to keep us focused and maintain some normalcy, FTLOPD has been hard at work over the past many months keeping the beautiful website updated and adding new breeds from time to time. As well, our lovely new promotional items are finding their way across Canada and into the US. Many a preservation breeder has been warmed this winter by our toques, scarves, and beanies. And more recently I have offered a new style sweatshirt that is getting rave reviews. Our smaller items are also popular and help to spread the word about the benefits and historical relevance of our beautiful purebred dogs. Pictured is our bumper sticker.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

History and origin: The breed name refers to Charles11 of England who was also an avid dog breeder and loved the spaniel types.  During the 1900’s there was a surge to produce a flatter faced, shorter muzzled form.  By the 1900’s styles changed again and there was a return to the leggier longer muzzled types that were common during Charles’ reign, this move spurred by a millionaire named Eldridge. The breed is possibly related to Cocker spaniels and Welsh springer spaniels and perhaps even Sussex spaniels. A robust and rather sporting looking dog is today’s well known type. The breed was recognized by the AK is 1996.  

General Appearance: Cavaliers are sturdy toy dogs and make great family companions. Their willingness to please their owners, be they children or seniors, make them adaptable companions for homes or apartments. Known as the comforter spaniel, they have an instinctive almost innate ability to do so for their loved ones.

Coat and Colour: Coat should be of moderate length and silky, but not so long as to hinder their movement. Their long foot hair ” slippers” are a breed trait but can be trimmed for neatness. Spaying and neutering can alter the texture and colour of their hair, as will shaving. Cavaliers enjoy being brushed regularly and that will suffice to remove dead coat to lessen the growth of cavalier “dust bunnies” in your home. They come in four colours: the parti colours ,  blenheim (white base with deep red markings on head around ears and eyes and on the body),  Tri-colour (white base with black around eyes, ears. and on the body, with tan points) ,and the whole colours, ruby ( all red ) and black and tan. Whole colours will sometimes have white toes and chest .     Size: 12 to 18 pounds with slight variations in males to females. They average 12 to 13 inches at the shoulder.

Feeding: Cavaliers do well on a quality kibble, raw or home cooked diets. They are gluttons by nature however and with their large pleading eyes can easy convince their owners to provide them with more food than they need and consequently can easily carry more weight than is healthy. You will want to make sure they have things to chew on to assist in the removal of plaque and tartar on their teeth. If not, then manually brushing their teeth 3-4 times a week is a must and they are easily trained to allow this.

Training and Obedience: Cavaliers are very trainable and highly food motivated in this process. Cavaliers have a natural willingness to please. Cavaliers also enjoy agility and obedience as long as they have a patient trainer. They do well as service animals and as visiting ambassadors at nursing homes and schools. If you do not want a dog on furniture, this is not the breed for you as cavaliers thrive on being near their owners. Cavaliers are easily house trained but owners must be consistent in their training and use positive reinforcements, be it small treats or praise. Crate training is recommended as it is a must for travelling safely in the car, and when left unattended because as puppies they will tend to chew when bored.

Activity: Cavaliers are a toy breed but do require and enjoy exercise. They are not content to just sleep on a pillow ( but they will) .They are sporting in nature so will enjoy a daily walk or romp in the yard as much as they will following you around the house or enjoying an evening of Netflix

Temperament: Happy and alert, with energy levels that adapt to their surroundings and their owners. They are very trusting and stable. Not aggressive towards people or dogs.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Bichon Frise

History and Origin: the name is pronounced  ( Be-Shon  Free Say) It is  an old breed dating back many centuries and one of four varieties of Bichon.  Likely developed from the Barbet, a French water dog, and they were very common throughout Europe. Some were taken by sailors to the Canary Islands where they flourished, and about the 14th century, were transported again by sailors back to the mainland where they were loved and adored by the aristocracy. After several centuries the novelty for these little dogs wore off and they became common little street dogs. With such a gregarious nature, these little dogs soon became a great pet of the common people, performing tricks with the travelling circuses. About 1930, the breed was seriously established as a pure breed with controlled breedings and a standard was developed. It was recognized by the AKC in 1972 and by the CKC in 1975. 

General Appearance: small and study with an all white plush coat. Height: 9.5 inches (24 cms) to 11.5 inches (29cms) Should never be over 12 inches in height. Eyes are dark and round, ears hang down to frame the face. The body is a bit longer than the height of the dog, bone is medium and a plumed tail is carried over the back.

Coat and Colour: always white and double coated although there can be shadings of buff, apricot or cream around the ears and on the body. Hypoallergenic.  The undercoat is dense and soft and outer coat has some texture making the coat look plush. When show trimmed correctly, they have a powder puff appearance. Pet trims will be required to keep the dog looking neat.

Feeding: Any good quality kibble, fed once daily. Care can be taken to prevent staining of the hair on the face and around the mouth. If dry kibble is tolerated that might help reduce staining and also clean the teeth. For chewing exercise, a nylabone is preferable to a raw bone again to prevent staining of the hair on mouth and feet and legs. Staring early to teach a puppy to drink from a water bottle will also help to keep the white hair clean and stain free.

Training: should do well if started early in puppy obedience classes.  Can likely excel in competitive obedience. Crate training would be advisable for a puppy. They can be taught several cute parlour tricks.  Their ideal small size makes them a good city dog and apartment dweller. 

Activity: This little breed is active and playful and will love interacting with its family and with children. It will be happy in the company of other dogs and is rarely aggressive. Playing ball and fetching will be a delight.  It will enjoy a daily walk but is every bit an indoor family pet. The Bichon is a busy playful dog that is eager to be with its people in whatever activity is happening.

Temperament: Cheerful, happy, outgoingand sweet natured.  He is a merry little soul and loves to show off and is happiest as the centre of attention and involved in family fun.   

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

German Shepherd

History and Origin: This breed originated in Germany in the late 1800’s. Max Von Stephanitz is credited with developing the breed and he believed strongly that his dogs have strong working ability as a servant to mankind.  In Europe in mid 1800’s, there were many attempts to standardize the breed so that specific traits were preserved such as herding,  tracking and guarding flocks from predators. Dogs needed to be intelligent, courageous and have a keen scenting ability. The breed probably descended from the crossing of various European herding types of the region.

General Appearance: The German Shepherd is considered to be one of the finest examples in the canine world of a true working and herding dog.  He is tall, statuesque and noble, his body is longer than his height, ears are fairly large and upright, eyes are dark, nose is black and body is strong and supple with graceful curving lines. When trotting, the German Shepherd dog covers the ground in a long, easy, far reaching stride.   

Coat and Colour: This breed is double coated, with the outer coat being dense straight hair, lying flat. Face and fronts of legs have short tight hair. Strong rich colours are desired and they can be black and tan, sable, or black.  Height and Weight: Ideally, males are 25 inches (64 cms)  and about 75-85 pounds:  females are 23 inches (58cms) and 60-70 pounds.

Training and Obedience: the German Shepherd is very intelligent and can be trained in most performance areas. Simple obedience commands will come easily and they excel in the competitive obedience ring as well as in agility and herding trials.  This breed is one of the most versatile. They are indispensible as police dogs, tracking dogs, guard dogs, search and rescue dogs  (SAR), military dogs,  guide dogs for the blind, scent detection and support dogs for the disabled.  They are truly an all purpose breed.

Activity: Require exercise every day either with a run in a fenced area or brisk long walk. They love to chase a ball or toy. They should be confined in a high fenced yard as they are capable of jumping. They will bark to warn of intruders and can be territorial and will guard their home and property. Not always tolerant of other dogs unless raised properly with them and they might chase a stray cat. They are good with children but like any dog, should always be supervised.    

Feeding: Use any premium kibble with canned or raw meat mixed in and such additives as yogurt, cooked eggs and vegetables. A raw diet will also be equally successful. Whichever feeding regimen is followed, the breed must be kept hard and well muscled, and always fit for any work. 

Temperament: Usually reserved and often aloof with strangers, but loyal to their family. They are protective of their home. They should be confident and courageous, never timid or shy. A German Shepherd of proper character, is alert, steady, brave and sensible.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Saint Bernard

History and Origin: In the year 1050a monk named Bernard of Menthon created a hospice to house travelers as they crossed the Alps to get to Rome. Over the centuries a dog breed was created to aid those unfortunate ones who got lost or trapped by huge drifts or avalanches. The breed needed to be strong and sturdy, with a keen sense of smell. The Saint Bernard was likely developed from powerful Molosser types that were part of the Roman army, as well as native dogs. These ‘farm dogs’ were used as guardians, and for herding and drafting, and were used for centuries by the monks. Initially all Saint Bernards were short haired but the severity of weather conditions necessitated that the monks establish a long haired variety. The Saint Bernard Club of America was formed in 1888.

General Appearance: Powerful and massive in all regards including the head. This breed has huge bone, muscular shoulders, thick strong neck and broad thighs.   Ears are dropped to frame the head , eyes are dark with a friendly expression, back is broad and long tail is heavy and full coated.

Coat and Colour: There are two coat types:  short haired ( stockhaarig) in which the coat lies smooth, is very dense, not coarse, and with bushy thighs. In the long haired , the coat is medium length and may be slightly wavy, thighs and tail are very bushy. Colour may be white with red or red with white with these marking: white chest, white feet, white tail tip, colour or spot on nape of neck and a white blaze. Size: Males minimum of 27 1/2 inches (70 cms) females  minimum of 25 ½ inches (65 cms)

Feeding: A good quality kibble is a must for sucha large massive breed.An adult should be fed twice daily and young growing puppies up to six months even oftener. It is wise to curtail extreme exercise before and after meals. A nylon bone is a benefit for chewing exercise but avoid rawhide and hooves. 

Training and Obedience: The Saint Bernard is not averse to training but like any massive breed he is more cumbersome and slower in his ability to work precisely. Obedience training is advisable from an early age so that such a large dog can be managed properly. And while he may not be a top scorer in an obedience competition, he will excel in drafting, carting, sledding and weight pulling competitions.

Activity: This breed will enjoy a walk and will love snowy days.  He was designed for working in the harshest and snowiest conditions so he is very much a capable outside winter dog. But that does not mean that he is to be housed outdoors away from his family. He probably won’t enjoy lying in front of the fireplace and in summer some care should be taken to allow him to keep cool in s a shady spot in the yard. His heavy coat affords him protection in winter and coolness in summer. Because of his large face and heavy lips, he will have a tendency to drool more so keep a towel handy especially after he has eaten or had a drink.

Temperament:  The Saint Bernard is a mild tempered, stoic, and sensible dog. He is seldom quarrelsome and does interact well with other dogs. He is gentle and patient and will be a good family pet but care must be taken around very small children or toddlers as he may accidentally knock them down due to his bulk.  He probably will do better raised in a country area or at least a sizeable home with a big yard as opposed to a cramped apartment. He does require room to move about. He is friendly and sweet and enjoys people and attention.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Shetland Sheepdog

History and Origin: This small breed originated in the harsh and rough highlands of the Shetland Islands of Scotland. He was probably descended from such breeds as the King Charles Spaniel, Scottish Collie, Pomeranian, maybe Border Collie and another now extinct breed. His original appearance was rather more spitz like, but later crosses with the rough collie reduced the size and produced today’s easily recognizable type. He was first called the Shetland collie but this caused confusion amongst the rough collie breeders of that time. The breed was recognized by the The Kennel Club, (Britain) in 1909. This breed is now usually referred to as the Sheltie.

General Appearance: Resembling the Rough Collie only in a miniature form, the Shetland Sheepdog is double coated, agile and sturdy, alert and active, but also gentle and reserved. The coat is long and thick and this breed is considered to be a working breed of the herding type. The heavy coat was needed in his native Scotland to protect him from the elements.

Coat and Colour: Double coated with the outer coat being long straight and rather course while the under coat is thick, short and downy. There is an abundant mane of longer hair around the neck, and the tail is heavily coated. There is shorter hair on the back of the legs called feathering but the face, feet and fronts of legs are fairly short haired and smooth. Colours are black, merle and sable with white markings and/or tan. The breed is an easy keeper coat wise, only shedding once a year. A regular brushing and bathing when needed is all that is required. If they do get muddy, once they are dry the dirt will fall right off that harsher outer coat. Mats behind the ears should be tended to regularly .   

Height and Weight: 13-16 inches (33-40.6 cms) measured to top of the shoulders.

Feeding: A good quality food is acceptable and the breed is generally fed once daily with the addition morning or evening of a  hard cookie as a treat. Plain yogurt can be added to the diet until about one year of age. Young puppies are fed more frequently.

Training and Obedience;  The sheltie is a very smart breed, they love to please their owners and so will do very well  in any type of obedience training They excel  in agility as well as herding instinct tests and trial.

Activity: They love to run, and can be at home in the country as well as quite happy living in apartments in the city as long they are loved and  can have a daily walk. They aren’t natural diggers nor do they choose to jump fences but of course as with any breed, care must be taken to give them a safe enclosed space for exercise. They will bark when highly excited but are generally quiet otherwise.

Temperament: A loving sweet tempered breed, they are comfortable with children cats and other animals.        

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Cesky Terrier

History and Origin: Developed in the Czech Republic, this spunky little terrier was developed in 1949 by crossing Scottish and Sealyham Terriers, and is a true hunting dog. At the time, dog clubs were formed primarily for hunting, and terrier clubs tested their true go-to-ground characteristics. The Cesky Terrier proved to be a worthy hunter as they were keen to hunt, but were able to work in packs, and were not prone to quarrelling amongst themselves! As they originated in communist Czechoslovakia, the breed did not become popular, and even today, is relatively rare, even though their population has spread throughout Europe and North America.

General Appearance: Sturdy yet small, the Cesky Terrier (pronounced Chess-key) is a fit, muscular, dog with short legs which allow this breed to sprint after game in short bursts. They have a soft plentiful coat that is non-shedding. Their soft, silky coat would benefit from a weekly combing to removed tangles and mats. They have drop ears, dark eyes, and are traditionally groomed with a beard and long eyebrows (fall), which help protect them from prey when they are in a warren and the prey turns on them. Better that they scratch or bite hair than the Cesky Terrier face! Cesky Terriers come in 2 colours, grey and brown. Grey (ranging from platinum to charcoal) is the predominant colour and brown (coffee) is extremely rare! Only a few brown puppies have been born in the history of the breed. Grey pups are born jet black, and fade to their adult colour. It takes up to 2 years for their adult colour to mature. Brown pups are born chocolate brown and fade to a coffee colour.

Feeding: a good quality dog food (low protein, and non-grain based) is all they need. Cesky Terriers can develop skin allergies, and grain-based foods seem to irritate this.

Training – Socialization is key with this breed. They benefit from going places, meeting people and keeping busy. No different than most breeds, basic training benefits both the dog and the owner. If there are multiple owners, everyone should be involved in training so that the dog understands that they should take commands from the entire family. Not particularly known for barking, they will sound when they see people or dogs out the window. Oddly enough, they tend not to bark without a barrier like a window or a fence, between them and the person or dog of interest.

Activity – Cesky Terriers enjoy a brisk walk, but would require a fenced yard. Walks would not need to be daily, but they are a great socialization activity and benefit both dog and owner. They are not know to be diggers, like some terriers. If they decide to dig, they are easily trained not to. Obedience is something a Cesky will take to easily. They love to please their master. Other activities such as terrier digs, barn hunts…they LOVE these! Also lure coursing and terrier racing! They are great sprinters and will take to the lure immediately! The Cesky Terrier is a very versatile breed. They love swimming and have been great dogs to take boating, cross-country skiing & snowshoeing and hiking. Because of their build, cycling and running are a little much for their short legs. The trick is to introduce them to the activity at a young age and in moderation. Basically, they want to be where you are, doing what you do.

Temperament: NOT your typical terrier, this breed gets along well with others and is seldom quarrelsome with others. Standoffish with strangers initially, a Cesky Terrier will usually not run up to greet a stranger to your home, but will be sitting in their lap in minutes, once they know the stranger is welcome.  Easy to train, they are sensitive to your tone of voice, and will respond to correction easily. They love to please their masters and take pride in a job well done! Cesky Terriers will become your shadow. They will follow you everywhere and settle when you do. They adjust well to routine, and will stay put in their bed overnight, if that is what you want.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Blankets and Winter Wear

January 27th, 2021 by

This past year and certainly this winter season has been anything but normal. We watched in fear as the pandemic surged in the fall of 2020 and only a few outdoor shows were able to be held here in Ontario with a vast array of cautions and protocols in place to protect exhibitors. But it was that surge of hope that was needed with just those few shows being offered and executed nearly flawlessly. Still, our Christmas joys and visits had to be curtailed as the virus continued to spread. Now here we are in the dead of winter, locked down and able to venture out only for essentials. In the midst of all this, I offered some new promotional items that I believe gave some degree of normalcy and just a teensy bit of excitement. The winter wear consisted of scarves, toques, and beanies bearing our logo in bright red and the stadium blankets are just lovely, a generous 50x 60 inches, fleece lined with a heavy outer shell, cozy and warm for those long cold nights ahead. The logo is big and bright.

And our masks are a staple. To date I believe I have mailed about 650 masks to all parts of our great country and into the US. How wonderful to see my peeps wearing them at the fall shows as well as at specialties in the US and even on the Florida circuit. I am overwhelmed by everyone’s generosity and support of this really necessary initiative. And it continues, as I update our beautiful website from time to time and manage our educational fb group. You are all a terrific and resourceful group of purebred advocates and I love the pleasure of your company. We can prevail and we will together!!!


History and Origin:  The Bloodhound is the oldest of the scent hounds as we know them today. All scent hounds today were bred with the Bloodhound as the base. Although his beginnings are left to speculation, we owe his development to St. Hubert, the patron saint of the hunter. It was believed he originally obtained his stock from southern France. This breeding was carried on after his death by the abbots, who succeeded him. The original purpose of the Bloodhound is not completely clear but, in the time they were bred, hunting had to be uppermost. The nobility of the day soon learned they made excellent trackers of people and were heavily used to trail and find game poachers killing the King’s game. They are fine trackers and today that remains the bloodhound’s primary purpose, along with rescue and cadaver search.

General Appearance: The average height of an adult Bloodhound may be from 23-27 in (58-69 cm) at the shoulder. In good condition, an adult should tip the scales at 80-110 lb (36-49.5 kg).The heavier dog is favoured provided all other attributes are balanced and harmonious. The breed is very powerful with heavy bone. The chest is very deep and forms a keel. The skin is thin and loose, hanging in deep folds about the neck and head. The ears are very long and pendulous. Because of the excess skin and loose lips this breed does drool profusely so care must be taken to keep the mouth clean and dry especially after drinking and when food is available, otherwise with each head shake, you will be washing your walls frequently. Drool towels are a necessity. Please remember that this is a very large breed of dog at maturity.   

Coat and Colour: The coat is short and lies flat. Bloodhounds may be black and tan, liver and tan and red. Any other colour is a disqualification. A small amount of white is permitted on the chest, feet and tip of tail. . A weekly rubdown with a bristle brush or hound mitt takes care of the coat and removes dead hair.  However, the drooping eyelids and lengthy ears can gather debris and become areas of irritation. Check these areas and all skin folds regularly and clean as necessary  

Feeding: The bloodhound puppy will require about 3 meals a day up to the age of six months.   Thereafter, the bloodhound should be fed twice daily. He should be fed a quality kibble with a good percentage of protein and adequate fat. Feed at the same time each day and avoid excessive exercise before and after meals. It might be wise to soak the kibble to a softened texture with warm water prior to feeding. And of course fresh water should always be available.

Training and Obedience: As with all breeds, early socialization and puppy training classes are recommended. With a Bloodhound, it is best to start obedience classes early; they tend to become set in their ways, and it’s better if the behaviors they hold onto for a lifetime are the behaviors the owner wants. Bloodhounds like to take charge, so an owner needs to be firm but kind. Training that involves positive rewards, such as treats and praise, is usually effective. The Bloodhound is affectionate and devoted and also stubborn and independent, so his training requires patience, consistency, and skill. He is an amazing tracker and can excel in these types of competition.

Activity: As a scent hound, the Bloodhound is capable of a great deal of endurance and like any good hound, it only takes a whiff of an interesting scent to get him off and running. He has great stamina and can cover a great deal of distance in a short time. Though he adapts well to either city or country living, he requires daily exercise to maintain fitness and an enclosed area if he is off-leash.

Temperament: The Bloodhound is an extremely affectionate dog with a gentle nature. He gets along well with other dogs. He may be somewhat shy and is very sensitive to kindness or corrections by his owner.


Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Siberian Husky

Origin & Purpose: The Siberian Husky was developed untold centuries ago by the Chukchis of Northern Siberia. The Chukchis, a nomadic people, utilized their dogs in many ways – companions for their children, hunters for their food, and as their mode of transportation. Siberian Huskies were brought to Alaska in 1909 for racing, proving themselves to be hardy dogs with speed and endurance. It is essential that the breed purpose be retained today.

General Appearance: The Siberian Husky is a medium-sized working dog, light on his feet, free and graceful in action. He has an inbred desire to run and an independent spirit. His well-furred body, erect ears, and brush tail suggest his northern heritage. He performs his original function in harness most capably, carrying a light load at moderate speed over great distances. His body proportions and form reflect this basic balance of power, speed, endurance and general athletic abilities. 
Height/Weight : Height – male 21 – 23-1/2 inches (53-60 cm) female 20 – 22 inches (51-56 cm)  Weight – male: 45 – 60 lbs. (20-27 kg) female: 34 – 50 lbs. (15-23 kg).

Coat and Colour: The Siberian Husky has a thick, double-coat consisting of a soft, dense, downy undercoat next to the skin, and an outer coat of smooth guard hairs, giving a smooth, full-furred appearance and a clean-cut outline. It should be noted that the absence of undercoat during the shedding season is normal. General coat care consists of daily light brushing. Siberians tend to shed their coats twice a year. During the shedding season, or coat blowing, more frequent brushing is required to assist in removing the shedding undercoat. A slicker brush, an undercoat rake, and a high velocity canine dog dryer are essential to assist in this process. A FurminatorTM or bladed grooming tool should never be used on a Siberian Husky as it will cut the coat. Siberian Huskies, in general, do not have an odour so baths are recommended on an as-needed basis. All colours (solids and blended shades) and pure white are allowed and all markings. A large variety of markings are found in the Siberian Husky, especially around the head. Two patterns NOT found in the Siberian Husky are merle and brindle.

Feeding: Always ask your breeder what food they feed and recommend. If that food is not readily available where you live try and find out what is the closest thing to it. It is critical to not introduce a new kind of food and a change of water to your new puppy. Typically, a high-quality balanced kibble will ensure your Siberian Husky has a balanced diet. The water your new puppy drinks is also a consideration. Either bring a large container to fill with water from your breeder’s house or buy some bottled water for the first 2 weeks and slowly add your own tap water over that time. Puppies have immature digestive systems that are easy to upset.

Temperament: The typical Siberian Husky is friendly and gentle, but also alert and energetic. Adult Siberians can be more aloof and independent but never fear they love their cuddles and couch time too. His intelligence, natural workability and eager disposition make him a delightful companion and willing worker, especially as a sled dog. He should never display the possessive qualities of a guard dog. Predatory instincts in the Siberian Husky are very strong. While the Siberian is normally gentle and friendly with people and other dogs, owners MUST be aware that small animals in and around the home may become potential victims.

Training/Obedience: Early and consistent training is a must for this breed, the Siberian Husky is strong willed, independent, and stubborn. They should NEVER be off leash unless they are in a completely fenced yard. Crate training is essential. Positive reinforcement and reward-based training methods must also be paired with the understanding that a Siberian Husky will always ask “what’s in it for me?”. 

Activity and Performance: The Siberian Husky is considered a high energy breed and requires an active lifestyle. Long walks and safe places to run are a must. As a working dog, this dog was bred to pull a sled and needs a similar job to perform. Recreational mushing, skijoring, bike-joring, and cani-cross are all activities the Siberian Husky enjoys with enthusiasm. Please contact local clubs to learn more about doing these sports safely.  

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Tupak and Christina.. Top Dog 2019

July 16th, 2020 by

The Newfoundland dog is one of only a few breeds that are indigenous to Canada and more specifically as the name implies, having originated in the province of Newfoundland. The breed has a long proud history of having assisted Canadian fishermen by hauling nets to shore and also serving as a carting dog. The breed excels at water rescue due to his strong swimming ability. How fitting then, that the top conformation dog of Canada in 2019 should be a Newfoundland Dog. ‘For The Love of Purebred Dogs’ is proud to present….. MBIS BISS Can GCh/SBOS, AM GCh/MBIS BISS, Mexican GCh/MBIS, Argentinian GCh/MBIS, Peruvian GCh/MBIS, Bolivian GCh Midnight Lady’s Fire Up Your Engine Moso, AOM. This great dog sported such impressive credentials, but we all fondly called him ‘Tupak’.

Tupak was bred in Hungary by Zsuzsu Somos Soos and is owned by Leo Rabinovitz and Christina Koffman-Heard and sponsored during his career by John Affel. In Mexico, Tupak was #3 all breed and handled by Jorge Flores Martinez. He then came to Canada and was handled beautifully during his campaign by Christina. In 2018, he finished his year in Canada as the #2 working dog and #7 all breeds.

In full showing mode in 2019, Tupak hit his stride and was rewarded consistently. He was always a pleasure to watch in the ring as he excelled with a strong smooth even gait that was powerful, yet amazingly light footed for such a large dog. He was all show man with a purposeful demeanor but he also exuded a hint of unabashed naughty enthusiasm. The down and back pattern as instructed by the judge was often his nemesis. Moving away from the judge on the diagonal and returning to land a four square stance with dignity and stateliness for this breed is considered perfection. It is this ‘finish’ that is quite appealing and eye catching as the dog plants his feet correctly, looking proud and majestic. Tupak would frequently have other ideas about perfection and would launch himself into the air just for fun. It was a constant challenge for Christina to find new ways to harness the energy of this mighty canine. Ringside supporters, familiar with his antics, watched breathlessly, praying for a peaceful sedate completion of the down and back pattern. Thus was the life of Tupak, magnificent always, temperamentally sound, and beautifully structured. As a steadfast working dog of mighty proportions he was unexcelled. Tupak lit up the rings in an exciting career that spanned several countries and ended as the #1 dog of all breeds in Canada with an impressive 116  Bests in Show in 5 countries and the top winning Newfoundland dog of all time. He is now retired and living a quiet life with his family: Christina’s son Daniel, his wife Brittany, and their two children, Madalyn and Jonah.   


Origin and Uses: The Saluki is one of the oldest known breeds of dogs. It has existed, virtually unchanged, for many thousands of years. It was originally bred by the Arab tribesmen for bringing down game and was considered a sacred gift of God by the tribesmen. In Arabic, an ordinary dog is called kelb while the Saluki is El Hor, The Noble One.

General Appearance: Salukis are running dogs, They hunt by sight and chase down their quarry. A Saluki should exude strength and speed but at the same time be graceful and agile. Salukis are able to run after game over deep sand, or rocky mountains. The Saluki expression is dignified and gentle with deep, faithful, far-seeing eyes.

Height and Weight: Saluki males can average 23-28 inches. It is unusual to see a male as small as 23 inches and in reality, they are about 26 inches. Females may be smaller, and typically a female will be around 24.5 inches. A typical, mature male may weigh around 60 pounds and a female around 50 pounds. Males are very masculine looking, like a stallion, while females look feminine.

Coat and Colour: Salukis come in two coat types, smooth and feathered. Both are equally desirable. The coat is soft and silky. In the feathered Saluki, there will be long silky hair on the ears and tail with some feathering on the backs of the legs. Salukis come in most colours, including an almost white/cream, gold, fawn, red, black and tan with or without silver, and chocolate. As well as colours, there are patterns which can produce a parti colour (above colours on a white background) or grizzle (where the hairs are multi coloured) and sable (black overlay on some parts of the body).

Feeding: Salukis are a thriving breed. While sometimes picky and thin as youngsters (think 10 year old, active, healthy children) they usually settle down at maturity and eat well. Saluki diets vary based on the breeder. Some feed a biologically appropriate raw diet; some feed kibble (NEVER grain-free); some cook for their dogs; and some feed a combination of the choices. Just like people, if they are fed good food they will do well. Although people often think Salukis are too thin, you have to remember that they are the marathon runners of the dog world and need bodies suitable for that job.

Temperament: Having a well exercised Saluki in the house is like having a well behaved house-guest. They come in, say hello and then stay out of your way. They like to be in the room with you, but if you are moving from room to room they will frequently stay where they are comfortable. They are an intensely loyal breed and much more affectionate with their owners than with strangers. They do not forget a friend. They are good with children since as long as they have a way out of an uncomfortable situation, they will try to take it. A Saluki WILL sleep on the couch or chair. While they can be trained only to sleep on certain furniture they must be provided with something soft to sleep on. A carpet will not generally suffice. Even homes with multiple dog beds have Salukis that prefer to sit on the sofa (or sleep in bed) with their people.

Training and Obedience: A Saluki needs exercise. Ideally they will have a large yard with a six foot fence. They enjoy regular walks on leash. They do not like dog parks. A Saluki that does not get enough exercise will make their own exercise and can become destructive. For an active owner that will go for regular walks (or runs) they are ideal. A Saluki should not become a running buddy until its growth plates have fused (around a year of age). Even the most trainable/well trained Saluki is unreliable off leash. They were designed to hunt by sight, and if they see something they will give chase, and they will not heed the call to come back. Off-leash running must be limited to safe, ideally fenced, areas.

Activity and Performance: It is easy to train a Saluki to have good manners. They are quiet, they are responsive and they are quick to figure out what is allowed and what is not acceptable. “Outside”, “come over here”, “get off the couch” are all easy for them to figure out. Traditionally Salukis are not top Performance (obedience, rally, agility) dogs. They do not take well to repetition and they do not like to be wrong or corrected. Salukis are very trainable as long as you are very positive and make it worthwhile for them to listen. There are Salukis that excel in all disciplines but they do require both a trainer and coach that is willing to think outside the box. The top performance discipline for Salukis is lure coursing and there are lure coursing clubs all around Canada. Chasing a plastic lure is a natural instinct and they love it.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Border Terrier

Origin and Uses: The breed originated in the rugged countryside along the English and Scottish border. It is among the oldest British terriers and shares its ancestry with the Bedlington and Dandie Dinmont Terrier. It was originally bred to deal with marauding hill foxes that threatened the farmer’s sheep. This breed may date back as far as the 1600’s. They worked with the hounds on the hunts and bolted, bayed or drew the foxes that had gone to earth.

General Appearance: A wiry coated small dog but with more leg and a more streamlined athletic body (rib cage can be spanned) than some of the other stockier terriers, that allows him the ability to be a swift and tireless hunter, capable of running with the hounds and huntsmen in the rugged border hill country. The striking characteristic is the ‘otter head’, resembling a river otter in appearance, a shape peculiar to this breed.

Height and Weight: Males 13-15 ½ pounds, females 11 ½ – 14 pounds and about 12-15 inches tall

Coat and Colour: The Border Terrier has a double coat which consists of a soft undercoat and a wiry top coat. They are NOT hypoallergenic and DO shed. The coat should be stripped a couple of times a year or more often if you prefer a tidier looking Border. This is something that can be learned to do but often, many pet owners will turn to the services of a professional groomer. While some do clipper their Border’s coat, it is not recommended as it can change how the coat grows back. Colours include red, grizzle and tan, blue and tan and the rarely seen wheaten.

Feeding: Borders are generally good eaters but there is a condition that has been seen in Borders and other breeds. It is called Canine Epiloid Cramping Syndrome (CECS) and research is linking it to gluten in the diets of susceptible dogs. It is recommended that affected dogs be fed a gluten free diet. Gluten free is not grain free. The Border Terrier is generally a healthy breed but do ask your breeder if they check for inherited disorders. Border Terrier Canada has a website which outlines what tests are recommended before breeding.

Temperament: The Border Terrier is an active little dog and makes a wonderful family companion. They are clever, can be a little stubborn and as essentially a working terrier, can have a strong prey drive. For this reason, they do require a safe and secure fenced garden to ensure their safety. Even a well trained Border will often go “deaf” when on the chase of a squirrel, bird or other animal they deem to be prey. Borders are good with children, but like any dog, very young children must be supervised and taught how to properly interact with them..

Training and Obedience: Borders do well in dog sports and there are many to choose from. Borders do well in earth dog tests, barn hunt, agility, rally obedience, scent detection and many other sports.

Activity and Performance: The Border Terrier is happiest when with his/her family and are as active as you want to be but are just as happy to snuggle in front of the TV with you. The Border Terrier does generally get along well with other dogs however if challenged, will not likely back down. It is for this reason, that we do not recommend off leash dog parks for a Border Terrier, or for any dog for that matter. To keep your Border Terrier safe, we always recommend walking on leash.  Borders who are raised with cats generally are good with their own cat but a stray or neighbour cat that enters his garden may be at risk. Likewise, pets like rats, gerbils, hamsters, etc. are not usually a good fit. Your Border Terrier puppy should be trained to a crate. A crate serves many purposes, is an aid in housebreaking and ensures the dog’s safety when you are not at home. It is a safe mode of travel in the car and is often a haven that your Border will gravitate to for quiet time or bed time. A crate is not to be used as a place of punishment, nor should your Border Terrier spend an inordinate amount of his time in a crate during the day.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Great Dane

Origin and Uses: this breed is German in origin and is thought to be more than 400 years old. It is descended from mastiff type breeds that were used by German nobility to guard and also to hunt wild boar.

General Appearance: a giant breed, tall and powerful: showing great strength, combined with elegance: well muscled and dignified, while being graceful and coordinated in motion for such a large breed: Often referred to as the ‘Apollo of dogs’: The male specimens are more substantial, and are notably more impressive in masculinity.

Height and Weight: males 30 -32 inches at shoulder, over 32 inches preferred and 140-175 pounds: females 28-30 inches, over 30 inches preferred and 110-140 pounds. Less than 28 inches would be disqualifying in a show specimen.

Coat and Colour: the coat is short, smooth and glossy: Colours are brindle…. Fawn….blue…black…. harlequin ….( white with torn black patches over the body) Boston…. (black and white) merle…. ( grey base colour with black torn patches on body) Mantled Merle….grey with black patches that includes white collar, white head blaze, white legs and white tail tip)

Temperament: spirited and courageous: friendly and dependable, never timid. Quite calm in nature and makes a good companion dog: Considered a gentle giant: a sweet, loving and very loyal breed with their families: They are also a natural guard dog and will bark if they sense an intruder or other suspicious sight or sound: Very affectionate and good with children and other animals. It is important that they be raised in the home as part of the family.

Feeding: Use a good quality kibble, adult formula for puppies as it is important to keep protein and fat levels low in this giant fast growing breed. Do not over feed puppies: keep them leaner. Do not use grain free foods. Adults are fed soaked softened kibble twice daily from a raised bowl. Exercise must be limited before and after eating. A raw diet can also be appropriate.

Training and Obedience: Crate training is a must for puppies. They are easily house broken. Early socialization and obedience training is highly recommended. They can be easily trained in basic obedience as they have a strong desire to please. They are not an ideal kennel dog and are not suited to living out doors away from family.

Activity and Performance: ‘Danes’ require daily exercise of multiple walks or a fenced area to run in order to build muscle for the large frame of an adult dog. Younger dogs under 2 years should not have forced exercise as it can be damaging to developing bones and joints. Mature dogs will enjoy biking, hiking and can be a good jogging partner: Some may also perform well in agility, dock diving, rally, barn hunt and fast cat. (Timed 100 yd event)

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


Origin and Purpose The world’s smallest dog, the Chihuahua is a breed of dog considered indigenous to the Western Hemisphere. The breed’s name indicates its ancestors came from the State of Chihuahua in Mexico. However, the breed’s origins more properly belong to the whole of the country. It is said that the Long Coat variety was developed entirely in the United States by crossing the Smooth Coat to the Papillon and the Pomeranian. The Chihuahua has evolved primarily as a human companion.

 Size A well-balanced little dog not to exceed 6 lb (2.7 kg).

Coat and Colour   Coat: In the Short Coat (also referred to as Smooth Coat in the USA), the coat should be soft in texture, close, and glossy (heavier coats with undercoats permissible). In the Long Coat, the coat should be of a soft texture, either flat or slightly wavy, with undercoat preferred. Colour: A solid colour, marked (a solid colour with markings of other colours), or splashed (irregular, patched solid colour on white or white on a solid colour).

Temperament A graceful, alert, swift-moving little dog with saucy expression. Compact and with terrier-like qualities. Superior intelligence and generally reserved towards strangers.

Training and Obedience; Chihuahuas possess loyalty and charm, but even tiny dogs require training. Compact and confident, Chihuahuas can be ideal city pets. They are too small for roughhousing with children, and special care must be taken in cold weather, but Chihuahuas are adaptable —as long as they get lots of quality time in their preferred lap. The Chihuahua is a very alert little dog of high intelligence. They are eager to please their humans and respond well to positive training practices. Chihuahuas seem well aware of how cute they are and learn how to get their way. They can excel in obedience training and other canine sports. 

Activity: The Chihuahua loves to run and play and can often get enough exercise in a small space. Short walks will help to keep your dog in good weight and condition.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

History and Origin: The Staffordshire bull terrier is a big dog in a small package. The Staffordshire bull terrier history began in the back country of England and was a popular breed of dog with the coalminers at the turn of the twentieth century. A foremost all purpose dog, the breed was a blend of the Bulldog for their tenacity and old Black and Tan Terrier for their athletic ability. They were designed to fight each other in the pit. More importantly the SBT had to be a totally reliable and trust worthy family member.

General Appearance: Strong and muscular, solidly built: Generally, the SBT is a very healthy breed. Occasional allergy issues can occur and diet is an important factor. Breeders have done a great job in health testing. We have DNA tests for Juvenile Hereditary Cataracts and L2HG, a metabolic disorder. Many breeders do further testing for their own knowledge to assist them in making informed breeding choices to keep the health integrity of the breed. The SBT lifespan is generally 12-15 year

Height and Weight: 14-16” 28-38 lbs

Coat and Colour: This is a short coated breed. Acceptable colours are red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any of these colours with white. Any shade of brindle with or without white.

Feeding: The SBT does exceptionally well on a balanced raw diet or high end kibble.

Temperament: The SBT’s happy go lucky nature coupled with their sensitivity makes them an extremely trainable breed. They are generally a quiet breed and don’t bark much even when people come to the door. This breed has never met at stranger that they don’t love, but don’t let that fool you; they will give their life to protect their family from a threat. Their number one priority in life is to please their people. They do tend to “talk” to people when they are happy or excited by making vocal rooing sounds. It is a very endearing trait. The SBT has a special affection towards children that is hard to describe until you experience it.

Training and Obedience: Crate training is a must with this breed as they are very inventive when bored and will renovate your house while you are not home. A fenced yard is important as this breed left unattended will follow anyone home, especially children. They require early socialization with other dogs and cats to learn healthy doggie manners and social skills. They do well in pairs or with other breeds that match their energy level.

Activity and Performance: The breed thrives on being given a job whether its obedience, agility, or other dog sports or just doing tricks for the family. They love to entertain, and are up for any activity that you throw at them. They enjoy water if introduced to it at an early age as they don’t tend to be natural swimmers. They tend to play hard with other dogs and don’t understand their own strength. Generally they will not start an altercation but are always up to the challenge if another dog were to start something. Therefore off leash parks are never a good idea with this breed. They love all outdoor activities but because of their shorter muzzle, they can be more heat sensitive.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Finnish Lapphund

Origin and Purpose The Finnish Lapphund traces its origin back to the dogs kept by the Lapp people used as reindeer herders and watchdogs in Finnish Scandinavia and in the northern parts of Russia. Over the years, as reindeer herding subsided, the dogs were effectively used on sheep and cattle. Today the breed is very popular in the whole of Finland and around the world as a companion.

General Appearance:The Finnish Lapphund is a medium sized herding breed that is intelligent, alert, agile, friendly, and eager to learn. Developed to live and work outside in the cold, the breed is strongly built and thickly coated. Despite its strength, the Finnish Lapphund conveys a certain softness, particularly in expression.

Height and Weight Males: 49 cm (19”), 15 – 20 kg (35 – 45 lbs) Females: 44 cm (17”), 12 – 17 kg (28 – 38 lbs) There is a tolerance of +/- 3 cm (just over 1”). Type is more important than size.

Coat and Colour The Finnish Lapphund’s hair is profuse —the males especially have an abundant mane. The outer coat is long, straight, and harsh. On the head and on the front of the legs, the coat is shorter. There must be a soft and dense undercoat, which does require regular grooming, particularly during the shedding season which generally occurs once or twice a year. All colours are permitted. The basic colour must be dominant. Colours other than the basic colour can occur on the head, neck, chest, underside of the body, or on the legs and tail.

Temperament Keen, calm and willing to learn. Friendly and faithful. The Finnish Lapphund has many great qualities; they are smart and quick to learn, make great alert dogs, are wonderful family companions, and are often referred to as clowns. When herding reindeer, the dogs are extremely active and noisy. They must be constantly on the watch, and as a result, the breed has a very strong ‘startle reflex,’ as well as being very agile and alert. When interacting with people, Finnish Lapphunds are calm, friendly, and submissive. At times, they may appear a little distant or aloof. This combination of submissiveness and being reserved should not be misinterpreted as shyness.

Training and Obedience Coming from the herding family, the Finnish Lapphund is intelligent and quick to learn, yet at the same time can be independent and strong-willed. Often referred to as a ‘thinking’ breed, the Lappies do well in all aspects of performance.

Activity Finnish Lapphunds are a laid-back type of personality, but when asked, they perform with enthusiasm. Their exercise needs are moderate and would benefit from a daily walk. Barking It is important to remember that the Finnish Lapphund used their bark to perform their job of herding reindeer, so barking during the excitement of play is common.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

West Highland White Terrier

Origin and Uses: this breed is from Scotland. It probably shares its’ lineage with several other terriers, those being the Scottish Terrier, Cairn Terrier, Skye Terrier and the Dandie Dinmont Terrier. Also called ‘Westies’ , they were used in Scotland in the 1700’s as vermin exterminators and were also used to hunt foxes, badgers and otters. They were first exhibited at dog shows in the US in 1906.

General Appearance: a medium sized terrier: longer legged than some of the other Scottish terriers: distinctive white double harsh coat: small prick ears: dark eyes with bushy eyebrows: carrot shaped upright tail: compact body: strong and sturdy.

Height: males 11 inches: females 10 inches. Under or over these limits is not desirable.

Coat and Colour: Must be white and must be double coated with the outer coat being about 2 inches long, straight, harsh and hard to the touch while the under coat is soft and abundant. Nose must be black and must have black pigmentation elsewhere eg. lips, eye rims, feet pads, nails and skin.

Temperament: A strong willed and determined terrier with a high prey drive for rabbits and small vermin, the Westie is a bold, confidant, and cheerful little dog, that is playful and full of energy. ‘They have no small amount of self esteem’. He can co-exist with other animals but may be aggressive with other males. This breed is not a meek and mild lap dog.

Feeding: Westies do well on a good quality high grade kibble mixed with premium raw. Feed two or three times daily. Like most dogs, they love their bedtime cookies .

Training and Obedience : They are not always the easiest to housebreak so be patient. Always use a crate when unsupervised. They are diggers and barkers.

Activity and Performance: Hours of activity is not a requirement but they should go for a daily walk. If that isn’t possible, then a game of fetch in the back yard is good too. They should never be allowed off leash in an unfenced area. They do well in obedience, barn hunt, agility and other performance events.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


Origin & Purpose – named after the Siberian nomadic  Samoyede people  whose livelihood depended upon migrating reindeer, the Samoyed was a herding dog who also pulled sleds, helped in the hunt, and kept the children warm in the “choom” tents that the Samoyede erected as they stopped to rest on long journeys. They were  selected for several Antarctic expeditions in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s and acquired directly  from Samoyede tribes for this task. Expedition survivors were then brought to England where fanciers developed a breed standard. Those original working dogs’ genes have formed what we know as the Samoyed breed today. In 1891, an early developer of the breed, described them as “lovely white Russian (Samoyed) sledge dog pups, like small polar bears, most gentle and affectionate with splendid coats and tails” Little has changed.

General Appearance – a working dog of beauty, alertness and strength, with agility, dignity, and grace: heavy and weather resistant coat. The Samoyed is a medium sized member of the Spitz family of dogs and may be the original progenitor of most of the Spitz breeds we see today. Well bred and well maintained, Samoyeds are eye arresting in their natural beauty. Their characteristic “Sammy Smile” is legendary and a hallmark of the breed.

Height/Weight – Height: Dogs 21 -23 ½ inches (53 to 60 cm) females  19-21 ½ inches (48 to 55 cm) at the withers: Weight in proportion to size: Should never be too heavy as to appear clumsy nor so light as to appear racy

Coat / Colour – double¬coated dog: body well covered with undercoat of soft, short, thick, closed wool with longer, harsher hair growing through it: outer coat stands straight out from the body: coat forms a ruff around the neck and shoulders, framing the head (more on males than females). Quality of coat should be weather resistant and consid¬ered more important than quantity: type of coat and texture is important: should glisten with a silver sheen: female coats not as long and may be slightly softer in texture. Colour: must be white, white and biscuit, white cream, cream or all biscuit. All of these colours should be considered equal. Any other colours disqualify. Curly, wavy, flat, droopy, soft or silky outercoat is extremely undesir¬able. Excessive coat length and short, smooth coats are not typical. Dense undercoat is shed seasonally: coat has no doggy odour: harsh outer coat resists dirt: many people allergic to dogs are absolutely fine with Samoyeds.

Feeding – Samoyeds do well on a multi-protein based kibble, but in particular a fish source should be included. Switching up the raw amongst the many formulas available also offers Samoyeds some variety which they enjoy. A good combination is a high quality triple protein based kibble plus a commercial frozen raw dog food.

Temperament: Sammies have outstanding temperaments due to their long association serving humans: gentle with children and the elderly: cherished as beloved family pets. Samoyeds are pack dogs and as such are happiest with their human pack and don’t prefer a solitary life. They are characters with personality plus, and usually not alpha – but they do require discipline and boundaries. Socially needy breed that must be with people: they have a strong sense of family: Thrive being among others with a “the more the merrier” attitude. Loneliness can lead to noisy and destructive behavior.

Training /Obedience – Being an intelligent and “thinking” breed, not keen on repetitive work like retrieving.

Activity and Performance: love plenty of exercise: As long as you’re with them, they’re pretty content. Samoyeds can and do protest being left behind. Loneliness can lead to noisy and destructive behavior. Doggy daycares are perfect for working families, as Samoyeds can flaunt their social nature while dog parents can rest easy knowing that their dog is not getting into trouble while home alone. Samoyeds can be used as service dogs, therapy dogs, pulling children on sleds, skijoring with adult owners.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Miniature Wire Haired Dachshund

Origin and Uses: the dachshund breed originated in Germany and has existed since the 16th century. The three coat varieties were developed at different times, and were used to hunt badgers, hence the name: ‘Dachs’ meaning badger and ‘hund’ meaning dog. The mini was created from probable crosses with toy terriers and pinschers to hunt rabbits. Crosses were later discontinued, and selective breedings were maintained in order to preserve their hunting ability.

General Appearance: a small, low to the ground, robust, and sturdy breed with short stout legs, long body, long tail, and harsh coat. For your interest, there is also a kanichen size that is even smaller for going down rabbit holes and is measured by chest circumference. 

Weight: under 11 pounds

Coat and Colour: Wiry coat, with harsh medium length outer coat and with undercoat: Typical colours are red, wild boar and black and tan. Coat can be managed with weekly brushing: Must have longer eyebrows and beard. For show purposes the coat is hand stripped similar to a terrier. Coat must not be soft. For the softest coats, it is usually easier to maintain by regular clipping.

Feeding: Wires are not fussy eaters and require no particular dietary requirements: Do well on a good quality kibble, and fed twice daily. This is a hardy breed and relatively healthy. Back issues are a rarity but can be expensive to treat so keep your dog in healthy weight and condition. Temperament: a clownish breed that is happy and outgoing, alert and active. They love company. They are good with children and other dogs and cats if introduced properly.

Training and Obedience: crate training is recommended for house breaking along with a small pen outdoors, otherwise they are easily distracted by sights and smells. Always be consistent.

Activity and Performance: Their short legs do not allow them to be a jogging partner but still they must have exercise and they do have good athletic ability. They can do obedience, scent work, lure coursing and agility.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Our Activities

April 26th, 2020 by

An update on FTLOPD activities……Last fall near Christmas, we partnered with member Debbie McMahon and her law office to assist with the making of help bags for the homeless in Niagara Falls as part of the ‘Out of the Cold’ program. These bags consisted of self care products ( soap, toothpaste etc) as well as cold weather items such as scarves, gloves and toques. Many of you made gracious monetary donations as well as donating bags and boxes of useful items. We were delighted with your assistance and Debbie’s office was able to assemble 60 well stocked help bags which were distributed to the needy on Niagara’s streets. This year we are hoping to double the number of bags. To that end and given the current state of our quarantines and with some extra time prior to gardening season, I’ve been working at my own personal donation with the making of scarves. They aren’t fancy, but should be a warm welcome when winter sets in once again.

Scottish Deerhound

 Origin and uses: from Scotland, a very old breed, dating back to at least the 16th century. They are considered to be a ‘sighthound’ and were used in Scotland to course and bring down red deer. Through the 1800s, as the rifle came into use, they were prized in the Highlands in the ‘sport’ of deer stalking and running the wounded quarry down and bringing it to bay. Throughout the Commonwealth, Deerhounds were used on any quarry that required speed and courage, until coursing live game was banned. Then the show world continued to maintain the breed and lure coursing maintained their performance skills.

General Appearance: A Deerhound should resemble a rough-coated greyhound but larger in size and with heavier bone. A tall breed with a ‘harsh and wiry’ coat, long legs, lean head, high set small ears that in repose are folded back like a greyhound, long tail, and a back that is well arched over the loin. Most important are broad and powerful hindquarters with the hips set wide apart.

Height and weight: Males 30-32 inches ( or even more) at the shoulder: 80-110 pound…..females 28 inches and upwards at shoulder: 75 – 95 pounds

Coat and Colour: black, grey, dark blue grey; the coat is harsh and coarse to the touch with a wiry feel. A wooly coat is ‘bad’. White is not correct either, although a small amount on the chest and toes is accepted. Weekly brushing is required. Feeding: twice daily using raw as part of the diet. Eg. chicken necks or duck necks.

Temperament: a docile and gentle breed that loves people and comfort when they are mature.(3 plus years) Friendly and sensitive, they are a calm breed as adults. Puppies need a lot of free play and can be rambunctious. They do well with other breeds but smaller breeds or cats might illicit their prey drive. Remember they were bred to be a running hunter.

Training Obedience and Performance: Puppies and up to age three, can be destructive. After three years, they become “that most perfect creature of heaven”. They should not be neutered before age three. Obedience training will be difficult and at best not very rewarding with a deerhound. They just don’t care to be trained and view the whole procedure with a great deal of disinterest. They do however excel in lure coursing events. They require daily runs in an open field.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

Origin and Purpose The Greater Swiss Mountain dog is known in Switzerland as an all-purpose farm working dog. They were used to herd cattle, pull heavy carts, guard and be the family companion. They are assumed to be one of the oldest Swiss breeds and nearly became extinct until a resurgence in the early 1900’s. The Greater Swiss Mountain dog is a rare breed all over the world. They are thought to be used to develop the Rottweiler and St.Bernard. The Greater Swiss Mountain dog is the largest of the four breeds of mountain dogs: Bernese Mountain dog, Appenzeller Mountain dog and Entlebucher Mountain dog. They are affectionately known as a “swissy” to their families.

General Appearance The Greater Swiss Mountain dog is a large boned, well muscled dogs with impressive strength, yet surprisingly very agile. Their bodies are longer in length in proportion to their height.

Height and weight Males may range from 25-28 inches(65 cm- 72 cm) in height and weigh 110-140 pounds (41-61 kg) Females may range from 24-27 inches(60-68 cm) in height and weigh from 90-115 pounds(36-50 kg)

Coat and Colour A swissy has a tri-coloured coat, mainly black with a white chest close to the shape of a Swiss cross, a white muzzle and blaze, with white socks. The rust should be symmetrical on either side of the white on the forechest, on all four legs and under the tail. They have a double coat- an outer coat of medium length and a dense undercoat of dark grey/ black. They are easy care- wash and wear, with regular brushing to reduce shedding and trim nails regularly.

Feeding A high quality raw or kibble is recommended twice a day, watching that they do not become overweight. They generally enjoy their food and can become lazy. They do not have many health issues or allergies.

Temperament Swissies are devoted to their families and extremely gentle with children. They are confident, alert and dignified. They are also very dependable, faithful and majestic making a striking impression in public. They have a great desire to work and please their owners. They crave physical contact and attention and will not wander far from their owner. Training and Obedience Swissies are an intelligent breed, learning quickly to please. They do mature slowly and therefore require steady, reliable training to develop manners. Early socialization is recommended to balance their protectiveness and guarding instincts. Hot weather can be difficult for them and they prefer cooler environments.

Activity and Performance The Greater Swiss Mountain dog does not need a lot of exercise, yet it should be regular, since they tend to be lazy. They excel in many sports such as conformation, obedience trials, drafting and carting and can be known to pull extreme weights of well over 4500 pounds! They are also suitable for backpacking, hiking and herding.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


Origin and Uses: a very old breed, descended from roman times and likely developed in Germany by crosses with  molosser mastiff types, mountain  dogs and drovers of that era: used to drive cattle herds along with the armies as they marched across Europe: tough and strong and later became drover dogs for the town of Rottweil, herding cattle from pasture to town, protecting them from robbers and wild animals. They were often referred to as the Butcher’s Dog.

General Appearance: very strong and robust dog with thick muscling through shoulders, neck and hindquarters: powerfully built, sturdy and upstanding, heavier bone on male specimens: always alert to his surroundings.

Height and Weight: Height males 24-27 inches and about 110 – 132 pounds : females 22-25 inches and 77- 105 pounds

Coat and Colour: black dog with tan or rich mahogany markings on cheeks, side of muzzle, thumb print over each eye, under throat, on chest, all lower legs and under tail: body coat is dense, short, and course: A natural dog that is untrimmed: only needs weekly brushing, ear cleaning and nail trimming; ( start as puppies) Bathe when necessary. They shed twice yearly.

Feeding: Does well on any high grade kibble or properly sourced raw. Feed twice daily and restrict exercise after eating. Rarely have food allergies: generally good eaters. Should not be allowed to become overweight.

Temperament: aloof with strangers, but must not be shy. Fearless and self assured. Socialize early. Not to be used as a child baby sitter. Strong work ethic: Good with other dogs if introduced properly. Breed has Low tolerance for other aggressive dogs and is a natural family protector.

Training and Obedience: crate training a puppy is essential so that he has a safe place when alone. Powerful chewers so must be supervised: Highly intelligent. Start basic obedience when young using positive reinforcement. Without early training they can become dominant!! They are easy to house train with consistency. 

Activity and Performance: require a fair amount of exercise. An adult Rottie is a great dog for joggers. Require two long brisk walks daily or some time in a fenced area chasing a ball but need a six foot fence as they can jump easily. Require a fenced yard. Swimming exercise is also good. Breed excels in dock diving, drafting, agility, obedience, protection work, herding and a variety of other dog sports.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Norwich Terrier

History and Origin: originated in the United Kingdom: bred to hunt rodents and small vermin. Named for their small town in England, they were also successful when used in packs at hunts. Probably developed by crossing smaller Irish Terriers with other short legged terriers, they were recognized as an official breed in England in 1932 and in the US in 1979. A dog by the name of ‘Rags’, was bred successfully in England and is considered the forerunner of the breed today.

General Appearance: stocky and study with solid body and strong bone. Quite a substantial dog in a small package, very hardy, they were bred to be tough and fearless ratters. They have a harsh weather resistant coat, prick ears, square appearance on short legs, and foxy expression. They are one of the smallest terriers.

Height: ideal is 10 inches Weight: ideal is 12 pounds

Coat and Colour: all shades of red, wheaten, black and tan and grizzle: Body: the coat is harsh and wiry to touch, and lies close to the body with definite undercoat: Heavier coat around neck and shoulders so as to create a mane. Face: Heavier hair forms slight eyebrows, and whiskers on muzzle, otherwise hair on face, head and ears is short and smooth. Any white patches are undesirable. A proper coat is preferred to be hand stripped to maintain texture and colour. This type of coat easily stays clean as dirt falls right off. If an owner prefers to have their pet clippered this is also fine, but it will result in a softer coat texture and colour will lighten.

Feeding: do well on a quality kibble: a balanced raw diet is also acceptable: generally good eaters so weight must be monitored carefully. Teeth tend to get dirty so regular care is essential.

Temperament: An affectionate breed, they love their people and like to be near. They are a pack animal so do well in multiples: very game little breed and happy to do whatever the family chooses. Happy and energetic: keen and outgoing with lively personality.

Training and Obedience: They are rather slow to house train as puppies so patience will be required. Crating during puppy hood is essential. Can be obedience trained but have a rather stubborn nature so fair, consistent, patient training is essential. As with any breed, a fenced secure yard is a must.

Activity and Performance: They enjoy a daily walk but exercise needs are modest. Some Norwich Terriers rarely bark, and only to alert: they are short legged and small so not a good breed for a distance jogger or biker Do well in barn hunts, and agility.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Airedale Terrier

The Airedale Terrier, also called the Bingley Terrier, or Waterside Terrier originated in the valley of the River Aire, in Yorkshire, England. The KING of Terriers – they are the largest and most powerful of the Terrier group. They are a very lively all purpose dog, and are a devoted companion and family dog, capable of hunting, agility, obedience and even used for police and military function. They can be very playful clowns, yet attentive to their owners. They are also very serious workers, an excellent combination for an all purpose dog.

Adult height: 23 in (58 cm)

Adult weight: 50-60 lb (22-27 kg) Sturdy and well muscled. They are an extremely strong dog for their size.

Coat: The dense coat is composed of a harsh, wiry outer coat and a softer undercoat. The harshest outer coat is often crinkled or slightly wavy. For show dogs, the coat is groomed by hand stripping mature hair. For pets, clippering is the best way to keep the coat looking sharp and the dog clean.

Colours: The coat is tan with black, red or dark grizzle ‘saddle’ markings.

Feeding: A high quality balanced kibble diet and they do very well on salmon based kibble. They love fruit and vegetables as well. They need to be solid built – kept not too thin or kept not too heavy as weight can be very hard on their joints.

Training & Obedience: Very willing to please and very clever at picking up what is expected of them. Socialization with people and other dogs (and other household animals) should be done any time after eight weeks of age. Airedales will adapt at any age to a new home.

House breaking: They are a very clean breed and train easily. Bell training at an outer door works extremely well.

Crate training: When trained from a young age they are excellent in their crates, and rarely suffer from separation anxiety.

Exercise: They are well suited to both urban and rural homes. They are an excellent walking companion, and willing participants in most activities. They should not be run great distances as even though they have the size and will to do so- it can be very hard on their joints due to their deep chest and substance. They are very calm in the house if provided proper exercise. They do NOT do well at dog parks as most dogs will challenge their arrogance. There is an old saying – an Airedale will rarely, if ever, start a fight but they will always finish one.

Weather tolerance: Access to fresh water at ALL times is absolutely essential. They are an all weather dog and do not mind the cold or inclement weather. They are easy to towel off if wet. As with any other companion they should always live inside the home as a family member.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Afghan Hound

Origin and History: The Afghan Hound is an ancient member of the Sighthound family, a king of dogs. They are best described as an athlete in a silk suit. The Afghan Hound is an aristocrat, with his whole appearance being one of dignity and aloofness. The striking characteristics of the breed are an exotic expression, a long silky topknot, a unique coat pattern with profuse trousering, very prominent hipbones, and large feet.

Adult weight: 50-60 lb (22-27 kg)

Adult height: 25- 28 inches in (63-71 cm)

Coat: An Afghan Hound has a profuse silky coat on the legs, head, and body, and a short sleek saddle on the back of a mature dog. They require constant upkeep, and weekly bathing if kept in full coat. For pets, clippering is often done in order to keep the coat both easier to manage, and to keep the dog clean. A dog in a shorter pet trim should be bathed and groomed monthly. This breed has a very different appearance between those kept in full coat as opposed to a pet trim.

Colours: All colours are permissible, but colour combinations are often seen. White markings especially on the head are undesirable on show prospects – however white blazes on their chests or some on their toes are often seen. White should never be a predominant colour.

Feeding: A high quality balanced kibble diet often with added meat or any other protein source assists to encourage appetite. They can be picky eaters, and on their own tend to do well grazing as opposed to eating their meal all at one time. They can be thieves and may counter surf.

Training & Obedience: They are devoted to their family but are not particularly willing to please consistently in performance events. They are very clever at picking up what is expected of them but will do so on their own terms. They require a soft, gentle hand and voice. They are almost catlike in demeanor. Socialization with both people and animals is paramount from a young age.

House breaking and Crate training: Afghan Hounds are a clean breed, and train well in their home. They benefit from a consistent routine. When trained from a young age they are excellent in their crates, and rarely suffer from separation anxiety. They prefer a larger open wire cage to stretch out, with good bedding to protect their back and spine as they often sleep upside down with their legs in the air. A wire crate also allows good air circulation for their coat. A raised water bucket is helpful so they do not end up with wet bedding.

Exercise: They are well suited to both urban and rural homes. They are an excellent walking companion. They are very instinctive hunters. They are best being exercised on leash, or within a fenced area. They are a natural hunter so they are not a breed that is ever reliable to return once off leash.

Weather tolerance: Access to fresh water at all times is important. They can be an all weather dog and do not mind the cold or inclement weather. Saying that if they get wet the hair is inclined to become matted if not thoroughly dried and brushed. As with any other companion they should always live inside the home as a family member.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

English Setter

 Origin and History: one of the oldest of the gun dog breeds; originated in France over 500 years ago by crossing of French and Spanish pointers; came to England in 1600 and spaniel crosses were added. A setting breed, it will ‘set’ or crouch as it air scents the birds in the field. It was originally called a Setting Spaniel. Crossing the Laverack line (show dogs) and the LLewellin line (field dogs) developed the breed that is familiar today. AKC recognition in 1884.

General Appearance: a bit smaller than the Irish and Gordon setter but still elegant and substantial, he is the ‘moderate setter’ ; an active dog with strength and stamina but not as rollicking as the Irish Setter; combines a noble appearance with grace and style. Height and Weight: males about 25 inches and 60-70 pounds: females about 24 inches and 45-55 pounds.

Coat and Colour: body coat lies flat, and is silky smooth to touch, never curly or wooly; longer feathering on ears, chest, tail, backs of legs, under belly, and underside of thighs. Puppies nearly always born white; Many colour patterns exist; Black and white, orange and white, liver and white, lemon and white, white, black-white and tan, orange belton, liver belton, lemon belton, tricolour belton, blue belton. Belton is an English village and in the case of the English setter, refers to the ticking pattern on the coat. 

Feeding: Use any good quality kibble or proper raw diet. Feed twice daily and avoid heavy exercise before and after meals: Kibble should be softened with warm water before feeding: Generally good eaters so take care that proper weight is maintained: must not be allowed to become overweight.

Training and Obedience: firm kind and consistent training methods are a must: a sensitive breed that will not do well with harsh punishment: will do decently in obedience but may not be as quick and precise as other faster, smaller breeds: They are not natural retrievers but can be taught to enjoy chasing a ball.

Temperament: kind and calm nature, not as rollicking as the Irish Setter: considered a ‘gentleman’ and loves to be near his family: Good with kids, cats and other dogs. Will be guardy if sensing an intruder and tend to be barkers so this trait needs to be stopped at a young age. The English setter as a medium/large breed , makes an excellent family pet.

Activity and performance: excel in the field, and in hunt tests. Will do well in agility, , Frisbee, rally and are ok when properly initiated, in the water. When training outdoors for any of the above activities, they might be easily distracted by birds. They require daily vigorous exercise to stay fit. A walk or safe run in an open field away from distractions and traffic will keep them fit. Because they air scent their birds, care must be taken when off leash.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Gordon Setter

Origin and Uses: a large breed of dog that is part of sporting or gundog group. Before 1924 known as the black and tan setter; originated in the United Kingdom and are the heaviest and sturdiest of the setter breeds proving useful to hunters in the rough terrain of Scotland. They are excellent dogs in the field, with the ability to ‘set’ or crouch to indicate the bird. Several early crosses with other setters, collies, and bloodhounds eventually produced the dog of today: name was changed to Gordon Setter in1924 .

Weight and Height: males 24-27 inches and 55-80 pounds…females 23-26 inches and 45-70 pounds.

General Appearance: largest and heaviest of the four setter breeds. Well muscled, very sturdy with strong bone and substance that suggests stamina rather than raciness, while still being stylish and noble looking.

Coat and Colour: coal black shorter hair over complete body, that is silky and may have a slight wave; longer hair on ears, backs of legs, chest, and under tail . Tan markings over eyes, on side of face, feet and lower legs and under tail. These are the only acceptable colours and marking details. Regular brushing required especially after a romp in the field.

Feeding: Any good quality kibble….they are a large deep chested breed so should be fed twice daily with avoidance of exercise before and after eating.

Training and Obedience: train easily in obedience but can also be stubborn so training needs to be fair, firm and consistent; excel in performance sports but speed and agility might be compromised for steady working ability.

Activity and performance: require daily run andexercise to stay fit; good breed for bikers and joggers; if bored dog may be tempted to dig in the back yard; fenced yard is necessary: not natural jumpers; if allowed freedom they would likely follow a good scent since they are a natural hunting/field dog.

Temperament: a sweet and kindly breed that do not bark excessively; somewhat guardy, if they sense an intruder. They are an excellent pet with kids, and are accepting of other dogs and cats; good family dog.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Irish Red and White Setter

 History and origin: The Irish Red and White Setter was likely the precursor to the Red Irish Setter that is so familiar. The Irish Red and White Setter was popular in Ireland in the 1600’s, with hunters who took them out to hunt in the bogs where the dogs displayed that peculiar style of ‘setting’ down on their bellies to indicate the position of the bird. The breed was pushed aside in favour of the typical red setter and was nearly lost to the world. But assistance from dedicated fanciers revived the breed in Ireland in the 1970’s. The brilliant red and white colouring has been favored by huntsmen as the dog is easily seen in the field. The Canadian Kennel Club recognized the breed in May 1999.

General Appearance: A fairly large breed of dog that is very athletic and strong without being either cumbersome or too racy. They were born to run and hunt and have a high level of endurance. They are a powerful and hardy sporting dog and are classified as a gun dogs just like their counterpart, the Irish Setter

Height and Weight: Males 24 ½ -26 inches Females 22 ½ – 24…..weight range is approximately 50 -70 pounds.

Coat and Colour: Pearly white body colour, with islands of vivid red distributed randomly on the body. Ears are typically red and generally the face displays red markings with a white blaze. The backs of legs have longer fine hair, belly has a longer fringes, chest is covered with longer hair and the tail is full. The ‘furnishings’ are not to be too profuse. Coat care is relatively easy as mud and dirt tends to dry and brush off, but the longer furnishings should be combed through regularly to prevent tangling and matting particularly if the dog has been running in the open field.

Feeding: Balanced raw diet or any good quality kibble. Feed twice daily and avoid exercise for an hour or two before and after meals. Fish or omega additives add beneficial oils and fats that enhance the coat and general health.

Training and Obedience: easy to train and adapt well but need an early start. They Should not be allowed free running in the field until they are dependable on a recall. Crate training highly recommended from puppy hood and onwards.

Activity and Performance: This is an energetic gun dog and is prized as a hunter for upland game birds such as grouse, pheasant, quail and partridge . A fenced yard is a must as they can jump and can also climb. They are diggers. Plenty of exercise is required for this breed and they are recommended for an active outdoor family. As with many sporting dogs they are triggered to pursue by a passing squirrel, deer, or rabbit. They can excel at many of the performance sports and can adapt to water retrieves. The breed is a loyal family dog that must have daily exercise but also enjoys quiet indoor time with children and other pets.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Irish Setter

 History and Origin: developed in Ireland in the 1700’s with crosses of old Spanish pointers and early Scottish setter breeds. Irish Setters arrived in the USA in the 1800’s. The early Irish Setter had white colouring with red patches. Later in 1874 the Llewellyn setter was bred from the then strain of English setter and native Irish Setters, and the traditional red colour was set. Their name in Gaelic is ‘Madra Rua’ which means ‘red dog’.

General Appearance: a tall, aristocratic dog with smooth lines and definite elegance but still with a sturdy appearance of strength. He is swift of foot with a strongly made body, while maintaining a proud carriage and bold demeanor. He has a rollicking personality. Artist’s renditions claim the Irish Setter to be the most beautiful of all dogs.

Size: males 27 inches and 70 lbs females 25 inches and 60 lbs…over or under one inch difference from these measurements is discouraged.

Coat and Colour: rich red to deep mahogany, body coat short and glossy. Referred to as the furnishings, is longer fine hair on ears, backs of legs, tail, under belly and chest. Feet are fringed with short hair. A small white spot on chest or feet or even as a small blaze on head is acceptable. The furnishings should be brushed daily in order to prevent matting especially if the dog gets wet in rain or snow or is exercised in open terrain.

Feeding: They do well on any good quality kibble with adequate protein and fat for an active dog. A performance food is suggested for the very energetic Irish Setter. Should be fed twice daily with limiting of exercise close to mealtimes. Usually good eaters, rarely finicky.

Training and Activity: the breed is adaptable to various forms of training and learns easily with a patient approach. Loyal pet. They love to run and require a fenced yard for exercise or must be walked vigorously daily. They are a suitable dog for active owners and can run, jog or bike with an ambitious owner. They adjust well with other dogs and cats and are good with children. While very active, they do not usually attempt to leap fences. However a stray squirrel or rabbit may have them excited and barking excessively.

Performance Abilities: Irish Setters can excel in obedience, field trials, agility courses hunting trials, and dock diving. As a hunting dog they are highly prized by huntsmen. They are a terrific gundog used to hunt upland game birds. The word ‘Setter’ is derived from their ability to find the bird in the field with their keen sense of smell and then ‘set’ down on their belly, indicating to the hunter that there is a bird hidden in the grasses. As a show dog they are virtually unequalled with high proud head carriage and flowing red coat.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Doberman Pinscher

 History: Developed in Germany in the late 1800’s by Louis Dobermann. This man was a dog warden and a tax collector so not a particularly well liked person. Herr Dobermann sought to develop a breed that would be guardy and protective of him as he travelled from home to home collecting tax money. The breed is likely descended from the Rottweiler, Black and Tan Terrier and German Pinscher. The breed exemplified itself during both World wars, searching for wounded soldiers, detecting land mines and alerting to the enemy, acting as messengers and carrying supplies. The breed was officially recognized by the AKC in 1908.  

General Appearance: large dog of square appearance, elegant and powerful with good clean muscling. Carriage is quite noble with high alert head and a body on sturdy substantial limbs. Height: males 26-28 inches females 24-26 inches

Coat and Colour: very short and glossy, lying close to body and rather hard to touch. Only allowed colours are black, red, blue and fawn with typical rust marking on face, legs chest and under tail.

Feeding: any good quality kibble or proper raw diet. Should be fed twice daily, morning and evening. Kibble should be softened with warm water prior to feeding.

Training and Obedience: As stated the breed excels in training regimens and will do well if started early in a well organized training class using appropriate methods.

Activity: an active breed and puppies are exuberant. A daily walk will be necessary but they are also equally adept at curling up beside you in a chair. However, for good overall health it is recommended that they receive adequate outdoor exercise and stimulation daily. They must be confined in a fenced yard of 6 foot height and might be quite vocal to warn of intruders or anything that they deem suspicious. They cannot be housed outside in cold weather. Puppies will adapt well to children at an early age as well as cats and other dogs in the household.

Temperament: Known for his courage, energy and fearless demeanor, loyalty and bold confident ways plus easy trainability and marked intelligence. The breed excels in many different performance sports including obedience, tracking, agility, dock diving. With a strongly developed work ethic they are eager to please and quick to respond.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


Origins – The Keeshond descends from the same prehistoric ancestry from which the much larger Samoyeds, Huskies, Norwegian Elkhounds and tiny Pomeranians descend. They, known in Holland as “Keeshonden” (pronounced “kayz-hawnd-en), were extensively used as watchdogs on river boats, farms, and barges in the 17th and 18th centuries.

General Appearance – The Keeshond is a short-backed, well-balanced dog that is naturally beautiful. The breed has a characteristic alert carriage, intelligent expression, stand-off coat, richly plumed tail well curled over the back, intelligent expression, and small pointed ears.

Coat – This is a double-coated breed with a soft, short undercoat and harsh, standoffish outer “guard” hairs. A proper coat is easy to maintain with a thorough brushing once a week. If brushed regularly most adult Keeshonden only need to be bathed 3 or 4 times a year.

Size – The Keeshond is medium size – 18 inches for males and 17 inches for bitches.

Colour – Keeshonden are dramatically marked with their black to silver or cream coats. The facial expression is largely dependent on the distinctive characteristic called “spectacles.”

Temperament – Keeshonden have only been bred to be a family companion and watchdog, never bred to hunt or attack. They are somewhat aloof with strangers, but at the same time, friendly and never aggressive. Renowned as gentle, intelligent and devoted to their owners with a special fondness for children. They can be mischievous and have a keen intellect which makes the breed excellent candidates for performance sports. Always playful and slightly naughty the Keeshond lives up to its nickname the “Smiling Dutchman.”

Feeding: Keeshonden are a sturdy breed which does well on any good quality kibble or raw diet. Their weight needs to be monitored for health reasons.

Exercise – The Keeshond has moderate exercise needs. He will be satisfied with a walk on leash or playtime in a yard and generally adapts to his owner’s activity level.

Training & obedience: Obedience training is recommended. Keeshonden love being with their owners and do very well in virtually all dog sports

Crate Training – Recommended for housebreaking and for safe travel. Housebreaking should start early and be consistent.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Black Russian Terrier

General Appearance: Powerful, strong, well developed muscles with heavy bone. Head is large with drop ears lying close to the face and dark eyes.

Height: 27-30 inches for males, 26-29 inches for females. In proportions, a Black Russian Terrier should be slightly longer than tall. Tail may be docked or natural.

Weight: The male weighs between 50 and 65 kg, and the females weigh between 45 and 60 kg.

Origin: The Black Russian Terrier (BRT) was developed in the former USSR for use as a military working dog. Breeds used in the development include the Giant Schnauzer, Airedale Terrier, Rottweiler, Newfoundland and other breeds. The BRT was bred solely by the state owned Red Star Kennel in Moscow until 1957 when some puppies were sold to civilian breeders.

Coat: The coat is a long double coat with a coarse outer guard hair over a softer undercoat. The coat is hard and dense, never soft, silky or frizzy. Black Russians should have a tousled coat. It should be trimmed to between 5 and 15 cm in length. It should form a beard and eyebrows on the face, and a slight mane around the withers and neck that is more pronounced in males. The coat is low-shedding. They need regular and frequent brushing to prevent matting.

Colours: The only acceptable colour is black or black with some scattered gray hairs.

Temperament: The Black Russian Terrier is a calm, confident, courageous and self-assured dog. They are highly intelligent and adapt well to training. Early socialization with people and other animals is important. BRT’s love children and will guard those in their circle. They’re house dogs and need to feel like part of the family, they are not suited to life in the backyard. They are alert and responsive, instinctively protective and deeply loyal to the family. They do not like intrusion by strangers into their personal space. BRT’s are people-oriented and want to be close to the action at all times.

Activity: The Black Russian Terrier enjoys walks and rigorous exercise. They like to have a job to do. BRT’s can be very active outside the house, but calm inside. They enjoy a good romp in the snow and withstand very cold days outside. Activity should be limited in hot weather.

Diet: Any premium quality kibble with meat. They tend to eat slowly and not overeat.

Crate Training: Crate training at a young age will help the BRT accept confinement if they ever need to be boarded or hospitalized however since they are people-oriented dogs they aren’t meant to spend their lives alone or in a crate.

Training & Obedience: The Black Russian Terrier, because of its breeding as a working dog, has a very strong work ethic. Early training is a must and they are very responsive to firm, consistent training excelling at Obedience and Rally competitions. They also perform well in other dog sports such as Agility, Schutzhund and Tracking. Daily care: The Black Russian Terrier is a generally healthy and somewhat long-lived dog (lifespan of 9–14 years). As with any large breed, hip dysplasia is a concern. Breeding stock must be DNA tested to be clear of Hyperuricosuria (HU) and Juvenile laryngeal paralysis and polyneuropathy (JLPP).

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Standard Poodle

History The largest variety of Poodles, the Standard Poodle is over 15 “ in height at the shoulder. The name Poodle comes from the old german word “ pudelin”, which means to paddle. Some claim the poodle originated in France, others claim it is German in its ancestry. The coat was shaved into a functional “Historic” Continental clip to protect vital organs, provide buoyancy and help the dog to paddle through the water and turn. The Continental trim is commonly seen in show dogs as it is one of three accepted trims for Poodles in the Conformation ring.

Size Males on average 22-24 inches and weigh about 50-65 lbs Females on average 20-22 inches weigh 40-50 lbs There can be significant variation in size/ weight as standard poodles can range from 15” to over 26”

Coat and Colours These excellent retrievers have thick waterproof double coats and webbed feet to help retrieve waterfowl. Poodles come in a variety of solid colours and combination coat colours, such as black and white or other non solid coat colours. Poodles are often called hypo allergenic dogs. Strictly speaking no dog is truly hypo allergenic; all dogs have dander which is the protein responsible for allergic reactions. Poodles like some other breeds shed much less dander than their other doggie cousins so allergic individuals may tolerate a poodle in their lives.

Temperament and Trainability Poodles are highly intelligent, easily trainable dogs who are good-natured, adaptable and loving. The intelligent Poodle will have its owners trained in no time! Poodles are wonderful companion dogs who are good with children, other dogs and cats. Crate training is recommended for young puppies, as is a basic obedience class. Poodles excel at obedience, agility and retrieving; there are poodle representatives in most dog sports as well as service/therapy dogs. They make great travel and activity buddies, a truly versatile breed that adapts easily to whatever life brings.

Energy and Exercise Like humans, some poodles are more energetic than others and will benefit from more exercise. Most standard poodles need regular daily exercise; a walk or run, a good game of fetch with their human will do. Poodles are “house dogs” who are happiest in the midst of their families. Standard poodles are NOT suitable or happy as ‘ outdoor, back yard or garage dogs”. They like nothing better than an evening spent, snuggled beside you on the couch if they can.

Grooming Poodles do not shed their hair, the coat grows continuously so they DO require regular brushing and trips to the groomer. The coat should be thoroughly brushed weekly to keep it free from mats and tangles. Regular baths, clipping and coat trimming is done every 4-7 weeks. Trimming toenails and cleaning ears are important regular grooming tasks in this breed. You can also learn to groom your own poodle; books and online resources are available for learning.

Feeding Poodles do best on raw/ homemade dog food or high-quality kibble from a variety of protein sources.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Miniature Schnauzer

GENERAL APPEARANCE: The Miniature Schnauzer is a robust, active dog of terrier type, resembling his larger cousin, the Standard Schnauzer, in general appearance, and of alert, active disposition. He is sturdily built, nearly square in proportion of body length to height, with plenty of bone, and without any suggestion of toyishness. Originally bred as a dual purpose dog, keeping the barn and farm yard clear of vermin and warning of intruders during the day and being a cozy up companion with the family at night. Miniature Schnauzers are a safe choice for people or families with allergies. They are non-shedding and considered hypo-allergenic.

TEMPERAMENT: The typical Miniature Schnauzer is alert and spirited, yet obedient to command. He is friendly, intelligent and willing to please. He should never be over-aggressive or timid. They are easy to train and eager to learn. Miniature Schnauzers excel in canine sports and make great agility and rally dogs, they love flyball and, of course, are among the best at Barn Hunt. Their most amazing skill is being a best friend to a human. If they are raised with children they will be devoted to them and will put their lives on the line for them. Loyal to the end.

SIZE: From 12-14 inches or 30-36 cm. Anything under or anything over is considered a serious fault.

COLOUR: The recognized colours are salt and pepper, black and silver, and solid black. The typical colour is salt and pepper in shades of grey; tan shading is permissible. The salt and pepper mixture fades out to light grey or silver white in the eyebrows, whiskers cheeks, under throat, across chest, under tail, leg furnishings, under body, and inside legs. The light underbody hair is not to rise higher on the sides of the body than the front elbows. The black and silvers follow the same pattern as the salt and peppers. The entire salt and pepper section must be black. Black is the only solid colour allowed. It must be a true black with no grey hairs and no brown tinge except where the whiskers may have become discoloured. A small white spot on the chest is permitted, not to exceed one inch in diameter. Any other colours would most certainly be a result of cross-breeding with a different breed. Nose must be black.

GROOMING: The Miniature Schnauzer requires regular maintenance and should be combed thoroughly 1 or 2 times a week and should have a full professional grooming every 8-10 weeks to keep him looking his best.

GENERAL: The Miniature Schnauzer loves to eat and are known for their gluttony. It is very important to keep them on a simple, low protein/low fat diet and a good quality kibble is best. Human food is discouraged. A great dog to curl up and watch TV with they are also always up for a walk, hike or run or some fun on the agility course. They should be on a leash or contained in a fenced area as if they see a squirrel or something fun & interesting they will be off to investigate.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Hoodies across Canada

December 9th, 2019 by

Really pleased with the most recent hoodie campaign. These hoodie/sweaters are being distributed across Canada and parts of the US. Thank you to everyone for your order. I am working hard to get these in the mail to you in the next couple of days. Wear them with pride in support of purebred dogs everywhere.

Coton de Tulear

History: The Coton de Tulear is a rare ancient purebred that originated on the island of Madagascar more than three centuries ago. The breed was developed in France, arrived in North America in the mid 1970’s with its popularity growing significantly in the 1990’s.

General Description: The Coton is a small, longhaired companion dog with a white cotton-textured coat, with round, dark eyes and a lively, intelligent expression. They are a sturdy, hardy dog with good muscle. They are happy on the sofa with their owners as well as spending active time outside.

Size: Males average between 9-14 pounds (4-6 kg), females between 7.5-11 pounds (3.5-5 kg). Ideal height for males is 9-11.5” (24-29 cm), females 8-10” (21-26 cm).

Colour: The general appearance of the Coton is white. A few slight shadings of light grey or beige may be found on the ears. Some Coton puppies may be born with black or brown spots. These spots should fade to white or nearly white by the time the Coton is a year old due to a “fading gene” in its DNA.

Coat care: Cotons are non-shedding and require extensive coat care. They may be trimmed short or left long, but in all cases require frequent brushing, combing, and bathing to remove tangles which develop at the base of the hair shaft. Throughout the adult life of the Coton, they will require approximately 2-3 hours dedicated to grooming each week. If using a professional groomer, owners will still need to do grooming between appointments to avoid severe matting.

Temperament: Of a happy temperament, stable, very sociable with humans and with other dogs; it adapts perfectly to all ways of life. The Coton typically gets a long well with humans of any age and other animals. Care should be taken when placing a Coton in a home with young children since Cotons, being a small dog, are susceptible to injury if mistreated.

Feeding: Cotons can thrive on good quality kibble.

Exercise Requirements: Cotons love to be active inside and outside. Many owners will talk about their dogs doing “zoomies” around the house every day. A couple of walks a day will be enjoyed by this breed. They are suitable for apartment living. Being a companion breed, they thrive on being with their family and are not always well adjusted to being on their own for extended periods of time.

Trainability: Cotons love to please their owners and respond well to positive reinforcement including praise and treats.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


Overview: Papillons are small, friendly elegant toy dog of fine-boned structure, light, dainty and of lively action. They are distinguished by their butterfly wing-like ears. Papillon meaning butterfly in French. The drop-eared variety are Phalenes, or moth in French.

Temperament: Happy, alert, energetic and very friendly. Not aggressive towards people or dogs.

Size: 8-11 inches at the shoulder. Slightly longer in body than tall.

Coat: Abundant, long silky single coated of white with coloured patches. There is no importance to where colour patches are located. However, colour around both eyes and on ears is required for conformation. A white blaze and nose band are preferred over a solidly marked head. Papillons come in a variety of colours: white and black, tri coloured (black, white with brown accents), red sable, red, and yellow.

Activity: Papillons may be a toy breed but do require a fair bit of exercise. They are not content to just sleep on a pillow without playing, going on walks and/or retrieving a ball first.

Training: Papillons are very trainable but one must take their time to do it. Papillons have a willing to please but do not like to repeat the same exercise multiples times. A recall is a must from the very beginning. Papillons excel at agility, obedience, tracking, lure coursing, barn hunts and flyball.

House training: Papillons are easily house trained but owners must be consistent in their training. Papillons can be easily litter box trained for inclement weather conditions.

Crate training: A must for travelling safely in the car and for times you can’t watch them.

Diet: Papillons do well on a high-quality kibble, raw or home cooked diets. You will want to make sure they have things to chew on to assist in the removal of plaque and tartar on their teeth. If not, then manually brushing their teeth 3-4 times a week is a must.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Boston Terrier

Origin: Probably the first originator of the breed came from England and was a cross between the bulldog and now extinct white English terrier. This dog was imported to Boston in the US and after several years and breeding to correct type to develop the current look, the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1893. Because of its kind and gentle disposition, this breed is often referred to as the American gentleman. It is a native of the United States.

General Appearance: Small breed, lively, smooth coated and compactly built, short back, strongly made but must never be too stocky nor too lean and racy. Tail is short, carried rather low, head is blocky with a short muzzle and teeth even or slightly undershot. (Lower teeth protrude slightly in front of top teeth). Eyes are large and round and dark in colour. Ears are carried erect, and can be cropped to an elegant point or remain in a natural state, that of a rounded ‘bat’ ear.

Weight: Must not exceed 25 pounds

Coat: Short, fine, smooth and shiny with characteristic ‘tuxedo’  markings

Colour: may be black, seal, black brindle or brindle. All colours must have white markings with most ideal being white band on face, blaze between eyes, white on fore chest, white collar, white front legs and white toes on rear feet.

Temperament: intelligent and sweet, excels as a family companion. Good with children and other pets. Any rodents are fair game. Generally does not bark excessively.

Activity: Lively and active but also sensible. Good for short brisk walks, but not for biking. Muzzle and head are short so care must be taken in hot weather. Can excel in all sorts of performance areas such as obedience, rally etc.

Crate training: yes, a must.

Diet: feed a good quality food, twice daily. Observe weight closely and avoid switching foods. Must not become overweight. Generally are good eaters. Free feeding not recommended. Feed at same time each day. Water always available.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


Origin: Developed in Germany as a guard

General Appearance: Medium sized, strong and muscular, Sturdy in appearance, squarely built, solid legs and hard firm body. The boxer should always look strong and substantial, never racy. The head is unique, being square in appearance, powerful, with under jaw protruding further than top jaw. (undershot). Ears may be cropped to an attractive upstanding point or left in a natural drop eared state, lying close to the cheeks. Tail is typically docked short and carried upright.

Height: Males 22.5-25 inches, female 21- 23.5 inches

Weight: About 65-80 pounds, females less

Coat: short shiny and smooth, tight fitting

Colour: Only two colours are permitted, fawn and brindle. Fawn may be light tan to a deep stag red or mahogany colour. Brindle is a stripped coat. White markings on either colour are typical, but
are limited to lower legs, face, chest and belly region.

Temperament: Playful, animated, a fun loving dog and very animated. Can be a good family pet but strong and a bit wild as youngsters so needs training, discipline and boundaries. Typically, a brave and courageous breed, may be wary with strangers but responds well to affection. An intelligent breed, easily trained
when done properly. Might be belligerent towards other dogs. Activity an active, strong, breed requiring training from an early age. Suitable for walkers, joggers and hikers. Due to a relatively short nose, care should be taken to avoid excess physical activity during hot humid weather. Should be confined in a fenced yard with a suitable high fence as they can jump well.

Obedience: Training highly recommended from a fairly early age, consistent and fair methods are a must. Crate training absolutely recommended.

Diet: Any good quality kibble with protein and nutrients sufficient for an active companion.


Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Entelbucher Mountain Dog

Origin and Purpose: The smallest of the group of swiss mountain dogs, which include the Bernese Mountain Dog, and Greater Swiss Mountain Dog. Historically used in Switzerland to drive cattle up alpine mountain slopes to summer grazing then drive them down at end of season.

General Appearance:  Medium size, Must be strong and muscular, agile and quick. Tail docked or natural.  Body longer than height.

Height: Males 17-21 inches, females 16-20 inches.

Weight: Males 50-65 lbs, females 40-55 lbs

Coat: Tricoloured (black, tan and white) basic colour is black with tan points and white feet, must be double coated, top coat is harsh, tight and shiny.

Temperament: Lively and playful, intelligent and easy to train. Very active,  strong, and confident and protective of family and property. Good companion dog. Good dog for walkers and joggers. Good dog in a family.

Activity: Prefers to be busy and active. Intelligent herding dog. Might not be a good choice for sedentary individuals. Highly energetic and does not hunt.

Training: As well as being a herding dog he is also a guardian so early training and proper socialization is necessary. This breed can excel in obedience, and other athletic events. Crate training is encouraged.

Coat Care: Easy care, low maintenance, brush regularly, stays naturally clean, bathe when necessary.

Feeding: Use a quality food, raw or kibble, will do well on either and feed adults twice daily.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


Origin: A native breed of both Sweden and Finland, the Norbottenspets is a hunting dog-originated in Norbotten, Sweden and Lappland/Kainuuland, Finland. Documented as early as
17 century and shares ancestry with Finnish Spitz. It was imported to Canada in early 1990’s and recognized by Canadian Kennel Club in 1996. As pack hunters in their native countries, they could sight and scent anything, from birds to moose.

General Appearance: Medium sized spitz type, strong and agile, very alert and confident. Head is wedge shaped and ears are rectangular and erect. Body is short strong and muscular. Tail is carried loosely curled over back and the tip touches side of thigh.

Height: Males: 17.5 – 18 inches (45 cms) Females 16.6 -17 inches (42 cms)

Coat and Colour: Double coated, the outer hair is short and firm but soft, and under coat is dense and soft, easy to keep clean and groomed. Will ‘blow’ or shed the coat once per year. Can be any colour. The ideal is a white base coat with yellow or red/brown markings.

Temperament: Norbottenspets need to be properly socialized, they make great family dogs, good with children, and should never be aggressive. They need to be in the home in close contact with the
family. Will bark to alert and do bark when hunting.

Activity: Active dog, not sedentary, no exercise limitations, can walk jog or bike with the owner, and good in the water. They can actually climb a tree if they go after a squirrel. Very few health issues but reputable breeders test as a precaution. Norbottenspets enjoy a long life span of often 18 or more years being quite common.

Diet: any good quality kibble.

Training: Formal training recommended, they can be trained in obedience, agility, tracking and specialized training such as search and rescue, cadaver search and drug sniffing. A five foot fenced yard/enclosure will suffice but may they may try to dig out.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Canadian Eskimo Dog

Origin: The oldest Canadian indigenous breed of dog, the Canadian Eskimo Dog has a long and unique history of being interdependent with the Inuit people of the Arctic. As a primitive dog, it was primarily carnivorous, with a natural diet that consisted of seal, walrus, fish and caribou. For centuries, they were used as a draught, pack and hunting animal. The breed proved popular with Arctic explorers and earned a reputation as a sled dog that could pull the heaviest loads over the greatest distances on the least amount of food. As snowmobiles gained favour, the number of Eskimo Dogs declined dramatically.

Height: Male: 24-29 inches (61-73 cm) Female: 27-29 inches (68-73 cm)

Weight: Male: 66-88 pounds (30-40 kg)Female: 40-66 pounds (18-30 kg)

Coat: In winter, heavily coated. Hair is straight or erect, very thick undercoat . A mane-like growth of longer hair over the neck and shoulder will appear on male specimens. The breed ‘blows’ its coat usually in August or September. The coat is thick and dense with guard hairs being hard and stiff. This outer coat will vary from 3-6 inches (7-15 cm) in length. The undercoat is very dense to give excellent protection during the most extreme winter conditions.

Colours: No one color or color pattern dominates so all white with pigmented lips, eye rims and nose. Other colours on white include red, buff, cinnamon, grey, or black.patches on head or body. Solid red, buff, or cinnamon body with white legs or sable, black, or dark grey body with white markings.

Feeding: A high quality diet either kibble or raw food is acceptable. The breed does not do well on a starchy diet so can be prone to zinc deficiency.

Training & Obedience: They will listen to commands and obey its owner. Expect fewer repetitions when training this breed. Must begin training as a puppy as they are very strong with a tendency to pull. They learn quickly and love to please their owner. They can be trusted off leash when trained properly better than some of the
other arctic breeds.

Exercise: The breed need exercise, including a daily walk or jog, but should not be excessively exercised in warm weather.. need a large yard with a high fence, but may try to dig out.

Weather tolerance: They do not tolerate warm temperatures at all, must have shade, plenty of water or access to AC.

Temperament: The Canadian Eskimo Dog is not a dog for first time owner. They grow quickly and are strong even as puppies, training and socialization needs to be started very early with youngsters. They are a primitive breed that can be very protective. Raised with kids and other animals they will do well. They are hunters so have a high prey drive and can be unusually sharp.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


Origin: Developed in Germany in the 1960’s by first crossing a Chow and a wolfspitz and this was called a wolf-chow. Later a Samoyed was introduced and the breed was renamed Eurasier and was recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club in 1995.

General Appearance: Medium sized spitz type, with wedge shaped head, prick ears, medium bone and bushy tail carried over back.

Height: Male: 20-23″ Female: 18-22″

Weight: Male: 50-70lbs Female: 40-57lbs

Coat: The breed is heavily coated, with thick medium length hair, dense undercoat, and harsher top coat. Expect a heavy coat blow/shed at least once per year.

Colours: All colours and combinations of colours are acceptable but never pure white, liver, or with white patches. Nose and lips are black, as are foot pads.

Temperament: Excellent family companion. Calm and even tempered, and may be sensitive and reserved towards strangers. Prefer to have close contact with humans in a family/home setting. They do not do well alone in a kennel situation or confined space. Discipline and training must be kind and gentle, never harsh. Typically are not aggressive towards other dogs and rarely bark.

Training & Obedience: Crate is always a must with puppies. Eurasiers can do well in obedience and agility, but training methods are never to be loud and unkind.

Diet and Exercise: Eurasiers can do well with any good quality kibble, and they are typically good eaters. After 12 months, a once a day feeding will suffice. The Eurasier is a strong long lived dog with few health concerns. They enjoy walks and outdoor controlled exercise but always on a leash or confined. A good dog for joggers or walkers.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Australian Cattle Dog

Origin: Bred and born for mustering and moving stubborn cattle in the outback of Australia, the Australian Cattle Dog is a loyal, protective and hardworking dog. They possess great stamina and endurance.

Height: Male: 18-20″ Female: 17-19″

Weight: Male: 45-55lbs Female: 35-45lbs

Coat: Double coat – The outer coat is weather resistant, moderately short and straight with a medium texture. The undercoat is short and dense. Minimal grooming is required, but with the biannual
shed the coat should be given a good brushing. When showing the Australian Cattle Dog, they are presented in their natural state – no trimming of the whiskers or coat.

Colours: Blue (blue black & tan; blue & tan; blue speckled) or Red (red; red speckled) Solid markings are permissible on the head and tail, but solid markings on the body are not desirable. Blue dogs may have evenly distributed tanning on the head. Tanning colour is also carried midway up and across the fore chest, the front and rear legs and into the inside. Often you will see a “raccoon” tail on the cattle dog, which is basically a white tail with the base colours of the dog’s coat shown throughout. An interesting note is the Australian Cattle Dog is born white (except for any dark patches), they will start to change colour after a couple of weeks.

Feeding: The ACD does not have any special feeding requirements. It is always best to feed your cattle dog a good quality dog food, whether it’s home cooked, commercial kibble or raw, to ensure it is properly fuelled for its performance and health.

Training & Obedience: Cattle dogs are very intelligent and extremely intuitive. They learn quickly, but can also be stubborn. They require leadership from their owners. The cattle dog may test you to the limits, but are generally compliant once they given the right direction. They are happy having a job to do and want to please. Channeling their energy can be challenging at times, but generally they excel at herding, agility, flyball, tracking, dock diving and other high performance events. Consistent training is essential. Obedience classes and lots of socialization is highly recommended.

Housebreaking: An early start with consistent instruction. Direct your puppy to one door at first and leading them to the outside area where you want them use.

Crate training: Puppies can start off in a 200 sized crate but adults require a 300 sized, and large males would likely be more comfortable in a 400 sized crate.

Hot Days: Cattle dogs can work in some pretty tough weather conditions, but as all dogs you must ensure that they do not get dehydrated. Always have plenty of water on hand.

Red flags: Deafness: All cattle dogs should be evaluated prior breeding, and pups need to be tested before going to their new families. They can be deaf in one ear (unilateral) or both ears (bilateral). Dogs that hear in only one ear can lead a very normal life. Dogs deaf in both ears do require some special training by using visual aids (hand signals, light), vibration collars, etc.

© Tammy McGarry
© Lorrianne Norris
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Irish Wolfhound

Origin: The Irish Wolfhound, as its name suggests, was bred in Ireland to hunt wolves and the giant Irish Elk. They are known as “gentle giants” due to giant size and calm nature. They are best suited to a home with a large fenced yard for exercise, or at a minimum an owner who will take them out for regular walks.  Puppies should not be heavily exercised due to their rapid growth – nothing that forces them to keep going when they are tired. Their commanding appearance is sufficient to keep most strangers away but wolfhounds are for the most part sensible and discerning.

Height: Anywhere from 30” (small female) to 36” (large male)

Weight: 105lbs (small female) to 160lbs (large male)

Health Concerns:  As this is a short-lived breed, breeders should be chosen with care to ensure the maximum lifespan for your pet

Coat:  Wiry Coat – harsh medium length outer coat with undercoat, managed with weekly brushing.  Most have longer eyebrows and beards. For show purposes the Irish Wolfhound is hand-stripped like a terrier.

Colours:  Colours may be solid or brindled and go from a light cream, to wheaten, red, grey or black.  A minimal amount of white may be present on the toes or chest.

Feeding:  As puppies, Irish Wolfhounds can consume huge quantities of food during their growth phase, which slows down as they reach maturity.  Owners need to watch the diet to avoid foods containing soy which may contribute to bloat, and allow the dog to rest for a period after feeding.

Training & Obedience:  Wolfhounds want to please, and enjoy being with you.  They, for the most part are easily trained, but usually do not excel in the higher levels of training.

Housebreaking:  Start early and be firm. Crate training, or leashing the puppy to you so they can’t develop bad habits helps create good habits.

Crate training:  Small puppies can be comfortable in a 400 sized crate, adults require a 500 size at a minimum, and large males are most comfortable in a 700.

Hot Days: Dark dogs should have shade to get out of the sun, and most enjoy a kiddie pool to sit in. Because of their great size care should be taken to prevent heat stroke from excessive exercise on hot days.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Brittany Spaniel

Allyson Godfroid

Origin/General Description: The Brittany was named for the French Province of Brittany from which it originated. There are French Tapestries dating as early as the 16th and 17th centuries depicting scenes with dogs that closely resemble the Brittanys of today. The Brittany is a medium sized, leggy dog that can cover ground with agility. They are strong, vigorous, energetic and quick of movement. Brittanys are born tailless or have tails docked up to approximately 4 inches. The Brittany is not a heavy coated breed but carries just enough coat to protect it in the field. Brittanys are a pointing breed used primarily for hunting upland game birds. They are known for their keen noses and biddable disposition. There are more Dual Champion Brittanys (Show and Field) than all other sporting breeds combined.

Temperament: Brittanys are affectionate, energetic, intelligent and easy to train. They make wonderful companions for families that enjoy an active lifestyle. Brittanys are excellent with children and do well with other pets.

Height: Males and Females 17.5″ to 20.5″

Weight: 30 to 40 pounds

Colour: Orange and white or liver and white in clear or roan patterns. Tri colours are also permitted but not preferred. Black in the coat is a disqualification in the show ring.

Coat: The coat can be flat or wavy but never curly. They have some feathering, but too little is preferable to too much. Brittanys should have a coat just thick enough to protect them from scratches in the field. Excessive coat is undesirable. Brittanys do not shed heavily and are easy to groom.

Feeding: High quality kibble.

Activity level: This is an intelligent, high energy breed that can work all day. They require daily exercise as well as mental stimulation. Obedience classes are highly recommended. They can become anxious and/or destructive if they don’t get enough exercise. Most Brittanys are easily crate trained and do best crated when their owners are not home. Brittanys have softer temperaments than many sporting breeds and do not require harsh corrections.

Allyson Godfroid
Allyson Godfroid
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Alaskan Malamute

Gaylene Robertson

Origin & Purpose: The Alaskan Malamute, one of the oldest Arctic sled dogs, was named after the native Inuit tribe called Mahlemuts (now spelled Malamute) in the upper western regions of Alaska. These dogs were used primarily as draught animals to haul heavy sleds, to pack supplies, for hunting seals and in packs to track polar bears. They were better cared for than was usual for Arctic sled dogs, and this seemingly accounts for the breed’s affectionate disposition.

General Appearance: The Alaskan Malamute is a large, powerful and substantially built dog with a deep chest and strong, well-muscled body. The Malamute stands well over the pads, and this stance gives the appearance of much activity and a proud carriage, with head erect and eyes alert showing interest and curiosity.

Coat: Their double coats are thick and course, enabling them to withstand severely cold temperatures. The oily, water repellent texture needs little maintenance except when shedding, when the undercoat must be removed to promote healthy skin. Malamutes can tolerate most climates, though extra care is necessary to keep them comfortable in hot weather.

Colour: Malamutes are of various colors, the usual colors range from light gray through intermediate shadings to black, sable and shadings of sable to red. Color combinations are acceptable in undercoats, points, and trimmings. The only solid color allowable is all white. White is always the predominant color on underbody, parts of legs, feet, and part of face markings. Face markings are a distinguishing feature.

Size: There is a natural range in size in the breed. The desirable freighting sizes are males, 25 inches at the shoulders, 85 pounds; females 23 inches at the shoulders, 75 pounds.

Temperament: The Alaskan Malamute is an affectionate, friendly dog, not a “one man” dog. He is a loyal, devoted companion, playful in invitation, but generally impressive by his dignity after maturity. Malamutes are self-confident, strong-willed, independent thinkers, intelligent and affectionate friendly dogs, unsuitable for guard work, although their size and appearance alone will usually discourage intruders. They are happiest as outdoor dogs, given sufficient companionship, but many thrive as house pets. Malamutes are patient with children, but like all large dogs, should be supervised during play. For athletic people, Malamutes are ideal.

Training: The Malamute is a large pack oriented animal with the natural instinct to lead or be lead; therefore training and obedience lessons must begin at a very early age. This breed cannot be allowed to grow up lacking controlled socialization with humans and animals as they can become dominating over people they don’t respect and quite aggressive with other dogs of their same gender. They respond best to fair, balanced training that focuses on praise and reward, and tend to resent harsh or unfair corrections.

Crate Training: Malamutes take to crate training easily with positive associations, such as being fed or getting their toys in the crate. It is a must to crate train this breed to prevent them from getting into trouble or learning bad habits that will be more difficult to correct later on in life.

Feeding: Alaskan Malamutes can thrive on a variety of diets from raw to high quality kibble. They are a very ‘fuel efficient’ breed and do not require the large amounts of food normally provided to a dog of this size so portion control is important.

Gaylene Robertson
Gaylene Robertson
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


Origin and Purpose: The Borzoi was originally bred for the coursing of hare, fox and wolves on more or less open terrain, relying on sight rather than scent. To accomplish this purpose, the Borzoi must be courageous, powerful, and capable of great speed. Special emphasis is placed on sound running structure, strong neck and jaws, keenness to game, and agility combined with proper condition.

Size: Males 28-32″ (71-81 cm), and females 27-30″(68-76 cm)

Coat: Silky in texture, never harsh, wiry or coarse. Coat may be flat, wavy or rather curly. Short and smooth on head and ears as well as on forelegs and hind legs below the hock. Much longer on body with heavy feathering on backs of forelegs, hindquarters, tail, and chest. On the neck, the frill is profuse and rather curly. The borzoi does shed profusely twice a year and requires weekly grooming.

Colour: Any colour or combination of colours is allowed.

Temperament: The borzoi is typically reserved, faithful and affectionate. This is not a dog to look at if you want a guard dog although they will protect their people. They are not barkers but they will jump fences and will roam over large areas if not always on leash or confined to their yards. As hunting hounds their instinct is to chase and kill smaller animals so early socialization with other animals is vital. They do well in obedience and agility and all borzoi should have some obedience training.

Crate training: Recommended.

Caroline Thibodeau
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Bearded Collie

Origin: One of the oldest of the British herding breeds, the Bearded Collie has for centuries been the Scottish hill shepherd’s dog, used to hunt and gather free-ranging sheep on the Highlands. The breed was also popular as a cattle drover. Both jobs required a hardy constitution and intelligence, initiative, strength, stamina, and speed

Height: Males 21-22″ (53-56 cm); females 20-21″ (51-53 cm).

Coat: The coat is double, with the undercoat soft, furry and close. The outer coat should be flat, harsh and strong, and shaggy. The Beardie coat should be maintained with regular brushings at least once a week to avoid matting. From the cheeks, the lower lips and under the chin, the coat increases in length towards the chest, forming the typical beard.

Colour: Beardies can be black (grey as adults) brown, blue or fawn with or without white markings. All puppies are born dark and go through several changes of colour.

Temperament: The Bearded Collie is alert and self-confident, lively and active. The temperament should be that of a steady, intelligent working dog and must show no signs of nervousness or aggression. The Beardie is a strong, determined dog and needs exercise and training if it is to be a pleasant companion.

Crate Training: Recommended.

Caroline Thibodeau
Caroline Thibodeau
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Norfolk Terrier

Sarah Paquette

Origin: The Norfolk may be one of the smallest working Terrier, but do not let their size fool you. They are known as the “perfect demon” in the field because of the feisty hunting abilities. The Norfolk is active, hardy, and intelligent. They make great companions for active families.

Height: Norfolk are generally 10 inches at the shoulder.

Weight: Generally between 11 to 15 pounds.

Coat & Colour: They have a wiry coat. The colours of Norfolk consist of Honey, Red, Black and Tan, and grizzle. Norfolk should be brushed weekly and professionally groomed every 2-3 months. Puppies should make their first visit to the groomer by 3 months of age.

Training: Norfolk Terrier are very intelligent. The most important thing in training is be consistent. If the puppy wakes from a nap the first thing is to put them outside to go potty. Crate training is also recommended. Puppy socialization classes with your local Kennel Club are also a great stepping stone for a well-balanced happy companion.

Sarah Paquette
Sarah Paquette
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


Michelle Chisholm

Origin: The Chinese Shar-Pei originated during the Han Dynasty (202 BC-220 AD) in the village of Dah-Let near the South China Sea. These dogs were all purpose working dogs to guard the family, farms and temples. Even though the Shar-Pei was once known as one of the world’s rarest breeds of dogs in the 1970s, it is now through careful breeding that they are not so rare. The Shar-Pei or “Wrinkle Dog” are covered with wrinkles as puppies but can tend to grow out of these wrinkles as adult Shar-Pei the wrinkling is confined mainly to the forehead and withers.

Height: The height is 18 to 20 inches (45-50 cm) at the withers.

Weight: The weight is 40 to 60 pounds (18-27 kg).

Temperament: Known to be standoffish and aloof, this is not always true of today’s Shar-Pei. They make excellent and loyal family pets. Early and frequent socialization is a must for these dogs if they are to remain confident and happy outside the home with other people/children and dogs. The breed is a natural guard dog and will bark to alert the presence of visitors.

Colour: Any solid color is acceptable. Face may or may not have a mask. Pigmented dogs range in color from black , red fawn to cream.

Coat: The name “Shar-Pei” means “sand-skin”, but translates more loosely as “rough, sandy coat” or “sandpaper-like coat” and refers to two distinctive qualities of the Shar-Pei coat, off standing and harsh. There are 3 coat types: 2 correct coat types that must be under one inch in length – the Horse Coat – the shortest and harshest of the 3, the Brush Coat that is slightly longer and less harsh than the Horse Coat but still under one inch and the Bear Coat. The Bear Coat is a coat that is usually softer and longer than one inch in length it is a major fault. No coat is considered rare. The Shar-Pei tends to shed seasonal and needs minimal grooming.

Feeding: Any quality dog food and treats that is not too high in protein.

House Breaking: These dogs are innately clean and are very clean in their environment and train easily.

Crate Training: Crate training is advised.

Training & Obedience: They are very bright and learn quickly but can get bored with routine training. An intelligent and often stubborn breed, Shar-Pei ownership needs careful consideration. Early training and socialization are important to help this breed develop into a well rounded member of the family.

Exercise: The Shar-Pei is not a hyper breed and are more of a laid back dog that can do well in apartment living or in a home with a fenced yard. Shar-Pei need to be monitored when exercising to prevent overheating in extreme temperatures. They also have an intolerance to cold weather extremes. Shar-Pei should not be left in the sun for long periods of time as they can get over heated easily.

Michelle Chisholm
Michelle Chisholm
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


Brad Heard

Origin and Purpose: The breed originated in Newfoundland from dogs indigenous to the island, and the big black bear dogs introduced by the Vikings in 1001 A.D.  By the time colonization was permitted in 1610, the distinct physical characteristics and mental attributes had been established in the breed for all time. The large size, heavy coat and webbed feet permit him to withstand the rigours of the extreme climate and sea while serving both as lifeguard and draught animal.

General Appearance: Massive, deep bodied, well muscled and coordinated, projecting dignity in stance and head carriage. The Newfoundland is free moving with a slight roll perceptible. Substantial webbing of the toes is always present.

Height: The average height for adult dogs is 28 inches at the shoulder, for adult bitches, 26 inches.

Weight: The average weight for adult dogs is 150 lb. for adult bitches, 120 lb.

Coat: The Newfoundland has a water resistant double coat. The outer coat is moderately long and straight with no curl. A slight wave is permissible.

Colour: The traditional colour is black. White markings on chest, toes and/or tip of tail are permissible. The Landseer Newfoundland is white with black markings, and is of historical significance to the breed.

Temperament: The Newfoundland’s expression is soft and reflects the character of the breed – benevolent, intelligent, dignified but capable of fun. He is known for his sterling gentleness and serenity.

Activity: The Newfoundland enjoys walks with the family, hiking and swimming. They can often be found pulling kids in carts at fairs. Puppies enjoy chasing a ball or toy during play periods but should never be pushed beyond their limits.

Diet: Any good quality kibble. Newfoundland puppies grow at approximately ten pounds per month.

Crate Training: Absolutely essential during puppy stage and continue for short periods for the dog’s life. With consistency, easily house broken. Adjust crate size as puppy grows.

Training & Obedience: Very easy to train and Puppy Classes are highly recommended. Can also be successful in Obedience, Draft Work and Water Rescue.

Brad Heard
Brad Heard
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


Donna Cullen

Origin: The country of origin is listed as France but the breed has strong roots in Germany and Belgium. Lowchen have been featured in art since the 1500’s And were popular throughout the Middle Ages.

General Description: The Lowchen is small, strongly built, intelligent, affectionate and lively combining all the qualities of a companion dog.

Temperament: The breed is active, inquisitive, and outgoing showing no signs of aggression or shyness with a natural affinity towards children.

Height: 10-13″. (25-33 cm)

Weight: 12-15 lbs. (5-8 kg)

Colour: Any colour or combination of colours permissible.

Coat: Fairly long, wavy, never curly, single coat of soft texture. The coat is clipped in the traditional Lion Clip for the show ring but may be trimmed in a puppy trim which would reduce the need for daily brushing of a long coat.

House Breaking: Easily trained with consistent and regular routine, crate training also a help with young puppies.

Feeding: Good quality kibble is recommended.

Activity Level: Although quite energetic, a lot of exercise is not required. Decidedly, they are indoor dogs, not for outdoor or kennel living as they are bred to be companions and live to be with their owners.

Donna Cullen
Donna Cullen
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


© The Harvey's

Origin: Developed by the nomadic Magyar Hunters of ancient Hungary and later cherished and bred by the Hungarian Lords and Aristocracy, the Vizsla was designed to be a tough all purpose hunting dog of both fur and feather. First used with Falcons, they are a close working pointer that is able to work for hours in the field then curl up with the family at night. The Vizsla of today is very similar to those found 100’s of years ago and can still put in a full day’s work. The Smooth Vizsla was developed first, later fanciers created a wirehaired variety to get a more rugged dog. They are registered as separate breeds.

Height: Females 21″, Males 23″ (Wirehair Females 22″, Males 24″)

Weight: Females 50-55lbs, Males 60-65lbs

Colour: Golden rust, but can range from a lighter reddish gold to a darker golden red. The nose, eye and toenail colour must match the coat colour. There may be variations of rust within the coat, with lighter areas on the neck and behind the shoulder, and darker hair along the back. White is allowed only in a small area on the forechest. The Wirehaired Vizsla is a lighter colour, often without the shade variations.

Coat: The smooth Vizsla has a short, smooth, glossy coat. There is no undercoat. They are a medium shedding breed, with an increase in shedding in the spring and fall. The hair is course and almost waxy leaving very low odour. The Wirehaired Vizsla has a similar coat texture, however it is longer ( 1” to 1 ½”), and depending on the dog, they can have longer hair over the entire body, a broken coat or look more like a Smooth with a beard and bushy eyebrows.

Grooming: Grooming is minimal, bath only when necessary to avoid drying out the skin.The Wirehaired Vizsla may need hand stripping to keep the coat manageable.

Food: Good quality kibble or balanced raw diet. They can be picky about food sometimes and are not big eaters. 2 cups a day for an adult is average.

Training: Puppy classes are essential. This is a very smart breed and they learn quickly if trained properly.

House training: Consistency is key, they can learn quickly to go outdoors to relieve themselves.Crate training helps to keep the dog confined at night. Crates should also be used during travel, or when the pup cannot be watched to keep it out of trouble.

Exercise: At least an hour of off-leash exercise a day for adults, the more the better, you cannot tire this breed out. They make terrific running and cycling partners once grown as they have incredible endurance. With proper training as a puppy they are reliable off leash and want to stay close to their family. They can become destructive if bored, it is best when given a job and plenty of exercise.

Temperament: This is an extremely affectionate, even tempered breed that can be quite needy at times. They want to be with their family so should never be kept strictly outdoors, this is a breed that excels in homes where someone is home most of the day. They are highly trainable and make great family dogs, they are good with cats and other dogs, but due to a high prey drive should not be left alone with small animals and birds. Vizslas love everyone and are constantly happy. Although they are good with children, their active and happy nature can cause them to knock small children down.

© The Harvey's
© The Harvey's
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


© Bronwyn MacDonald

History: The Weimaraner (WY-mah-rah-ner) is known to be of a very old breed type with early evidence dating back to the 13th century art and literature. The breed was standardized to its modern form at the court of the Grand Duke of Weimar in Germany from where it got its name. The 1800’s saw the Weimaraner developed into one of the prized continental hunting breeds that excelled in various types of game and hunting traits including tracking, searching, pointing, retrieving and indicating the location of downed large game. The Weimaraner is known as the Grey Ghost because of the distinctive color of its short, sleek coat. Bred for speed, good scenting ability, courage and intelligence, they remain excellent game hunters and active participants in many other dog sports.

Height: Males: 25-27″; Females: 23-25″ (+ or – one inch in height allowed, but not preferred).

Weight: Males: approximately 70-95 lbs; Females: approximately 50-75 lbs


  • Short hair- Short, smooth and sleek coat (single coated). Short hairs are generally docked, with tail to be approximately 6 inches at maturity (done at 3-5 days of age).
  • Long hair – Top coat is flat and smooth or slightly wavy. Length on flanks 1 – 2 in. (3 – 5 cm), slightly longer under neck and on forechest, belly, ears and tail. Moderate feathering on legs, chest and underside. Long hairs are undocked.

Colour: In shades of mouse-grey to silver-grey, usually blending to a lighter shade on the head and ears.

Skin and Coat Care:

Short Hair: Extremely low-maintenance for grooming and coat care. They do still shed (year round) but usually the heavier shedding (blowing coat) occurs twice a year (Spring and Fall).

Long Hair: Occasional bathing as required. Weekly brushing is recommended, but very minimal on time required. They may or may not have an undercoat. Shedding is similar to a short-hair.

Food: Good quality kibble with average to low protein and fat (especially important not to provide high protein to puppies). They do well on raw or home-cooked diets as well.

Housebreaking: Be very consistent, and remember that a crate is your friend.

Crate Training: Essential for this breed. They can be prone to separation anxiety and it is imperative that you teach them to be alone from the start. It is also important to know that the crate is a safe place to keep them when you are not able to supervise (being a hunting/retrieving breed, they like to put things in their mouths).

Basic Obedience: Early training essential for socialization…must be gentle methods. This breed can excel in obedience, rally, agility, hunting, retrieving, dock diving, lure coursing, tracking and other dog sports. This is a very versatile breed that can be great at pretty much any activity their owner wants to train them for.

Exercise: Daily walks, or running and playing. Fenced areas (or areas that are easily controlled) are preferable, as they are a hunting breed and can get side-tracked by their nose. They are also happy cuddling on the couch. A tired Weim is a good Weim!

Temperament: The breed has a friendly, fearless, alert and obedient temperament. They are generally extremely attached to their humans. They do alert bark, but do not tend to bark unnecessarily. They can be sensitive.  They are incredibly smart, and you will have to ensure you stay ahead of them in training, so they don’t become the ruler of the home. Setting clear rules and boundaries that you can live with is essential for a happy life with a Weimaraner.

© Bronwyn MacDonald
© Bronwyn MacDonald
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


© Candice Tinlin

Origin: Beagles are scent hounds, developed primarily for tracking hare, rabbit, and other small game.

Temperament: Beagles are a happy go lucky dog. They are a big dog in a little dogs body, getting along with dogs of all sizes (with correct socialization). Being gentle by nature Beagles make perfect family dogs, especially in homes with children.

Height: Coming in two different heights, Under 13” and Over 13” but not exceeding 15”. To be a show or field specimen a beagle MUST NOT exceed 15” as this is a disqualifying factor. In Canadian shows they are all recognized as one size, where as in the USA, they are separated into two varieties.

Weight: Depending on size, a healthy Beagle (on average) can weigh anywhere between 15-30 lbs.

Coat/Grooming: Don’t be fooled by the short hair, they do shed. Brushing weekly with a “hound mitt” or a rubber brush as well as regular baths, will help keep shedding to a minimum. The Beagle’s coarse coat is a bonus when they get muddy/dirty, as most of the dirt falls off as they dry.

Colour: Beagles come in any “true hound” colour. Examples include: Tri colour (black, tan and white), Red and White, Lemon and White, Blue tri colour, etc.

Feeding: Beagles are not a breed that can be “free fed”; their meals need to be closely monitored as most Beagles will eat far more than they need. Good quality kibble or a Raw diet is recommended.

Exercise: Daily exercise is needed with this breed as they have a moderately high energy level. With proper training, some Beagles can be exercised off leash. Having the natural instinct to put their nose to the ground and follow a scent, it is very easy for a beagle to follow its nose until it is lost. It is recommended that beagles are leashed while on walks, runs etc. A fenced yard is mandatory from most breeders.

Training: Easily trainable with patience. Beagles are known to do very well in obedience, rally and agility with their eager to please personalities. Their use as detection dogs is rapidly  increasing due to their keen sense of smell.

© Candice Tinlin
© Candice Tinlin
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


© Shetara

Origin/history: The breed originates from England and were bred to hunt rabbits. Whippets were put in bed with the children to keep the children warm too. The Whippet has been referred to as the “poor man’s race horse”. Whippets have been recorded at speeds over 35 miles per hour!

General Appearance: Whippets are a medium sized dog, very alert, that can cover a maximum distance with a minimum loss of motion. A true sporting hound.

Height: Males: 19-22″ (48-56 cm) Females: 18-21″ (46-53 cm)

Coat: Whippets have a short flat coat. Whippets keep themself clean often licking themself just like a cat.

Colour: Whippets come in all colours.

Temperament: Amiable, friendly, gentle, but capable of great intensity during sporting pursuits. Whippet owners will tell you that they are very sensitive to you. Recently Whippets made the top ten list of most snuggly dogs! Whippet owners believe they are number one.

Activity: Whippets do excel at lure coursing since it is a sport that most closely resembles what they are bred to do. Instead of chasing rabbits they are chasing white plastic bags tired to a string that’s laid out in a course. Whippets can do anything though like agility, obedience, fly ball, dock diving, frisbee and the conformation show ring.

Diet: No issues normally.

Crate training: Whippets do very well with crate training. The breed can suffer from separation anxiety when left alone especially when they are young. Young Whippets get bored without plenty of exercise and can get into trouble being left alone in the house.

Training/house breaking: Whippets are a hound so training can be a challenge. Whippets are very trainable but do best with an experienced owner that’s ready to out think the cleverness of the Whippet. They can also be very stubborn.

Daily Care: The occasional bath and trim their nails regularly.
Exercise is essential for raising a Whippet. A large fenced in area is very important so they can run!

© Shetara
© Shetara
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


Origin: Japan. Developed as a hunting dog in the rugged mountain region of northern Japan. May have a history dating back thousands of years with ties to ancient primitive breeds of China, Korea, and various other Asian countries.

General Appearance: large and powerful, much substance and heavy bone. Broad head is a blunt triangle. Small triangular eyes. Small erect triangular ears, with slightly rounded tips are slanted forward in a line with the back of neck. Large, heavily coated, curled tail over back with tip reaching down flank.

Height: Males are26-28″,  Females 24-26″

Coat: Double coated, thick undercoat with slightly harsher top coat. Does shed some at all times and one to times a year will blow coat completely.

Colour: Any colour including white , brindle or pinto ( splashes of colour)

Temperament: Independent, alert, aloof, courageous. Should not be shy. Might be intolerant of other dogs. Early authority by the owner is essential. Does not bark. Very loyal family dog.

Activity: Does not require miles of daily exercise. A daily walk is fine. Can jump, so adequate fencing is essential. Love to dig. Protect from extreme high temps in summer. Can tolerate cold winter weather well.

Diet: Any quality kibble is fine. Generally are hearty eaters. Should be fed twice daily.

Crate Training: Essential from puppy hood and encourage crate access throughout life of the dog.

Obedience Training: Strong willed dog, does not excel in performance events. A dedicated owner must have skills to match dominant personality.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


© Vicki Feirheller

Breed Characteristics: The Maltese is a small toy dog that is covered with a mantle of white, silky hair contrasted by dark eyes and a black nose. The Maltese is a very old breed, in fact, centuries old, whose sole purpose is to be a companion dog. They want to love and be loved. Because of their small size, they make great pets for people living in apartments and condos.

Temperament: Don’t be fooled by their calm nature. Maltese are outgoing, playful and highly intelligent, but are neither hyper nor “yappy”. They are content to snuggle on your lap, but are also not “wallflowers”.

Weight: The ideal is between 4-6 lbs. Be wary of the so-called “teacup” or micro-mini” Maltese puppies that are advertised. These are Maltese that supposedly will end up less than 3 lbs as adults. Maltese are not meant to be this tiny and as a result, will often have health problems.

Coat: Maltese have hair as opposed to fur, so don’t shed. However, whether kept in long hair or a cute puppy cut, brushing on a regular basis (often daily) is a must to keep the hair from tangling. As well as home brushing, a regular visit to a pet groomer is part of owning a Maltese. The hair grows continuously, so trimming/clipping of the coat needs to be done.

Colour: The coat is white with light “lemon” permissible, but not desirable. The Maltese comes in no other colour.

Feeding: As long as it is balanced nutritionally, it can be premium kibble, homemade or raw.

Training and Obedience: Maltese are very smart and when given a chance, will learn very quickly. Even though they are a toy dog, they should be well socialized and not coddled to the point of being overly spoiled. Maltese excel at obedience and agility.

Housebreaking: Maltese can be easily trained to use pee pads or to go outside. The key to any housetraining is consistency and not letting the new puppy have run of the house without supervision.

Exercise: Maltese don’t require a great deal of exercise, but some activity such as walks, a romp in the backyard or playing fetch should be done on a daily basis to keep the dog fit.

© Vicki Feirheller
© Vicki Feirheller
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Chesapeake Bay Retriever

© Veronica Mercer

History: Chesapeakes were originally bred on the eastern seaboard of the United States for the commercial duck hunting trade. They were bred to be rugged and hardy to endure the harsh elements while retrieving hundreds of birds per day during migration periods. They were bred to work with little direction from their handler – once they understood their job they went about it diligently and used their keen senses and good judgement to get the job done.

Height: Females 21-24″; Males 23-26″

Weight: Females 55-70lb; Males 65-80lb

Coat: Short, wavy, double-coat. Oily and water-resistant similar to a duck’s feathers.

Colour: All shades of brown from deadgrass (blonde) to deep brown (chocolate). Can be solid or varied. Can have white on toes, chest or feet. All colours work with the natural environment to camouflage the dog in hunting situations.

Shedding: Heavy shedding occurs once or twice per year.

Grooming: Bathe only when necessary with mild soap so as not to strip the oil from the coat.

Training: Consistent, firm, fair training is not optional. Early and continuous exposure to new environments, people and situations is needed. The Chesapeake is a highly intelligent dog that is prized for their ability to think for themselves. Training programs must be adapted to the dog and not the reverse.

Exercise: Moderate – younger dogs need more. Swimming is their favourite activity.

Temperament: Extremely loyal to their family often showing particular fondness for one member. Can be aloof with strangers. Protective of their people and property. There are more than a few well-documented cases of toddlers being rescued from drowning by these tenacious, faithful creatures.

© Veronica Mercer
© Veronica Mercer
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Collie (Rough & Smooth)

© Shirley Perry

Origin and Purpose: Both breeds of Collies originated in the British Isles. The Rough Collie was originally used as a herding dog, while the Smooth Collie was the drover’s dog. These dogs worked closely with the Shepherd, and their co-operative nature persists today, making the Collie very trainable.

Temperament: Collies are a loyal, affectionate intelligent breed. They are happy playful dogs, Because of their gentle, active nature they are considered an excellent family dog.

Height: Males are 24-26″, females 22-24″

Weight: Males 60-75lbs, females 50-65;bs


  • Rough – The well-fitting, proper textured coat is the crowning glory of the Rough variety of Collie. It is abundant except on the head and legs. The outer coat is straight and harsh to the touch. The undercoat, however, is soft, furry and so close together that it is difficult to see the skin when parted. Frequent brushing/combing to remove dead hair is usually enough to keep the coat in excellent condition.
  • Smooth – The coat is short, hard, dense and flat. The texture is strong, and the soft furry undercoat is abundant.

Feeding: The Collie is a hardy breed, they do well on most good quality foods. They should be feed regularly, in amounts to keep their weight in a normal range, to maintain good health.

Colour: There are five recognized colours; Sable and White, Tricolour, Blue Merle and White, Sable Merle and White, and White with a coloured head and ideally no more than 20% colour on the body. White markings are allowed on the neck, throat, chest, forelegs and feet, rear legs and feet, belly and tail tip. A blaze may appear on the fore face, skull or both.

Training: The Collie is an extremely intelligent breed that learns quickly, they do well in Obedience, agility, flyball, therapy, and scent detection work. Attending classes and giving the young collie lots of exercise will ward of boredom and keep them out of trouble.

Housebreaking: Collies are naturally clean and eager to please, making housing breaking comparatively easy.

Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

German Shorthaired Pointer

© Nancibeth Koutstaal

Origin: A medium sized bird-dog, originally bred to point upland birds and small game for the foot hunter. The GSP makes an excellent companion to the active family.

Height: Males are 23 to 25″. Females are 21 to 23″

Weight: Males weighing from 55-70lbs. Females weighing from 45-60lbs.

Coat: A GSP’s coat is short and thick and feels tough to the hand.

Colour: The coat may be solid liver or a combination of liver and white such as liver and white ticked, liver patched and white ticked, or liver roan.

Grooming: Nails require occasional trimming. Routine dental checkups will keep their teeth clean, and the occasional coat brushing. The GSP does not require much grooming.

Exercise: The shorthair is a very active breed, which requires either lengthy leash walks, or off-leash play in a safe, supervised area. They make great companions for runners, hikers, and bikers, but also enjoy their down-time as well.

Food: The GSP is a generally food motivated breed, which thrives on a quality diet.

Temperament: The Shorthair is friendly, intelligent, and willing to please.

Crate Training: Strongly recommended for safety, especially for travel in a vehicle.

Basic Obedience: Because of their active nature, desire to please their owners, and intelligence, the GSP makes an excellent sport dog, and excels in all venues of obedience and performance sports.

© Nancibeth Koutstaal
© Nancibeth Koutstaal
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Curly Coated Retriever

© Hil Culp

General Description:  The Curly-Coated Retriever is a multi-purpose Gun Dog developed in England, and is considered the oldest of the Retrieving breeds. The Curly’s signature is its coat of Curls. Curlies are extremely intelligent and loyal companions.

Temperament & Training: The Curly is a confident, friendly, proud and loyal dog, though may seem aloof with strangers. They are extremely intelligent, and are easily trained; however they do not respond to training methods involving much repetition. Curlies must be given a job to do, as their intelligence will lead them to mischief.

Height: Males 25″ to 27” Females 23-25”.

Weight: Depending on size and build, a Curly can weigh between 50 & 100 lbs.

Colour: The Curly comes in 2 colours, Black and Liver (Brown).

Coat & Grooming: The Curly’s trademark is it’s coat of curls that covers their body, with the skull, face and muzzle smooth, as well as the forelegs & the rear legs beginning at the hock. THEY DO SHED. Brushing or combing, especially when they are shedding is required, this will pull the curls loose, but they are easily brought back with water applied to the coat. Trimming is to the owner’s preference, many choose to neaten the hair on the tail & ears.

Feeding: A good quality kibble is sufficient, amount depending on the dog & it’s activity level. Commonly 4-5 cups a day

Activity level: Curlies are an active, highly intelligent dog. They require activity or a job or their minds will lead them to mischief. Some Curlies are content with a daily walk, others require more activity.

© Hil Culp
© Hil Culp
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Golden Retriever

© Shelly Blom

Origin: Developed by Dudley Marjoribanks, later Lord Tweedmouth, near Inverness, Scotland between 1850 and 1890. His goal was to create a medium sized retriever that would be an effective worker on both upland game and waterfowl. The Golden was first registered as a distinct breed by the Kennel Club (UK) in 1913. A variety of styles have developed over time from leaner, less heavily coated working field dogs, to the gorgeous conformation dogs of both the UK and American rings.

Temperament: Friendly, reliable, and trustworthy. Goldens should not display hostility or aggressiveness towards other dogs or people, nor undue timidity or nervousness. They are ideally alert, eager, and self-confident

Weight: males 65-75 lbs; females 60-70 lbs

Height: males 23 – 24″ in height at withers; females, 21-1/2 – 22-1/2″

Colour: Various rich lustrous shades of gold. Feathering may be lighter than the predominant body colour and older dogs may display whitening of the face.

Coat: Fur is dense and water repellent with a good undercoat. Routine brushing is recommended, and feet and ears may be trimmed for tidiness. Sheds throughout the year, and the double coat will undergo significant shedding twice a year at which time more frequent brushing will be needed

Training: Goldens are highly intelligent; thrives on fair training and tends to be a quick learner. Their high intelligence makes it vital that owners provide structured training or they make their own fun and set their own boundaries. Their stable temperament makes them a premier service dog. They excel in multiple dog sports and many are successfully trained to work in obedience, agility, tracking, and hunt work. Buyers seeking a dog to engage in a particular sport should try to find a breeder whose dogs have excelled in that area

Crate training: Goldens take to crate training easily with positive associations, such as being fed or getting their toys in the crate. It is recommended that young Goldens be crated when they cannot be supervised as their intelligence, inquisitiveness, and tendency to explore their world with their mouths can get them into trouble with inappropriate chewing

Obedience: The Golden is among the top obedience competitors; 6 of the top 10 obedience dogs in 2014 were Goldens. Goldens typically have high intelligence combined with a keen desire to please their owners, and are capable of learning complex tasks and behaviours. They respond best to fair, balanced training that focuses on teaching with praise, rewards (food and/or toys) and directive feedback, and can resent harsh or unfair corrections.

Exercise/Activity: As an active sporting breed, Goldens require significant exercise. Most are not satisfied with a simple walk around the block, but need to run and play and have some mental stimulation in order to be happy. They particularly enjoy games/activities involving retrieving and swimming. The breed should also have an “off-switch” and be able to settle quietly when at home

Feeding: Goldens can thrive on a variety of diets from raw to high quality kibbles. They tend to love food, so portion control to prevent excess weight gain is important

© Shelly Blom
© Shelly Blom
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Labrador Retriever

© Lola Nichol

Breed Characteristics: The breed is known for its love of retrieving and water, excellent nose, soft mouth, intelligence and biddable temperament. The versatility of the breed allows it to excel in a number of areas including hunting, Search & Rescue, Therapy & Service dogs, drug detection and family companions.

Height: Males 22.5″ to 24.5″,  females 21.5″ to 23.5″

Weight: Males 60 to 80 lbs, females 55 to 75 lbs

Colours: Black, Yellow (various shades allowed light cream to fox red) and Chocolate (light sedge to dark brown). A small white spot on the chest is allowed.

Skin and Coat Care: Labradors have a thick double coat and they will shed regularly throughout the seasons. Bathing is to a minimum unless the dog has rolled in something and is really smelly. Labradors have an oil in their coat that acts as a protective barrier when swimming. Be aware that over bathing your Labrador can cause skin issues.

Food: Good quality kibble with average protein and fat.

Housebreaking: Be consistent getting the puppy outside as soon as they wake up, have eaten or have played for awhile.

Crate Training: Recommended from puppyhood and for safe travel.

Training & Obedience: Early training essential for socialization and control they are a strong dog when full grown. This breed can excel in obedience, rally, agility, hunt tests, field trials, and other dog sports.

Exercise: Daily walks, or running and playing in a secured area. Labradors love to jump and dig and could escape from your yard.

© Lola Nichol
© Lola Nichol
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


© Bev Molloy

Origin: The Mastiff, also known as The Olde English Mastiff or English Mastiff, is one of the older breeds of dogs, with an extremely varied past. One of the earliest depictions of a Mastiff type dog can be seen on Assyrian bas-reliefs, dating as far back as 2200 B.C. Large/giant dogs developed in many parts of the world, and were prized for their strength, courage and size. These dogs were used for war, shepherding, guarding, hunting, bull and bear baiting and hauling.

Height: Males 30 – 34″, female  27.5 – 31″

Weight: Males 180-240lbs. Females 150-210lbs.

Colour: Fawn, apricot and brindle – all with black ears and mask.

Feeding and Diet: While growing they do eat quite a bit, but as they mature the amount levels out to the point that they do not eat much more than a mid-sized dog.

Grooming: Grooming is a snap with their short double coat. The only other grooming needs are nails, eyes and ears on a weekly basis to keep trim and clean.

Training & Obedience: Obedience is a must as they tend to have a stubborn streak. They use their size to their advantage. Try making a 100lb 6 mo old puppy do as you ask! So get started on obedience right away!

This breed is most often characterized as a couch potato, but they can be very active. It is advisable to wait for any strenuous activity until the bones have calcified, (minimum 18 months of age). And just like any athlete, they should be gradually built up to accommodate your lifestyle. They can most certainly pull weights and carts; go hiking; tracking, etc. Mastiffs can live quite comfortably on a large acreage or in a small apartment. What is important is that they are socialized, have contact with their family, and are exercised on a daily basis to keep them trim and healthy.

© Bev Molloy
© Bev Molloy
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Portuguese Water Dog

© Sara Szauerzopf

General description:  Medium sized working breed originating in Portugal.  They are loyal to their fishermen who they worked along side on the boats to retrieve messages from boat to boat and boat to shore. They worked underwater to detangle the fishing nets all around they were the fisherman’s assistants. The Portuguese Water Dog is robust and does well in homes where they can receive plenty of attention and exercise both mental and physical.

Temperament: The Portuguese Water Dog is a loyal, affectionate, energetic, intelligent family companion and watch dog and it thrives on and demands human attention. PWDs when raised and socialized properly, are excellent with children and can adapt well to living with other pets.  They should never be aggressive and not overly shy. They are loyal, affectionate and energetic.

Height: Males 19.5-22.5″ Females 16.5-20.5″

Weight: Males 42-60lb Females 35-50lbs

Colour:  Black or Brown, solid or with various amounts of white.

Coat:  The coat can be curly or wavy. The coat should be clipped in either of the two acceptable clips. In the Retriever Clip, the entire coat is scissored or clipped to a length of one inch in appearance except at the end of the tail, which is left long. In the Lion Clip, which is the traditional clip of Portugal, the hindquarters as well as the muzzle are clipped short, the end of the tail is left long and the coat on the head, neck, forequarters and chest is left long to resemble a lion’s mane.

Feeding: Good quality kibble.

Activity level: Robust and tireless, they can work all day in or out of the water. They should be kept busy both physically and mentally.  Obedience classes are a must. Highly trainable and intelligent.  Excellent swimmers who are ideal cottage companions. Daily doses of exercise are a must or the PWD will provide its own exuberant exercise indoors. Portuguese Water Dogs require an owner as active, involved and intelligent as they are or they will soon be running the household and getting into mischief.

© Chris Pollen
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

American Cocker Spaniel

© K Murray

The American Cocker Spaniel is the smallest member of the Sporting Group. He must be free and merry, sound, well balanced throughout, and in action show a keen inclination to work; equable in temperament with no suggestion of timidity

Temperament: The American Cocker Spaniel makes for a great family pet , they are excellent with children, when raised and socialized properly and they can adapt well to living with other pets.  The most important line in our breed standard, is “Above all they must be merry”, they should not be shy or aggressive.

Height: Males ideally 15”, but not to exceed 15 ½”  Females ideally 14”, but not to exceed 14 ½”

Weight: Males 25-28 lbs. Females 18-22 lbs

Colour:  American Cocker Spaniels come in many different colours, they can be Black, Black/tan, Blonde (from dark red to an almost silver colour), Chocolate, Chocolate/Tan, Black/White, Red/White, Tri, Chocolate/White, Chocolate Tri, Sable, Sable/white, Roan(with or without tan points).

Coat: Long silky coat, cool to the touch.

Feeding: High quality kibble diet or raw.  But watch to not over feed.

Activity level: They can fit and adapt into any lifestyle.  They enjoy playing, and make a great breed for an active family, they love agility and obedience.  They also love to curl up on the couch and get plenty of attention.

© Marlene Ness
© Marlene Ness
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Black and Tan Coonhound

© Holly Simpson

Origin: The breed was developed primarily for trailing and “treeing” (trapping) raccoon across difficult terrain. It is an endurance breed, capable of withstanding the rigors of winter and intense summer heat. They are methodical trackers who rely on their remarkable scenting abilities to track game across impressive distance. The Black and Tan Coonhound will use its distinctive voice to indicate its success in locating and cornering its quarry.

Height: 23 to 27 inches (58 to 69 cm)

Weight: 50 to 75 lbs (23 to 24 kg)

Coat: The coat is short, thick and shiny. It is a deep black in colour, with tan markings on the chest, legs and over the eyes (these markings are known as “pumpkin seeds”) and sides of the muzzle. Black and Tan Coonhounds have exceptionally long ears, which must be cleaned inside and out, and inspected regularly for injury. A regular short brushing will keep their lovely coat clean and shiny.

Feeding: They should be fed a diet of high quality commercial food, or a balanced raw or cooked homemade diet.

Activity Level: Running, hiking, tracking and hunting are all favourites of this breed. Black and Tan Coonhounds require at least one hour of rigorous exercise daily to properly stimulate their body and mind. When well exercised, they are content to rest with their human companions indoors and will gladly take up space on your couch or bed.

Temperament: The Black and Tan Coonhound is a loyal, affectionate and outgoing family companion. If properly socialized, they are patient with children, and live well with other dogs. Their big voices may pose a challenge for those living in an apartment or other high density setting. Because they were developed to follow their noses, they should be kept safe outdoors by use of an enclosure, heavy lead, and early and intense recall training.

Training: The Black and Tan Coonhound will benefit from early and consistent obedience training. They love to please and are happy to work for their people in the field, in obedience, and many performance sports. Crate training is recommended for young puppies to assist in house training and keeping your puppy safe from household hazards.

© Holly Simpson
© Holly Simpson
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

French Bulldog

© Pam McClintock

Origin: developed in France, with historical references to English toy bulldogs and French terriers. By the mid 1800’s it was a highly prized little dog by the French aristocracy and it  was considered very chic  to own one of these unique dogs. Valued only as a companion and a lapdog.

General appearance: rather shaped like a bulldog with low sturdy  legs, wide rib cage, broad shoulders, short tail,  and an unusual appearance whereby the rear portion of the body stands higher from the ground than the front. Large tall bat ears are a very distinctive feature.

Weight: must not exceed 28 pounds

Height: in good relation to the square short body shape.

Coat: smooth, short,  fine and shiny, single or double coated ( soft undercoat  under the top hair) Skin is soft and may be wrinkled over head and shoulders

Colour: brindle, fawn, white, brindle and white or pied ( patches of tan colour )

Temperament: happy, playful, active. Good  house dog and family dog. Loves to be with people and they are a very sociable pet. Guardedly good with other dogs,  and can co-exist in a small group but always under supervision.  Often have high prey drive and will chase small animals, squirrels, cats and birds.

Activity: cannot withstand very long walks and not a jogger/runners’  dog. Sensitive to extreme heat, so be careful  on warm summer days. They are quick and can run quite fast for short periods. Love sunny indoor spots and comfy beds.

Diet: any good quality kibble with adequate protein mixed with a bit of canned food. Rarely need supplements. Sometimes get finicky if schedule changes.

Crate training: recommended from early puppy hood. Supervise housebreaking,  can go outside regardless of weather. Dislike severely cold weather.

Training & Obedience: Intelligent breed but training should be consistent fair and gentle. Can compete in obedience and other related sports. Will retrieve.

© Pam McClintock
© Pam McClintock
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


© Paula Ballak

Origin: The Barbet is often cited as being one of the oldest of all French breeds when he was simply known as a Waterdog. He may be considered the ancestor of all breeds with long, wooly or curly hair. The Barbet is excellent at waterfowl work, retrieving and is undeterred and unaffected by icy conditions.

Height: Males are 22-25½ inches (58-65cm), females range from 20-24 inches (53-61 cm).

Coat: Long, woolly and curly, his profuse coat protects him from cold and damp. The coat forms a beard on the chin to which the breed owes its name.

Colours: Solid black, grey, brown, fawn, white or more or less peid (mostly white with coloured patches).  All shades of red-fawn and pale fawn are permitted, preferably the whole body should be the same shade.|

Grooming: Regular routine brushing is required for this breed. Their coat is constantly growing hair and so it needs to be cut/clipped regularly as well. Length of coat is up to its’ owner

Temperament: Even temperament, neither aggressive nor nervous, tractable. Very devoted to his master. Good mixer. Loves water.

© Paula Ballak
© Paula Ballak
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi

© Juliana du Pree

Temperament: Bold but kindly. Corgis are often described by the phrase “big dog in a small package” since they do tend to have a “big dog” outlook on life. Corgis are herding dogs, and were also bred as an “all-purpose farm dog”. They are very loving and loyal to their people, and, typical of many herding breeds, they can be protective and territorial. They are generally good with children if the children are good with them.

Height: 10-12″

Weight: Approximately 22-30 Pounds

Colour: Red & White, Sable & White, Red headed Tricolour, Black Headed Tricolour

Coat: Pembrokes are double coated and generally do two big sheds a year (when they change coats for the season) but they also tend to lose a little hair all year round.

Food: Hardy breed which does well on any good quality food, or raw diet. Weight needs to be closely monitored as they can easily become overweight causing a varsity of health problems.

Training: Extremely intelligent breed that learns quickly. They are very trainable, and some formal training is recommended, since they have a wonderful sense of humour which they will use on you if they become bored. Given adequate exercise, discipline and companionship they are very easy to live with.

Housebreaking: Start early and be firm. Crate training, or leashing the puppy to you so they can’t develop bad habits helps create good habits.

Crate training: Always recommended for housebreaking and safety during vehicle travel.

Exercise: Pembrokes require a minimum 15 minute walk at least three times each day with play time in between; Or at least 1 long walk daily with appropriate shorter trips outside for elimination.

© Juliana du Pree
© Juliana du Pree
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Great Pyrenees

© Sandra Dyment

Origin: Bred for centuries to guard sheep in the Pyrenees Mountains and Spain, they also guarded fortresses and were left alone days at a time. In Many countries, the breed is known as the Pyrenean Mountain Dog.

Temperament: In nature the Great Pyrenees is confident, gentle and affectionate. A calm dog with dignity, the Pyr has guarded families and flocks for centuries. Retaining the guarding instinct, the Pyr will protect loved ones, especially children. Pyr puppies need socializing as all puppies do, and can be counted on to be friendly and gentle.

Height: 27-32″ for males, 25-29″ for females

Weight: About 100lbs for males, 85lbs for females. Weight is in proportion to the overall size and structure.

Coat: The coat of the Pyr is mainly white, which can have grey or badger/tan markings. Surprisingly, their beautiful coat is very easy to maintain; dirt and mud, once dry, is easily brushed clean.

Feeding: The Great Pyrenees has an astonishingly low metabolism. They are not big eaters. They eat far less than other breeds of comparable size.

Training & Obedience: Puppy obedience classes are recommended. This is very important for early socialization. Leash training and using a buckle collar are a must for all pyr pups. A fenced yard is also required for the Great Pyrenees.

© Sandra Dyment
© Sandra Dyment
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Miniature Pinscher

© Meredith Riley

Temperament: Very curious and outgoing, can be cautious with strangers but are extremely loving and affection with their “person”.

Height: 10-12.5″

Weight: 6-10 Pounds

Colour: Red, Stag Red (red with black hairs interspersed throughout the coat), black & rust, chocolate & rust

Coat: Miniature Pinschers are smooth coated breeds that are considered low-shedding. They require very little in the way of coat & skin care, simply bath when dirty.

Feeding: MinPins do quite well on a grain-free, high quality kibble, as well as a raw diet. Omega oils or coconut oil can be added daily for a shiny, healthy coat.

Housebreaking: Consistency is the key, they can be trained to go outside or use potty pads, which is good for those that live in colder climates.

Crate Training: Recommended from puppyhood and for safe travel.

Training & Obedience: Early training is essential. Socialization is very important and should be started early. This is a very active and intelligent breed that can excel in agility, obedience, barn hunt and other dog sports.

Exercise: Daily walks, or running and playing in a fenced yard. This breed is not an off-leash breed unless in an enclosed area. They were originally bred as ratters so have a tendency to chase anything small that moves fast – mice, squirrels, birds, etc. They do very well with lots of mental and physical stimulation and can achieve this in a small setting, i.e., apartment or condo.

© Meredith Riley
© Meredith Riley
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Manchester Terrier – Toy & Standard

© Jennifer Legere

Temperament: With their family they are very affectionate and insist on being as close as possible, preferably touching them. Generally well-behaved with other dogs but not overly playful with new acquaintances. They can be reserved with strangers, although polite and observant.

Height: Toys are typically 11 – 12″, Standards are about 16 – 17″.

Weight: Toys are 12 pounds and under, Standards are 12 – 22 lbs.

Coat: Short, smooth, short, dense, light and glossy, not soft. Grooming of the coat is very simple and shed hairs, although minimal, look like tiny eyelashes. Having a predominately black body causes the Manchester to heat up quickly and extra care must be made in hot weather to ensure the dog doesn’t overheat. Cold weather is felt very keenly by this short-haired breed and may require the use of a coat.

Colour: Jet black with rich mahogany tan markings.

Training & Obedience: Beginning with the dog’s first day in the new home, treat training is good to help form a strong bond but eventually the terrier personality will offer a challenge. They learn very quickly, both wanted and unwanted behaviours. Manchesters have a definite sense of humour and owners should, too. This breed bonds very tightly to their families and will eagerly participate in training if it is fun, varied and fair. Socialization is a must with this breed to encourage tolerance to novel situations and places.

Housebreaking: With frequency, consistency and vigilance they are quick learners. During wet or cold weather, Manchesters are especially reluctant to go outside by themselves and may need to be brought outside on a leash.

Crate training: When introduced by the breeder at an early age, most Manchesters readily continue to accept a crate with warm, soft bedding. When the owner is away, some Manchesters resent crate time and will nuisance bark. Sometimes they are better off in a safe, enclosed room.

Exercise tolerance: Puppies are active in short bursts and require frequent rests. Care should be taken to avoid repetitive jumping or prolonged hard running before maturity. As adults, if well conditioned, can be a wonderful running/jogging/hiking partner with great endurance. Manchesters are always up for a game of frisbee, fetch or chase but are equally happy to share the couch and blanket with their family. The Standard variety requires somewhat more exercise than the Toy variety but both crave their owner’s presence and can adjust to varying activity levels.

© Jennifer Legere
© Jennifer Legere
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Border Collie

© Lana @ Kiltaire

General description: Medium sized herding dog from the UK, the border collie was developed to work sheep as well as other livestock, often at great distances to the shepherd who uses whistle and voice commands to direct one or more dogs and move the herd. As well as herding, border collies excel in a variety of dog sports and are known for their intelligence, drive and stamina.

Temperament: Border collies can make excellent pets for active households, however they do require proper socialization as a young puppy to be happy family members. They are the workaholics of the dog world and will often play fetch for hours with whoever is willing to throw – if there isn’t a toy they’ll find something. They are easily trained and thrive on having a job to do, owners who do not provide a job may find their border collie will find a job to make himself useful, such as herding the family cat!

Height: Males 19-22″ Females 18-21″

Weight: 35-45lbs

Colour: Most are black and white, however they may come in any color pattern with or without white; white should not predominate.

Coat: Smooth or rough coated, occasional brushing, moderate shedding. Ears and feet may require neatening.

Feeding: High quality kibble diet or raw

Activity level: High energy, like to be kept busy both physically and mentally. Obedience classes are a must. Border collies excel in agility, obedience, flyball as well as herding and more. They thrive on both a physical and mental workout and may be more intelligent than their owners!

© Lana @ Kiltaire
© Lana @ Kiltaire
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

English Springer Spaniel

© Nanci J. Footitt

Temperament: The English Springer Spaniel’s famous disposition as a cheerful, playful, gregarious, demonstrative, and high-spirited tail-wagger is not a fable. A Springer might bark at a criminal, but it’s not likely that he’d attack one. Also because of selective breeding for retrieving, most Springers are “soft-mouthed” dogs.

Height: The ideal shoulder height for males is 20″ (51 cm); for females, 19″ (48cm).

Weight: Males should weigh about 49-55 lbs. (22-25 kg). Females should weigh about 40 – 45 lb.

Feeding: An adult Springer, fed a high quality grade of dog food, eats 2-3 cups/day, depending on the amount of exercise he receives. Puppies are fed three to four times per day; adults should be fed twice daily.

Coat: The English Springer Spaniel has an attractive coat which is moderately long, glossy, with feathering on his legs, ears, chest and underbelly. They require frequent brushing, combing, and trimming.

Colours: Liver (brown) with white markings, or black with white markings. More rare, but acceptable colours include tri-colours, blue or liver roan; or predominantly white with tan, black or liver markings.

Exercise: The Springer is a run-two-miles-then-play-a-game-of-Frisbee dog. They should be calm and quiet indoors, and will be, providing they get enough exercise outdoors. These dogs want to be with you as much as possible. If you want a dog to lie at your feet, amuse itself, and be happy all alone from nine-to-five after a 5 minute morning walk — these are not the dogs for you. Most Springers love to have a ‘job’ to do, and obedience training is a great place to start. Many excel in pet therapy, obedience, agility, rally, tracking, flyball, hunt tests, nosework and dog-sports of all kinds.

Training & Obedience: Basic obedience and household rules training are highly recommended. As an absolute minimum, you must teach your Springer to reliably respond to commands to come, to lie down, to stay, and to walk at your side, on or off leash and regardless of temptations. Young Springer puppies are relatively easy to train: they are intelligent, eager to please and respond well to positive methods of obedience training. However, pups can be rambunctious and do not have a very long attention span. Springers SPRING, so jumping up on you and everyone else is a given, unless trained NOT to do so. Once a Springer has learned something though, he tends to retain it well.

© Nanci J. Footitt
© Nanci J. Footitt
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


© Tammy and Amanda McAllister

History/Origin: The Bulldog often mistakenly referred to as English Bulldog. They were originally used in 18th Century England for a sport called bull baiting which is now outlawed.

Temperament: Kind, courageous, never vicious or aggressive, with a dignified and peaceful expression. Snoring, farting and burping are trademarks of the breed.

Appearance and Size: A Bulldog should display stability, vigor, and strength. They should be low slung with a thick, heavy body, massive head, wide heavy shoulders, sturdy legs, short face and upturned lower jaw. The males should weigh about 50 pounds, the females about 40 pounds.

Colour: Red brindle, brindle, white, red, fawn, fallow, piebald (primarily white with coloured patches).

Coat: short, brilliant and shiny. Monthly bathing with a gentle shampoo, wrinkle maintenance and weekly nail trimming is a must.

Exercise: Bulldogs are an indoor breed, they are heat and cold sensitive. Short daily walks in appropriate weather and a healthy diet is enough to keep your bulldog in good muscle tone and weight.

Crate Training: Recommended from puppyhood and for safe travel.

Training & Obedience: Early Puppy Classes are recommended for socialization. Bulldogs are very food motivated and learn quickly as young puppies. They are stubborn but can do well in obedience, rally, barn hunt and many other dog sport events.

© Tammy and Amanda McAllister
© Tammy and Amanda McAllister
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


© Wendy Reyn -

Height: Average height is 19 – 21 inches, balance is considered to be of utmost importance. With the chow’s unique construction, any deviation from the square profile could cause strain and injury to their unique construction.

Weight: Can vary substantially, average weight for an adult is around 55 pounds.

Coat: Chows come in two varieties, rough coat and smooth coat. Both are double coats. Chows shed seasonally, typically in fall and early spring, grooming is essential during this period.

Chows require a fair bit of grooming; however that can easily be managed with a few tools. New owners should be given lessons form their breeder on proper grooming techniques. A shaved chow will overheat much faster than one left with natural coat.

Colours: Chows can come in 5 colours, NONE of which should be considered rare. Red, black, cream, cinnamon, and blue. Chows have purple tongues which is unique to just a few breeds, and should be solid – not spotted. There should be never be any sable, merle, spotted or brindle patterns.

Feeding: Chows do well on a variety of diets, but tend to do better with less grains. Chows tend to be quite sensitive to food ingredients, so we recommend staying away from corn, beet pulp, by-products and lower quality kibble. Must have clean fresh water at all times.

Training and obedience: Training in the chow must be consistent at all times. The chow is intelligent and very catlike. If rewarded with positive reinforcement, they can excel in any sport from agility, conformation, obedience and lure coursing. Chows when properly socialized, make wonderful family animals, they can run well with other animals and many are used in therapy groups.

Housebreaking: Chow puppies are typically very easy to housebreak and often are housebroken by the time they leave for their new owners. Chows dislike being around their own waste, and do well with a private area off to the side in which to eliminate. Accicents can occur if this area is not kept clean.

Crate training: Like most dogs, chows like to have their own den, and you will often find them in their crates when they wish to be alone. The chow can get quite hot in a short time span, so the crates should never be near a source of heat or sun, and if possible, adequate ventilation can be supplemented with a fan to keep air flowing. Always provide plenty of fresh water to a chow confined to a crate.

Exercise: Many chows love running and playing, chasing balls, jogging beside bikes and on treadmills while others are quite content to be very lethargic. It is crucial to keep the lethargic chow on an exercise schedule to maintain proper muscle and body fat levels. It is best to provide constant exercise both on leash and off to keep a well rounded and strong body.

Hot days intolerance: Chows need monitoring when exercising, not only due to strain on the straight leg conformation, but to prevent overheating which can happen in seconds if the conditions are right. Always avoid offering large amounts of cold water to a chow who is hot, as bloat is a common occurrence. Instead, bring the dog inside to a cool area and offer small quantities of room temperature water until panting has subsided. Chows are quite clever, and if offered a fan, they will lay directly in front of it to cool themselves off.

© Wendy Reyn -
© Wendy Reyn -
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Italian Greyhound

© Bobbi Westman

Temperament: Italian greyhounds are not a breed for those who expect dogs to stay off the furniture, they enjoy life’s comforts and love snuggling under blankets with their owners. These dogs are alert, sensitive and playful, but can be aloof with strangers or in new places. They are very fast and often chase prey, so must be kept on leash at all times for their own safety. Italian greyhounds are temperature sensitive and tend not to like very wet or very cold weather.

Height: 13-15 inches

Weight: 10-15 lbs approx.

Colour: All colours permitted with or without white markings, with the exception of black and tan, or brindle.

Coat: short, fine and smooth.

Grooming: Daily tooth brushing, weekly nail trimming, and regular cleaning of the coat with soft cloth or glove. Italian greyhounds do shed minimally, but are NOT hypoallergenic.

Exercise: 30-45 minutes per day of exercise, weather permitting. Any off leash exercise must be securely fenced, some Italian greyhounds are expert climbers and jumpers.

Food: Italian greyhounds generally do well on diets with moderate protein and moderate carbohydrates. Many owners use bones, dental kibble and/or specific toys to help reduce tartar build-up.

Housetraining: Owners must be patient and very consistent with house training, it can be difficult in inclement weather. IGs can be trained to use indoor litter or pee pads.

Crate training: Strongly recommended for travel and sleeping. Because Italian greyhounds are good climbers and jumpers, exercise pens and baby gates should be used very carefully. Long periods of close confinement (or time alone) is not suitable for Italian greyhounds.

Training: Italian greyhounds need positive, gentle and patient training along with happy social experiences throughout their lives. They are intelligent, versatile and agile and many become strong competitors in dog sports such as obedience, rally, flyball, agility, lure coursing, and racing, as well as new sports involving scent detection. The Italian greyhound’s gentle nature and ability to connect with people make this breed well suited to therapy work and many have gone on to become registered service dogs for health challenges like diabetes and autism.

Note: Because puppies are both active and agile, owners must be diligent to ensure their home is “puppy-proof”, including preventing injuries from a fall or jump. Many breeders recommend the use of pet insurance due to the potential for costly recoveries.

© Bobbi Westman
© Bobbi Westman
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever

© Kathy Adorjan

General description:  Medium sized hunting breed developed in Nova Scotia, Canada.  The tolling dog runs, jumps, and plays along the shoreline in full view of a flock of ducks, occasionally disappearing from sight and then quickly reappearing, aided by the hidden hunter, who throws small sticks or a ball for the dog. The dog’s playful actions lure the curious ducks within gunshot range. The dog is then sent to retrieve the downed bird.  They are the smallest of the Retriever breeds.

Temperament: Tollers, when raised and socialized properly, are excellent with children and can adapt well to living with other pets.  They tend to be “aloof” with strangers and save their true enthusiasm for family members.  They should never be aggressive and not overly shy.  They are the mischievous imps of the Retriever world!

Height: Males 18-21″ Females 17-20″

Weight: 35-45lbs

Colour:  Varying shades of red and orange with or without white markings on the face, feet, chest and tail tip

Coat:  Medium coated, occasional brushing, moderate shedding.  Ears and feet may require neatening.

Feeding: High quality kibble diet or raw

Activity level: High energy, like to be kept busy both physically and mentally.  Obedience classes are a must.  Ideal for field work/hunting, agility, obedience etc. Tollers have a good “off switch” so they are not constantly on the go, but if you’re up for it they will retrieve a ball for you until your arm falls off! Highly trainable and intelligent.  Excellent swimmers, ideal cottage companions.

© Kathy Adorjan
© Kathy Adorjan
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Australian Shepherd

© Virginia Hills

Temperament: Aussies can be reserved with strangers and very loyal with their family and friends. As a herding breed they do have a desire to herd (chase) small animals and children. Keep an eye on your aussie when they are playing with children so they don’t start to herd them by nipping at them.

Height: 20-23″ for males, 18-21″ for females

Weight: 40-60 Pounds

Coat: Medium length double coat. Requires weekly brushing and should be bathed every 4-8 weeks. They will require more frequent grooming during shedding seasons.

Colours: Black, Blue Merle, Red & Red Merle, all colours are with or without copper (brown) and/or white trim. Aussies can have a variety of eye colour, brown to amber, blue, one of each or marbled eyes with 2 colours in the eye.

Feeding: Aussies do well on high quality kibble, raw or home cooked diets.

Training & obedience: Obedience training is a must. Aussies thrive on training and spending time with their people. They excel at all dog sports (obedience, herding, rally o, agility, dock dog, scent discrimination, draft dog, sledding, etc) and trick training.
House breaking: Easy to house train, as long as the owner is consistent and observant.

Crate training: A definite must for a young aussie to keep them out of trouble when you are not able to supervise them or if you are away from your house.

Exercise: Aussies enjoy long walks daily, chances to run & play with other dogs in a safe environment. An aussie will be ready to go when you are and can relax with you inbetween.

© Virginia Hills
© Virginia Hills
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Bull Terrier

© Lynn Pulsifer

Temperament: Can be VERY busy or quite laid back. Nosey, stubborn, clownish, a 3 year old in a dog suit. They bounce, they twirl, they chew and they dig. Need a lot of early socialization. Some are not good with cats and other small animals, or other dogs.
Bull Terriers are best suited to an owner with prior dog experience.

Height: Generally 18-23″, but there is no maximum or minimum height required

Weight: Around 50 to 75 pounds. They should give the appearance of the most dog in the space available.

Colour: White, white with coloured markings on the head, brindle, red and fawn with white, tricolour and solid colours.

Coat: Short harsh cost that does shed. An occasional brushing is fine, more often helps with shedding.

Feeding: Good quality kibble, grain free is good.

Housetraining: Fairly easy with a consistent effort.

Crate training: Recommended especially when left unsupervised. They will get into everything.

Training & Obedience: Basic obedience classes are good. Must use positive methods and be consistent.

Exercise: A good walk or 2 daily is sufficient. Bull terriers are not reliable off-leash, a fenced yard is a plus.

© Lynn Pulsifer
© Lynn Pulsifer
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


© Pam McClintock

Origin: British breed, having been developed in England to guard the English estates against poachers. The bullmastiff and gamekeeper worked as a team patrolling the grounds during nighttime hours, ever watchful of one who would capture and steal game. During his early evolution, the breed was referred to as the ‘Gamekeepers Night Dog’.

General Appearance: Powerful, strong, well muscled with heavy bone. Head is large and square with drop ears lying close to the face.

Height: Males 25-27″, females 24-26″

Weight: Males 110-130lbs, females 100-120lbs

Coat: Short and dense, usually double coated with a softer under coat and short slightly harsher outer hair that feels slightly bristly to the touch. Can be bathed with a good quality human shampoo whenever necessary. Clean ears regularly and keep nails short.

Colours: Red, fawn, or brindle, always with a black facial mask.

Temperament: Calm, and relatively easy to train. A happy dog with a certain sense of docility and quietly stoic. Usually not a ‘barker’. A good family pet but must always be respected as he is considered to be a guard dog. Must not ever be used as a child’s baby sitter. The adult bullmastiff might be intolerant of other strange dogs and many have a well developed prey drive.

Activity: The Bullmastiff enjoys a walk with the family, but he is not a runner’s dog. They are capable of short bursts of speed, but not long distance. Puppies should not be forced to run or trot hard, doing so will damage growing tendons and ligaments. They enjoy chasing a ball or toy during play periods.

Diet. Any good quality water softened kibble with adequate protein and fat. Always feed the adult twice a day. Do not allow free feeding.

Crate Training: Absolutely essential during puppy stage and continue for short periods for the dog’s life. With consistency, easily house broken. Adjust crate size as puppy grows.

Training & Obedience: Early obedience training highly recommended. Can also be successful in rally, tracking, and agility. Due to size and bulk may not be as quick as smaller breeds.

Daily care: Must be confined in a fenced yard, never tied or chained outside. Cannot be housed outside. Must be part of a family unit.

© Pam McClintock
© Pam McClintock
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Tibetan Terrier

© Kevin Grew

Heritage: Known as the ‘little people’, the Tibetan Terrier was the companion of the Nomads of the mountains of Tibet, also thought to be valued herders for their livestock. They were valued by the Monks in the monasteries and considered good luck charms and watchdogs. They were never sold, but on occasion given as gifts to visiting dignitaries. This is an ancient breed.

Height: 14-16″

Weight: 18-30 lbs. Weight proportionate to the height maintaining a sturdy, compact breed.

Coat: Double coat. Undercoat fine wool, topcoat profuse, fine but not silky or woolly. Either straight or wavy. The coat is long but should not hang to the ground. The head carries a fall of hair over the eyes. Regular grooming is a must to prevent softer undercoat matting into the outer coat. Adults need thorough grooming once a week, more often when going through the onetime puppy ‘blow’, when the youngster is transitioning from a puppy coat to an adult coat. Bath as needed. Coat must not be trimmed or sculpted for conformation showing. Non-conformation dogs may be clipped down into a puppy clip or left natural.

Colours: Any colour or combination of colours including white, nose leather must be black, eyelids dark. There are chocolates (nose brown) and although beautiful and just as wonderful companions, ineligible for showing and not used in breeding.

Unique Breed Features: The Tibetan Terrier has a large FLAT foot, important for travel on the rocky snowy terrain of the Himalayan mountains of Tibet. That heavy profuse double coat is another distinguishing feature of this breed. They also have wide nostrils for breathing in as much of the thin mountain air as possible.

Activity: Medium level energy. Happy to accompany their owners on a long walk, or playtime in the backyard. Just as happy to lie at your feet or even better, behind you on the top of the sofa!

Temperament: Loyal family dogs that are wonderful companions. Sometimes initially shy around strangers. Excellent ‘watch’ dogs. Playful. Intelligent. Sensitive.

Diet: Good quality food of medium protein level.

Crate training is recommended to protect the inquisitive puppy as well as help in housebreaking.

Early socialization and basic companion training recommended.

© Kevin Grew
© Kevin Grew
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

© Lisa Croft Elliott

Origin: The Cardigan Welsh Corgi was developed as a versatile farm dog by the farmers in the hilly Cardiganshire area of Wales (“cor”=dog, “gi”=dwarf – therefore “dwarf dog”). They were bred to drive cattle (hence the low stature to avoid kicks), but also to protect the farm, kill vermin and play with the children. They remain a very versatile, hardy breed, with few issues. Because of their intelligence they are suited to families that will give them proper training, as they can easily become pack leader if they do not feel there is one in the house.

Height: As near as possible to 12”

Weight: 25lbs (small female) to 50lbs (large male)

Coat: Double Coat – harsh medium length outer coat with undercoat, managed with weekly brushing except during a bi-annual shed where more frequent brushing is required. There is a longer fluffy coat, which is a cosmetic fault for show purposes, and well as a tight seal coat (lack of undercoat) which is also undesirable

Colours: Red (any shade), Brindle (any shade), Black with tan or brindle points, and blue merle with tan or brindle points. A recessive gene can cause a cream colour puppy (most of which darken to a light to medium red).

Feeding: Hardy breed which does well on any good quality food, or raw diet. They are easy keepers for the most part, and their weight needs to be watched for health reasons.

Training & Obedience: Extremely intelligent breed that learns quickly – both the good and the bad. They are happiest when given a job – whether that be games, retrieving, agility, flyball, therapy work – something to keep their minds active.

Housebreaking: Start early and be firm. Crate training, or leashing the puppy to you so they can’t develop bad habits helps create good habits.

Crate training: Small puppies can be comfortable in a 200 sized crate, adults require a 300 size, and large males are most comfortable in a 400.

Hot Days: Dark dogs should have shade to get out of the sun, and most enjoy a kiddie pool to sit in.

Red flags: Breeders should not breed 2 Blue Merle’s together for health reasons.

© Shelley Camm
© Shelley Camm
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Chinese Crested

© Hélène Bélanger

Temperament: Happy, affectionate and playful. Sensitive to their owner’s emotions, and can be shy with new people or situations.


  • Hairless: Hair on head, feet and tail
  • Powderpuff: Non-shedding silky coat, can grow long or be clipped.

Height: 9-13″

Weight: No more than 12lbs

Colour: All colours or combination of colours are acceptable. Typically, Hairless are slate (greyish) with white feet, palomino (peachy-brown), black & white, black, dark brown. Powderpuffs are commonly white, cream, black, brown, grey, light reddish brown, or a combination of colours. Noses can come in black, pink, peach, chocolate brown, or blue (grey).

Skin and Coat Care: The hairless need a bath once a week to keep their skin clean and free of dust and dirt. They tan in summer and get pale in winter, so their skin must be protected in spring when they are beginning to get their tan, although as with human skin, once they are tanned there is no further need for protection. Suntan lotions or heavy creams are not recommended since they can attract dirt and clog pores. A light cotton t-shirt and controlled exposure to the sun is advised. Note: dogs with white or very light skin, called pink spotted, will not tan, their skin must be protected from the sun at all times. In cold weather, the hairless variety should wear protective coats when outside. The powderpuff has a double coat of soft and silky hair.  Long thin guard hairs cover the shorter silky undercoat. If the powderpuff coat is kept longer, daily brushing is recommended. They can also be clipped in a puppy or pony cut, which requires less attention.

Food: Good quality kibble with average protein and fat. May use raw or home cooked. Daily vitamins and supplements may be given but not required.

Housebreaking: Be consistent! Chinese Cresteds can be trained to go outside or use potty pads.

Crate Training: Recommended from puppyhood and for safe travel.

Basic Obedience: Early training essential for socialization, must be gentle methods. This breed can excel in obedience, rally, agility, lure coursing, barn hunt and other dog sports.

Exercise: Daily walks, or running and playing in a secured yard. This breed can run very fast and may chase small animals, cats, squirrels, birds etc. They are also happy cuddling on the couch.

© Hélène Bélanger
© Hélène Bélanger
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Dachshund – Miniature Smooth

© Lyndsay Ferguson

Special Care: Because their body is so long, careful attention must be paid to their spine health. Pet steps are recommended for a miniature smooth dachshunds access to couches, beds, and any other area they may jump down from. Jumping off furniture, or running up and down stairs is to be discouraged.

Temperament: Correctly socialized, miniature smooth dachshunds are happy, energetic, and bold members of the household. They are fiercely loyal, and love toy games such as tug and fetch. They also make excellent lap warmers when watching television or reading a book.

Weight: Not exceeding 11lbs

Colours: The miniature smooth dachshund can be red, cream, black, chocolate, wild boar, gray (blue) or fawn (Isabella). These colours may come in a pattern as well; these patterns are called dapple (merle), brindle, or sable.

Coat Care: Brush with a boar bristle brush occasionally to remove loose fur. Ears should be cleaned regularly with ear cleaner/cotton ball; nails should be kept short to promote good posture and spine health.

Feeding: High quality food promotes good health. Whole food ingredients, raw feeding, or grain free are all excellent sources of nourishment for the miniature smooth dachshund.

Housebreaking: Always maintain consistency. Will use “puppy bells” to let you know when to be let out, or pee pads, if this is your preference. The breed is intelligent and versatile, and will adapt to owner’s potty training style. Completely capable of using outdoors in Canadian winters.

Crate Training: Strongly recommended for safety, especially for travel in a vehicle.

Training & Obedience: The miniature smooth dachshund is very intelligent. They excel at obedience, barn hunt, rally-O, and can be taught any number of tricks.

Exercise: Daily walks, games of fetch, etc. will keep your miniature smooth dachshund in good shape. It is important that they are not allowed to become overweight. Because they are a hound-dog, a fenced yard is strongly suggested, as they may have the desire to chase small wild animals.

© Lyndsay Ferguson
© Lyndsay Ferguson
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Smooth Fox Terrier

© Sherri Trithart

Origin: The Smooth Fox Terrier originated in Great Britain and is one of the oldest of the Terriers. He was bred as a hunting dog used to dig down into burrows and flush out fox and other small animals. Today, this breed has retained its desire to hunt. The Smooth Fox enjoys digging and burrowing, however, this can be corrected early in through proper training. The Smooth is a friendly, affectionate and devoted dog. He is a good watchdog and gets along well with children. Early socialization is recommended where other dogs, cats and household pets are concerned.

Adult height: 15.5″

Adult weight: 18 lbs

Coat: The coat is smooth, flat, hard, dense and abundant – the dirt and debris from working in the dens doesn’t gather and stick to the coat as it would hinder the dogs performance.

Colours: White should be the predominant colour, marked with black, tan or ginger.

Feeding: A high quality diet either kibble or raw food is acceptable. Your Smooth should look sleek but not show ribs or hip bones at their ideal weight.

Training & Obedience: Like most Terriers, the Smooth is intelligent but can be stubborn — Training should be consistent and firm. Socialization, especially with other dogs, should be done at a very young age.

House breaking: You must be consistent and diligent in training.

Crate training: As the breed was bred to go underground their instinct is to be comfortable in den type places. Making it a safe amd secure “home” helps teach the Smooth that a crate is just for them.

Exercise: The Smooth is a high energy dog and does require plenty of exercise. They enjoy participating in such activities as agility and fly ball, obedience and earth dog events. They are suited to both city and rural homes as long as they get plenty of exercise and social interaction.

Weather tolerance: Access to fresh water at all times especially during warmer weather. During colder days you will often find your Smooth curled up in a blanket or laying in the suns rays.

© Sherri Trithart
© Chic Shots by Jamie
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.


© Caroline Thibodeau

The Pointer is bred primarily for sport afield; he should unmistakably look and act the part. The ideal specimen gives the immediate impression of compact power and agile grace; the head noble, proudly carried; the expression intelligent and alert; the muscular body bespeaking both staying power and dash. Here is an animal whose every movement shows him to be a wide-awake, hard-driving hunting dog possessing stamina, courage, and the desire to go. And in his expression are the loyalty and devotion of a true friend of man.

Temperament: The Pointer’s even temperament and alert good sense make him a congenial companion both in the field and in the home. He should be dignified and should never show timidity toward man or dog.

Height: 25-28″ (64-71 cm) for males, females approximately 2″ smaller.

Weight: 55-75 lb (25-34 kg) for males, females are about 10 lb (4.5 kg) less.

Coat: Short and dense, shiny. Minimum grooming. An occasional bath and a rub down with a rough towel or rubber curry type brush will keep their coats in good condition. They do shed quite a bit.

Colours: The standard says no good Pointer can be a bad colour. They are generally white with black, liver, orange or lemon spots but solid versions of those colours are also correct.

Feeding: Any good quality food will be acceptable.

Training & obedience: Pointers are very high energy dogs and are strong for their size so obedience training is recommended. They need well fenced yards as they are hunting dogs and will roam over a wide area if they are not confined.

House breaking: Crate training is recommended, they are naturally clean dogs and will readily accept housetraining.

Crate training: An adult pointer will need at least a 400 size crate. They should be crate trained from puppyhood as it will facilitate housebreaking and they should be crated when travelling.

Exercise: puppy to adult: No forced exercise like jogging with you or biking until they are at least 1 year old as their joints will not be developed and it could cause harm. They have very high energy and will be much easier to live with if they have a good run a couple of times a day and plenty of free exercise in a well fenced area. Unless you are prepared to do a lot of walking or other exercise with your dog, this is not a good breed for an apartment.

© Caroline Thibodeau
© Caroline Thibodeau
Interested puppy purchasers are encouraged to inquire about health clearances and can expect to receive detailed, honest information from responsible breeders.

Performance Dog Sports

We Canadians are a very competitive group on the whole. Just check out any of your local sports fields or arenas. That competitive spirit can find many outlets in the Purebred Dog World. There are any number of Performance Sports available to you as a Purebred Dog owner. Read More

© Lola Nichol -

A History

Recently a group of concerned individuals banded together to better endorse and capture the essence of the purebred dog in all ways possible through promotion, protection and education, with a desire to fortify the status of the purebred dog across Canada. Read More

© Wendy Reyn -

Keeping Them Safe

NEVER ASSUME!! Just because your dog has been safe 1,000 times before, does not mean that it is safe all the time. You never know what will cause a dog that has always been perfect off leash, to suddenly bolt and run. Read More

© WilleeCole Photography -

For The Love of Purebred Dogs

An independent initiative by members of the Canadian Kennel Club and associates designed to endorse, support and maintain the integrity and purpose of the purebred dog through education, advertising and sponsorship at major dog shows and related events across Canada.

© Wendy Reyn -

Why Use A Dog Crate?

Is it cruel to lock my dog in a crate or cage?

Many people think this is true, as they would certainly not want to be locked in a crate (note that dog crate and dog cage are the same thing) for any length of time themselves. Read More

© Wendy Reyn -

Why Have A Show Dog?

There are lots of reasons why you might like to show your dog.

  • Show off what a fabulous dog you have
    The showing process compares your dog with other dogs, which can convince other people what a fabulous dog you have. Read More
© Wendy Reyn -

Why Choose a Purebred Dog?

For thousands of years, man has bred strains of dogs with desired characteristics and/or ability and instincts to perpetuate and enhance these characteristics. Purebred dogs are true to type when mated. Offspring are predictable in appearance and instinct, and are more reliable in temperament. Read More

So You Want To Buy A Purebred Puppy?

This is where it all begins. A young purebred beauty, purchased from a responsible breeder, that will give you years of enjoyment with the added bonus of thrusting you and your family into the exciting world of purebred dogs and possibly dog shows and related competitive events. Read More

© WilleeCole Photography -

Selecting a Purebred Dog

Purebred dogs

Purebred dog breeders put a lot of time and money into ensuring their puppies are healthy. Careful records are kept with the pedigree of each dog and many breeders even go to the trouble of using artificial insemination from purebred dogs around the world to ensure their bloodlines stay strong and varied. Read More

© WilleeCole Photography -

Pedigrees and Purebred Dogs

Purebred dogs are much more than a pretty face. It is the ‘family tree’ that determines what is inside the eye-catching exterior. The pedigree is a written record that shows at least 3 generations, often more, with correct names of all relatives. When purchasing a purebred dog, you should be supplied with this document. Read More

© Wendy Reyn -

Foods That Are Dangerous For Your Dog

  1. Alcohol (Beer, Wine, Spirits) same effect on liver and brain that it has on humans with an even greater risk of illness.
  2. Avocado: Contains persin, a substance that can damage heart, lung and other tissue.
  3. Baby Food: May contain onion powder, which can be toxic to dogs. Read More
© Wendy Reyn -

Kids and Dogs

If you are near a neighbour’s dog or a friend’s dog, always ask the person in charge if you can pet it before you play with it. Always let a dog see you and smell you before you touch it, even if it is your own dog. Dogs get to know people, places and things by how they smell. Read More

© Wendy Reyn -

How a Dog Show Works

Judging the dogs

A dog show is judged quite simply on an elimination process. There is no stop watch or timing device to beat, but rather, it is one person’s opinion in the ring ( judge), who determines which dog is the most correct in all areas. ie looks, coat and colour, size, temperament, trotting soundness. Read More