We had all hoped that 2021 would be a new beginning, leaving behind the endless cancellation of shows and advancing to a brighter future with a normal show and performance schedule and the chance to once again enjoy our friends and our sport. But alas it was not to be. The virus has taken a strong hold on our community, our provinces, and our country. We have watched in horror as the numbers soar, and we feel the helplessness of knowing our closest friends are affected and suffering in hospital. Our prayers are many and our hope is dwindling. We are only just beginning to see the needed vaccines being distributed, but the masses across the country are still waiting for their turn at what is hoped will save us as a nation from this unseen enemy. In the meantime, as we wait for vaccines, we continue to be locked down, shelter at home, wash hands thoroughly and often, and wear our masks everywhere. It is our only defense against a deadly and insidious illness. In an effort to keep us focused and maintain some normalcy, FTLOPD has been hard at work over the past many months keeping the beautiful website updated and adding new breeds from time to time. As well, our lovely new promotional items are finding their way across Canada and into the US. Many a preservation breeder has been warmed this winter by our toques, scarves, and beanies. And more recently I have offered a new style sweatshirt that is getting rave reviews. Our smaller items are also popular and help to spread the word about the benefits and historical relevance of our beautiful purebred dogs. Pictured is our bumper sticker.
History and origin: The breed name refers to Charles11 of England who was also an avid dog breeder and loved the spaniel types. During the 1900’s there was a surge to produce a flatter faced, shorter muzzled form. By the 1900’s styles changed again and there was a return to the leggier longer muzzled types that were common during Charles’ reign, this move spurred by a millionaire named Eldridge. The breed is possibly related to Cocker spaniels and Welsh springer spaniels and perhaps even Sussex spaniels. A robust and rather sporting looking dog is today’s well known type. The breed was recognized by the AK is 1996.
General Appearance: Cavaliers are sturdy toy dogs and make great family companions. Their willingness to please their owners, be they children or seniors, make them adaptable companions for homes or apartments. Known as the comforter spaniel, they have an instinctive almost innate ability to do so for their loved ones.
Coat and Colour: Coat should be of moderate length and silky, but not so long as to hinder their movement. Their long foot hair ” slippers” are a breed trait but can be trimmed for neatness. Spaying and neutering can alter the texture and colour of their hair, as will shaving. Cavaliers enjoy being brushed regularly and that will suffice to remove dead coat to lessen the growth of cavalier “dust bunnies” in your home. They come in four colours: the parti colours , blenheim (white base with deep red markings on head around ears and eyes and on the body), Tri-colour (white base with black around eyes, ears. and on the body, with tan points) ,and the whole colours, ruby ( all red ) and black and tan. Whole colours will sometimes have white toes and chest . Size: 12 to 18 pounds with slight variations in males to females. They average 12 to 13 inches at the shoulder.
Feeding: Cavaliers do well on a quality kibble, raw or home cooked diets. They are gluttons by nature however and with their large pleading eyes can easy convince their owners to provide them with more food than they need and consequently can easily carry more weight than is healthy. You will want to make sure they have things to chew on to assist in the removal of plaque and tartar on their teeth. If not, then manually brushing their teeth 3-4 times a week is a must and they are easily trained to allow this.
Training and Obedience: Cavaliers are very trainable and highly food motivated in this process. Cavaliers have a natural willingness to please. Cavaliers also enjoy agility and obedience as long as they have a patient trainer. They do well as service animals and as visiting ambassadors at nursing homes and schools. If you do not want a dog on furniture, this is not the breed for you as cavaliers thrive on being near their owners. Cavaliers are easily house trained but owners must be consistent in their training and use positive reinforcements, be it small treats or praise. Crate training is recommended as it is a must for travelling safely in the car, and when left unattended because as puppies they will tend to chew when bored.
Activity: Cavaliers are a toy breed but do require and enjoy exercise. They are not content to just sleep on a pillow ( but they will) .They are sporting in nature so will enjoy a daily walk or romp in the yard as much as they will following you around the house or enjoying an evening of Netflix
Temperament: Happy and alert, with energy levels that adapt to their surroundings and their owners. They are very trusting and stable. Not aggressive towards people or dogs.
History and Origin: the name is pronounced ( Be-Shon Free Say) It is an old breed dating back many centuries and one of four varieties of Bichon. Likely developed from the Barbet, a French water dog, and they were very common throughout Europe. Some were taken by sailors to the Canary Islands where they flourished, and about the 14th century, were transported again by sailors back to the mainland where they were loved and adored by the aristocracy. After several centuries the novelty for these little dogs wore off and they became common little street dogs. With such a gregarious nature, these little dogs soon became a great pet of the common people, performing tricks with the travelling circuses. About 1930, the breed was seriously established as a pure breed with controlled breedings and a standard was developed. It was recognized by the AKC in 1972 and by the CKC in 1975.
General Appearance: small and study with an all white plush coat. Height: 9.5 inches (24 cms) to 11.5 inches (29cms) Should never be over 12 inches in height. Eyes are dark and round, ears hang down to frame the face. The body is a bit longer than the height of the dog, bone is medium and a plumed tail is carried over the back.
Coat and Colour: always white and double coated although there can be shadings of buff, apricot or cream around the ears and on the body. Hypoallergenic. The undercoat is dense and soft and outer coat has some texture making the coat look plush. When show trimmed correctly, they have a powder puff appearance. Pet trims will be required to keep the dog looking neat.
Feeding: Any good quality kibble, fed once daily. Care can be taken to prevent staining of the hair on the face and around the mouth. If dry kibble is tolerated that might help reduce staining and also clean the teeth. For chewing exercise, a nylabone is preferable to a raw bone again to prevent staining of the hair on mouth and feet and legs. Staring early to teach a puppy to drink from a water bottle will also help to keep the white hair clean and stain free.
Training: should do well if started early in puppy obedience classes. Can likely excel in competitive obedience. Crate training would be advisable for a puppy. They can be taught several cute parlour tricks. Their ideal small size makes them a good city dog and apartment dweller.
Activity: This little breed is active and playful and will love interacting with its family and with children. It will be happy in the company of other dogs and is rarely aggressive. Playing ball and fetching will be a delight. It will enjoy a daily walk but is every bit an indoor family pet. The Bichon is a busy playful dog that is eager to be with its people in whatever activity is happening.
Temperament: Cheerful, happy, outgoingand sweet natured. He is a merry little soul and loves to show off and is happiest as the centre of attention and involved in family fun.
History and Origin: This breed originated in Germany in the late 1800’s. Max Von Stephanitz is credited with developing the breed and he believed strongly that his dogs have strong working ability as a servant to mankind. In Europe in mid 1800’s, there were many attempts to standardize the breed so that specific traits were preserved such as herding, tracking and guarding flocks from predators. Dogs needed to be intelligent, courageous and have a keen scenting ability. The breed probably descended from the crossing of various European herding types of the region.
General Appearance: The German Shepherd is considered to be one of the finest examples in the canine world of a true working and herding dog. He is tall, statuesque and noble, his body is longer than his height, ears are fairly large and upright, eyes are dark, nose is black and body is strong and supple with graceful curving lines. When trotting, the German Shepherd dog covers the ground in a long, easy, far reaching stride.
Coat and Colour: This breed is double coated, with the outer coat being dense straight hair, lying flat. Face and fronts of legs have short tight hair. Strong rich colours are desired and they can be black and tan, sable, or black. Height and Weight: Ideally, males are 25 inches (64 cms) and about 75-85 pounds: females are 23 inches (58cms) and 60-70 pounds.
Training and Obedience: the German Shepherd is very intelligent and can be trained in most performance areas. Simple obedience commands will come easily and they excel in the competitive obedience ring as well as in agility and herding trials. This breed is one of the most versatile. They are indispensible as police dogs, tracking dogs, guard dogs, search and rescue dogs (SAR), military dogs, guide dogs for the blind, scent detection and support dogs for the disabled. They are truly an all purpose breed.
Activity: Require exercise every day either with a run in a fenced area or brisk long walk. They love to chase a ball or toy. They should be confined in a high fenced yard as they are capable of jumping. They will bark to warn of intruders and can be territorial and will guard their home and property. Not always tolerant of other dogs unless raised properly with them and they might chase a stray cat. They are good with children but like any dog, should always be supervised.
Feeding: Use any premium kibble with canned or raw meat mixed in and such additives as yogurt, cooked eggs and vegetables. A raw diet will also be equally successful. Whichever feeding regimen is followed, the breed must be kept hard and well muscled, and always fit for any work.
Temperament: Usually reserved and often aloof with strangers, but loyal to their family. They are protective of their home. They should be confident and courageous, never timid or shy. A German Shepherd of proper character, is alert, steady, brave and sensible.
History and Origin: In the year 1050a monk named Bernard of Menthon created a hospice to house travelers as they crossed the Alps to get to Rome. Over the centuries a dog breed was created to aid those unfortunate ones who got lost or trapped by huge drifts or avalanches. The breed needed to be strong and sturdy, with a keen sense of smell. The Saint Bernard was likely developed from powerful Molosser types that were part of the Roman army, as well as native dogs. These ‘farm dogs’ were used as guardians, and for herding and drafting, and were used for centuries by the monks. Initially all Saint Bernards were short haired but the severity of weather conditions necessitated that the monks establish a long haired variety. The Saint Bernard Club of America was formed in 1888.
General Appearance: Powerful and massive in all regards including the head. This breed has huge bone, muscular shoulders, thick strong neck and broad thighs. Ears are dropped to frame the head , eyes are dark with a friendly expression, back is broad and long tail is heavy and full coated.
Coat and Colour: There are two coat types: short haired ( stockhaarig) in which the coat lies smooth, is very dense, not coarse, and with bushy thighs. In the long haired , the coat is medium length and may be slightly wavy, thighs and tail are very bushy. Colour may be white with red or red with white with these marking: white chest, white feet, white tail tip, colour or spot on nape of neck and a white blaze. Size: Males minimum of 27 1/2 inches (70 cms) females minimum of 25 ½ inches (65 cms)
Feeding: A good quality kibble is a must for sucha large massive breed.An adult should be fed twice daily and young growing puppies up to six months even oftener. It is wise to curtail extreme exercise before and after meals. A nylon bone is a benefit for chewing exercise but avoid rawhide and hooves.
Training and Obedience: The Saint Bernard is not averse to training but like any massive breed he is more cumbersome and slower in his ability to work precisely. Obedience training is advisable from an early age so that such a large dog can be managed properly. And while he may not be a top scorer in an obedience competition, he will excel in drafting, carting, sledding and weight pulling competitions.
Activity: This breed will enjoy a walk and will love snowy days. He was designed for working in the harshest and snowiest conditions so he is very much a capable outside winter dog. But that does not mean that he is to be housed outdoors away from his family. He probably won’t enjoy lying in front of the fireplace and in summer some care should be taken to allow him to keep cool in s a shady spot in the yard. His heavy coat affords him protection in winter and coolness in summer. Because of his large face and heavy lips, he will have a tendency to drool more so keep a towel handy especially after he has eaten or had a drink.
Temperament: The Saint Bernard is a mild tempered, stoic, and sensible dog. He is seldom quarrelsome and does interact well with other dogs. He is gentle and patient and will be a good family pet but care must be taken around very small children or toddlers as he may accidentally knock them down due to his bulk. He probably will do better raised in a country area or at least a sizeable home with a big yard as opposed to a cramped apartment. He does require room to move about. He is friendly and sweet and enjoys people and attention.
History and Origin: This small breed originated in the harsh and rough highlands of the Shetland Islands of Scotland. He was probably descended from such breeds as the King Charles Spaniel, Scottish Collie, Pomeranian, maybe Border Collie and another now extinct breed. His original appearance was rather more spitz like, but later crosses with the rough collie reduced the size and produced today’s easily recognizable type. He was first called the Shetland collie but this caused confusion amongst the rough collie breeders of that time. The breed was recognized by the The Kennel Club, (Britain) in 1909. This breed is now usually referred to as the Sheltie.
General Appearance: Resembling the Rough Collie only in a miniature form, the Shetland Sheepdog is double coated, agile and sturdy, alert and active, but also gentle and reserved. The coat is long and thick and this breed is considered to be a working breed of the herding type. The heavy coat was needed in his native Scotland to protect him from the elements.
Coat and Colour: Double coated with the outer coat being long straight and rather course while the under coat is thick, short and downy. There is an abundant mane of longer hair around the neck, and the tail is heavily coated. There is shorter hair on the back of the legs called feathering but the face, feet and fronts of legs are fairly short haired and smooth. Colours are black, merle and sable with white markings and/or tan. The breed is an easy keeper coat wise, only shedding once a year. A regular brushing and bathing when needed is all that is required. If they do get muddy, once they are dry the dirt will fall right off that harsher outer coat. Mats behind the ears should be tended to regularly .
Height and Weight: 13-16 inches (33-40.6 cms) measured to top of the shoulders.
Feeding: A good quality food is acceptable and the breed is generally fed once daily with the addition morning or evening of a hard cookie as a treat. Plain yogurt can be added to the diet until about one year of age. Young puppies are fed more frequently.
Training and Obedience; The sheltie is a very smart breed, they love to please their owners and so will do very well in any type of obedience training They excel in agility as well as herding instinct tests and trial.
Activity: They love to run, and can be at home in the country as well as quite happy living in apartments in the city as long they are loved and can have a daily walk. They aren’t natural diggers nor do they choose to jump fences but of course as with any breed, care must be taken to give them a safe enclosed space for exercise. They will bark when highly excited but are generally quiet otherwise.
Temperament: A loving sweet tempered breed, they are comfortable with children cats and other animals.
History and Origin: Developed in the Czech Republic, this spunky little terrier was developed in 1949 by crossing Scottish and Sealyham Terriers, and is a true hunting dog. At the time, dog clubs were formed primarily for hunting, and terrier clubs tested their true go-to-ground characteristics. The Cesky Terrier proved to be a worthy hunter as they were keen to hunt, but were able to work in packs, and were not prone to quarrelling amongst themselves! As they originated in communist Czechoslovakia, the breed did not become popular, and even today, is relatively rare, even though their population has spread throughout Europe and North America.
General Appearance: Sturdy yet small, the Cesky Terrier (pronounced Chess-key) is a fit, muscular, dog with short legs which allow this breed to sprint after game in short bursts. They have a soft plentiful coat that is non-shedding. Their soft, silky coat would benefit from a weekly combing to removed tangles and mats. They have drop ears, dark eyes, and are traditionally groomed with a beard and long eyebrows (fall), which help protect them from prey when they are in a warren and the prey turns on them. Better that they scratch or bite hair than the Cesky Terrier face! Cesky Terriers come in 2 colours, grey and brown. Grey (ranging from platinum to charcoal) is the predominant colour and brown (coffee) is extremely rare! Only a few brown puppies have been born in the history of the breed. Grey pups are born jet black, and fade to their adult colour. It takes up to 2 years for their adult colour to mature. Brown pups are born chocolate brown and fade to a coffee colour.
Feeding: a good quality dog food (low protein, and non-grain based) is all they need. Cesky Terriers can develop skin allergies, and grain-based foods seem to irritate this.
Training – Socialization is key with this breed. They benefit from going places, meeting people and keeping busy. No different than most breeds, basic training benefits both the dog and the owner. If there are multiple owners, everyone should be involved in training so that the dog understands that they should take commands from the entire family. Not particularly known for barking, they will sound when they see people or dogs out the window. Oddly enough, they tend not to bark without a barrier like a window or a fence, between them and the person or dog of interest.
Activity – Cesky Terriers enjoy a brisk walk, but would require a fenced yard. Walks would not need to be daily, but they are a great socialization activity and benefit both dog and owner. They are not know to be diggers, like some terriers. If they decide to dig, they are easily trained not to. Obedience is something a Cesky will take to easily. They love to please their master. Other activities such as terrier digs, barn hunts…they LOVE these! Also lure coursing and terrier racing! They are great sprinters and will take to the lure immediately! The Cesky Terrier is a very versatile breed. They love swimming and have been great dogs to take boating, cross-country skiing & snowshoeing and hiking. Because of their build, cycling and running are a little much for their short legs. The trick is to introduce them to the activity at a young age and in moderation. Basically, they want to be where you are, doing what you do.
Temperament: NOT your typical terrier, this breed gets along well with others and is seldom quarrelsome with others. Standoffish with strangers initially, a Cesky Terrier will usually not run up to greet a stranger to your home, but will be sitting in their lap in minutes, once they know the stranger is welcome. Easy to train, they are sensitive to your tone of voice, and will respond to correction easily. They love to please their masters and take pride in a job well done! Cesky Terriers will become your shadow. They will follow you everywhere and settle when you do. They adjust well to routine, and will stay put in their bed overnight, if that is what you want.
This past year and certainly this winter season has been anything but normal. We watched in fear as the pandemic surged in the fall of 2020 and only a few outdoor shows were able to be held here in Ontario with a vast array of cautions and protocols in place to protect exhibitors. But it was that surge of hope that was needed with just those few shows being offered and executed nearly flawlessly. Still, our Christmas joys and visits had to be curtailed as the virus continued to spread. Now here we are in the dead of winter, locked down and able to venture out only for essentials. In the midst of all this, I offered some new promotional items that I believe gave some degree of normalcy and just a teensy bit of excitement. The winter wear consisted of scarves, toques, and beanies bearing our logo in bright red and the stadium blankets are just lovely, a generous 50x 60 inches, fleece lined with a heavy outer shell, cozy and warm for those long cold nights ahead. The logo is big and bright.
And our masks are a staple. To date I believe I have mailed about 650 masks to all parts of our great country and into the US. How wonderful to see my peeps wearing them at the fall shows as well as at specialties in the US and even on the Florida circuit. I am overwhelmed by everyone’s generosity and support of this really necessary initiative. And it continues, as I update our beautiful website from time to time and manage our educational fb group. You are all a terrific and resourceful group of purebred advocates and I love the pleasure of your company. We can prevail and we will together!!!
History and Origin: The Bloodhound is the oldest of the scent hounds as we know them today. All scent hounds today were bred with the Bloodhound as the base. Although his beginnings are left to speculation, we owe his development to St. Hubert, the patron saint of the hunter. It was believed he originally obtained his stock from southern France. This breeding was carried on after his death by the abbots, who succeeded him. The original purpose of the Bloodhound is not completely clear but, in the time they were bred, hunting had to be uppermost. The nobility of the day soon learned they made excellent trackers of people and were heavily used to trail and find game poachers killing the King’s game. They are fine trackers and today that remains the bloodhound’s primary purpose, along with rescue and cadaver search.
General Appearance: The average height of an adult Bloodhound may be from 23-27 in (58-69 cm) at the shoulder. In good condition, an adult should tip the scales at 80-110 lb (36-49.5 kg).The heavier dog is favoured provided all other attributes are balanced and harmonious. The breed is very powerful with heavy bone. The chest is very deep and forms a keel. The skin is thin and loose, hanging in deep folds about the neck and head. The ears are very long and pendulous. Because of the excess skin and loose lips this breed does drool profusely so care must be taken to keep the mouth clean and dry especially after drinking and when food is available, otherwise with each head shake, you will be washing your walls frequently. Drool towels are a necessity. Please remember that this is a very large breed of dog at maturity.
Coat and Colour: The coat is short and lies flat. Bloodhounds may be black and tan, liver and tan and red. Any other colour is a disqualification. A small amount of white is permitted on the chest, feet and tip of tail. . A weekly rubdown with a bristle brush or hound mitt takes care of the coat and removes dead hair. However, the drooping eyelids and lengthy ears can gather debris and become areas of irritation. Check these areas and all skin folds regularly and clean as necessary
Feeding: The bloodhound puppy will require about 3 meals a day up to the age of six months. Thereafter, the bloodhound should be fed twice daily. He should be fed a quality kibble with a good percentage of protein and adequate fat. Feed at the same time each day and avoid excessive exercise before and after meals. It might be wise to soak the kibble to a softened texture with warm water prior to feeding. And of course fresh water should always be available.
Training and Obedience: As with all breeds, early socialization and puppy training classes are recommended. With a Bloodhound, it is best to start obedience classes early; they tend to become set in their ways, and it’s better if the behaviors they hold onto for a lifetime are the behaviors the owner wants. Bloodhounds like to take charge, so an owner needs to be firm but kind. Training that involves positive rewards, such as treats and praise, is usually effective. The Bloodhound is affectionate and devoted and also stubborn and independent, so his training requires patience, consistency, and skill. He is an amazing tracker and can excel in these types of competition.
Activity: As a scent hound, the Bloodhound is capable of a great deal of endurance and like any good hound, it only takes a whiff of an interesting scent to get him off and running. He has great stamina and can cover a great deal of distance in a short time. Though he adapts well to either city or country living, he requires daily exercise to maintain fitness and an enclosed area if he is off-leash.
Temperament: The Bloodhound is an extremely affectionate dog with a gentle nature. He gets along well with other dogs. He may be somewhat shy and is very sensitive to kindness or corrections by his owner.
Origin & Purpose: The Siberian Husky was developed untold centuries ago by the Chukchis of Northern Siberia. The Chukchis, a nomadic people, utilized their dogs in many ways – companions for their children, hunters for their food, and as their mode of transportation. Siberian Huskies were brought to Alaska in 1909 for racing, proving themselves to be hardy dogs with speed and endurance. It is essential that the breed purpose be retained today.
General Appearance: The Siberian Husky is a medium-sized working dog, light on his feet, free and graceful in action. He has an inbred desire to run and an independent spirit. His well-furred body, erect ears, and brush tail suggest his northern heritage. He performs his original function in harness most capably, carrying a light load at moderate speed over great distances. His body proportions and form reflect this basic balance of power, speed, endurance and general athletic abilities.
Height/Weight : Height – male 21 – 23-1/2 inches (53-60 cm) female 20 – 22 inches (51-56 cm) Weight – male: 45 – 60 lbs. (20-27 kg) female: 34 – 50 lbs. (15-23 kg).
Coat and Colour: The Siberian Husky has a thick, double-coat consisting of a soft, dense, downy undercoat next to the skin, and an outer coat of smooth guard hairs, giving a smooth, full-furred appearance and a clean-cut outline. It should be noted that the absence of undercoat during the shedding season is normal. General coat care consists of daily light brushing. Siberians tend to shed their coats twice a year. During the shedding season, or coat blowing, more frequent brushing is required to assist in removing the shedding undercoat. A slicker brush, an undercoat rake, and a high velocity canine dog dryer are essential to assist in this process. A FurminatorTM or bladed grooming tool should never be used on a Siberian Husky as it will cut the coat. Siberian Huskies, in general, do not have an odour so baths are recommended on an as-needed basis. All colours (solids and blended shades) and pure white are allowed and all markings. A large variety of markings are found in the Siberian Husky, especially around the head. Two patterns NOT found in the Siberian Husky are merle and brindle.
Feeding: Always ask your breeder what food they feed and recommend. If that food is not readily available where you live try and find out what is the closest thing to it. It is critical to not introduce a new kind of food and a change of water to your new puppy. Typically, a high-quality balanced kibble will ensure your Siberian Husky has a balanced diet. The water your new puppy drinks is also a consideration. Either bring a large container to fill with water from your breeder’s house or buy some bottled water for the first 2 weeks and slowly add your own tap water over that time. Puppies have immature digestive systems that are easy to upset.
Temperament: The typical Siberian Husky is friendly and gentle, but also alert and energetic. Adult Siberians can be more aloof and independent but never fear they love their cuddles and couch time too. His intelligence, natural workability and eager disposition make him a delightful companion and willing worker, especially as a sled dog. He should never display the possessive qualities of a guard dog. Predatory instincts in the Siberian Husky are very strong. While the Siberian is normally gentle and friendly with people and other dogs, owners MUST be aware that small animals in and around the home may become potential victims.
Training/Obedience: Early and consistent training is a must for this breed, the Siberian Husky is strong willed, independent, and stubborn. They should NEVER be off leash unless they are in a completely fenced yard. Crate training is essential. Positive reinforcement and reward-based training methods must also be paired with the understanding that a Siberian Husky will always ask “what’s in it for me?”.
Activity and Performance: The Siberian Husky is considered a high energy breed and requires an active lifestyle. Long walks and safe places to run are a must. As a working dog, this dog was bred to pull a sled and needs a similar job to perform. Recreational mushing, skijoring, bike-joring, and cani-cross are all activities the Siberian Husky enjoys with enthusiasm. Please contact local clubs to learn more about doing these sports safely.
The Newfoundland dog is one of only a few breeds that are indigenous to Canada and more specifically as the name implies, having originated in the province of Newfoundland. The breed has a long proud history of having assisted Canadian fishermen by hauling nets to shore and also serving as a carting dog. The breed excels at water rescue due to his strong swimming ability. How fitting then, that the top conformation dog of Canada in 2019 should be a Newfoundland Dog. ‘For The Love of Purebred Dogs’ is proud to present….. MBIS BISS Can GCh/SBOS, AM GCh/MBIS BISS, Mexican GCh/MBIS, Argentinian GCh/MBIS, Peruvian GCh/MBIS, Bolivian GCh Midnight Lady’s Fire Up Your Engine Moso, AOM. This great dog sported such impressive credentials, but we all fondly called him ‘Tupak’.
Tupak was bred in Hungary by Zsuzsu Somos Soos and is owned by Leo Rabinovitz and Christina Koffman-Heard and sponsored during his career by John Affel. In Mexico, Tupak was #3 all breed and handled by Jorge Flores Martinez. He then came to Canada and was handled beautifully during his campaign by Christina. In 2018, he finished his year in Canada as the #2 working dog and #7 all breeds.
In full showing mode in 2019, Tupak hit his stride and was rewarded consistently. He was always a pleasure to watch in the ring as he excelled with a strong smooth even gait that was powerful, yet amazingly light footed for such a large dog. He was all show man with a purposeful demeanor but he also exuded a hint of unabashed naughty enthusiasm. The down and back pattern as instructed by the judge was often his nemesis. Moving away from the judge on the diagonal and returning to land a four square stance with dignity and stateliness for this breed is considered perfection. It is this ‘finish’ that is quite appealing and eye catching as the dog plants his feet correctly, looking proud and majestic. Tupak would frequently have other ideas about perfection and would launch himself into the air just for fun. It was a constant challenge for Christina to find new ways to harness the energy of this mighty canine. Ringside supporters, familiar with his antics, watched breathlessly, praying for a peaceful sedate completion of the down and back pattern. Thus was the life of Tupak, magnificent always, temperamentally sound, and beautifully structured. As a steadfast working dog of mighty proportions he was unexcelled. Tupak lit up the rings in an exciting career that spanned several countries and ended as the #1 dog of all breeds in Canada with an impressive 116 Bests in Show in 5 countries and the top winning Newfoundland dog of all time. He is now retired and living a quiet life with his family: Christina’s son Daniel, his wife Brittany, and their two children, Madalyn and Jonah.
Origin and Uses: The Saluki is one of the oldest known breeds of dogs. It has existed, virtually unchanged, for many thousands of years. It was originally bred by the Arab tribesmen for bringing down game and was considered a sacred gift of God by the tribesmen. In Arabic, an ordinary dog is called kelb while the Saluki is El Hor, The Noble One.
General Appearance: Salukis are running dogs, They hunt by sight and chase down their quarry. A Saluki should exude strength and speed but at the same time be graceful and agile. Salukis are able to run after game over deep sand, or rocky mountains. The Saluki expression is dignified and gentle with deep, faithful, far-seeing eyes.
Height and Weight: Saluki males can average 23-28 inches. It is unusual to see a male as small as 23 inches and in reality, they are about 26 inches. Females may be smaller, and typically a female will be around 24.5 inches. A typical, mature male may weigh around 60 pounds and a female around 50 pounds. Males are very masculine looking, like a stallion, while females look feminine.
Coat and Colour: Salukis come in two coat types, smooth and feathered. Both are equally desirable. The coat is soft and silky. In the feathered Saluki, there will be long silky hair on the ears and tail with some feathering on the backs of the legs. Salukis come in most colours, including an almost white/cream, gold, fawn, red, black and tan with or without silver, and chocolate. As well as colours, there are patterns which can produce a parti colour (above colours on a white background) or grizzle (where the hairs are multi coloured) and sable (black overlay on some parts of the body).
Feeding: Salukis are a thriving breed. While sometimes picky and thin as youngsters (think 10 year old, active, healthy children) they usually settle down at maturity and eat well. Saluki diets vary based on the breeder. Some feed a biologically appropriate raw diet; some feed kibble (NEVER grain-free); some cook for their dogs; and some feed a combination of the choices. Just like people, if they are fed good food they will do well. Although people often think Salukis are too thin, you have to remember that they are the marathon runners of the dog world and need bodies suitable for that job.
Temperament: Having a well exercised Saluki in the house is like having a well behaved house-guest. They come in, say hello and then stay out of your way. They like to be in the room with you, but if you are moving from room to room they will frequently stay where they are comfortable. They are an intensely loyal breed and much more affectionate with their owners than with strangers. They do not forget a friend. They are good with children since as long as they have a way out of an uncomfortable situation, they will try to take it. A Saluki WILL sleep on the couch or chair. While they can be trained only to sleep on certain furniture they must be provided with something soft to sleep on. A carpet will not generally suffice. Even homes with multiple dog beds have Salukis that prefer to sit on the sofa (or sleep in bed) with their people.
Training and Obedience: A Saluki needs exercise. Ideally they will have a large yard with a six foot fence. They enjoy regular walks on leash. They do not like dog parks. A Saluki that does not get enough exercise will make their own exercise and can become destructive. For an active owner that will go for regular walks (or runs) they are ideal. A Saluki should not become a running buddy until its growth plates have fused (around a year of age). Even the most trainable/well trained Saluki is unreliable off leash. They were designed to hunt by sight, and if they see something they will give chase, and they will not heed the call to come back. Off-leash running must be limited to safe, ideally fenced, areas.
Activity and Performance: It is easy to train a Saluki to have good manners. They are quiet, they are responsive and they are quick to figure out what is allowed and what is not acceptable. “Outside”, “come over here”, “get off the couch” are all easy for them to figure out. Traditionally Salukis are not top Performance (obedience, rally, agility) dogs. They do not take well to repetition and they do not like to be wrong or corrected. Salukis are very trainable as long as you are very positive and make it worthwhile for them to listen. There are Salukis that excel in all disciplines but they do require both a trainer and coach that is willing to think outside the box. The top performance discipline for Salukis is lure coursing and there are lure coursing clubs all around Canada. Chasing a plastic lure is a natural instinct and they love it.
Origin and Uses: The breed originated in the rugged countryside along the English and Scottish border. It is among the oldest British terriers and shares its ancestry with the Bedlington and Dandie Dinmont Terrier. It was originally bred to chase and kill foxes. This breed may date back as far as the 1600’s. They worked with the hounds on the hunts and flushed the foxes that had gone to earth.
General Appearance: A wiry coated small dog but with more leg and a more streamlined athletic body (rib cage can be spanned) than some of the other stockier terriers, that allows him the ability to be a swift and tireless hunter, capable of running with the hounds and horsemen. The striking characteristic is the ‘otter head’, resembling an otter in appearance, a shape peculiar to this breed.
Height and Weight: Males 13-15 ½ pounds, females 11 ½ – 14 pounds and about 12-15 inches tall
Coat and Colour: The Border Terrier has a double coat which consists of a soft undercoat and a wiry top coat. They are NOT hypoallergenic and DO shed. The coat should be stripped a couple of times a year or more often if you prefer a tidier looking Border. This is something that can be learned to do but often, many pet owners will turn to the services of a professional groomer. While some do clipper their Border’s coat, it often can change how the coat grows back. Colours include red, wheaten, grizzle and tan, and blue and tan.
Feeding: Borders are generally good eaters but there is a condition that has been seen in Borders and other breeds. It is called Canine Epiloid Cramping Syndrome (CECS) and research is linking it to gluten in diets so a gluten free diet is recommended. Gluten free is not grain free. The Border Terrier is generally a healthy breed but do ask your breeder if they check for inherited disorders. Border Terrier Canada has a website which outlines what tests are recommended before breeding.
Temperament: The Border Terrier is an active little dog and makes a wonderful family companion. They are clever, can be a little stubborn and as essentially a working terrier, can have a strong prey drive. For this reason, they do require a safe and secure fenced garden to ensure their safety. Even a well trained Border will often go “deaf” when on the chase of a squirrel, bird or other animal they deem to be prey. Borders are good with children, but like any dog, very young children must be supervised and taught how to properly interact with them..
Training and Obedience: They do well in dog sports and there are many to choose from. Borders do well in earth dog tests, barn hunt, agility and rally obedience.
Activity and Performance: The Border Terrier is happiest when with his/her family and are as active as you want to be but are just as happy to snuggle in front of the TV with you. The Border Terrier does generally get along well with other dogs however if challenged, will not likely back down. It is for this reason, that we do not recommend off leash dog parks for a Border Terrier, or for any dog for that matter. To keep your Border Terrier safe, we always recommend walking on leash. Borders who are raised with cats generally are good with their own cat but a stray or neighbour cat that enters his garden may be at risk. Likewise, pets like rats, gerbils, hamsters, etc. are not usually a good fit. Your Border Terrier puppy should be trained to a crate. A crate serves many purposes, is an aid in housebreaking and ensures the dog’s safety when you are not at home. It is a safe mode of travel in the car and is often a haven that your Border will gravitate to for quiet time or bed time. A crate is not to be used as a place of punishment, nor should your Border Terrier spend an inordinate amount of his time in a crate during the day.
Origin and Uses: this breed is German in origin and is thought to be more than 400 years old. It is descended from mastiff type breeds that were used by German nobility to guard and also to hunt wild boar.
General Appearance: a giant breed, tall and powerful: showing great strength, combined with elegance: well muscled and dignified, while being graceful and coordinated in motion for such a large breed: Often referred to as the ‘Apollo of dogs’: The male specimens are more substantial, and are notably more impressive in masculinity.
Height and Weight: males 30 -32 inches at shoulder, over 32 inches preferred and 140-175 pounds: females 28-30 inches, over 30 inches preferred and 110-140 pounds. Less than 28 inches would be disqualifying in a show specimen.
Coat and Colour: the coat is short, smooth and glossy: Colours are brindle…. Fawn….blue…black…. harlequin ….( white with torn black patches over the body) Boston…. (black and white) merle…. ( grey base colour with black torn patches on body) Mantled Merle….grey with black patches that includes white collar, white head blaze, white legs and white tail tip)
Temperament: spirited and courageous: friendly and dependable, never timid. Quite calm in nature and makes a good companion dog: Considered a gentle giant: a sweet, loving and very loyal breed with their families: They are also a natural guard dog and will bark if they sense an intruder or other suspicious sight or sound: Very affectionate and good with children and other animals. It is important that they be raised in the home as part of the family.
Feeding: Use a good quality kibble, adult formula for puppies as it is important to keep protein and fat levels low in this giant fast growing breed. Do not over feed puppies: keep them leaner. Do not use grain free foods. Adults are fed soaked softened kibble twice daily from a raised bowl. Exercise must be limited before and after eating. A raw diet can also be appropriate.
Training and Obedience: Crate training is a must for puppies. They are easily house broken. Early socialization and obedience training is highly recommended. They can be easily trained in basic obedience as they have a strong desire to please. They are not an ideal kennel dog and are not suited to living out doors away from family.
Activity and Performance: ‘Danes’ require daily exercise of multiple walks or a fenced area to run in order to build muscle for the large frame of an adult dog. Younger dogs under 2 years should not have forced exercise as it can be damaging to developing bones and joints. Mature dogs will enjoy biking, hiking and can be a good jogging partner: Some may also perform well in agility, dock diving, rally, barn hunt and fast cat. (Timed 100 yd event)
Origin and Purpose The world’s smallest dog, the Chihuahua is a breed of dog considered indigenous to the Western Hemisphere. The breed’s name indicates its ancestors came from the State of Chihuahua in Mexico. However, the breed’s origins more properly belong to the whole of the country. It is said that the Long Coat variety was developed entirely in the United States by crossing the Smooth Coat to the Papillon and the Pomeranian. The Chihuahua has evolved primarily as a human companion.
Size A well-balanced little dog not to exceed 6 lb (2.7 kg).
Coat and Colour Coat: In the Short Coat (also referred to as Smooth Coat in the USA), the coat should be soft in texture, close, and glossy (heavier coats with undercoats permissible). In the Long Coat, the coat should be of a soft texture, either flat or slightly wavy, with undercoat preferred. Colour: A solid colour, marked (a solid colour with markings of other colours), or splashed (irregular, patched solid colour on white or white on a solid colour).
Temperament A graceful, alert, swift-moving little dog with saucy expression. Compact and with terrier-like qualities. Superior intelligence and generally reserved towards strangers.
Training and Obedience; Chihuahuas possess loyalty and charm, but even tiny dogs require training. Compact and confident, Chihuahuas can be ideal city pets. They are too small for roughhousing with children, and special care must be taken in cold weather, but Chihuahuas are adaptable —as long as they get lots of quality time in their preferred lap. The Chihuahua is a very alert little dog of high intelligence. They are eager to please their humans and respond well to positive training practices. Chihuahuas seem well aware of how cute they are and learn how to get their way. They can excel in obedience training and other canine sports.
Activity: The Chihuahua loves to run and play and can often get enough exercise in a small space. Short walks will help to keep your dog in good weight and condition.
History and Origin: The Staffordshire bull terrier is a big dog in a small package. The Staffordshire bull terrier history began in the back country of England and was a popular breed of dog with the coalminers at the turn of the twentieth century. A foremost all purpose dog, the breed was a blend of the Bulldog for their tenacity and old Black and Tan Terrier for their athletic ability. They were designed to fight each other in the pit. More importantly the SBT had to be a totally reliable and trust worthy family member.
General Appearance: Strong and muscular, solidly built: Generally, the SBT is a very healthy breed. Occasional allergy issues can occur and diet is an important factor. Breeders have done a great job in health testing. We have DNA tests for Juvenile Hereditary Cataracts and L2HG, a metabolic disorder. Many breeders do further testing for their own knowledge to assist them in making informed breeding choices to keep the health integrity of the breed. The SBT lifespan is generally 12-15 year
Height and Weight: 14-16” 28-38 lbs
Coat and Colour: This is a short coated breed. Acceptable colours are red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any of these colours with white. Any shade of brindle with or without white.
Feeding: The SBT does exceptionally well on a balanced raw diet or high end kibble.
Temperament: The SBT’s happy go lucky nature coupled with their sensitivity makes them an extremely trainable breed. They are generally a quiet breed and don’t bark much even when people come to the door. This breed has never met at stranger that they don’t love, but don’t let that fool you; they will give their life to protect their family from a threat. Their number one priority in life is to please their people. They do tend to “talk” to people when they are happy or excited by making vocal rooing sounds. It is a very endearing trait. The SBT has a special affection towards children that is hard to describe until you experience it.
Training and Obedience: Crate training is a must with this breed as they are very inventive when bored and will renovate your house while you are not home. A fenced yard is important as this breed left unattended will follow anyone home, especially children. They require early socialization with other dogs and cats to learn healthy doggie manners and social skills. They do well in pairs or with other breeds that match their energy level.
Activity and Performance: The breed thrives on being given a job whether its obedience, agility, or other dog sports or just doing tricks for the family. They love to entertain, and are up for any activity that you throw at them. They enjoy water if introduced to it at an early age as they don’t tend to be natural swimmers. They tend to play hard with other dogs and don’t understand their own strength. Generally they will not start an altercation but are always up to the challenge if another dog were to start something. Therefore off leash parks are never a good idea with this breed. They love all outdoor activities but because of their shorter muzzle, they can be more heat sensitive.
Origin and Purpose The Finnish Lapphund traces its origin back to the dogs kept by the Lapp people used as reindeer herders and watchdogs in Finnish Scandinavia and in the northern parts of Russia. Over the years, as reindeer herding subsided, the dogs were effectively used on sheep and cattle. Today the breed is very popular in the whole of Finland and around the world as a companion.
General Appearance:The Finnish Lapphund is a medium sized herding breed that is intelligent, alert, agile, friendly, and eager to learn. Developed to live and work outside in the cold, the breed is strongly built and thickly coated. Despite its strength, the Finnish Lapphund conveys a certain softness, particularly in expression.
Height and Weight Males: 49 cm (19”), 15 – 20 kg (35 – 45 lbs) Females: 44 cm (17”), 12 – 17 kg (28 – 38 lbs) There is a tolerance of +/- 3 cm (just over 1”). Type is more important than size.
Coat and Colour The Finnish Lapphund’s hair is profuse —the males especially have an abundant mane. The outer coat is long, straight, and harsh. On the head and on the front of the legs, the coat is shorter. There must be a soft and dense undercoat, which does require regular grooming, particularly during the shedding season which generally occurs once or twice a year. All colours are permitted. The basic colour must be dominant. Colours other than the basic colour can occur on the head, neck, chest, underside of the body, or on the legs and tail.
Temperament Keen, calm and willing to learn. Friendly and faithful. The Finnish Lapphund has many great qualities; they are smart and quick to learn, make great alert dogs, are wonderful family companions, and are often referred to as clowns. When herding reindeer, the dogs are extremely active and noisy. They must be constantly on the watch, and as a result, the breed has a very strong ‘startle reflex,’ as well as being very agile and alert. When interacting with people, Finnish Lapphunds are calm, friendly, and submissive. At times, they may appear a little distant or aloof. This combination of submissiveness and being reserved should not be misinterpreted as shyness.
Training and Obedience Coming from the herding family, the Finnish Lapphund is intelligent and quick to learn, yet at the same time can be independent and strong-willed. Often referred to as a ‘thinking’ breed, the Lappies do well in all aspects of performance.
Activity Finnish Lapphunds are a laid-back type of personality, but when asked, they perform with enthusiasm. Their exercise needs are moderate and would benefit from a daily walk. Barking It is important to remember that the Finnish Lapphund used their bark to perform their job of herding reindeer, so barking during the excitement of play is common.
Origin and Uses: this breed is from Scotland. It probably shares its’ lineage with several other terriers, those being the Scottish Terrier, Cairn Terrier, Skye Terrier and the Dandie Dinmont Terrier. Also called ‘Westies’ , they were used in Scotland in the 1700’s as vermin exterminators and were also used to hunt foxes, badgers and otters. They were first exhibited at dog shows in the US in 1906.
General Appearance: a medium sized terrier: longer legged than some of the other Scottish terriers: distinctive white double harsh coat: small prick ears: dark eyes with bushy eyebrows: carrot shaped upright tail: compact body: strong and sturdy.
Height: males 11 inches: females 10 inches. Under or over these limits is not desirable.
Coat and Colour: Must be white and must be double coated with the outer coat being about 2 inches long, straight, harsh and hard to the touch while the under coat is soft and abundant. Nose must be black and must have black pigmentation elsewhere eg. lips, eye rims, feet pads, nails and skin.
Temperament: A strong willed and determined terrier with a high prey drive for rabbits and small vermin, the Westie is a bold, confidant, and cheerful little dog, that is playful and full of energy. ‘They have no small amount of self esteem’. He can co-exist with other animals but may be aggressive with other males. This breed is not a meek and mild lap dog.
Feeding: Westies do well on a good quality high grade kibble mixed with premium raw. Feed two or three times daily. Like most dogs, they love their bedtime cookies .
Training and Obedience : They are not always the easiest to housebreak so be patient. Always use a crate when unsupervised. They are diggers and barkers.
Activity and Performance: Hours of activity is not a requirement but they should go for a daily walk. If that isn’t possible, then a game of fetch in the back yard is good too. They should never be allowed off leash in an unfenced area. They do well in obedience, barn hunt, agility and other performance events.
Origin & Purpose – named after the Siberian nomadic Samoyede people whose livelihood depended upon migrating reindeer, the Samoyed was a herding dog who also pulled sleds, helped in the hunt, and kept the children warm in the “choom” tents that the Samoyede erected as they stopped to rest on long journeys. They were selected for several Antarctic expeditions in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s and acquired directly from Samoyede tribes for this task. Expedition survivors were then brought to England where fanciers developed a breed standard. Those original working dogs’ genes have formed what we know as the Samoyed breed today. In 1891, an early developer of the breed, described them as “lovely white Russian (Samoyed) sledge dog pups, like small polar bears, most gentle and affectionate with splendid coats and tails” Little has changed.
General Appearance – a working dog of beauty, alertness and strength, with agility, dignity, and grace: heavy and weather resistant coat. The Samoyed is a medium sized member of the Spitz family of dogs and may be the original progenitor of most of the Spitz breeds we see today. Well bred and well maintained, Samoyeds are eye arresting in their natural beauty. Their characteristic “Sammy Smile” is legendary and a hallmark of the breed.
Height/Weight – Height: Dogs 21 -23 ½ inches (53 to 60 cm) females 19-21 ½ inches (48 to 55 cm) at the withers: Weight in proportion to size: Should never be too heavy as to appear clumsy nor so light as to appear racy
Coat / Colour – double¬coated dog: body well covered with undercoat of soft, short, thick, closed wool with longer, harsher hair growing through it: outer coat stands straight out from the body: coat forms a ruff around the neck and shoulders, framing the head (more on males than females). Quality of coat should be weather resistant and consid¬ered more important than quantity: type of coat and texture is important: should glisten with a silver sheen: female coats not as long and may be slightly softer in texture. Colour: must be white, white and biscuit, white cream, cream or all biscuit. All of these colours should be considered equal. Any other colours disqualify. Curly, wavy, flat, droopy, soft or silky outercoat is extremely undesir¬able. Excessive coat length and short, smooth coats are not typical. Dense undercoat is shed seasonally: coat has no doggy odour: harsh outer coat resists dirt: many people allergic to dogs are absolutely fine with Samoyeds.
Feeding – Samoyeds do well on a multi-protein based kibble, but in particular a fish source should be included. Switching up the raw amongst the many formulas available also offers Samoyeds some variety which they enjoy. A good combination is a high quality triple protein based kibble plus a commercial frozen raw dog food.
Temperament: Sammies have outstanding temperaments due to their long association serving humans: gentle with children and the elderly: cherished as beloved family pets. Samoyeds are pack dogs and as such are happiest with their human pack and don’t prefer a solitary life. They are characters with personality plus, and usually not alpha – but they do require discipline and boundaries. Socially needy breed that must be with people: they have a strong sense of family: Thrive being among others with a “the more the merrier” attitude. Loneliness can lead to noisy and destructive behavior.
Training /Obedience – Being an intelligent and “thinking” breed, not keen on repetitive work like retrieving.
Activity and Performance: love plenty of exercise: As long as you’re with them, they’re pretty content. Samoyeds can and do protest being left behind. Loneliness can lead to noisy and destructive behavior. Doggy daycares are perfect for working families, as Samoyeds can flaunt their social nature while dog parents can rest easy knowing that their dog is not getting into trouble while home alone. Samoyeds can be used as service dogs, therapy dogs, pulling children on sleds, skijoring with adult owners.
Origin and Uses: the dachshund breed originated in Germany and has existed since the 16th century. The three coat varieties were developed at different times, and were used to hunt badgers, hence the name: ‘Dachs’ meaning badger and ‘hund’ meaning dog. The mini was created from probable crosses with toy terriers and pinschers to hunt rabbits. Crosses were later discontinued, and selective breedings were maintained in order to preserve their hunting ability.
General Appearance: a small, low to the ground, robust, and sturdy breed with short stout legs, long body, long tail, and harsh coat. For your interest, there is also a kanichen size that is even smaller for going down rabbit holes and is measured by chest circumference.
Weight: under 11 pounds
Coat and Colour: Wiry coat, with harsh medium length outer coat and with undercoat: Typical colours are red, wild boar and black and tan. Coat can be managed with weekly brushing: Must have longer eyebrows and beard. For show purposes the coat is hand stripped similar to a terrier. Coat must not be soft. For the softest coats, it is usually easier to maintain by regular clipping.
Feeding: Wires are not fussy eaters and require no particular dietary requirements: Do well on a good quality kibble, and fed twice daily. This is a hardy breed and relatively healthy. Back issues are a rarity but can be expensive to treat so keep your dog in healthy weight and condition. Temperament: a clownish breed that is happy and outgoing, alert and active. They love company. They are good with children and other dogs and cats if introduced properly.
Training and Obedience: crate training is recommended for house breaking along with a small pen outdoors, otherwise they are easily distracted by sights and smells. Always be consistent.
Activity and Performance: Their short legs do not allow them to be a jogging partner but still they must have exercise and they do have good athletic ability. They can do obedience, scent work, lure coursing and agility.
An update on FTLOPD activities……Last fall near Christmas, we partnered with member Debbie McMahon and her law office to assist with the making of help bags for the homeless in Niagara Falls as part of the ‘Out of the Cold’ program. These bags consisted of self care products ( soap, toothpaste etc) as well as cold weather items such as scarves, gloves and toques. Many of you made gracious monetary donations as well as donating bags and boxes of useful items. We were delighted with your assistance and Debbie’s office was able to assemble 60 well stocked help bags which were distributed to the needy on Niagara’s streets. This year we are hoping to double the number of bags. To that end and given the current state of our quarantines and with some extra time prior to gardening season, I’ve been working at my own personal donation with the making of scarves. They aren’t fancy, but should be a warm welcome when winter sets in once again.
Origin and uses: from Scotland, a very old breed, dating back to at least the 16th century. They are considered to be a ‘sighthound’ and were used in Scotland to course and bring down red deer. Through the 1800s, as the rifle came into use, they were prized in the Highlands in the ‘sport’ of deer stalking and running the wounded quarry down and bringing it to bay. Throughout the Commonwealth, Deerhounds were used on any quarry that required speed and courage, until coursing live game was banned. Then the show world continued to maintain the breed and lure coursing maintained their performance skills.
General Appearance: A Deerhound should resemble a rough-coated greyhound but larger in size and with heavier bone. A tall breed with a ‘harsh and wiry’ coat, long legs, lean head, high set small ears that in repose are folded back like a greyhound, long tail, and a back that is well arched over the loin. Most important are broad and powerful hindquarters with the hips set wide apart.
Height and weight: Males 30-32 inches ( or even more) at the shoulder: 80-110 pound…..females 28 inches and upwards at shoulder: 75 – 95 pounds
Coat and Colour: black, grey, dark blue grey; the coat is harsh and coarse to the touch with a wiry feel. A wooly coat is ‘bad’. White is not correct either, although a small amount on the chest and toes is accepted. Weekly brushing is required. Feeding: twice daily using raw as part of the diet. Eg. chicken necks or duck necks.
Temperament: a docile and gentle breed that loves people and comfort when they are mature.(3 plus years) Friendly and sensitive, they are a calm breed as adults. Puppies need a lot of free play and can be rambunctious. They do well with other breeds but smaller breeds or cats might illicit their prey drive. Remember they were bred to be a running hunter.
Training Obedience and Performance: Puppies and up to age three, can be destructive. After three years, they become “that most perfect creature of heaven”. They should not be neutered before age three. Obedience training will be difficult and at best not very rewarding with a deerhound. They just don’t care to be trained and view the whole procedure with a great deal of disinterest. They do however excel in lure coursing events. They require daily runs in an open field.
Origin and Purpose The Greater Swiss Mountain dog is known in Switzerland as an all-purpose farm working dog. They were used to herd cattle, pull heavy carts, guard and be the family companion. They are assumed to be one of the oldest Swiss breeds and nearly became extinct until a resurgence in the early 1900’s. The Greater Swiss Mountain dog is a rare breed all over the world. They are thought to be used to develop the Rottweiler and St.Bernard. The Greater Swiss Mountain dog is the largest of the four breeds of mountain dogs: Bernese Mountain dog, Appenzeller Mountain dog and Entlebucher Mountain dog. They are affectionately known as a “swissy” to their families.
General Appearance The Greater Swiss Mountain dog is a large boned, well muscled dogs with impressive strength, yet surprisingly very agile. Their bodies are longer in length in proportion to their height.
Height and weight Males may range from 25-28 inches(65 cm- 72 cm) in height and weigh 110-140 pounds (41-61 kg) Females may range from 24-27 inches(60-68 cm) in height and weigh from 90-115 pounds(36-50 kg)
Coat and Colour A swissy has a tri-coloured coat, mainly black with a white chest close to the shape of a Swiss cross, a white muzzle and blaze, with white socks. The rust should be symmetrical on either side of the white on the forechest, on all four legs and under the tail. They have a double coat- an outer coat of medium length and a dense undercoat of dark grey/ black. They are easy care- wash and wear, with regular brushing to reduce shedding and trim nails regularly.
Feeding A high quality raw or kibble is recommended twice a day, watching that they do not become overweight. They generally enjoy their food and can become lazy. They do not have many health issues or allergies.
Temperament Swissies are devoted to their families and extremely gentle with children. They are confident, alert and dignified. They are also very dependable, faithful and majestic making a striking impression in public. They have a great desire to work and please their owners. They crave physical contact and attention and will not wander far from their owner. Training and Obedience Swissies are an intelligent breed, learning quickly to please. They do mature slowly and therefore require steady, reliable training to develop manners. Early socialization is recommended to balance their protectiveness and guarding instincts. Hot weather can be difficult for them and they prefer cooler environments.
Activity and Performance The Greater Swiss Mountain dog does not need a lot of exercise, yet it should be regular, since they tend to be lazy. They excel in many sports such as conformation, obedience trials, drafting and carting and can be known to pull extreme weights of well over 4500 pounds! They are also suitable for backpacking, hiking and herding.
Origin and Uses: a very old breed, descended from roman times and likely developed in Germany by crosses with molosser mastiff types, mountain dogs and drovers of that era: used to drive cattle herds along with the armies as they marched across Europe: tough and strong and later became drover dogs for the town of Rottweil, herding cattle from pasture to town, protecting them from robbers and wild animals. They were often referred to as the Butcher’s Dog.
General Appearance: very strong and robust dog with thick muscling through shoulders, neck and hindquarters: powerfully built, sturdy and upstanding, heavier bone on male specimens: always alert to his surroundings.
Height and Weight: Height males 24-27 inches and about 110 – 132 pounds : females 22-25 inches and 77- 105 pounds
Coat and Colour: black dog with tan or rich mahogany markings on cheeks, side of muzzle, thumb print over each eye, under throat, on chest, all lower legs and under tail: body coat is dense, short, and course: A natural dog that is untrimmed: only needs weekly brushing, ear cleaning and nail trimming; ( start as puppies) Bathe when necessary. They shed twice yearly.
Feeding: Does well on any high grade kibble or properly sourced raw. Feed twice daily and restrict exercise after eating. Rarely have food allergies: generally good eaters. Should not be allowed to become overweight.
Temperament: aloof with strangers, but must not be shy. Fearless and self assured. Socialize early. Not to be used as a child baby sitter. Strong work ethic: Good with other dogs if introduced properly. Breed has Low tolerance for other aggressive dogs and is a natural family protector.
Training and Obedience: crate training a puppy is essential so that he has a safe place when alone. Powerful chewers so must be supervised: Highly intelligent. Start basic obedience when young using positive reinforcement. Without early training they can become dominant!! They are easy to house train with consistency.
Activity and Performance: require a fair amount of exercise. An adult Rottie is a great dog for joggers. Require two long brisk walks daily or some time in a fenced area chasing a ball but need a six foot fence as they can jump easily. Require a fenced yard. Swimming exercise is also good. Breed excels in dock diving, drafting, agility, obedience, protection work, herding and a variety of other dog sports.
History and Origin: originated in the United Kingdom: bred to hunt rodents and small vermin. Named for their small town in England, they were also successful when used in packs at hunts. Probably developed by crossing smaller Irish Terriers with other short legged terriers, they were recognized as an official breed in England in 1932 and in the US in 1979. A dog by the name of ‘Rags’, was bred successfully in England and is considered the forerunner of the breed today.
General Appearance: stocky and study with solid body and strong bone. Quite a substantial dog in a small package, very hardy, they were bred to be tough and fearless ratters. They have a harsh weather resistant coat, prick ears, square appearance on short legs, and foxy expression. They are one of the smallest terriers.
Height: ideal is 10 inches Weight: ideal is 12 pounds
Coat and Colour: all shades of red, wheaten, black and tan and grizzle: Body: the coat is harsh and wiry to touch, and lies close to the body with definite undercoat: Heavier coat around neck and shoulders so as to create a mane. Face: Heavier hair forms slight eyebrows, and whiskers on muzzle, otherwise hair on face, head and ears is short and smooth. Any white patches are undesirable. A proper coat is preferred to be hand stripped to maintain texture and colour. This type of coat easily stays clean as dirt falls right off. If an owner prefers to have their pet clippered this is also fine, but it will result in a softer coat texture and colour will lighten.
Feeding: do well on a quality kibble: a balanced raw diet is also acceptable: generally good eaters so weight must be monitored carefully. Teeth tend to get dirty so regular care is essential.
Temperament: An affectionate breed, they love their people and like to be near. They are a pack animal so do well in multiples: very game little breed and happy to do whatever the family chooses. Happy and energetic: keen and outgoing with lively personality.
Training and Obedience: They are rather slow to house train as puppies so patience will be required. Crating during puppy hood is essential. Can be obedience trained but have a rather stubborn nature so fair, consistent, patient training is essential. As with any breed, a fenced secure yard is a must.
Activity and Performance: They enjoy a daily walk but exercise needs are modest. Some Norwich Terriers rarely bark, and only to alert: they are short legged and small so not a good breed for a distance jogger or biker Do well in barn hunts, and agility.
The Airedale Terrier, also called the Bingley Terrier, or Waterside Terrier originated in the valley of the River Aire, in Yorkshire, England. The KING of Terriers – they are the largest and most powerful of the Terrier group. They are a very lively all purpose dog, and are a devoted companion and family dog, capable of hunting, agility, obedience and even used for police and military function. They can be very playful clowns, yet attentive to their owners. They are also very serious workers, an excellent combination for an all purpose dog.
Adult height: 23 in (58 cm)
Adult weight: 50-60 lb (22-27 kg) Sturdy and well muscled. They are an extremely strong dog for their size.
Coat: The dense coat is composed of a harsh, wiry outer coat and a softer undercoat. The harshest outer coat is often crinkled or slightly wavy. For show dogs, the coat is groomed by hand stripping mature hair. For pets, clippering is the best way to keep the coat looking sharp and the dog clean.
Colours: The coat is tan with black, red or dark grizzle ‘saddle’ markings.
Feeding: A high quality balanced kibble diet and they do very well on salmon based kibble. They love fruit and vegetables as well. They need to be solid built – kept not too thin or kept not too heavy as weight can be very hard on their joints.
Training & Obedience: Very willing to please and very clever at picking up what is expected of them. Socialization with people and other dogs (and other household animals) should be done any time after eight weeks of age. Airedales will adapt at any age to a new home.
House breaking: They are a very clean breed and train easily. Bell training at an outer door works extremely well.
Crate training: When trained from a young age they are excellent in their crates, and rarely suffer from separation anxiety.
Exercise: They are well suited to both urban and rural homes. They are an excellent walking companion, and willing participants in most activities. They should not be run great distances as even though they have the size and will to do so- it can be very hard on their joints due to their deep chest and substance. They are very calm in the house if provided proper exercise. They do NOT do well at dog parks as most dogs will challenge their arrogance. There is an old saying – an Airedale will rarely, if ever, start a fight but they will always finish one.
Weather tolerance: Access to fresh water at ALL times is absolutely essential. They are an all weather dog and do not mind the cold or inclement weather. They are easy to towel off if wet. As with any other companion they should always live inside the home as a family member.
Origin and History: The Afghan Hound is an ancient member of the Sighthound family, a king of dogs. They are best described as an athlete in a silk suit. The Afghan Hound is an aristocrat, with his whole appearance being one of dignity and aloofness. The striking characteristics of the breed are an exotic expression, a long silky topknot, a unique coat pattern with profuse trousering, very prominent hipbones, and large feet.
Adult weight: 50-60 lb (22-27 kg)
Adult height: 25- 28 inches in (63-71 cm)
Coat: An Afghan Hound has a profuse silky coat on the legs, head, and body, and a short sleek saddle on the back of a mature dog. They require constant upkeep, and weekly bathing if kept in full coat. For pets, clippering is often done in order to keep the coat both easier to manage, and to keep the dog clean. A dog in a shorter pet trim should be bathed and groomed monthly. This breed has a very different appearance between those kept in full coat as opposed to a pet trim.
Colours: All colours are permissible, but colour combinations are often seen. White markings especially on the head are undesirable on show prospects – however white blazes on their chests or some on their toes are often seen. White should never be a predominant colour.
Feeding: A high quality balanced kibble diet often with added meat or any other protein source assists to encourage appetite. They can be picky eaters, and on their own tend to do well grazing as opposed to eating their meal all at one time. They can be thieves and may counter surf.
Training & Obedience: They are devoted to their family but are not particularly willing to please consistently in performance events. They are very clever at picking up what is expected of them but will do so on their own terms. They require a soft, gentle hand and voice. They are almost catlike in demeanor. Socialization with both people and animals is paramount from a young age.
House breaking and Crate training: Afghan Hounds are a clean breed, and train well in their home. They benefit from a consistent routine. When trained from a young age they are excellent in their crates, and rarely suffer from separation anxiety. They prefer a larger open wire cage to stretch out, with good bedding to protect their back and spine as they often sleep upside down with their legs in the air. A wire crate also allows good air circulation for their coat. A raised water bucket is helpful so they do not end up with wet bedding.
Exercise: They are well suited to both urban and rural homes. They are an excellent walking companion. They are very instinctive hunters. They are best being exercised on leash, or within a fenced area. They are a natural hunter so they are not a breed that is ever reliable to return once off leash.
Weather tolerance: Access to fresh water at all times is important. They can be an all weather dog and do not mind the cold or inclement weather. Saying that if they get wet the hair is inclined to become matted if not thoroughly dried and brushed. As with any other companion they should always live inside the home as a family member.
Origin and History: one of the oldest of the gun dog breeds; originated in France over 500 years ago by crossing of French and Spanish pointers; came to England in 1600 and spaniel crosses were added. A setting breed, it will ‘set’ or crouch as it air scents the birds in the field. It was originally called a Setting Spaniel. Crossing the Laverack line (show dogs) and the LLewellin line (field dogs) developed the breed that is familiar today. AKC recognition in 1884.
General Appearance: a bit smaller than the Irish and Gordon setter but still elegant and substantial, he is the ‘moderate setter’ ; an active dog with strength and stamina but not as rollicking as the Irish Setter; combines a noble appearance with grace and style. Height and Weight: males about 25 inches and 60-70 pounds: females about 24 inches and 45-55 pounds.
Coat and Colour: body coat lies flat, and is silky smooth to touch, never curly or wooly; longer feathering on ears, chest, tail, backs of legs, under belly, and underside of thighs. Puppies nearly always born white; Many colour patterns exist; Black and white, orange and white, liver and white, lemon and white, white, black-white and tan, orange belton, liver belton, lemon belton, tricolour belton, blue belton. Belton is an English village and in the case of the English setter, refers to the ticking pattern on the coat.
Feeding: Use any good quality kibble or proper raw diet. Feed twice daily and avoid heavy exercise before and after meals: Kibble should be softened with warm water before feeding: Generally good eaters so take care that proper weight is maintained: must not be allowed to become overweight.
Training and Obedience: firm kind and consistent training methods are a must: a sensitive breed that will not do well with harsh punishment: will do decently in obedience but may not be as quick and precise as other faster, smaller breeds: They are not natural retrievers but can be taught to enjoy chasing a ball.
Temperament: kind and calm nature, not as rollicking as the Irish Setter: considered a ‘gentleman’ and loves to be near his family: Good with kids, cats and other dogs. Will be guardy if sensing an intruder and tend to be barkers so this trait needs to be stopped at a young age. The English setter as a medium/large breed , makes an excellent family pet.
Activity and performance: excel in the field, and in hunt tests. Will do well in agility, , Frisbee, rally and are ok when properly initiated, in the water. When training outdoors for any of the above activities, they might be easily distracted by birds. They require daily vigorous exercise to stay fit. A walk or safe run in an open field away from distractions and traffic will keep them fit. Because they air scent their birds, care must be taken when off leash.
Origin and Uses: a large breed of dog that is part of sporting or gundog group. Before 1924 known as the black and tan setter; originated in the United Kingdom and are the heaviest and sturdiest of the setter breeds proving useful to hunters in the rough terrain of Scotland. They are excellent dogs in the field, with the ability to ‘set’ or crouch to indicate the bird. Several early crosses with other setters, collies, and bloodhounds eventually produced the dog of today: name was changed to Gordon Setter in1924 .
Weight and Height: males 24-27 inches and 55-80 pounds…females 23-26 inches and 45-70 pounds.
General Appearance: largest and heaviest of the four setter breeds. Well muscled, very sturdy with strong bone and substance that suggests stamina rather than raciness, while still being stylish and noble looking.
Coat and Colour: coal black shorter hair over complete body, that is silky and may have a slight wave; longer hair on ears, backs of legs, chest, and under tail . Tan markings over eyes, on side of face, feet and lower legs and under tail. These are the only acceptable colours and marking details. Regular brushing required especially after a romp in the field.
Feeding: Any good quality kibble….they are a large deep chested breed so should be fed twice daily with avoidance of exercise before and after eating.
Training and Obedience: train easily in obedience but can also be stubborn so training needs to be fair, firm and consistent; excel in performance sports but speed and agility might be compromised for steady working ability.
Activity and performance: require daily run andexercise to stay fit; good breed for bikers and joggers; if bored dog may be tempted to dig in the back yard; fenced yard is necessary: not natural jumpers; if allowed freedom they would likely follow a good scent since they are a natural hunting/field dog.
Temperament: a sweet and kindly breed that do not bark excessively; somewhat guardy, if they sense an intruder. They are an excellent pet with kids, and are accepting of other dogs and cats; good family dog.
History and origin: The Irish Red and White Setter was likely the precursor to the Red Irish Setter that is so familiar. The Irish Red and White Setter was popular in Ireland in the 1600’s, with hunters who took them out to hunt in the bogs where the dogs displayed that peculiar style of ‘setting’ down on their bellies to indicate the position of the bird. The breed was pushed aside in favour of the typical red setter and was nearly lost to the world. But assistance from dedicated fanciers revived the breed in Ireland in the 1970’s. The brilliant red and white colouring has been favored by huntsmen as the dog is easily seen in the field. The Canadian Kennel Club recognized the breed in May 1999.
General Appearance: A fairly large breed of dog that is very athletic and strong without being either cumbersome or too racy. They were born to run and hunt and have a high level of endurance. They are a powerful and hardy sporting dog and are classified as a gun dogs just like their counterpart, the Irish Setter
Height and Weight: Males 24 ½ -26 inches Females 22 ½ – 24…..weight range is approximately 50 -70 pounds.
Coat and Colour: Pearly white body colour, with islands of vivid red distributed randomly on the body. Ears are typically red and generally the face displays red markings with a white blaze. The backs of legs have longer fine hair, belly has a longer fringes, chest is covered with longer hair and the tail is full. The ‘furnishings’ are not to be too profuse. Coat care is relatively easy as mud and dirt tends to dry and brush off, but the longer furnishings should be combed through regularly to prevent tangling and matting particularly if the dog has been running in the open field.
Feeding: Balanced raw diet or any good quality kibble. Feed twice daily and avoid exercise for an hour or two before and after meals. Fish or omega additives add beneficial oils and fats that enhance the coat and general health.
Training and Obedience: easy to train and adapt well but need an early start. They Should not be allowed free running in the field until they are dependable on a recall. Crate training highly recommended from puppy hood and onwards.
Activity and Performance: This is an energetic gun dog and is prized as a hunter for upland game birds such as grouse, pheasant, quail and partridge . A fenced yard is a must as they can jump and can also climb. They are diggers. Plenty of exercise is required for this breed and they are recommended for an active outdoor family. As with many sporting dogs they are triggered to pursue by a passing squirrel, deer, or rabbit. They can excel at many of the performance sports and can adapt to water retrieves. The breed is a loyal family dog that must have daily exercise but also enjoys quiet indoor time with children and other pets.
History and Origin: developed in Ireland in the 1700’s with crosses of old Spanish pointers and early Scottish setter breeds. Irish Setters arrived in the USA in the 1800’s. The early Irish Setter had white colouring with red patches. Later in 1874 the Llewellyn setter was bred from the then strain of English setter and native Irish Setters, and the traditional red colour was set. Their name in Gaelic is ‘Madra Rua’ which means ‘red dog’.
General Appearance: a tall, aristocratic dog with smooth lines and definite elegance but still with a sturdy appearance of strength. He is swift of foot with a strongly made body, while maintaining a proud carriage and bold demeanor. He has a rollicking personality. Artist’s renditions claim the Irish Setter to be the most beautiful of all dogs.
Size: males 27 inches and 70 lbs females 25 inches and 60 lbs…over or under one inch difference from these measurements is discouraged.
Coat and Colour: rich red to deep mahogany, body coat short and glossy. Referred to as the furnishings, is longer fine hair on ears, backs of legs, tail, under belly and chest. Feet are fringed with short hair. A small white spot on chest or feet or even as a small blaze on head is acceptable. The furnishings should be brushed daily in order to prevent matting especially if the dog gets wet in rain or snow or is exercised in open terrain.
Feeding: They do well on any good quality kibble with adequate protein and fat for an active dog. A performance food is suggested for the very energetic Irish Setter. Should be fed twice daily with limiting of exercise close to mealtimes. Usually good eaters, rarely finicky.
Training and Activity: the breed is adaptable to various forms of training and learns easily with a patient approach. Loyal pet. They love to run and require a fenced yard for exercise or must be walked vigorously daily. They are a suitable dog for active owners and can run, jog or bike with an ambitious owner. They adjust well with other dogs and cats and are good with children. While very active, they do not usually attempt to leap fences. However a stray squirrel or rabbit may have them excited and barking excessively.
Performance Abilities: Irish Setters can excel in obedience, field trials, agility courses hunting trials, and dock diving. As a hunting dog they are highly prized by huntsmen. They are a terrific gundog used to hunt upland game birds. The word ‘Setter’ is derived from their ability to find the bird in the field with their keen sense of smell and then ‘set’ down on their belly, indicating to the hunter that there is a bird hidden in the grasses. As a show dog they are virtually unequalled with high proud head carriage and flowing red coat.
History: Developed in Germany in the late 1800’s by Louis Dobermann. This man was a dog warden and a tax collector so not a particularly well liked person. Herr Dobermann sought to develop a breed that would be guardy and protective of him as he travelled from home to home collecting tax money. The breed is likely descended from the Rottweiler, Black and Tan Terrier and German Pinscher. The breed exemplified itself during both World wars, searching for wounded soldiers, detecting land mines and alerting to the enemy, acting as messengers and carrying supplies. The breed was officially recognized by the AKC in 1908.
General Appearance: large dog of square appearance, elegant and powerful with good clean muscling. Carriage is quite noble with high alert head and a body on sturdy substantial limbs. Height: males 26-28 inches females 24-26 inches
Coat and Colour: very short and glossy, lying close to body and rather hard to touch. Only allowed colours are black, red, blue and fawn with typical rust marking on face, legs chest and under tail.
Feeding: any good quality kibble or proper raw diet. Should be fed twice daily, morning and evening. Kibble should be softened with warm water prior to feeding.
Training and Obedience: As stated the breed excels in training regimens and will do well if started early in a well organized training class using appropriate methods.
Activity: an active breed and puppies are exuberant. A daily walk will be necessary but they are also equally adept at curling up beside you in a chair. However, for good overall health it is recommended that they receive adequate outdoor exercise and stimulation daily. They must be confined in a fenced yard of 6 foot height and might be quite vocal to warn of intruders or anything that they deem suspicious. They cannot be housed outside in cold weather. Puppies will adapt well to children at an early age as well as cats and other dogs in the household.
Temperament: Known for his courage, energy and fearless demeanor, loyalty and bold confident ways plus easy trainability and marked intelligence. The breed excels in many different performance sports including obedience, tracking, agility, dock diving. With a strongly developed work ethic they are eager to please and quick to respond.
Origins – The Keeshond descends from the same prehistoric ancestry from which the much larger Samoyeds, Huskies, Norwegian Elkhounds and tiny Pomeranians descend. They, known in Holland as “Keeshonden” (pronounced “kayz-hawnd-en), were extensively used as watchdogs on river boats, farms, and barges in the 17th and 18th centuries.
General Appearance – The Keeshond is a short-backed, well-balanced dog that is naturally beautiful. The breed has a characteristic alert carriage, intelligent expression, stand-off coat, richly plumed tail well curled over the back, intelligent expression, and small pointed ears.
Coat – This is a double-coated breed with a soft, short undercoat and harsh, standoffish outer “guard” hairs. A proper coat is easy to maintain with a thorough brushing once a week. If brushed regularly most adult Keeshonden only need to be bathed 3 or 4 times a year.
Size – The Keeshond is medium size – 18 inches for males and 17 inches for bitches.
Colour – Keeshonden are dramatically marked with their black to silver or cream coats. The facial expression is largely dependent on the distinctive characteristic called “spectacles.”
Temperament – Keeshonden have only been bred to be a family companion and watchdog, never bred to hunt or attack. They are somewhat aloof with strangers, but at the same time, friendly and never aggressive. Renowned as gentle, intelligent and devoted to their owners with a special fondness for children. They can be mischievous and have a keen intellect which makes the breed excellent candidates for performance sports. Always playful and slightly naughty the Keeshond lives up to its nickname the “Smiling Dutchman.”
Feeding: Keeshonden are a sturdy breed which does well on any good quality kibble or raw diet. Their weight needs to be monitored for health reasons.
Exercise – The Keeshond has moderate exercise needs. He will be satisfied with a walk on leash or playtime in a yard and generally adapts to his owner’s activity level.
Training & obedience: Obedience training is recommended. Keeshonden love being with their owners and do very well in virtually all dog sports
Crate Training – Recommended for housebreaking and for safe travel. Housebreaking should start early and be consistent.
General Appearance: Powerful, strong, well developed muscles with heavy bone. Head is large with drop ears lying close to the face and dark eyes.
Height: 27-30 inches for males, 26-29 inches for females. In proportions, a Black Russian Terrier should be slightly longer than tall. Tail may be docked or natural.
Weight: The male weighs between 50 and 65 kg, and the females weigh between 45 and 60 kg.
Origin: The Black Russian Terrier (BRT) was developed in the former USSR for use as a military working dog. Breeds used in the development include the Giant Schnauzer, Airedale Terrier, Rottweiler, Newfoundland and other breeds. The BRT was bred solely by the state owned Red Star Kennel in Moscow until 1957 when some puppies were sold to civilian breeders.
Coat: The coat is a long double coat with a coarse outer guard hair over a softer undercoat. The coat is hard and dense, never soft, silky or frizzy. Black Russians should have a tousled coat. It should be trimmed to between 5 and 15 cm in length. It should form a beard and eyebrows on the face, and a slight mane around the withers and neck that is more pronounced in males. The coat is low-shedding. They need regular and frequent brushing to prevent matting.
Colours: The only acceptable colour is black or black with some scattered gray hairs.
Temperament: The Black Russian Terrier is a calm, confident, courageous and self-assured dog. They are highly intelligent and adapt well to training. Early socialization with people and other animals is important. BRT’s love children and will guard those in their circle. They’re house dogs and need to feel like part of the family, they are not suited to life in the backyard. They are alert and responsive, instinctively protective and deeply loyal to the family. They do not like intrusion by strangers into their personal space. BRT’s are people-oriented and want to be close to the action at all times.
Activity: The Black Russian Terrier enjoys walks and rigorous exercise. They like to have a job to do. BRT’s can be very active outside the house, but calm inside. They enjoy a good romp in the snow and withstand very cold days outside. Activity should be limited in hot weather.
Diet: Any premium quality kibble with meat. They tend to eat slowly and not overeat.
Crate Training: Crate training at a young age will help the BRT accept confinement if they ever need to be boarded or hospitalized however since they are people-oriented dogs they aren’t meant to spend their lives alone or in a crate.
Training & Obedience: The Black Russian Terrier, because of its breeding as a working dog, has a very strong work ethic. Early training is a must and they are very responsive to firm, consistent training excelling at Obedience and Rally competitions. They also perform well in other dog sports such as Agility, Schutzhund and Tracking. Daily care: The Black Russian Terrier is a generally healthy and somewhat long-lived dog (lifespan of 9–14 years). As with any large breed, hip dysplasia is a concern. Breeding stock must be DNA tested to be clear of Hyperuricosuria (HU) and Juvenile laryngeal paralysis and polyneuropathy (JLPP).
History The largest variety of Poodles, the Standard Poodle is over 15 “ in height at the shoulder. The name Poodle comes from the old german word “ pudelin”, which means to paddle. Some claim the poodle originated in France, others claim it is German in its ancestry. The coat was shaved into a functional “Historic” Continental clip to protect vital organs, provide buoyancy and help the dog to paddle through the water and turn. The Continental trim is commonly seen in show dogs as it is one of three accepted trims for Poodles in the Conformation ring.
Size Males on average 22-24 inches and weigh about 50-65 lbs Females on average 20-22 inches weigh 40-50 lbs There can be significant variation in size/ weight as standard poodles can range from 15” to over 26”
Coat and Colours These excellent retrievers have thick waterproof double coats and webbed feet to help retrieve waterfowl. Poodles come in a variety of solid colours and combination coat colours, such as black and white or other non solid coat colours. Poodles are often called hypo allergenic dogs. Strictly speaking no dog is truly hypo allergenic; all dogs have dander which is the protein responsible for allergic reactions. Poodles like some other breeds shed much less dander than their other doggie cousins so allergic individuals may tolerate a poodle in their lives.
Temperament and Trainability Poodles are highly intelligent, easily trainable dogs who are good-natured, adaptable and loving. The intelligent Poodle will have its owners trained in no time! Poodles are wonderful companion dogs who are good with children, other dogs and cats. Crate training is recommended for young puppies, as is a basic obedience class. Poodles excel at obedience, agility and retrieving; there are poodle representatives in most dog sports as well as service/therapy dogs. They make great travel and activity buddies, a truly versatile breed that adapts easily to whatever life brings.
Energy and Exercise Like humans, some poodles are more energetic than others and will benefit from more exercise. Most standard poodles need regular daily exercise; a walk or run, a good game of fetch with their human will do. Poodles are “house dogs” who are happiest in the midst of their families. Standard poodles are NOT suitable or happy as ‘ outdoor, back yard or garage dogs”. They like nothing better than an evening spent, snuggled beside you on the couch if they can.
Grooming Poodles do not shed their hair, the coat grows continuously so they DO require regular brushing and trips to the groomer. The coat should be thoroughly brushed weekly to keep it free from mats and tangles. Regular baths, clipping and coat trimming is done every 4-7 weeks. Trimming toenails and cleaning ears are important regular grooming tasks in this breed. You can also learn to groom your own poodle; books and online resources are available for learning.
Feeding Poodles do best on raw/ homemade dog food or high-quality kibble from a variety of protein sources.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: The Miniature Schnauzer is a robust, active dog of terrier type, resembling his larger cousin, the Standard Schnauzer, in general appearance, and of alert, active disposition. He is sturdily built, nearly square in proportion of body length to height, with plenty of bone, and without any suggestion of toyishness. Originally bred as a dual purpose dog, keeping the barn and farm yard clear of vermin and warning of intruders during the day and being a cozy up companion with the family at night. Miniature Schnauzers are a safe choice for people or families with allergies. They are non-shedding and considered hypo-allergenic.
TEMPERAMENT: The typical Miniature Schnauzer is alert and spirited, yet obedient to command. He is friendly, intelligent and willing to please. He should never be over-aggressive or timid. They are easy to train and eager to learn. Miniature Schnauzers excel in canine sports and make great agility and rally dogs, they love flyball and, of course, are among the best at Barn Hunt. Their most amazing skill is being a best friend to a human. If they are raised with children they will be devoted to them and will put their lives on the line for them. Loyal to the end.
SIZE: From 12-14 inches or 30-36 cm. Anything under or anything over is considered a serious fault.
COLOUR: The recognized colours are salt and pepper, black and silver, and solid black. The typical colour is salt and pepper in shades of grey; tan shading is permissible. The salt and pepper mixture fades out to light grey or silver white in the eyebrows, whiskers cheeks, under throat, across chest, under tail, leg furnishings, under body, and inside legs. The light underbody hair is not to rise higher on the sides of the body than the front elbows. The black and silvers follow the same pattern as the salt and peppers. The entire salt and pepper section must be black. Black is the only solid colour allowed. It must be a true black with no grey hairs and no brown tinge except where the whiskers may have become discoloured. A small white spot on the chest is permitted, not to exceed one inch in diameter. Any other colours would most certainly be a result of cross-breeding with a different breed. Nose must be black.
GROOMING: The Miniature Schnauzer requires regular maintenance and should be combed thoroughly 1 or 2 times a week and should have a full professional grooming every 8-10 weeks to keep him looking his best.
GENERAL: The Miniature Schnauzer loves to eat and are known for their gluttony. It is very important to keep them on a simple, low protein/low fat diet and a good quality kibble is best. Human food is discouraged. A great dog to curl up and watch TV with they are also always up for a walk, hike or run or some fun on the agility course. They should be on a leash or contained in a fenced area as if they see a squirrel or something fun & interesting they will be off to investigate.
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History: The Coton de Tulear is a rare ancient purebred that originated on the island of Madagascar more than three centuries ago. The breed was developed in France, arrived in North America in the mid 1970’s with its popularity growing significantly in the 1990’s.
General Description: The Coton is a small, longhaired companion dog with a white cotton-textured coat, with round, dark eyes and a lively, intelligent expression. They are a sturdy, hardy dog with good muscle. They are happy on the sofa with their owners as well as spending active time outside.
Size: Males average between 9-14 pounds (4-6 kg), females between 7.5-11 pounds (3.5-5 kg). Ideal height for males is 9-11.5” (24-29 cm), females 8-10” (21-26 cm).
Colour: The general appearance of the Coton is white. A few slight shadings of light grey or beige may be found on the ears. Some Coton puppies may be born with black or brown spots. These spots should fade to white or nearly white by the time the Coton is a year old due to a “fading gene” in its DNA.
Coat care: Cotons are non-shedding and require extensive coat care. They may be trimmed short or left long, but in all cases require frequent brushing, combing, and bathing to remove tangles which develop at the base of the hair shaft. Throughout the adult life of the Coton, they will require approximately 2-3 hours dedicated to grooming each week. If using a professional groomer, owners will still need to do grooming between appointments to avoid severe matting.
Temperament: Of a happy temperament, stable, very sociable with humans and with other dogs; it adapts perfectly to all ways of life. The Coton typically gets a long well with humans of any age and other animals. Care should be taken when placing a Coton in a home with young children since Cotons, being a small dog, are susceptible to injury if mistreated.
Feeding: Cotons can thrive on good quality kibble.
Exercise Requirements: Cotons love to be active inside and outside. Many owners will talk about their dogs doing “zoomies” around the house every day. A couple of walks a day will be enjoyed by this breed. They are suitable for apartment living. Being a companion breed, they thrive on being with their family and are not always well adjusted to being on their own for extended periods of time.
Trainability: Cotons love to please their owners and respond well to positive reinforcement including praise and treats.
Overview: Papillons are small, friendly elegant toy dog of fine-boned structure, light, dainty and of lively action. They are distinguished by their butterfly wing-like ears. Papillon meaning butterfly in French. The drop-eared variety are Phalenes, or moth in French.
Temperament: Happy, alert, energetic and very friendly. Not aggressive towards people or dogs.
Size: 8-11 inches at the shoulder. Slightly longer in body than tall.
Coat: Abundant, long silky single coated of white with coloured patches. There is no importance to where colour patches are located. However, colour around both eyes and on ears is required for conformation. A white blaze and nose band are preferred over a solidly marked head. Papillons come in a variety of colours: white and black, tri coloured (black, white with brown accents), red sable, red, and yellow.
Activity: Papillons may be a toy breed but do require a fair bit of exercise. They are not content to just sleep on a pillow without playing, going on walks and/or retrieving a ball first.
Training: Papillons are very trainable but one must take their time to do it. Papillons have a willing to please but do not like to repeat the same exercise multiples times. A recall is a must from the very beginning. Papillons excel at agility, obedience, tracking, lure coursing, barn hunts and flyball.
House training: Papillons are easily house trained but owners must be consistent in their training. Papillons can be easily litter box trained for inclement weather conditions.
Crate training: A must for travelling safely in the car and for times you can’t watch them.
Diet: Papillons do well on a high-quality kibble, raw or home cooked diets. You will want to make sure they have things to chew on to assist in the removal of plaque and tartar on their teeth. If not, then manually brushing their teeth 3-4 times a week is a must.
Origin: Probably the first originator of the breed came from England and was a cross between the bulldog and now extinct white English terrier. This dog was imported to Boston in the US and after several years and breeding to correct type to develop the current look, the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1893. Because of its kind and gentle disposition, this breed is often referred to as the American gentleman. It is a native of the United States.
General Appearance: Small breed, lively, smooth coated and compactly built, short back, strongly made but must never be too stocky nor too lean and racy. Tail is short, carried rather low, head is blocky with a short muzzle and teeth even or slightly undershot. (Lower teeth protrude slightly in front of top teeth). Eyes are large and round and dark in colour. Ears are carried erect, and can be cropped to an elegant point or remain in a natural state, that of a rounded ‘bat’ ear.
Weight: Must not exceed 25 pounds
Coat: Short, fine, smooth and shiny with characteristic ‘tuxedo’ markings
Colour: may be black, seal, black brindle or brindle. All colours must have white markings with most ideal being white band on face, blaze between eyes, white on fore chest, white collar, white front legs and white toes on rear feet.
Temperament: intelligent and sweet, excels as a family companion. Good with children and other pets. Any rodents are fair game. Generally does not bark excessively.
Activity: Lively and active but also sensible. Good for short brisk walks, but not for biking. Muzzle and head are short so care must be taken in hot weather. Can excel in all sorts of performance areas such as obedience, rally etc.
Crate training: yes, a must.
Diet: feed a good quality food, twice daily. Observe weight closely and avoid switching foods. Must not become overweight. Generally are good eaters. Free feeding not recommended. Feed at same time each day. Water always available.
Origin: Developed in Germany as a guard
General Appearance: Medium sized, strong and muscular, Sturdy in appearance, squarely built, solid legs and hard firm body. The boxer should always look strong and substantial, never racy. The head is unique, being square in appearance, powerful, with under jaw protruding further than top jaw. (undershot). Ears may be cropped to an attractive upstanding point or left in a natural drop eared state, lying close to the cheeks. Tail is typically docked short and carried upright.
Height: Males 22.5-25 inches, female 21- 23.5 inches
Weight: About 65-80 pounds, females less
Coat: short shiny and smooth, tight fitting
Colour: Only two colours are permitted, fawn and brindle. Fawn may be light tan to a deep stag red or mahogany colour. Brindle is a stripped coat. White markings on either colour are typical, but
are limited to lower legs, face, chest and belly region.
Temperament: Playful, animated, a fun loving dog and very animated. Can be a good family pet but strong and a bit wild as youngsters so needs training, discipline and boundaries. Typically, a brave and courageous breed, may be wary with strangers but responds well to affection. An intelligent breed, easily trained
when done properly. Might be belligerent towards other dogs. Activity an active, strong, breed requiring training from an early age. Suitable for walkers, joggers and hikers. Due to a relatively short nose, care should be taken to avoid excess physical activity during hot humid weather. Should be confined in a fenced yard with a suitable high fence as they can jump well.
Obedience: Training highly recommended from a fairly early age, consistent and fair methods are a must. Crate training absolutely recommended.
Diet: Any good quality kibble with protein and nutrients sufficient for an active companion.
Origin and Purpose: The smallest of the group of swiss mountain dogs, which include the Bernese Mountain Dog, and Greater Swiss Mountain Dog. Historically used in Switzerland to drive cattle up alpine mountain slopes to summer grazing then drive them down at end of season.
General Appearance: Medium size, Must be strong and muscular, agile and quick. Tail docked or natural. Body longer than height.
Height: Males 17-21 inches, females 16-20 inches.
Weight: Males 50-65 lbs, females 40-55 lbs
Coat: Tricoloured (black, tan and white) basic colour is black with tan points and white feet, must be double coated, top coat is harsh, tight and shiny.
Temperament: Lively and playful, intelligent and easy to train. Very active, strong, and confident and protective of family and property. Good companion dog. Good dog for walkers and joggers. Good dog in a family.
Activity: Prefers to be busy and active. Intelligent herding dog. Might not be a good choice for sedentary individuals. Highly energetic and does not hunt.
Training: As well as being a herding dog he is also a guardian so early training and proper socialization is necessary. This breed can excel in obedience, and other athletic events. Crate training is encouraged.
Coat Care: Easy care, low maintenance, brush regularly, stays naturally clean, bathe when necessary.
Feeding: Use a quality food, raw or kibble, will do well on either and feed adults twice daily.
Origin: A native breed of both Sweden and Finland, the Norbottenspets is a hunting dog-originated in Norbotten, Sweden and Lappland/Kainuuland, Finland. Documented as early as
17 century and shares ancestry with Finnish Spitz. It was imported to Canada in early 1990’s and recognized by Canadian Kennel Club in 1996. As pack hunters in their native countries, they could sight and scent anything, from birds to moose.
General Appearance: Medium sized spitz type, strong and agile, very alert and confident. Head is wedge shaped and ears are rectangular and erect. Body is short strong and muscular. Tail is carried loosely curled over back and the tip touches side of thigh.
Height: Males: 17.5 – 18 inches (45 cms) Females 16.6 -17 inches (42 cms)
Coat and Colour: Double coated, the outer hair is short and firm but soft, and under coat is dense and soft, easy to keep clean and groomed. Will ‘blow’ or shed the coat once per year. Can be any colour. The ideal is a white base coat with yellow or red/brown markings.
Temperament: Norbottenspets need to be properly socialized, they make great family dogs, good with children, and should never be aggressive. They need to be in the home in close contact with the
family. Will bark to alert and do bark when hunting.
Activity: Active dog, not sedentary, no exercise limitations, can walk jog or bike with the owner, and good in the water. They can actually climb a tree if they go after a squirrel. Very few health issues but reputable breeders test as a precaution. Norbottenspets enjoy a long life span of often 18 or more years being quite common.
Diet: any good quality kibble.
Training: Formal training recommended, they can be trained in obedience, agility, tracking and specialized training such as search and rescue, cadaver search and drug sniffing. A five foot fenced yard/enclosure will suffice but may they may try to dig out.
Origin: The oldest Canadian indigenous breed of dog, the Canadian Eskimo Dog has a long and unique history of being interdependent with the Inuit people of the Arctic. As a primitive dog, it was primarily carnivorous, with a natural diet that consisted of seal, walrus, fish and caribou. For centuries, they were used as a draught, pack and hunting animal. The breed proved popular with Arctic explorers and earned a reputation as a sled dog that could pull the heaviest loads over the greatest distances on the least amount of food. As snowmobiles gained favour, the number of Eskimo Dogs declined dramatically.
Height: Male: 24-29 inches (61-73 cm) Female: 27-29 inches (68-73 cm)
Weight: Male: 66-88 pounds (30-40 kg)Female: 40-66 pounds (18-30 kg)
Coat: In winter, heavily coated. Hair is straight or erect, very thick undercoat . A mane-like growth of longer hair over the neck and shoulder will appear on male specimens. The breed ‘blows’ its coat usually in August or September. The coat is thick and dense with guard hairs being hard and stiff. This outer coat will vary from 3-6 inches (7-15 cm) in length. The undercoat is very dense to give excellent protection during the most extreme winter conditions.
Colours: No one color or color pattern dominates so all white with pigmented lips, eye rims and nose. Other colours on white include red, buff, cinnamon, grey, or black.patches on head or body. Solid red, buff, or cinnamon body with white legs or sable, black, or dark grey body with white markings.
Feeding: A high quality diet either kibble or raw food is acceptable. The breed does not do well on a starchy diet so can be prone to zinc deficiency.
Training & Obedience: They will listen to commands and obey its owner. Expect fewer repetitions when training this breed. Must begin training as a puppy as they are very strong with a tendency to pull. They learn quickly and love to please their owner. They can be trusted off leash when trained properly better than some of the
other arctic breeds.
Exercise: The breed need exercise, including a daily walk or jog, but should not be excessively exercised in warm weather.. need a large yard with a high fence, but may try to dig out.
Weather tolerance: They do not tolerate warm temperatures at all, must have shade, plenty of water or access to AC.
Temperament: The Canadian Eskimo Dog is not a dog for first time owner. They grow quickly and are strong even as puppies, training and socialization needs to be started very early with youngsters. They are a primitive breed that can be very protective. Raised with kids and other animals they will do well. They are hunters so have a high prey drive and can be unusually sharp.
Origin: Developed in Germany in the 1960’s by first crossing a Chow and a wolfspitz and this was called a wolf-chow. Later a Samoyed was introduced and the breed was renamed Eurasier and was recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club in 1995.
General Appearance: Medium sized spitz type, with wedge shaped head, prick ears, medium bone and bushy tail carried over back.
Height: Male: 20-23″ Female: 18-22″
Weight: Male: 50-70lbs Female: 40-57lbs
Coat: The breed is heavily coated, with thick medium length hair, dense undercoat, and harsher top coat. Expect a heavy coat blow/shed at least once per year.
Colours: All colours and combinations of colours are acceptable but never pure white, liver, or with white patches. Nose and lips are black, as are foot pads.
Temperament: Excellent family companion. Calm and even tempered, and may be sensitive and reserved towards strangers. Prefer to have close contact with humans in a family/home setting. They do not do well alone in a kennel situation or confined space. Discipline and training must be kind and gentle, never harsh. Typically are not aggressive towards other dogs and rarely bark.
Training & Obedience: Crate is always a must with puppies. Eurasiers can do well in obedience and agility, but training methods are never to be loud and unkind.
Diet and Exercise: Eurasiers can do well with any good quality kibble, and they are typically good eaters. After 12 months, a once a day feeding will suffice. The Eurasier is a strong long lived dog with few health concerns. They enjoy walks and outdoor controlled exercise but always on a leash or confined. A good dog for joggers or walkers.
Origin: Bred and born for mustering and moving stubborn cattle in the outback of Australia, the Australian Cattle Dog is a loyal, protective and hardworking dog. They possess great stamina and endurance.
Height: Male: 18-20″ Female: 17-19″
Weight: Male: 45-55lbs Female: 35-45lbs
Coat: Double coat – The outer coat is weather resistant, moderately short and straight with a medium texture. The undercoat is short and dense. Minimal grooming is required, but with the biannual
shed the coat should be given a good brushing. When showing the Australian Cattle Dog, they are presented in their natural state – no trimming of the whiskers or coat.
Colours: Blue (blue black & tan; blue & tan; blue speckled) or Red (red; red speckled) Solid markings are permissible on the head and tail, but solid markings on the body are not desirable. Blue dogs may have evenly distributed tanning on the head. Tanning colour is also carried midway up and across the fore chest, the front and rear legs and into the inside. Often you will see a “raccoon” tail on the cattle dog, which is basically a white tail with the base colours of the dog’s coat shown throughout. An interesting note is the Australian Cattle Dog is born white (except for any dark patches), they will start to change colour after a couple of weeks.
Feeding: The ACD does not have any special feeding requirements. It is always best to feed your cattle dog a good quality dog food, whether it’s home cooked, commercial kibble or raw, to ensure it is properly fuelled for its performance and health.
Training & Obedience: Cattle dogs are very intelligent and extremely intuitive. They learn quickly, but can also be stubborn. They require leadership from their owners. The cattle dog may test you to the limits, but are generally compliant once they given the right direction. They are happy having a job to do and want to please. Channeling their energy can be challenging at times, but generally they excel at herding, agility, flyball, tracking, dock diving and other high performance events. Consistent training is essential. Obedience classes and lots of socialization is highly recommended.
Housebreaking: An early start with consistent instruction. Direct your puppy to one door at first and leading them to the outside area where you want them use.
Crate training: Puppies can start off in a 200 sized crate but adults require a 300 sized, and large males would likely be more comfortable in a 400 sized crate.
Hot Days: Cattle dogs can work in some pretty tough weather conditions, but as all dogs you must ensure that they do not get dehydrated. Always have plenty of water on hand.
Red flags: Deafness: All cattle dogs should be evaluated prior breeding, and pups need to be tested before going to their new families. They can be deaf in one ear (unilateral) or both ears (bilateral). Dogs that hear in only one ear can lead a very normal life. Dogs deaf in both ears do require some special training by using visual aids (hand signals, light), vibration collars, etc.
Origin: The Irish Wolfhound, as its name suggests, was bred in Ireland to hunt wolves and the giant Irish Elk. They are known as “gentle giants” due to giant size and calm nature. They are best suited to a home with a large fenced yard for exercise, or at a minimum an owner who will take them out for regular walks. Puppies should not be heavily exercised due to their rapid growth – nothing that forces them to keep going when they are tired. Their commanding appearance is sufficient to keep most strangers away but wolfhounds are for the most part sensible and discerning.
Height: Anywhere from 30” (small female) to 36” (large male)
Weight: 105lbs (small female) to 160lbs (large male)
Health Concerns: As this is a short-lived breed, breeders should be chosen with care to ensure the maximum lifespan for your pet
Coat: Wiry Coat – harsh medium length outer coat with undercoat, managed with weekly brushing. Most have longer eyebrows and beards. For show purposes the Irish Wolfhound is hand-stripped like a terrier.
Colours: Colours may be solid or brindled and go from a light cream, to wheaten, red, grey or black. A minimal amount of white may be present on the toes or chest.
Feeding: As puppies, Irish Wolfhounds can consume huge quantities of food during their growth phase, which slows down as they reach maturity. Owners need to watch the diet to avoid foods containing soy which may contribute to bloat, and allow the dog to rest for a period after feeding.
Training & Obedience: Wolfhounds want to please, and enjoy being with you. They, for the most part are easily trained, but usually do not excel in the higher levels of training.
Housebreaking: Start early and be firm. Crate training, or leashing the puppy to you so they can’t develop bad habits helps create good habits.
Crate training: Small puppies can be comfortable in a 400 sized crate, adults require a 500 size at a minimum, and large males are most comfortable in a 700.
Hot Days: Dark dogs should have shade to get out of the sun, and most enjoy a kiddie pool to sit in. Because of their great size care should be taken to prevent heat stroke from excessive exercise on hot days.
Origin/General Description: The Brittany was named for the French Province of Brittany from which it originated. There are French Tapestries dating as early as the 16th and 17th centuries depicting scenes with dogs that closely resemble the Brittanys of today. The Brittany is a medium sized, leggy dog that can cover ground with agility. They are strong, vigorous, energetic and quick of movement. Brittanys are born tailless or have tails docked up to approximately 4 inches. The Brittany is not a heavy coated breed but carries just enough coat to protect it in the field. Brittanys are a pointing breed used primarily for hunting upland game birds. They are known for their keen noses and biddable disposition. There are more Dual Champion Brittanys (Show and Field) than all other sporting breeds combined.
Temperament: Brittanys are affectionate, energetic, intelligent and easy to train. They make wonderful companions for families that enjoy an active lifestyle. Brittanys are excellent with children and do well with other pets.
Height: Males and Females 17.5″ to 20.5″
Weight: 30 to 40 pounds
Colour: Orange and white or liver and white in clear or roan patterns. Tri colours are also permitted but not preferred. Black in the coat is a disqualification in the show ring.
Coat: The coat can be flat or wavy but never curly. They have some feathering, but too little is preferable to too much. Brittanys should have a coat just thick enough to protect them from scratches in the field. Excessive coat is undesirable. Brittanys do not shed heavily and are easy to groom.
Feeding: High quality kibble.
Activity level: This is an intelligent, high energy breed that can work all day. They require daily exercise as well as mental stimulation. Obedience classes are highly recommended. They can become anxious and/or destructive if they don’t get enough exercise. Most Brittanys are easily crate trained and do best crated when their owners are not home. Brittanys have softer temperaments than many sporting breeds and do not require harsh corrections.
Origin & Purpose: The Alaskan Malamute, one of the oldest Arctic sled dogs, was named after the native Inuit tribe called Mahlemuts (now spelled Malamute) in the upper western regions of Alaska. These dogs were used primarily as draught animals to haul heavy sleds, to pack supplies, for hunting seals and in packs to track polar bears. They were better cared for than was usual for Arctic sled dogs, and this seemingly accounts for the breed’s affectionate disposition.
General Appearance: The Alaskan Malamute is a large, powerful and substantially built dog with a deep chest and strong, well-muscled body. The Malamute stands well over the pads, and this stance gives the appearance of much activity and a proud carriage, with head erect and eyes alert showing interest and curiosity.
Coat: Their double coats are thick and course, enabling them to withstand severely cold temperatures. The oily, water repellent texture needs little maintenance except when shedding, when the undercoat must be removed to promote healthy skin. Malamutes can tolerate most climates, though extra care is necessary to keep them comfortable in hot weather.
Colour: Malamutes are of various colors, the usual colors range from light gray through intermediate shadings to black, sable and shadings of sable to red. Color combinations are acceptable in undercoats, points, and trimmings. The only solid color allowable is all white. White is always the predominant color on underbody, parts of legs, feet, and part of face markings. Face markings are a distinguishing feature.
Size: There is a natural range in size in the breed. The desirable freighting sizes are males, 25 inches at the shoulders, 85 pounds; females 23 inches at the shoulders, 75 pounds.
Temperament: The Alaskan Malamute is an affectionate, friendly dog, not a “one man” dog. He is a loyal, devoted companion, playful in invitation, but generally impressive by his dignity after maturity. Malamutes are self-confident, strong-willed, independent thinkers, intelligent and affectionate friendly dogs, unsuitable for guard work, although their size and appearance alone will usually discourage intruders. They are happiest as outdoor dogs, given sufficient companionship, but many thrive as house pets. Malamutes are patient with children, but like all large dogs, should be supervised during play. For athletic people, Malamutes are ideal.
Training: The Malamute is a large pack oriented animal with the natural instinct to lead or be lead; therefore training and obedience lessons must begin at a very early age. This breed cannot be allowed to grow up lacking controlled socialization with humans and animals as they can become dominating over people they don’t respect and quite aggressive with other dogs of their same gender. They respond best to fair, balanced training that focuses on praise and reward, and tend to resent harsh or unfair corrections.
Crate Training: Malamutes take to crate training easily with positive associations, such as being fed or getting their toys in the crate. It is a must to crate train this breed to prevent them from getting into trouble or learning bad habits that will be more difficult to correct later on in life.
Feeding: Alaskan Malamutes can thrive on a variety of diets from raw to high quality kibble. They are a very ‘fuel efficient’ breed and do not require the large amounts of food normally provided to a dog of this size so portion control is important.
Origin and Purpose: The Borzoi was originally bred for the coursing of hare, fox and wolves on more or less open terrain, relying on sight rather than scent. To accomplish this purpose, the Borzoi must be courageous, powerful, and capable of great speed. Special emphasis is placed on sound running structure, strong neck and jaws, keenness to game, and agility combined with proper condition.
Size: Males 28-32″ (71-81 cm), and females 27-30″(68-76 cm)
Coat: Silky in texture, never harsh, wiry or coarse. Coat may be flat, wavy or rather curly. Short and smooth on head and ears as well as on forelegs and hind legs below the hock. Much longer on body with heavy feathering on backs of forelegs, hindquarters, tail, and chest. On the neck, the frill is profuse and rather curly. The borzoi does shed profusely twice a year and requires weekly grooming.
Colour: Any colour or combination of colours is allowed.
Temperament: The borzoi is typically reserved, faithful and affectionate. This is not a dog to look at if you want a guard dog although they will protect their people. They are not barkers but they will jump fences and will roam over large areas if not always on leash or confined to their yards. As hunting hounds their instinct is to chase and kill smaller animals so early socialization with other animals is vital. They do well in obedience and agility and all borzoi should have some obedience training.
Crate training: Recommended.
Origin: One of the oldest of the British herding breeds, the Bearded Collie has for centuries been the Scottish hill shepherd’s dog, used to hunt and gather free-ranging sheep on the Highlands. The breed was also popular as a cattle drover. Both jobs required a hardy constitution and intelligence, initiative, strength, stamina, and speed
Height: Males 21-22″ (53-56 cm); females 20-21″ (51-53 cm).
Coat: The coat is double, with the undercoat soft, furry and close. The outer coat should be flat, harsh and strong, and shaggy. The Beardie coat should be maintained with regular brushings at least once a week to avoid matting. From the cheeks, the lower lips and under the chin, the coat increases in length towards the chest, forming the typical beard.
Colour: Beardies can be black (grey as adults) brown, blue or fawn with or without white markings. All puppies are born dark and go through several changes of colour.
Temperament: The Bearded Collie is alert and self-confident, lively and active. The temperament should be that of a steady, intelligent working dog and must show no signs of nervousness or aggression. The Beardie is a strong, determined dog and needs exercise and training if it is to be a pleasant companion.
Crate Training: Recommended.
Origin: The Norfolk may be one of the smallest working Terrier, but do not let their size fool you. They are known as the “perfect demon” in the field because of the feisty hunting abilities. The Norfolk is active, hardy, and intelligent. They make great companions for active families.
Height: Norfolk are generally 10 inches at the shoulder.
Weight: Generally between 11 to 15 pounds.
Coat & Colour: They have a wiry coat. The colours of Norfolk consist of Honey, Red, Black and Tan, and grizzle. Norfolk should be brushed weekly and professionally groomed every 2-3 months. Puppies should make their first visit to the groomer by 3 months of age.
Training: Norfolk Terrier are very intelligent. The most important thing in training is be consistent. If the puppy wakes from a nap the first thing is to put them outside to go potty. Crate training is also recommended. Puppy socialization classes with your local Kennel Club are also a great stepping stone for a well-balanced happy companion.
Origin: The Chinese Shar-Pei originated during the Han Dynasty (202 BC-220 AD) in the village of Dah-Let near the South China Sea. These dogs were all purpose working dogs to guard the family, farms and temples. Even though the Shar-Pei was once known as one of the world’s rarest breeds of dogs in the 1970s, it is now through careful breeding that they are not so rare. The Shar-Pei or “Wrinkle Dog” are covered with wrinkles as puppies but can tend to grow out of these wrinkles as adult Shar-Pei the wrinkling is confined mainly to the forehead and withers.
Height: The height is 18 to 20 inches (45-50 cm) at the withers.
Weight: The weight is 40 to 60 pounds (18-27 kg).
Temperament: Known to be standoffish and aloof, this is not always true of today’s Shar-Pei. They make excellent and loyal family pets. Early and frequent socialization is a must for these dogs if they are to remain confident and happy outside the home with other people/children and dogs. The breed is a natural guard dog and will bark to alert the presence of visitors.
Colour: Any solid color is acceptable. Face may or may not have a mask. Pigmented dogs range in color from black , red fawn to cream.
Coat: The name “Shar-Pei” means “sand-skin”, but translates more loosely as “rough, sandy coat” or “sandpaper-like coat” and refers to two distinctive qualities of the Shar-Pei coat, off standing and harsh. There are 3 coat types: 2 correct coat types that must be under one inch in length – the Horse Coat – the shortest and harshest of the 3, the Brush Coat that is slightly longer and less harsh than the Horse Coat but still under one inch and the Bear Coat. The Bear Coat is a coat that is usually softer and longer than one inch in length it is a major fault. No coat is considered rare. The Shar-Pei tends to shed seasonal and needs minimal grooming.
Feeding: Any quality dog food and treats that is not too high in protein.
House Breaking: These dogs are innately clean and are very clean in their environment and train easily.
Crate Training: Crate training is advised.
Training & Obedience: They are very bright and learn quickly but can get bored with routine training. An intelligent and often stubborn breed, Shar-Pei ownership needs careful consideration. Early training and socialization are important to help this breed develop into a well rounded member of the family.
Exercise: The Shar-Pei is not a hyper breed and are more of a laid back dog that can do well in apartment living or in a home with a fenced yard. Shar-Pei need to be monitored when exercising to prevent overheating in extreme temperatures. They also have an intolerance to cold weather extremes. Shar-Pei should not be left in the sun for long periods of time as they can get over heated easily.
Origin and Purpose: The breed originated in Newfoundland from dogs indigenous to the island, and the big black bear dogs introduced by the Vikings in 1001 A.D. By the time colonization was permitted in 1610, the distinct physical characteristics and mental attributes had been established in the breed for all time. The large size, heavy coat and webbed feet permit him to withstand the rigours of the extreme climate and sea while serving both as lifeguard and draught animal.
General Appearance: Massive, deep bodied, well muscled and coordinated, projecting dignity in stance and head carriage. The Newfoundland is free moving with a slight roll perceptible. Substantial webbing of the toes is always present.
Height: The average height for adult dogs is 28 inches at the shoulder, for adult bitches, 26 inches.
Weight: The average weight for adult dogs is 150 lb. for adult bitches, 120 lb.
Coat: The Newfoundland has a water resistant double coat. The outer coat is moderately long and straight with no curl. A slight wave is permissible.
Colour: The traditional colour is black. White markings on chest, toes and/or tip of tail are permissible. The Landseer Newfoundland is white with black markings, and is of historical significance to the breed.
Temperament: The Newfoundland’s expression is soft and reflects the character of the breed – benevolent, intelligent, dignified but capable of fun. He is known for his sterling gentleness and serenity.
Activity: The Newfoundland enjoys walks with the family, hiking and swimming. They can often be found pulling kids in carts at fairs. Puppies enjoy chasing a ball or toy during play periods but should never be pushed beyond their limits.
Diet: Any good quality kibble. Newfoundland puppies grow at approximately ten pounds per month.
Crate Training: Absolutely essential during puppy stage and continue for short periods for the dog’s life. With consistency, easily house broken. Adjust crate size as puppy grows.
Training & Obedience: Very easy to train and Puppy Classes are highly recommended. Can also be successful in Obedience, Draft Work and Water Rescue.
Origin: The country of origin is listed as France but the breed has strong roots in Germany and Belgium. Lowchen have been featured in art since the 1500’s And were popular throughout the Middle Ages.
General Description: The Lowchen is small, strongly built, intelligent, affectionate and lively combining all the qualities of a companion dog.
Temperament: The breed is active, inquisitive, and outgoing showing no signs of aggression or shyness with a natural affinity towards children.
Height: 10-13″. (25-33 cm)
Weight: 12-15 lbs. (5-8 kg)
Colour: Any colour or combination of colours permissible.
Coat: Fairly long, wavy, never curly, single coat of soft texture. The coat is clipped in the traditional Lion Clip for the show ring but may be trimmed in a puppy trim which would reduce the need for daily brushing of a long coat.
House Breaking: Easily trained with consistent and regular routine, crate training also a help with young puppies.
Feeding: Good quality kibble is recommended.
Activity Level: Although quite energetic, a lot of exercise is not required. Decidedly, they are indoor dogs, not for outdoor or kennel living as they are bred to be companions and live to be with their owners.
April 3-4-5, 2015
International Centre, 6900 Airport Road
April 3-4-5-6, 2015
Chilliwack Heritage Park
Chilliwack, British Columbia
Origin: Developed by the nomadic Magyar Hunters of ancient Hungary and later cherished and bred by the Hungarian Lords and Aristocracy, the Vizsla was designed to be a tough all purpose hunting dog of both fur and feather. First used with Falcons, they are a close working pointer that is able to work for hours in the field then curl up with the family at night. The Vizsla of today is very similar to those found 100’s of years ago and can still put in a full day’s work. The Smooth Vizsla was developed first, later fanciers created a wirehaired variety to get a more rugged dog. They are registered as separate breeds.
Height: Females 21″, Males 23″ (Wirehair Females 22″, Males 24″)
Weight: Females 50-55lbs, Males 60-65lbs
Colour: Golden rust, but can range from a lighter reddish gold to a darker golden red. The nose, eye and toenail colour must match the coat colour. There may be variations of rust within the coat, with lighter areas on the neck and behind the shoulder, and darker hair along the back. White is allowed only in a small area on the forechest. The Wirehaired Vizsla is a lighter colour, often without the shade variations.
Coat: The smooth Vizsla has a short, smooth, glossy coat. There is no undercoat. They are a medium shedding breed, with an increase in shedding in the spring and fall. The hair is course and almost waxy leaving very low odour. The Wirehaired Vizsla has a similar coat texture, however it is longer ( 1” to 1 ½”), and depending on the dog, they can have longer hair over the entire body, a broken coat or look more like a Smooth with a beard and bushy eyebrows.
Grooming: Grooming is minimal, bath only when necessary to avoid drying out the skin.The Wirehaired Vizsla may need hand stripping to keep the coat manageable.
Food: Good quality kibble or balanced raw diet. They can be picky about food sometimes and are not big eaters. 2 cups a day for an adult is average.
Training: Puppy classes are essential. This is a very smart breed and they learn quickly if trained properly.
House training: Consistency is key, they can learn quickly to go outdoors to relieve themselves.Crate training helps to keep the dog confined at night. Crates should also be used during travel, or when the pup cannot be watched to keep it out of trouble.
Exercise: At least an hour of off-leash exercise a day for adults, the more the better, you cannot tire this breed out. They make terrific running and cycling partners once grown as they have incredible endurance. With proper training as a puppy they are reliable off leash and want to stay close to their family. They can become destructive if bored, it is best when given a job and plenty of exercise.
Temperament: This is an extremely affectionate, even tempered breed that can be quite needy at times. They want to be with their family so should never be kept strictly outdoors, this is a breed that excels in homes where someone is home most of the day. They are highly trainable and make great family dogs, they are good with cats and other dogs, but due to a high prey drive should not be left alone with small animals and birds. Vizslas love everyone and are constantly happy. Although they are good with children, their active and happy nature can cause them to knock small children down.
History: The Weimaraner (WY-mah-rah-ner) is known to be of a very old breed type with early evidence dating back to the 13th century art and literature. The breed was standardized to its modern form at the court of the Grand Duke of Weimar in Germany from where it got its name. The 1800’s saw the Weimaraner developed into one of the prized continental hunting breeds that excelled in various types of game and hunting traits including tracking, searching, pointing, retrieving and indicating the location of downed large game. The Weimaraner is known as the Grey Ghost because of the distinctive color of its short, sleek coat. Bred for speed, good scenting ability, courage and intelligence, they remain excellent game hunters and active participants in many other dog sports.
Height: Males: 25-27″; Females: 23-25″ (+ or – one inch in height allowed, but not preferred).
Weight: Males: approximately 70-95 lbs; Females: approximately 50-75 lbs
- Short hair- Short, smooth and sleek coat (single coated). Short hairs are generally docked, with tail to be approximately 6 inches at maturity (done at 3-5 days of age).
- Long hair – Top coat is flat and smooth or slightly wavy. Length on flanks 1 – 2 in. (3 – 5 cm), slightly longer under neck and on forechest, belly, ears and tail. Moderate feathering on legs, chest and underside. Long hairs are undocked.
Colour: In shades of mouse-grey to silver-grey, usually blending to a lighter shade on the head and ears.
Skin and Coat Care:
Short Hair: Extremely low-maintenance for grooming and coat care. They do still shed (year round) but usually the heavier shedding (blowing coat) occurs twice a year (Spring and Fall).
Long Hair: Occasional bathing as required. Weekly brushing is recommended, but very minimal on time required. They may or may not have an undercoat. Shedding is similar to a short-hair.
Food: Good quality kibble with average to low protein and fat (especially important not to provide high protein to puppies). They do well on raw or home-cooked diets as well.
Housebreaking: Be very consistent, and remember that a crate is your friend.
Crate Training: Essential for this breed. They can be prone to separation anxiety and it is imperative that you teach them to be alone from the start. It is also important to know that the crate is a safe place to keep them when you are not able to supervise (being a hunting/retrieving breed, they like to put things in their mouths).
Basic Obedience: Early training essential for socialization…must be gentle methods. This breed can excel in obedience, rally, agility, hunting, retrieving, dock diving, lure coursing, tracking and other dog sports. This is a very versatile breed that can be great at pretty much any activity their owner wants to train them for.
Exercise: Daily walks, or running and playing. Fenced areas (or areas that are easily controlled) are preferable, as they are a hunting breed and can get side-tracked by their nose. They are also happy cuddling on the couch. A tired Weim is a good Weim!
Temperament: The breed has a friendly, fearless, alert and obedient temperament. They are generally extremely attached to their humans. They do alert bark, but do not tend to bark unnecessarily. They can be sensitive. They are incredibly smart, and you will have to ensure you stay ahead of them in training, so they don’t become the ruler of the home. Setting clear rules and boundaries that you can live with is essential for a happy life with a Weimaraner.
Origin: Beagles are scent hounds, developed primarily for tracking hare, rabbit, and other small game.
Temperament: Beagles are a happy go lucky dog. They are a big dog in a little dogs body, getting along with dogs of all sizes (with correct socialization). Being gentle by nature Beagles make perfect family dogs, especially in homes with children.
Height: Coming in two different heights, Under 13” and Over 13” but not exceeding 15”. To be a show or field specimen a beagle MUST NOT exceed 15” as this is a disqualifying factor. In Canadian shows they are all recognized as one size, where as in the USA, they are separated into two varieties.
Weight: Depending on size, a healthy Beagle (on average) can weigh anywhere between 15-30 lbs.
Coat/Grooming: Don’t be fooled by the short hair, they do shed. Brushing weekly with a “hound mitt” or a rubber brush as well as regular baths, will help keep shedding to a minimum. The Beagle’s coarse coat is a bonus when they get muddy/dirty, as most of the dirt falls off as they dry.
Colour: Beagles come in any “true hound” colour. Examples include: Tri colour (black, tan and white), Red and White, Lemon and White, Blue tri colour, etc.
Feeding: Beagles are not a breed that can be “free fed”; their meals need to be closely monitored as most Beagles will eat far more than they need. Good quality kibble or a Raw diet is recommended.
Exercise: Daily exercise is needed with this breed as they have a moderately high energy level. With proper training, some Beagles can be exercised off leash. Having the natural instinct to put their nose to the ground and follow a scent, it is very easy for a beagle to follow its nose until it is lost. It is recommended that beagles are leashed while on walks, runs etc. A fenced yard is mandatory from most breeders.
Training: Easily trainable with patience. Beagles are known to do very well in obedience, rally and agility with their eager to please personalities. Their use as detection dogs is rapidly increasing due to their keen sense of smell.
Origin/history: The breed originates from England and were bred to hunt rabbits. Whippets were put in bed with the children to keep the children warm too. The Whippet has been referred to as the “poor man’s race horse”. Whippets have been recorded at speeds over 35 miles per hour!
General Appearance: Whippets are a medium sized dog, very alert, that can cover a maximum distance with a minimum loss of motion. A true sporting hound.
Height: Males: 19-22″ (48-56 cm) Females: 18-21″ (46-53 cm)
Coat: Whippets have a short flat coat. Whippets keep themself clean often licking themself just like a cat.
Colour: Whippets come in all colours.
Temperament: Amiable, friendly, gentle, but capable of great intensity during sporting pursuits. Whippet owners will tell you that they are very sensitive to you. Recently Whippets made the top ten list of most snuggly dogs! Whippet owners believe they are number one.
Activity: Whippets do excel at lure coursing since it is a sport that most closely resembles what they are bred to do. Instead of chasing rabbits they are chasing white plastic bags tired to a string that’s laid out in a course. Whippets can do anything though like agility, obedience, fly ball, dock diving, frisbee and the conformation show ring.
Diet: No issues normally.
Crate training: Whippets do very well with crate training. The breed can suffer from separation anxiety when left alone especially when they are young. Young Whippets get bored without plenty of exercise and can get into trouble being left alone in the house.
Training/house breaking: Whippets are a hound so training can be a challenge. Whippets are very trainable but do best with an experienced owner that’s ready to out think the cleverness of the Whippet. They can also be very stubborn.
Daily Care: The occasional bath and trim their nails regularly.
Exercise is essential for raising a Whippet. A large fenced in area is very important so they can run!
Origin: Japan. Developed as a hunting dog in the rugged mountain region of northern Japan. May have a history dating back thousands of years with ties to ancient primitive breeds of China, Korea, and various other Asian countries.
General Appearance: large and powerful, much substance and heavy bone. Broad head is a blunt triangle. Small triangular eyes. Small erect triangular ears, with slightly rounded tips are slanted forward in a line with the back of neck. Large, heavily coated, curled tail over back with tip reaching down flank.
Height: Males are26-28″, Females 24-26″
Coat: Double coated, thick undercoat with slightly harsher top coat. Does shed some at all times and one to times a year will blow coat completely.
Colour: Any colour including white , brindle or pinto ( splashes of colour)
Temperament: Independent, alert, aloof, courageous. Should not be shy. Might be intolerant of other dogs. Early authority by the owner is essential. Does not bark. Very loyal family dog.
Activity: Does not require miles of daily exercise. A daily walk is fine. Can jump, so adequate fencing is essential. Love to dig. Protect from extreme high temps in summer. Can tolerate cold winter weather well.
Diet: Any quality kibble is fine. Generally are hearty eaters. Should be fed twice daily.
Crate Training: Essential from puppy hood and encourage crate access throughout life of the dog.
Obedience Training: Strong willed dog, does not excel in performance events. A dedicated owner must have skills to match dominant personality.
Breed Characteristics: The Maltese is a small toy dog that is covered with a mantle of white, silky hair contrasted by dark eyes and a black nose. The Maltese is a very old breed, in fact, centuries old, whose sole purpose is to be a companion dog. They want to love and be loved. Because of their small size, they make great pets for people living in apartments and condos.
Temperament: Don’t be fooled by their calm nature. Maltese are outgoing, playful and highly intelligent, but are neither hyper nor “yappy”. They are content to snuggle on your lap, but are also not “wallflowers”.
Weight: The ideal is between 4-6 lbs. Be wary of the so-called “teacup” or micro-mini” Maltese puppies that are advertised. These are Maltese that supposedly will end up less than 3 lbs as adults. Maltese are not meant to be this tiny and as a result, will often have health problems.
Coat: Maltese have hair as opposed to fur, so don’t shed. However, whether kept in long hair or a cute puppy cut, brushing on a regular basis (often daily) is a must to keep the hair from tangling. As well as home brushing, a regular visit to a pet groomer is part of owning a Maltese. The hair grows continuously, so trimming/clipping of the coat needs to be done.
Colour: The coat is white with light “lemon” permissible, but not desirable. The Maltese comes in no other colour.
Feeding: As long as it is balanced nutritionally, it can be premium kibble, homemade or raw.
Training and Obedience: Maltese are very smart and when given a chance, will learn very quickly. Even though they are a toy dog, they should be well socialized and not coddled to the point of being overly spoiled. Maltese excel at obedience and agility.
Housebreaking: Maltese can be easily trained to use pee pads or to go outside. The key to any housetraining is consistency and not letting the new puppy have run of the house without supervision.
Exercise: Maltese don’t require a great deal of exercise, but some activity such as walks, a romp in the backyard or playing fetch should be done on a daily basis to keep the dog fit.
History: Chesapeakes were originally bred on the eastern seaboard of the United States for the commercial duck hunting trade. They were bred to be rugged and hardy to endure the harsh elements while retrieving hundreds of birds per day during migration periods. They were bred to work with little direction from their handler – once they understood their job they went about it diligently and used their keen senses and good judgement to get the job done.
Height: Females 21-24″; Males 23-26″
Weight: Females 55-70lb; Males 65-80lb
Coat: Short, wavy, double-coat. Oily and water-resistant similar to a duck’s feathers.
Colour: All shades of brown from deadgrass (blonde) to deep brown (chocolate). Can be solid or varied. Can have white on toes, chest or feet. All colours work with the natural environment to camouflage the dog in hunting situations.
Shedding: Heavy shedding occurs once or twice per year.
Grooming: Bathe only when necessary with mild soap so as not to strip the oil from the coat.
Training: Consistent, firm, fair training is not optional. Early and continuous exposure to new environments, people and situations is needed. The Chesapeake is a highly intelligent dog that is prized for their ability to think for themselves. Training programs must be adapted to the dog and not the reverse.
Exercise: Moderate – younger dogs need more. Swimming is their favourite activity.
Temperament: Extremely loyal to their family often showing particular fondness for one member. Can be aloof with strangers. Protective of their people and property. There are more than a few well-documented cases of toddlers being rescued from drowning by these tenacious, faithful creatures.
Origin and Purpose: Both breeds of Collies originated in the British Isles. The Rough Collie was originally used as a herding dog, while the Smooth Collie was the drover’s dog. These dogs worked closely with the Shepherd, and their co-operative nature persists today, making the Collie very trainable.
Temperament: Collies are a loyal, affectionate intelligent breed. They are happy playful dogs, Because of their gentle, active nature they are considered an excellent family dog.
Height: Males are 24-26″, females 22-24″
Weight: Males 60-75lbs, females 50-65;bs
- Rough – The well-fitting, proper textured coat is the crowning glory of the Rough variety of Collie. It is abundant except on the head and legs. The outer coat is straight and harsh to the touch. The undercoat, however, is soft, furry and so close together that it is difficult to see the skin when parted. Frequent brushing/combing to remove dead hair is usually enough to keep the coat in excellent condition.
- Smooth – The coat is short, hard, dense and flat. The texture is strong, and the soft furry undercoat is abundant.
Colour: There are five recognized colours; Sable and White, Tricolour, Blue Merle and White, Sable Merle and White, and White with a coloured head and ideally no more than 20% colour on the body. White markings are allowed on the neck, throat, chest, forelegs and feet, rear legs and feet, belly and tail tip. A blaze may appear on the fore face, skull or both.
Feeding: The Collie is a hardy breed, they do well on most good quality foods. They should be feed regularly, in amounts to keep their weight in a normal range, to maintain good health.
Training: The Collie is an extremely intelligent breed that learns quickly, they do well in Obedience, agility, flyball, therapy, and scent detection work. Attending classes and giving the young collie lots of exercise will ward of boredom and keep them out of trouble.
Housebreaking: Collies are naturally clean and eager to please, making housing breaking comparatively easy.
Origin: A medium sized bird-dog, originally bred to point upland birds and small game for the foot hunter. The GSP makes an excellent companion to the active family.
Height: Males are 23 to 25″. Females are 21 to 23″
Weight: Males weighing from 55-70lbs. Females weighing from 45-60lbs.
Coat: A GSP’s coat is short and thick and feels tough to the hand.
Colour: The coat may be solid liver or a combination of liver and white such as liver and white ticked, liver patched and white ticked, or liver roan.
Grooming: Nails require occasional trimming. Routine dental checkups will keep their teeth clean, and the occasional coat brushing. The GSP does not require much grooming.
Exercise: The shorthair is a very active breed, which requires either lengthy leash walks, or off-leash play in a safe, supervised area. They make great companions for runners, hikers, and bikers, but also enjoy their down-time as well.
Food: The GSP is a generally food motivated breed, which thrives on a quality diet.
Temperament: The Shorthair is friendly, intelligent, and willing to please.
Crate Training: Strongly recommended for safety, especially for travel in a vehicle.
Basic Obedience: Because of their active nature, desire to please their owners, and intelligence, the GSP makes an excellent sport dog, and excels in all venues of obedience and performance sports.
General Description: The Curly-Coated Retriever is a multi-purpose Gun Dog developed in England, and is considered the oldest of the Retrieving breeds. The Curly’s signature is its coat of Curls. Curlies are extremely intelligent and loyal companions.
Temperament & Training: The Curly is a confident, friendly, proud and loyal dog, though may seem aloof with strangers. They are extremely intelligent, and are easily trained; however they do not respond to training methods involving much repetition. Curlies must be given a job to do, as their intelligence will lead them to mischief.
Height: Males 25″ to 27” Females 23-25”.
Weight: Depending on size and build, a Curly can weigh between 50 & 100 lbs.
Colour: The Curly comes in 2 colours, Black and Liver (Brown).
Coat & Grooming: The Curly’s trademark is it’s coat of curls that covers their body, with the skull, face and muzzle smooth, as well as the forelegs & the rear legs beginning at the hock. THEY DO SHED. Brushing or combing, especially when they are shedding is required, this will pull the curls loose, but they are easily brought back with water applied to the coat. Trimming is to the owner’s preference, many choose to neaten the hair on the tail & ears.
Feeding: A good quality kibble is sufficient, amount depending on the dog & it’s activity level. Commonly 4-5 cups a day
Activity level: Curlies are an active, highly intelligent dog. They require activity or a job or their minds will lead them to mischief. Some Curlies are content with a daily walk, others require more activity.
Origin: Developed by Dudley Marjoribanks, later Lord Tweedmouth, near Inverness, Scotland between 1850 and 1890. His goal was to create a medium sized retriever that would be an effective worker on both upland game and waterfowl. The Golden was first registered as a distinct breed by the Kennel Club (UK) in 1913. A variety of styles have developed over time from leaner, less heavily coated working field dogs, to the gorgeous conformation dogs of both the UK and American rings.
Temperament: Friendly, reliable, and trustworthy. Goldens should not display hostility or aggressiveness towards other dogs or people, nor undue timidity or nervousness. They are ideally alert, eager, and self-confident
Weight: males 65-75 lbs; females 60-70 lbs
Height: males 23 – 24″ in height at withers; females, 21-1/2 – 22-1/2″
Colour: Various rich lustrous shades of gold. Feathering may be lighter than the predominant body colour and older dogs may display whitening of the face.
Coat: Fur is dense and water repellent with a good undercoat. Routine brushing is recommended, and feet and ears may be trimmed for tidiness. Sheds throughout the year, and the double coat will undergo significant shedding twice a year at which time more frequent brushing will be needed
Training: Goldens are highly intelligent; thrives on fair training and tends to be a quick learner. Their high intelligence makes it vital that owners provide structured training or they make their own fun and set their own boundaries. Their stable temperament makes them a premier service dog. They excel in multiple dog sports and many are successfully trained to work in obedience, agility, tracking, and hunt work. Buyers seeking a dog to engage in a particular sport should try to find a breeder whose dogs have excelled in that area
Crate training: Goldens take to crate training easily with positive associations, such as being fed or getting their toys in the crate. It is recommended that young Goldens be crated when they cannot be supervised as their intelligence, inquisitiveness, and tendency to explore their world with their mouths can get them into trouble with inappropriate chewing
Obedience: The Golden is among the top obedience competitors; 6 of the top 10 obedience dogs in 2014 were Goldens. Goldens typically have high intelligence combined with a keen desire to please their owners, and are capable of learning complex tasks and behaviours. They respond best to fair, balanced training that focuses on teaching with praise, rewards (food and/or toys) and directive feedback, and can resent harsh or unfair corrections.
Exercise/Activity: As an active sporting breed, Goldens require significant exercise. Most are not satisfied with a simple walk around the block, but need to run and play and have some mental stimulation in order to be happy. They particularly enjoy games/activities involving retrieving and swimming. The breed should also have an “off-switch” and be able to settle quietly when at home
Feeding: Goldens can thrive on a variety of diets from raw to high quality kibbles. They tend to love food, so portion control to prevent excess weight gain is important
Breed Characteristics: The breed is known for its love of retrieving and water, excellent nose, soft mouth, intelligence and biddable temperament. The versatility of the breed allows it to excel in a number of areas including hunting, Search & Rescue, Therapy & Service dogs, drug detection and family companions.
Height: Males 22.5″ to 24.5″, females 21.5″ to 23.5″
Weight: Males 60 to 80 lbs, females 55 to 75 lbs
Colours: Black, Yellow (various shades allowed light cream to fox red) and Chocolate (light sedge to dark brown). A small white spot on the chest is allowed.
Skin and Coat Care: Labradors have a thick double coat and they will shed regularly throughout the seasons. Bathing is to a minimum unless the dog has rolled in something and is really smelly. Labradors have an oil in their coat that acts as a protective barrier when swimming. Be aware that over bathing your Labrador can cause skin issues.
Food: Good quality kibble with average protein and fat.
Housebreaking: Be consistent getting the puppy outside as soon as they wake up, have eaten or have played for awhile.
Crate Training: Recommended from puppyhood and for safe travel.
Training & Obedience: Early training essential for socialization and control they are a strong dog when full grown. This breed can excel in obedience, rally, agility, hunt tests, field trials, and other dog sports.
Exercise: Daily walks, or running and playing in a secured area. Labradors love to jump and dig and could escape from your yard.
Origin: The Mastiff, also known as The Olde English Mastiff or English Mastiff, is one of the older breeds of dogs, with an extremely varied past. One of the earliest depictions of a Mastiff type dog can be seen on Assyrian bas-reliefs, dating as far back as 2200 B.C. Large/giant dogs developed in many parts of the world, and were prized for their strength, courage and size. These dogs were used for war, shepherding, guarding, hunting, bull and bear baiting and hauling.
Height: Males 30 – 34″, female 27.5 – 31″
Weight: Males 180-240lbs. Females 150-210lbs.
Colour: Fawn, apricot and brindle – all with black ears and mask.
Feeding and Diet: While growing they do eat quite a bit, but as they mature the amount levels out to the point that they do not eat much more than a mid-sized dog.
Grooming: Grooming is a snap with their short double coat. The only other grooming needs are nails, eyes and ears on a weekly basis to keep trim and clean.
Training & Obedience: Obedience is a must as they tend to have a stubborn streak. They use their size to their advantage. Try making a 100lb 6 mo old puppy do as you ask! So get started on obedience right away!
This breed is most often characterized as a couch potato, but they can be very active. It is advisable to wait for any strenuous activity until the bones have calcified, (minimum 18 months of age). And just like any athlete, they should be gradually built up to accommodate your lifestyle. They can most certainly pull weights and carts; go hiking; tracking, etc. Mastiffs can live quite comfortably on a large acreage or in a small apartment. What is important is that they are socialized, have contact with their family, and are exercised on a daily basis to keep them trim and healthy.
General description: Medium sized working breed originating in Portugal. They are loyal to their fishermen who they worked along side on the boats to retrieve messages from boat to boat and boat to shore. They worked underwater to detangle the fishing nets all around they were the fisherman’s assistants. The Portuguese Water Dog is robust and does well in homes where they can receive plenty of attention and exercise both mental and physical.
Temperament: The Portuguese Water Dog is a loyal, affectionate, energetic, intelligent family companion and watch dog and it thrives on and demands human attention. PWDs when raised and socialized properly, are excellent with children and can adapt well to living with other pets. They should never be aggressive and not overly shy. They are loyal, affectionate and energetic.
Height: Males 19.5-22.5″ Females 16.5-20.5″
Weight: Males 42-60lb Females 35-50lbs
Colour: Black or Brown, solid or with various amounts of white.
Coat: The coat can be curly or wavy. The coat should be clipped in either of the two acceptable clips. In the Retriever Clip, the entire coat is scissored or clipped to a length of one inch in appearance except at the end of the tail, which is left long. In the Lion Clip, which is the traditional clip of Portugal, the hindquarters as well as the muzzle are clipped short, the end of the tail is left long and the coat on the head, neck, forequarters and chest is left long to resemble a lion’s mane.
Feeding: Good quality kibble.
Activity level: Robust and tireless, they can work all day in or out of the water. They should be kept busy both physically and mentally. Obedience classes are a must. Highly trainable and intelligent. Excellent swimmers who are ideal cottage companions. Daily doses of exercise are a must or the PWD will provide its own exuberant exercise indoors. Portuguese Water Dogs require an owner as active, involved and intelligent as they are or they will soon be running the household and getting into mischief.
The American Cocker Spaniel is the smallest member of the Sporting Group. He must be free and merry, sound, well balanced throughout, and in action show a keen inclination to work; equable in temperament with no suggestion of timidity
Temperament: The American Cocker Spaniel makes for a great family pet , they are excellent with children, when raised and socialized properly and they can adapt well to living with other pets. The most important line in our breed standard, is “Above all they must be merry”, they should not be shy or aggressive.
Height: Males ideally 15”, but not to exceed 15 ½” Females ideally 14”, but not to exceed 14 ½”
Weight: Males 25-28 lbs. Females 18-22 lbs
Colour: American Cocker Spaniels come in many different colours, they can be Black, Black/tan, Blonde (from dark red to an almost silver colour), Chocolate, Chocolate/Tan, Black/White, Red/White, Tri, Chocolate/White, Chocolate Tri, Sable, Sable/white, Roan(with or without tan points).
Coat: Long silky coat, cool to the touch.
Feeding: High quality kibble diet or raw. But watch to not over feed.
Activity level: They can fit and adapt into any lifestyle. They enjoy playing, and make a great breed for an active family, they love agility and obedience. They also love to curl up on the couch and get plenty of attention.
Origin: The breed was developed primarily for trailing and “treeing” (trapping) raccoon across difficult terrain. It is an endurance breed, capable of withstanding the rigors of winter and intense summer heat. They are methodical trackers who rely on their remarkable scenting abilities to track game across impressive distance. The Black and Tan Coonhound will use its distinctive voice to indicate its success in locating and cornering its quarry.
Height: 23 to 27 inches (58 to 69 cm)
Weight: 50 to 75 lbs (23 to 24 kg)
Coat: The coat is short, thick and shiny. It is a deep black in colour, with tan markings on the chest, legs and over the eyes (these markings are known as “pumpkin seeds”) and sides of the muzzle. Black and Tan Coonhounds have exceptionally long ears, which must be cleaned inside and out, and inspected regularly for injury. A regular short brushing will keep their lovely coat clean and shiny.
Feeding: They should be fed a diet of high quality commercial food, or a balanced raw or cooked homemade diet.
Activity Level: Running, hiking, tracking and hunting are all favourites of this breed. Black and Tan Coonhounds require at least one hour of rigorous exercise daily to properly stimulate their body and mind. When well exercised, they are content to rest with their human companions indoors and will gladly take up space on your couch or bed.
Temperament: The Black and Tan Coonhound is a loyal, affectionate and outgoing family companion. If properly socialized, they are patient with children, and live well with other dogs. Their big voices may pose a challenge for those living in an apartment or other high density setting. Because they were developed to follow their noses, they should be kept safe outdoors by use of an enclosure, heavy lead, and early and intense recall training.
Training: The Black and Tan Coonhound will benefit from early and consistent obedience training. They love to please and are happy to work for their people in the field, in obedience, and many performance sports. Crate training is recommended for young puppies to assist in house training and keeping your puppy safe from household hazards.
Origin: developed in France, with historical references to English toy bulldogs and French terriers. By the mid 1800’s it was a highly prized little dog by the French aristocracy and it was considered very chic to own one of these unique dogs. Valued only as a companion and a lapdog.
General appearance: rather shaped like a bulldog with low sturdy legs, wide rib cage, broad shoulders, short tail, and an unusual appearance whereby the rear portion of the body stands higher from the ground than the front. Large tall bat ears are a very distinctive feature.
Weight: must not exceed 28 pounds
Height: in good relation to the square short body shape.
Coat: smooth, short, fine and shiny, single or double coated ( soft undercoat under the top hair) Skin is soft and may be wrinkled over head and shoulders
Colour: brindle, fawn, white, brindle and white or pied ( patches of tan colour )
Temperament: happy, playful, active. Good house dog and family dog. Loves to be with people and they are a very sociable pet. Guardedly good with other dogs, and can co-exist in a small group but always under supervision. Often have high prey drive and will chase small animals, squirrels, cats and birds.
Activity: cannot withstand very long walks and not a jogger/runners’ dog. Sensitive to extreme heat, so be careful on warm summer days. They are quick and can run quite fast for short periods. Love sunny indoor spots and comfy beds.
Diet: any good quality kibble with adequate protein mixed with a bit of canned food. Rarely need supplements. Sometimes get finicky if schedule changes.
Crate training: recommended from early puppy hood. Supervise housebreaking, can go outside regardless of weather. Dislike severely cold weather.
Training & Obedience: Intelligent breed but training should be consistent fair and gentle. Can compete in obedience and other related sports. Will retrieve.
Origin: The Barbet is often cited as being one of the oldest of all French breeds when he was simply known as a Waterdog. He may be considered the ancestor of all breeds with long, wooly or curly hair. The Barbet is excellent at waterfowl work, retrieving and is undeterred and unaffected by icy conditions.
Height: Males are 22-25½ inches (58-65cm), females range from 20-24 inches (53-61 cm).
Coat: Long, woolly and curly, his profuse coat protects him from cold and damp. The coat forms a beard on the chin to which the breed owes its name.
Colours: Solid black, grey, brown, fawn, white or more or less peid (mostly white with coloured patches). All shades of red-fawn and pale fawn are permitted, preferably the whole body should be the same shade.|
Grooming: Regular routine brushing is required for this breed. Their coat is constantly growing hair and so it needs to be cut/clipped regularly as well. Length of coat is up to its’ owner
Temperament: Even temperament, neither aggressive nor nervous, tractable. Very devoted to his master. Good mixer. Loves water.
Temperament: Bold but kindly. Corgis are often described by the phrase “big dog in a small package” since they do tend to have a “big dog” outlook on life. Corgis are herding dogs, and were also bred as an “all-purpose farm dog”. They are very loving and loyal to their people, and, typical of many herding breeds, they can be protective and territorial. They are generally good with children if the children are good with them.
Weight: Approximately 22-30 Pounds
Colour: Red & White, Sable & White, Red headed Tricolour, Black Headed Tricolour
Coat: Pembrokes are double coated and generally do two big sheds a year (when they change coats for the season) but they also tend to lose a little hair all year round.
Food: Hardy breed which does well on any good quality food, or raw diet. Weight needs to be closely monitored as they can easily become overweight causing a varsity of health problems.
Training: Extremely intelligent breed that learns quickly. They are very trainable, and some formal training is recommended, since they have a wonderful sense of humour which they will use on you if they become bored. Given adequate exercise, discipline and companionship they are very easy to live with.
Housebreaking: Start early and be firm. Crate training, or leashing the puppy to you so they can’t develop bad habits helps create good habits.
Crate training: Always recommended for housebreaking and safety during vehicle travel.
Exercise: Pembrokes require a minimum 15 minute walk at least three times each day with play time in between; Or at least 1 long walk daily with appropriate shorter trips outside for elimination.
February 6, 7 & 8, 2015
Woodstock Fairgrounds, Oxford Auditorium, 875 Nellis Street
Origin: Bred for centuries to guard sheep in the Pyrenees Mountains and Spain, they also guarded fortresses and were left alone days at a time. In Many countries, the breed is known as the Pyrenean Mountain Dog.
Temperament: In nature the Great Pyrenees is confident, gentle and affectionate. A calm dog with dignity, the Pyr has guarded families and flocks for centuries. Retaining the guarding instinct, the Pyr will protect loved ones, especially children. Pyr puppies need socializing as all puppies do, and can be counted on to be friendly and gentle.
Height: 27-32″ for males, 25-29″ for females
Weight: About 100lbs for males, 85lbs for females. Weight is in proportion to the overall size and structure.
Coat: The coat of the Pyr is mainly white, which can have grey or badger/tan markings. Surprisingly, their beautiful coat is very easy to maintain; dirt and mud, once dry, is easily brushed clean.
Feeding: The Great Pyrenees has an astonishingly low metabolism. They are not big eaters. They eat far less than other breeds of comparable size.
Training & Obedience: Puppy obedience classes are recommended. This is very important for early socialization. Leash training and using a buckle collar are a must for all pyr pups. A fenced yard is also required for the Great Pyrenees.
Temperament: Very curious and outgoing, can be cautious with strangers but are extremely loving and affection with their “person”.
Weight: 6-10 Pounds
Colour: Red, Stag Red (red with black hairs interspersed throughout the coat), black & rust, chocolate & rust
Coat: Miniature Pinschers are smooth coated breeds that are considered low-shedding. They require very little in the way of coat & skin care, simply bath when dirty.
Feeding: MinPins do quite well on a grain-free, high quality kibble, as well as a raw diet. Omega oils or coconut oil can be added daily for a shiny, healthy coat.
Housebreaking: Consistency is the key, they can be trained to go outside or use potty pads, which is good for those that live in colder climates.
Crate Training: Recommended from puppyhood and for safe travel.
Training & Obedience: Early training is essential. Socialization is very important and should be started early. This is a very active and intelligent breed that can excel in agility, obedience, barn hunt and other dog sports.
Exercise: Daily walks, or running and playing in a fenced yard. This breed is not an off-leash breed unless in an enclosed area. They were originally bred as ratters so have a tendency to chase anything small that moves fast – mice, squirrels, birds, etc. They do very well with lots of mental and physical stimulation and can achieve this in a small setting, i.e., apartment or condo.
Temperament: With their family they are very affectionate and insist on being as close as possible, preferably touching them. Generally well-behaved with other dogs but not overly playful with new acquaintances. They can be reserved with strangers, although polite and observant.
Height: Toys are typically 11 – 12″, Standards are about 16 – 17″.
Weight: Toys are 12 pounds and under, Standards are 12 – 22 lbs.
Coat: Short, smooth, short, dense, light and glossy, not soft. Grooming of the coat is very simple and shed hairs, although minimal, look like tiny eyelashes. Having a predominately black body causes the Manchester to heat up quickly and extra care must be made in hot weather to ensure the dog doesn’t overheat. Cold weather is felt very keenly by this short-haired breed and may require the use of a coat.
Colour: Jet black with rich mahogany tan markings.
Training & Obedience: Beginning with the dog’s first day in the new home, treat training is good to help form a strong bond but eventually the terrier personality will offer a challenge. They learn very quickly, both wanted and unwanted behaviours. Manchesters have a definite sense of humour and owners should, too. This breed bonds very tightly to their families and will eagerly participate in training if it is fun, varied and fair. Socialization is a must with this breed to encourage tolerance to novel situations and places.
Housebreaking: With frequency, consistency and vigilance they are quick learners. During wet or cold weather, Manchesters are especially reluctant to go outside by themselves and may need to be brought outside on a leash.
Crate training: When introduced by the breeder at an early age, most Manchesters readily continue to accept a crate with warm, soft bedding. When the owner is away, some Manchesters resent crate time and will nuisance bark. Sometimes they are better off in a safe, enclosed room.
Exercise tolerance: Puppies are active in short bursts and require frequent rests. Care should be taken to avoid repetitive jumping or prolonged hard running before maturity. As adults, if well conditioned, can be a wonderful running/jogging/hiking partner with great endurance. Manchesters are always up for a game of frisbee, fetch or chase but are equally happy to share the couch and blanket with their family. The Standard variety requires somewhat more exercise than the Toy variety but both crave their owner’s presence and can adjust to varying activity levels.
General description: Medium sized herding dog from the UK, the border collie was developed to work sheep as well as other livestock, often at great distances to the shepherd who uses whistle and voice commands to direct one or more dogs and move the herd. As well as herding, border collies excel in a variety of dog sports and are known for their intelligence, drive and stamina.
Temperament: Border collies can make excellent pets for active households, however they do require proper socialization as a young puppy to be happy family members. They are the workaholics of the dog world and will often play fetch for hours with whoever is willing to throw – if there isn’t a toy they’ll find something. They are easily trained and thrive on having a job to do, owners who do not provide a job may find their border collie will find a job to make himself useful, such as herding the family cat!
Height: Males 19-22″ Females 18-21″
Colour: Most are black and white, however they may come in any color pattern with or without white; white should not predominate.
Coat: Smooth or rough coated, occasional brushing, moderate shedding. Ears and feet may require neatening.
Feeding: High quality kibble diet or raw
Activity level: High energy, like to be kept busy both physically and mentally. Obedience classes are a must. Border collies excel in agility, obedience, flyball as well as herding and more. They thrive on both a physical and mental workout and may be more intelligent than their owners!
Temperament: The English Springer Spaniel’s famous disposition as a cheerful, playful, gregarious, demonstrative, and high-spirited tail-wagger is not a fable. A Springer might bark at a criminal, but it’s not likely that he’d attack one. Also because of selective breeding for retrieving, most Springers are “soft-mouthed” dogs.
Height: The ideal shoulder height for males is 20″ (51 cm); for females, 19″ (48cm).
Weight: Males should weigh about 49-55 lbs. (22-25 kg). Females should weigh about 40 – 45 lb.
Feeding: An adult Springer, fed a high quality grade of dog food, eats 2-3 cups/day, depending on the amount of exercise he receives. Puppies are fed three to four times per day; adults should be fed twice daily.
Coat: The English Springer Spaniel has an attractive coat which is moderately long, glossy, with feathering on his legs, ears, chest and underbelly. They require frequent brushing, combing, and trimming.
Colours: Liver (brown) with white markings, or black with white markings. More rare, but acceptable colours include tri-colours, blue or liver roan; or predominantly white with tan, black or liver markings.
Exercise: The Springer is a run-two-miles-then-play-a-game-of-Frisbee dog. They should be calm and quiet indoors, and will be, providing they get enough exercise outdoors. These dogs want to be with you as much as possible. If you want a dog to lie at your feet, amuse itself, and be happy all alone from nine-to-five after a 5 minute morning walk — these are not the dogs for you. Most Springers love to have a ‘job’ to do, and obedience training is a great place to start. Many excel in pet therapy, obedience, agility, rally, tracking, flyball, hunt tests, nosework and dog-sports of all kinds.
Training & Obedience: Basic obedience and household rules training are highly recommended. As an absolute minimum, you must teach your Springer to reliably respond to commands to come, to lie down, to stay, and to walk at your side, on or off leash and regardless of temptations. Young Springer puppies are relatively easy to train: they are intelligent, eager to please and respond well to positive methods of obedience training. However, pups can be rambunctious and do not have a very long attention span. Springers SPRING, so jumping up on you and everyone else is a given, unless trained NOT to do so. Once a Springer has learned something though, he tends to retain it well.
History/Origin: The Bulldog often mistakenly referred to as English Bulldog. They were originally used in 18th Century England for a sport called bull baiting which is now outlawed.
Temperament: Kind, courageous, never vicious or aggressive, with a dignified and peaceful expression. Snoring, farting and burping are trademarks of the breed.
Appearance and Size: A Bulldog should display stability, vigor, and strength. They should be low slung with a thick, heavy body, massive head, wide heavy shoulders, sturdy legs, short face and upturned lower jaw. The males should weigh about 50 pounds, the females about 40 pounds.
Colour: Red brindle, brindle, white, red, fawn, fallow, piebald (primarily white with coloured patches).
Coat: short, brilliant and shiny. Monthly bathing with a gentle shampoo, wrinkle maintenance and weekly nail trimming is a must.
Exercise: Bulldogs are an indoor breed, they are heat and cold sensitive. Short daily walks in appropriate weather and a healthy diet is enough to keep your bulldog in good muscle tone and weight.
Crate Training: Recommended from puppyhood and for safe travel.
Training & Obedience: Early Puppy Classes are recommended for socialization. Bulldogs are very food motivated and learn quickly as young puppies. They are stubborn but can do well in obedience, rally, barn hunt and many other dog sport events.
Height: Average height is 19 – 21 inches, balance is considered to be of utmost importance. With the chow’s unique construction, any deviation from the square profile could cause strain and injury to their unique construction.
Weight: Can vary substantially, average weight for an adult is around 55 pounds.
Coat: Chows come in two varieties, rough coat and smooth coat. Both are double coats. Chows shed seasonally, typically in fall and early spring, grooming is essential during this period.
Chows require a fair bit of grooming; however that can easily be managed with a few tools. New owners should be given lessons form their breeder on proper grooming techniques. A shaved chow will overheat much faster than one left with natural coat.
Colours: Chows can come in 5 colours, NONE of which should be considered rare. Red, black, cream, cinnamon, and blue. Chows have purple tongues which is unique to just a few breeds, and should be solid – not spotted. There should be never be any sable, merle, spotted or brindle patterns.
Feeding: Chows do well on a variety of diets, but tend to do better with less grains. Chows tend to be quite sensitive to food ingredients, so we recommend staying away from corn, beet pulp, by-products and lower quality kibble. Must have clean fresh water at all times.
Training and obedience: Training in the chow must be consistent at all times. The chow is intelligent and very catlike. If rewarded with positive reinforcement, they can excel in any sport from agility, conformation, obedience and lure coursing. Chows when properly socialized, make wonderful family animals, they can run well with other animals and many are used in therapy groups.
Housebreaking: Chow puppies are typically very easy to housebreak and often are housebroken by the time they leave for their new owners. Chows dislike being around their own waste, and do well with a private area off to the side in which to eliminate. Accicents can occur if this area is not kept clean.
Crate training: Like most dogs, chows like to have their own den, and you will often find them in their crates when they wish to be alone. The chow can get quite hot in a short time span, so the crates should never be near a source of heat or sun, and if possible, adequate ventilation can be supplemented with a fan to keep air flowing. Always provide plenty of fresh water to a chow confined to a crate.
Exercise: Many chows love running and playing, chasing balls, jogging beside bikes and on treadmills while others are quite content to be very lethargic. It is crucial to keep the lethargic chow on an exercise schedule to maintain proper muscle and body fat levels. It is best to provide constant exercise both on leash and off to keep a well rounded and strong body.
Hot days intolerance: Chows need monitoring when exercising, not only due to strain on the straight leg conformation, but to prevent overheating which can happen in seconds if the conditions are right. Always avoid offering large amounts of cold water to a chow who is hot, as bloat is a common occurrence. Instead, bring the dog inside to a cool area and offer small quantities of room temperature water until panting has subsided. Chows are quite clever, and if offered a fan, they will lay directly in front of it to cool themselves off.
Temperament: Italian greyhounds are not a breed for those who expect dogs to stay off the furniture, they enjoy life’s comforts and love snuggling under blankets with their owners. These dogs are alert, sensitive and playful, but can be aloof with strangers or in new places. They are very fast and often chase prey, so must be kept on leash at all times for their own safety. Italian greyhounds are temperature sensitive and tend not to like very wet or very cold weather.
Height: 13-15 inches
Weight: 10-15 lbs approx.
Colour: All colours permitted with or without white markings, with the exception of black and tan, or brindle.
Coat: short, fine and smooth.
Grooming: Daily tooth brushing, weekly nail trimming, and regular cleaning of the coat with soft cloth or glove. Italian greyhounds do shed minimally, but are NOT hypoallergenic.
Exercise: 30-45 minutes per day of exercise, weather permitting. Any off leash exercise must be securely fenced, some Italian greyhounds are expert climbers and jumpers.
Food: Italian greyhounds generally do well on diets with moderate protein and moderate carbohydrates. Many owners use bones, dental kibble and/or specific toys to help reduce tartar build-up.
Housetraining: Owners must be patient and very consistent with house training, it can be difficult in inclement weather. IGs can be trained to use indoor litter or pee pads.
Crate training: Strongly recommended for travel and sleeping. Because Italian greyhounds are good climbers and jumpers, exercise pens and baby gates should be used very carefully. Long periods of close confinement (or time alone) is not suitable for Italian greyhounds.
Training: Italian greyhounds need positive, gentle and patient training along with happy social experiences throughout their lives. They are intelligent, versatile and agile and many become strong competitors in dog sports such as obedience, rally, flyball, agility, lure coursing, and racing, as well as new sports involving scent detection. The Italian greyhound’s gentle nature and ability to connect with people make this breed well suited to therapy work and many have gone on to become registered service dogs for health challenges like diabetes and autism.
Note: Because puppies are both active and agile, owners must be diligent to ensure their home is “puppy-proof”, including preventing injuries from a fall or jump. Many breeders recommend the use of pet insurance due to the potential for costly recoveries.
General description: Medium sized hunting breed developed in Nova Scotia, Canada. The tolling dog runs, jumps, and plays along the shoreline in full view of a flock of ducks, occasionally disappearing from sight and then quickly reappearing, aided by the hidden hunter, who throws small sticks or a ball for the dog. The dog’s playful actions lure the curious ducks within gunshot range. The dog is then sent to retrieve the downed bird. They are the smallest of the Retriever breeds.
Temperament: Tollers, when raised and socialized properly, are excellent with children and can adapt well to living with other pets. They tend to be “aloof” with strangers and save their true enthusiasm for family members. They should never be aggressive and not overly shy. They are the mischievous imps of the Retriever world!
Height: Males 18-21″ Females 17-20″
Colour: Varying shades of red and orange with or without white markings on the face, feet, chest and tail tip
Coat: Medium coated, occasional brushing, moderate shedding. Ears and feet may require neatening.
Feeding: High quality kibble diet or raw
Activity level: High energy, like to be kept busy both physically and mentally. Obedience classes are a must. Ideal for field work/hunting, agility, obedience etc. Tollers have a good “off switch” so they are not constantly on the go, but if you’re up for it they will retrieve a ball for you until your arm falls off! Highly trainable and intelligent. Excellent swimmers, ideal cottage companions.
Temperament: Aussies can be reserved with strangers and very loyal with their family and friends. As a herding breed they do have a desire to herd (chase) small animals and children. Keep an eye on your aussie when they are playing with children so they don’t start to herd them by nipping at them.
Height: 20-23″ for males, 18-21″ for females
Weight: 40-60 Pounds
Coat: Medium length double coat. Requires weekly brushing and should be bathed every 4-8 weeks. They will require more frequent grooming during shedding seasons.
Colours: Black, Blue Merle, Red & Red Merle, all colours are with or without copper (brown) and/or white trim. Aussies can have a variety of eye colour, brown to amber, blue, one of each or marbled eyes with 2 colours in the eye.
Feeding: Aussies do well on high quality kibble, raw or home cooked diets.
Training & obedience: Obedience training is a must. Aussies thrive on training and spending time with their people. They excel at all dog sports (obedience, herding, rally o, agility, dock dog, scent discrimination, draft dog, sledding, etc) and trick training.
House breaking: Easy to house train, as long as the owner is consistent and observant.
Crate training: A definite must for a young aussie to keep them out of trouble when you are not able to supervise them or if you are away from your house.
Exercise: Aussies enjoy long walks daily, chances to run & play with other dogs in a safe environment. An aussie will be ready to go when you are and can relax with you inbetween.
Temperament: Can be VERY busy or quite laid back. Nosey, stubborn, clownish, a 3 year old in a dog suit. They bounce, they twirl, they chew and they dig. Need a lot of early socialization. Some are not good with cats and other small animals, or other dogs.
Bull Terriers are best suited to an owner with prior dog experience.
Height: Generally 18-23″, but there is no maximum or minimum height required
Weight: Around 50 to 75 pounds. They should give the appearance of the most dog in the space available.
Colour: White, white with coloured markings on the head, brindle, red and fawn with white, tricolour and solid colours.
Coat: Short harsh cost that does shed. An occasional brushing is fine, more often helps with shedding.
Feeding: Good quality kibble, grain free is good.
Housetraining: Fairly easy with a consistent effort.
Crate training: Recommended especially when left unsupervised. They will get into everything.
Training & Obedience: Basic obedience classes are good. Must use positive methods and be consistent.
Exercise: A good walk or 2 daily is sufficient. Bull terriers are not reliable off-leash, a fenced yard is a plus.
Origin: British breed, having been developed in England to guard the English estates against poachers. The bullmastiff and gamekeeper worked as a team patrolling the grounds during nighttime hours, ever watchful of one who would capture and steal game. During his early evolution, the breed was referred to as the ‘Gamekeepers Night Dog’.
General Appearance: Powerful, strong, well muscled with heavy bone. Head is large and square with drop ears lying close to the face.
Height: Males 25-27″, females 24-26″
Weight: Males 110-130lbs, females 100-120lbs
Coat: Short and dense, usually double coated with a softer under coat and short slightly harsher outer hair that feels slightly bristly to the touch. Can be bathed with a good quality human shampoo whenever necessary. Clean ears regularly and keep nails short.
Colours: Red, fawn, or brindle, always with a black facial mask.
Temperament: Calm, and relatively easy to train. A happy dog with a certain sense of docility and quietly stoic. Usually not a ‘barker’. A good family pet but must always be respected as he is considered to be a guard dog. Must not ever be used as a child’s baby sitter. The adult bullmastiff might be intolerant of other strange dogs and many have a well developed prey drive.
Activity: The Bullmastiff enjoys a walk with the family, but he is not a runner’s dog. They are capable of short bursts of speed, but not long distance. Puppies should not be forced to run or trot hard, doing so will damage growing tendons and ligaments. They enjoy chasing a ball or toy during play periods.
Diet. Any good quality water softened kibble with adequate protein and fat. Always feed the adult twice a day. Do not allow free feeding.
Crate Training: Absolutely essential during puppy stage and continue for short periods for the dog’s life. With consistency, easily house broken. Adjust crate size as puppy grows.
Training & Obedience: Early obedience training highly recommended. Can also be successful in rally, tracking, and agility. Due to size and bulk may not be as quick as smaller breeds.
Daily care: Must be confined in a fenced yard, never tied or chained outside. Cannot be housed outside. Must be part of a family unit.
Heritage: Known as the ‘little people’, the Tibetan Terrier was the companion of the Nomads of the mountains of Tibet, also thought to be valued herders for their livestock. They were valued by the Monks in the monasteries and considered good luck charms and watchdogs. They were never sold, but on occasion given as gifts to visiting dignitaries. This is an ancient breed.
Weight: 18-30 lbs. Weight proportionate to the height maintaining a sturdy, compact breed.
Coat: Double coat. Undercoat fine wool, topcoat profuse, fine but not silky or woolly. Either straight or wavy. The coat is long but should not hang to the ground. The head carries a fall of hair over the eyes. Regular grooming is a must to prevent softer undercoat matting into the outer coat. Adults need thorough grooming once a week, more often when going through the onetime puppy ‘blow’, when the youngster is transitioning from a puppy coat to an adult coat. Bath as needed. Coat must not be trimmed or sculpted for conformation showing. Non-conformation dogs may be clipped down into a puppy clip or left natural.
Colours: Any colour or combination of colours including white, nose leather must be black, eyelids dark. There are chocolates (nose brown) and although beautiful and just as wonderful companions, ineligible for showing and not used in breeding.
Unique Breed Features: The Tibetan Terrier has a large FLAT foot, important for travel on the rocky snowy terrain of the Himalayan mountains of Tibet. That heavy profuse double coat is another distinguishing feature of this breed. They also have wide nostrils for breathing in as much of the thin mountain air as possible.
Activity: Medium level energy. Happy to accompany their owners on a long walk, or playtime in the backyard. Just as happy to lie at your feet or even better, behind you on the top of the sofa!
Temperament: Loyal family dogs that are wonderful companions. Sometimes initially shy around strangers. Excellent ‘watch’ dogs. Playful. Intelligent. Sensitive.
Diet: Good quality food of medium protein level.
Crate training is recommended to protect the inquisitive puppy as well as help in housebreaking.
Early socialization and basic companion training recommended.
Origin: The Cardigan Welsh Corgi was developed as a versatile farm dog by the farmers in the hilly Cardiganshire area of Wales (“cor”=dog, “gi”=dwarf – therefore “dwarf dog”). They were bred to drive cattle (hence the low stature to avoid kicks), but also to protect the farm, kill vermin and play with the children. They remain a very versatile, hardy breed, with few issues. Because of their intelligence they are suited to families that will give them proper training, as they can easily become pack leader if they do not feel there is one in the house.
Height: As near as possible to 12”
Weight: 25lbs (small female) to 50lbs (large male)
Coat: Double Coat – harsh medium length outer coat with undercoat, managed with weekly brushing except during a bi-annual shed where more frequent brushing is required. There is a longer fluffy coat, which is a cosmetic fault for show purposes, and well as a tight seal coat (lack of undercoat) which is also undesirable
Colours: Red (any shade), Brindle (any shade), Black with tan or brindle points, and blue merle with tan or brindle points. A recessive gene can cause a cream colour puppy (most of which darken to a light to medium red).
Feeding: Hardy breed which does well on any good quality food, or raw diet. They are easy keepers for the most part, and their weight needs to be watched for health reasons.
Training & Obedience: Extremely intelligent breed that learns quickly – both the good and the bad. They are happiest when given a job – whether that be games, retrieving, agility, flyball, therapy work – something to keep their minds active.
Housebreaking: Start early and be firm. Crate training, or leashing the puppy to you so they can’t develop bad habits helps create good habits.
Crate training: Small puppies can be comfortable in a 200 sized crate, adults require a 300 size, and large males are most comfortable in a 400.
Hot Days: Dark dogs should have shade to get out of the sun, and most enjoy a kiddie pool to sit in.
Red flags: Breeders should not breed 2 Blue Merle’s together for health reasons.
Temperament: Happy, affectionate and playful. Sensitive to their owner’s emotions, and can be shy with new people or situations.
- Hairless: Hair on head, feet and tail
- Powderpuff: Non-shedding silky coat, can grow long or be clipped.
Weight: No more than 12lbs
Colour: All colours or combination of colours are acceptable. Typically, Hairless are slate (greyish) with white feet, palomino (peachy-brown), black & white, black, dark brown. Powderpuffs are commonly white, cream, black, brown, grey, light reddish brown, or a combination of colours. Noses can come in black, pink, peach, chocolate brown, or blue (grey).
Skin and Coat Care: The hairless need a bath once a week to keep their skin clean and free of dust and dirt. They tan in summer and get pale in winter, so their skin must be protected in spring when they are beginning to get their tan, although as with human skin, once they are tanned there is no further need for protection. Suntan lotions or heavy creams are not recommended since they can attract dirt and clog pores. A light cotton t-shirt and controlled exposure to the sun is advised. Note: dogs with white or very light skin, called pink spotted, will not tan, their skin must be protected from the sun at all times. In cold weather, the hairless variety should wear protective coats when outside. The powderpuff has a double coat of soft and silky hair. Long thin guard hairs cover the shorter silky undercoat. If the powderpuff coat is kept longer, daily brushing is recommended. They can also be clipped in a puppy or pony cut, which requires less attention.
Food: Good quality kibble with average protein and fat. May use raw or home cooked. Daily vitamins and supplements may be given but not required.
Housebreaking: Be consistent! Chinese Cresteds can be trained to go outside or use potty pads.
Crate Training: Recommended from puppyhood and for safe travel.
Basic Obedience: Early training essential for socialization, must be gentle methods. This breed can excel in obedience, rally, agility, lure coursing, barn hunt and other dog sports.
Exercise: Daily walks, or running and playing in a secured yard. This breed can run very fast and may chase small animals, cats, squirrels, birds etc. They are also happy cuddling on the couch.
Special Care: Because their body is so long, careful attention must be paid to their spine health. Pet steps are recommended for a miniature smooth dachshunds access to couches, beds, and any other area they may jump down from. Jumping off furniture, or running up and down stairs is to be discouraged.
Temperament: Correctly socialized, miniature smooth dachshunds are happy, energetic, and bold members of the household. They are fiercely loyal, and love toy games such as tug and fetch. They also make excellent lap warmers when watching television or reading a book.
Weight: Not exceeding 11lbs
Colours: The miniature smooth dachshund can be red, cream, black, chocolate, wild boar, gray (blue) or fawn (Isabella). These colours may come in a pattern as well; these patterns are called dapple (merle), brindle, or sable.
Coat Care: Brush with a boar bristle brush occasionally to remove loose fur. Ears should be cleaned regularly with ear cleaner/cotton ball; nails should be kept short to promote good posture and spine health.
Feeding: High quality food promotes good health. Whole food ingredients, raw feeding, or grain free are all excellent sources of nourishment for the miniature smooth dachshund.
Housebreaking: Always maintain consistency. Will use “puppy bells” to let you know when to be let out, or pee pads, if this is your preference. The breed is intelligent and versatile, and will adapt to owner’s potty training style. Completely capable of using outdoors in Canadian winters.
Crate Training: Strongly recommended for safety, especially for travel in a vehicle.
Training & Obedience: The miniature smooth dachshund is very intelligent. They excel at obedience, barn hunt, rally-O, and can be taught any number of tricks.
Exercise: Daily walks, games of fetch, etc. will keep your miniature smooth dachshund in good shape. It is important that they are not allowed to become overweight. Because they are a hound-dog, a fenced yard is strongly suggested, as they may have the desire to chase small wild animals.
Origin: The Smooth Fox Terrier originated in Great Britain and is one of the oldest of the Terriers. He was bred as a hunting dog used to dig down into burrows and flush out fox and other small animals. Today, this breed has retained its desire to hunt. The Smooth Fox enjoys digging and burrowing, however, this can be corrected early in through proper training. The Smooth is a friendly, affectionate and devoted dog. He is a good watchdog and gets along well with children. Early socialization is recommended where other dogs, cats and household pets are concerned.
Adult height: 15.5″
Adult weight: 18 lbs
Coat: The coat is smooth, flat, hard, dense and abundant – the dirt and debris from working in the dens doesn’t gather and stick to the coat as it would hinder the dogs performance.
Colours: White should be the predominant colour, marked with black, tan or ginger.
Feeding: A high quality diet either kibble or raw food is acceptable. Your Smooth should look sleek but not show ribs or hip bones at their ideal weight.
Training & Obedience: Like most Terriers, the Smooth is intelligent but can be stubborn — Training should be consistent and firm. Socialization, especially with other dogs, should be done at a very young age.
House breaking: You must be consistent and diligent in training.
Crate training: As the breed was bred to go underground their instinct is to be comfortable in den type places. Making it a safe amd secure “home” helps teach the Smooth that a crate is just for them.
Exercise: The Smooth is a high energy dog and does require plenty of exercise. They enjoy participating in such activities as agility and fly ball, obedience and earth dog events. They are suited to both city and rural homes as long as they get plenty of exercise and social interaction.
Weather tolerance: Access to fresh water at all times especially during warmer weather. During colder days you will often find your Smooth curled up in a blanket or laying in the suns rays.
The Pointer is bred primarily for sport afield; he should unmistakably look and act the part. The ideal specimen gives the immediate impression of compact power and agile grace; the head noble, proudly carried; the expression intelligent and alert; the muscular body bespeaking both staying power and dash. Here is an animal whose every movement shows him to be a wide-awake, hard-driving hunting dog possessing stamina, courage, and the desire to go. And in his expression are the loyalty and devotion of a true friend of man.
Temperament: The Pointer’s even temperament and alert good sense make him a congenial companion both in the field and in the home. He should be dignified and should never show timidity toward man or dog.
Height: 25-28″ (64-71 cm) for males, females approximately 2″ smaller.
Weight: 55-75 lb (25-34 kg) for males, females are about 10 lb (4.5 kg) less.
Coat: Short and dense, shiny. Minimum grooming. An occasional bath and a rub down with a rough towel or rubber curry type brush will keep their coats in good condition. They do shed quite a bit.
Colours: The standard says no good Pointer can be a bad colour. They are generally white with black, liver, orange or lemon spots but solid versions of those colours are also correct.
Feeding: Any good quality food will be acceptable.
Training & obedience: Pointers are very high energy dogs and are strong for their size so obedience training is recommended. They need well fenced yards as they are hunting dogs and will roam over a wide area if they are not confined.
House breaking: Crate training is recommended, they are naturally clean dogs and will readily accept housetraining.
Crate training: An adult pointer will need at least a 400 size crate. They should be crate trained from puppyhood as it will facilitate housebreaking and they should be crated when travelling.
Exercise: puppy to adult: No forced exercise like jogging with you or biking until they are at least 1 year old as their joints will not be developed and it could cause harm. They have very high energy and will be much easier to live with if they have a good run a couple of times a day and plenty of free exercise in a well fenced area. Unless you are prepared to do a lot of walking or other exercise with your dog, this is not a good breed for an apartment.
We Canadians are a very competitive group on the whole. Just check out any of your local sports fields or arenas. That competitive spirit can find many outlets in the Purebred Dog World. There are any number of Performance Sports available to you as a Purebred Dog owner. Read More
January 16, 17, 18, 2015
Spruce Meadows, 18011 Spruce Meadows Way SW
Your dog’s registration certificate is a rather formal looking document issued by the registering body/club of the country where you live. Read More
Recently a group of concerned individuals banded together to better endorse and capture the essence of the purebred dog in all ways possible through promotion, protection and education, with a desire to fortify the status of the purebred dog across Canada. Read More
A primer for new or first time puppy buyers
NEVER ASSUME!! Just because your dog has been safe 1,000 times before, does not mean that it is safe all the time. You never know what will cause a dog that has always been perfect off leash, to suddenly bolt and run. Read More
December 5, 6 & 7, 2014
Brantford & District Civic Centre, 69 Market St S
Brantford, Ontario Read More
Nov 28, 29 & 30, 2014
The International Center, 6900 Airport Road
Mississauga, Ontario Read More
An independent initiative by members of the Canadian Kennel Club and associates designed to endorse, support and maintain the integrity and purpose of the purebred dog through education, advertising and sponsorship at major dog shows and related events across Canada.
Is it cruel to lock my dog in a crate or cage?
Many people think this is true, as they would certainly not want to be locked in a crate (note that dog crate and dog cage are the same thing) for any length of time themselves. Read More
There are lots of reasons why you might like to show your dog.
- Show off what a fabulous dog you have
The showing process compares your dog with other dogs, which can convince other people what a fabulous dog you have. Read More
For thousands of years, man has bred strains of dogs with desired characteristics and/or ability and instincts to perpetuate and enhance these characteristics. Purebred dogs are true to type when mated. Offspring are predictable in appearance and instinct, and are more reliable in temperament. Read More
This is where it all begins. A young purebred beauty, purchased from a responsible breeder, that will give you years of enjoyment with the added bonus of thrusting you and your family into the exciting world of purebred dogs and possibly dog shows and related competitive events. Read More
Purebred dog breeders put a lot of time and money into ensuring their puppies are healthy. Careful records are kept with the pedigree of each dog and many breeders even go to the trouble of using artificial insemination from purebred dogs around the world to ensure their bloodlines stay strong and varied. Read More
Purebred dogs are much more than a pretty face. It is the ‘family tree’ that determines what is inside the eye-catching exterior. The pedigree is a written record that shows at least 3 generations, often more, with correct names of all relatives. When purchasing a purebred dog, you should be supplied with this document. Read More
- Alcohol (Beer, Wine, Spirits) same effect on liver and brain that it has on humans with an even greater risk of illness.
- Avocado: Contains persin, a substance that can damage heart, lung and other tissue.
- Baby Food: May contain onion powder, which can be toxic to dogs. Read More
If you are near a neighbour’s dog or a friend’s dog, always ask the person in charge if you can pet it before you play with it. Always let a dog see you and smell you before you touch it, even if it is your own dog. Dogs get to know people, places and things by how they smell. Read More
- What are the hospital’s business hours? Do they fit your schedule?
- How many veterinarians are at the hospital?
- Can you see the same vet on each visit? Read More
Judging the dogs
A dog show is judged quite simply on an elimination process. There is no stop watch or timing device to beat, but rather, it is one person’s opinion in the ring ( judge), who determines which dog is the most correct in all areas. ie looks, coat and colour, size, temperament, trotting soundness. Read More